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21.1 europe’s colonies in america

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21.1 europe’s colonies in america

  1. 1. Spain’s Colonies in America<br />Section 21.1<br />
  2. 2. I. Europeans Explore the Americas<br /> - By the late 1400s, Spain and Portugal were looking for an ocean route to get to Asia. <br />Columbus landed on Hispaniola, but thought it was India and called the native people Indians.<br />This is a map of what European knowledge of the world looked like before Columbus’ voyages.<br />Shaw, Edward R. “European Knowledge 1400.” Map. Discoverers and Explorers. 1900. Wikipedia. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:European_knowledge_1400.jpg>.<br />
  3. 3. A. Dividing Up the World<br />The Treaty of Tordesillasdivided Latin America in half between Portugal and Spain.<br />It prevented a war. <br />Spain ended up getting most of the Americas (it got the lands west of the line of demarcation).<br />The Treaty<br />“Treaty of Tordesillas.” Tratado de Tordesilhas. BibliotecaNacional de Lisboa. Wikipedia. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Treaty_of_Tordesillas.jpg>.<br />
  4. 4. A. Dividing Up the World<br /> <br />Explorers like Balboa and Magellan mapped out parts of the Americas.<br /> <br />Spain wasn’t the only European power interested in Latin America. <br />(Portuguese, French, and British all wanted in on the action.)<br />Balboa<br />Ober, Frederick A. “Balboa.” Print. Vasco Nunez de Balboa. 1906. Wikipedia. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Balboa.jpg>.<br />
  5. 5. II. Spanish Rule in the Americas<br />Spain had a HUGE empire from Mexico to Peru. <br />It divided the area into separate kingdoms. <br />The official in charge of each kingdom was known as a VICEROY.<br />Spain’s possessions.<br />Ramirez72. “Spanish Empire – World Map.” Map. Wikipedia, 29 April 2007. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Spanish_Empire-World_Map.png>,<br />
  6. 6. II. Spanish Rule<br />The Spanish king set up the Council of the Indies. <br />It regulated the following:<br /> - the Church<br /> - trade<br /> - courts<br />A Mexican Church.<br />Adampol, Carlos. “Vista nocturna de Taxco, Guerrero.” Photograph. Flickr. 10 May 2008. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/11767501@N07/2488164933>.<br />
  7. 7. II. Spanish Rule<br />The viceroys were responsible for carrying out the laws<br />Spanish views on government, law, and justice were brought to America. <br />Luis de Velasco (1534-1617), a Viceroy.<br />“de Velasco, Luis.” cr.nps.gov. Print. Wikipedia. 1 August 2006. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Luis_de_Velasco.jpg>.<br />
  8. 8. A. Mercantilism<br />Spain believed that the purpose of the colonies was to enrich it (the parent country).<br /> <br />Therefore, the colonies had TWO roles:<br />1. Supplied the parent country with materials (lumber, cotton, metals, sugar...)<br />A sugar plantation.<br />Dr. Blofeld. “St. Croix Virgin Islands Sugar Plantation.” Print. Wikipedia. 6 Nov. 2010. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:St._Croix_Virgin_Islands_Sugar_Plantation_01.jpg>.<br />
  9. 9. A. Mercantilism<br />2. The colonies would serve as a market to buy Spain’s products.<br />Colonies could not manufacture their own goods. <br /> They RELIED TOTALLY on the parent company.<br />Spain<br /> “Mapa de Espana en 1508.” InstitutoGeograficoNacional. Map. Wikipedia. 2 March 2010. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MAPA_DE_ESPA%C3%91A_EN_1508.jpg>.<br />
  10. 10. B. Treasure from the Americas<br />The first raw materials shipped were the gold and silver jewelry and sculptures of the Aztec and Inca.<br />Incan gold llama.<br />BabelStone. “British Museum gold llama.” Photograph. Wikipedia. 21 August 2010. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:British_Museum_gold_llama.jpg >.<br />
  11. 11. Conquistadorsmelted the artifacts into gold blocks.<br />They shipped them back to Spain – Caribbean Pirates lurked in the seas to get take the treasure!!!<br /> <br />The Spanish forced the Indians to mine the gold and silver as well.<br />Thousands died in the harsh conditions.<br />Pirate Flag of Henry Every.<br />EugeneZelenko. “Pirate Flag of Henry Every.” Image. Wikipedia. 27 Sep. 2005. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pirate_Flag_of_Henry_Every.svg >.<br />
  12. 12. C. Plantation Economy<br />Agriculture was another source of wealth. <br />Plantations would grow a single crop (cash crop) and ship it to the parent country.<br />Cotton was a major cash crop.<br />Hrushi3030. “Cotton By HrushikeshKulkarni.” Photograph. Wikipedia. 12 Dec.. 2010. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cotton_By_Hrushikesh_Kulkarni.jpg>.<br />
  13. 13. III. Search for Labor<br /> <br />In the encomienda system, Spanish settlers would get huge tracts of land and then force the people on the land to work it. <br />Entire peoples were destroyed as a result.<br />Thousands upon thousands of Native Americans died as a result of harsh conditions caused by the settlers.<br />De Bry, Theodor. “Engraving of Spaniards Enslaving Native Americans.” America, Part 6. 1596. Engraving. Wikipedia. 2 July 2009. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Native_American_slaves.jpg >.<br />
  14. 14. A. New Laws<br />Reports from a priest (Bartolome de lasCasas) told the Spanish King how bad the encomienda system was. Laws were made to stop the enslavement of the people. <br />With so many dead Indians, Spanish settlers got even more land; huge plantations known as HACIENDAS appeared, leaving the Spanish with the best land, and the Indians with the worst<br />De lasCasas’ efforts to help the Native Americans ended up in the enslavement of Africans.<br />“Bartoleme de lasCasas.” Print. Wikipedia. 11 Feb. 2009. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bartolomedelascasas.jpg>.<br />
  15. 15. IV. Slave System<br /> <br />Several factors encouraged the growth of slavery in the Americas.<br /> 1. Spanish were already using slavery on other colonies.<br /> 2. A myth was developed that Africans were better fit for slavery.<br />Dehumanization occurred due to the slave trade.<br />Fores, S.W. “African Woman Slave Trade.” Print. 1792. Wikipedia. 24 April 2011. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:African_woman_slave_trade.jpg>.<br />
  16. 16. V. Columbian Exchange<br /> <br />European exploration and its conquest of the Americas created important links between the Eastern and Western hemispheres. <br />Plants, animals, and knowledge were exchanged between the two areas.<br />
  17. 17. Columbian Exchange <br />Music, folktales, religion, law, government, and culture were all transplanted into new areas <br />Disease (small pox) also was brought...devastating the Native American population. <br />
  18. 18. Columbian Exchange<br />The Columbian Exchange changed the world and ushered in a new era.<br />Supportstorm. “Detailed Triangle Trade.” Map. Wikipedia. 24 April 2011. Web. 28 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Detailed_Triangle_Trade.jpg>.<br />
  19. 19. Work Cited<br />Ahmad, Iftikhar, et al. World Cultures: A Global Mosaic. Upper Saddle <br /> River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc., 2004. Print.<br />All images used were filed under the public domain or creative commons licenses.<br />

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