-Party Contribution -Recommended Books and Order Mudassir -April 21st
Minhaj-ul-Islam Course Outline (Islamic Way of Living) Aqee’dah (Elements of Eeman) & Rights of Allah SWT Rights of Creations, Muq’looq Elements of Iqla’aq, Character Fiqh’ of Ibadaat, Worship Details of Wudu Details of Salaat, Prayer Details of Zakaat, Charity Details of Hajj, Pilgrimage Details of Siyaam, Fasting Mu’amalat, Dealings Business Deals, Contracts Marriage and Divorce Inheritance Food and Drinks Hudood, Punishments Text Reference Minhaj-ul-Muslim By Sheikh Abu Bak’r Al Jaza’iry, Arabic/English/Urdu
Aqeedah/Belief Basics What is the definition of Tawheed? 3 Categories of Tawheed Mentioned in Surat Al Fatiha Rububiyah Ibadah Asma wa Sifaat 5 Pillars of Islam and 6 Pillars of Iman What is Fiqh? Principles of Actions/Fiqh (Intentions, Actions) Types of Actions (Farida, Wajib, Mustahab) How to Approach Quran (Explanation by Ahadith and Quran) Types of Ahadith (Authentic, Weak, Fabricated)
What is Aqee’dah? Al-Aqeedah linguistically is derived from the term aqada. In Arabic, one states,"Aqada the rope" when the rope is tied firmly. And, "Aqada the sale" or "He settled the sale" when the person ratifies and contracts a sale or agreement. Allah SWT says in the Quran, "And as for those whom your right hands have made a covenant (Ar., aqadat)" [Al- Nisa 33]. And Allah SWT also says, "But He will take you to task for the oaths which you swear in earnest (Ar., aqadtum) [Al-Maida, 89] which means asserted and adhered to, as proven in the verse, "And break not oaths after the assertion of them" [An-Nahl, 91]. If one says, "Aqadtu such and such," it means his heart is firm upon such and such. Did Prophet SAW used the term Aqee’dah? Imam Abu Hanifa called this great subject al-Fiqh al-Akbar ("The Greater Understanding") and the understanding of the religion
Beliefs In Risalat Muhammad SAW Messenger (Rasool Allah SAW) Human Being: “Say I m a human being except I receive revelation.” Death: “Muhammad SAW is a Messenger just like other Messengers.” Love of Allah, Love of Rasool Allah SAW Rasool Allah SAW more beloved than one’s parents [Hadith Saheeh] Obedience to Allah and Obedience to Messenger SAW [Al Imran] Types of Sunnah Wajib: Wama Atakumu Rasoola Faquzooho [Al-Hashr] Mustahab: Man Ragheba Un Sunnatee Fa Laisa Minni Islam 101: Quran and Sunnah, Practice of Sahaba Religion is Complete: “Today religion is completed…” “O Messenger, preach if you don’t do so you have not given the right of Messengership.” Ta’wwa’ssul Ways of making dua of Sahaba Exaggeration of Prophet SAW Status
Innovations/Bida’t What is the definition of Bida’t? Hadith regarding Bid’at? Prophet SAW said, “Whoever innovates in the matters that is not there will be rejected.” [Bukhari] Every speech of Prophet SAW began, “Every new thing in the religion is an innovation, every innovation is a deviation, every deviation leads to hellfire.” Prophet SAW said, “Four are the ones who have curse of Allah…..The one who provides refuge to an Innovator.” Common Examples of Innovations Somebody Dies: Soyem, Chehlum, Reciting at the Grave Celebrating the Birthday of Prophet SAW Singling out 27th Rajab Singling out 14th Sha’ba’n Quranic Recitations Reciting Surat Ya’sin on a dying person
Shirk What is the definition of Shirk? What is the ruling of Shirk by Allah? Types of Shirk Akbar-Big Dua, Intention, Obedience, Love Asghar-Small Show Off Khafee-Hidden Visible Examples of Shirk Grave-Worshipping Amulets Charms Asking Directly from Prophet SAW Excessive Dogma in Righteous People Sorcery(Magic)
Belief in Quran Furqan - Criterion Stories of previous prophets and nations. Miracles of Quran Protection [Al Hijr: 9] Prophecies Roam’s victory Inheritance Description of nature Responsibilities with Respect to Quran (RUIT) Recitation Understanding Implementation/Acting Teaching
Misc Matters of Belief 6-Pillars of I’man Belief in Divine Decree (Qadha) and Will (Qadar) Belief in Azab e Qabr Belief in Commanding Good & Forbidding Evil Belief in the Necessity of Loving the Companions of Allah’s Messenger SAW and Honoring them, Respecting the Imams of Islam and Obedience to Muslim Authority Tawassul (Adaab of Making Dua) Finality of the Prophet Muhammad SAW
Tawassul What is Tawassul? Allowable forms of Tawassul The companion who asked Prophet SAW to make Dua Umar RAD’s request to Prophet’s Uncle for making dua during drowght Disallowed forms of Tawassul Making Dua and its Importance Aadab of Making Dua
Finality of the Prophet SAW Ayat in Surat Al Ahzab Ahadith Related to this Matter Ayat No. 1-4 Surat Al Baqarah
Fiqh Definition of Fiqh? “Whoever Allah loves, gives him understanding(ufaqqihu) of Religion” [Bukhari] Why do we need Fiqh? Possibility of More than Ways to be Correct? Group of Sehaba going to an expedition and Prophet SAW’s statement, Don’t pray ASR untill u reach such and such place.” Two Types of Mujtehed, Judge. Sources of Knowledge Follow Allah and Follow Rasool Allah SAW. Sources of Shari’ah, Legislation Misconceptions about Schools of Thought Statements of the Scholars regarding following opinions.
Fiqh Statement Attributed to Prophet SAW, “My companions are stars……………………………………………” Halal is clear and Haram is Clear, Mutashabehat Everything is halal except what is mentioned The list of Halal is way bigger than haram, hence only harams are mentioned, example in Surat Maaida, meat of Pigs are mentioned being haram; what is not mentioned is, meat of lamb, cow, camel, etc.
Fiqh-ut-Taharah Definition of impurities, Najasah? Urine, Stool, Prostatic Discharge, Semen Types of Tahara Taharatul Khabath Garment, Body and Place of Worship (Azaab-e- Qabr) Taharatul Hadath By Wudu, Ghusl or Tayammum Purity of Water Prophet SAW said, “Water is pure, except in case its taste, smell and color is changed due to filthy matter introduced into it.” Al-Baihaqi. Purity of Soil For cleaning private parts after relieving Dung, Bones are not allowed per Hadith [Agreed Upon hadith] Purity of Paper Analogous Manners of Going to a Restroom in Today’s World
Fiqh-ut-Tahara Requirement of Peforming Ghusl Cessation of Menstruation Cessation of Post Natal Bleeding Janabah Accepting Islam Ghusl Mandoob-Recommended Entering Makkah Washing a deadbody Jummuah Obligatory/Farida Elements of Ghusl Intention Cleaning Hadath Pouring water on the entire body
Fiqh-ut-Taharah Sunnan of Ghusl Bismillah Washing hands before dipping them into the water Removing filth at the beginning Wudu Dropping water in the roots of hair Exaggerating in taking water into the nose and rinsing mouth Prohibitions during Janabah [S Defilement] Reciting Quran (No clear hadith opinions) Touching Quran (No clear hadith opinions) Entering Masjid (No clear hadith opinions)
Fiqh-ut-Taharah Tayammum When is it due? Way to Perform Tayammum Do you have to repeat Salat after finding water? Preparing for Going to Masjid Angels Like those things that human beings like Onions and Garlic, why its disliked to go to the Masjid? Appearance Acts of Fitrah (Nature) [Bukhari/Muslim] Circum Removing P Hair Trimming Mustache Trimming Nails Removing Under Arm Hair
Fiqh-ul-Wudu Wudu Requirement? Virtues of Wudu Sunnatul Wudu Pg 370-371 of Textbook How to Perform Wudu? Obligatory Elements of Wudu Niyy’a, Washing Face, Hands, Feet, Wiping Head Sunan Elements of Wudu Pg 372 of the textbook Masaai’l ul Wudu Wiping of Amama Wiping of Socks/Leather http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qdxJ0Hzt7GU
Sala’t What is Sala’t? Meaning of Sala’t Ruling on Sala’t “Verily, As-Salah is enjouined upon the believers upon prescribed times.” [4:103] Pillar of Islam Virtues of Sala’t Leaving of Sala’t
Fiqh-us-Sala’t Conditions Requiring Sala’t Islam Sanity Puberty Awakening Time Purity from both Menstruation and Post- natal Blood
Fiqh-us-Sala’t Conditions for Validity of Sala’t Wudu Purity of Body, Clothes, Place and Shoes Type of Place (7 Prohibitions: Qabr, Slaughterhouse, Way, Toilet, Dumpster, Camels-Sitting, Top of Kabah ) Covering of Awra’h Facing the Qiblah Silence(salaam)
Fiqh-us-Sala’t Obligatory Elements of Sala’t Intention Takbir Al Ihram Qiyam, Standing Reciting Fatiha Bowing, Ruku’ Short Qiyam Prostration, Sujud Jalsa Sitting and Taslim (Video)
Fiqh-us-Sala’t Wajibaat of Salat Sutra, Screen Prophet SAW said, “Let one of you who is in salat put a Sutra in front of him.” [Al-Hakim] Salat breaks if a woman, donkey or black dog passes in front [Al-Bukhari] Middle Tashahud Sijda-e-Sahw, Forgetfullness More or less ayats Missing Tashahud
Fiqh-us-Sala’t Sunan, Recommended Acts during Salat Tasbihat Reciting after Fatiha Praising Allah in Ruku, Qoma, Sujud, Jalsa At-Tahiyat Supplication for the Prophet SAW Saying Ameen Pg 413
Khusu’ in Salat Suratul Muminoon What is Khushu’,Humility? Salat being accepted 1/10th… ½ Five type of Musalleen (Ibnul Qayyim Al Jawzee) Zalim Lee Nafsehee (Wudu, other aspects of Salat) Muhasib (Does everything but does not struggle) Mukaffir (Struggles so much that he is busy) Musaab (His heart is attached to Allah and he is thinking about Khushu throughout) Muqrab (His heart is attached to Allah filled with the love of Allah, state of ihsa’n)
Siya’m - Fasting Farida, Obligation of Fasting Virtues of Ramada’n Virtues of Sa’im Forgiveness in Ramada’n Heightened state of Rewards Purpose of Ramada’n Sadaqah in Ramada’n Zakat in Ramada’n Laylatul Qadr Taraweeh
Fiqh-us-Siya’m Pillars of Fasting Niyyah, Intention Imsak, Refraining Zaman Sunan of Fasting Hastening of Breaking the Fast Breaking fast with fresh, dried dates or water Supplication of Breaking the Fast As-Sahur and Delaying it Makruha’t Nullification of Fasting Whatever reaches the inside of the body Certain Excretions Intentional Drinking/Eating Apostasy from Islam “If you associate partners with Allah, verily your deeds will be lost and you will certainly be of the losers.” [39:65]
Fiqh-us-Siya’m Permissables Siwak/Tooth Stick Cooling onself with water(no drinking) Traveling Treating illness by a shot (non-nourishing) Chewing food for infant Using Perfume Excusables Swallowing of saliva, dust, fly (un-intentional) Unintentional Vomiting Waking up in Junub Eating and Drinking Accidentally
Zakat Farida, Obligation of Zakat “Take from the their wealth Sadaqah in order to purify them and sanctify them with it.” [9:103] “O who u believe! Spend from the good things which you have earned.” [2:267] Pillar of Islam Virtues of Zakat Wisdom Behind Zakat Nisab 52.5 Tola/611.5 Grams of Silver 7.5 Tola/87 Grams of Gold Zakat on Cash, Land, Bonds, Property Rental or Property for Sale Zakat on Gold, Silver, Cash, Merchandize Zakat on Fruits and Grains Difference between Zakat, Sadaqah and Hiba
Zakat No Zakat on Horses, Mules, Donkeys Zakat on Cattle: Camels, Sheep, Cows Zakat on Fruit and Grains Zakat on Gold/Silver Jewelery Who is Eligible for Zakat? Categories Mentioned in Quran Zakat/Sadaqatul Fitr?
Rights of Creations(Makhlooq) Rights of Parents Rights of Neighbors Rights Children Rights of Husband Rights of Wives Rights of Travellers Rights of Poor Rights of Animals Rights of General Muslims
Rights of Neighbors Muslim Neighbor Non Muslim Neighbor Near Neighbor Far Neighbor Almost received inheritance Read Ayat No. 36, Sura-e-An-Nissa “He is not a muslim who harms his neighbor.” [Sahih Hadith]
Advice Religion is Sincere Advice/Sincerity [Muslim] Luqman the Wise and his Advice 1. Worship Allah & Stay Away from Shirk 2. Responsibilities w.r.t. Parents 3. Prayer 4. Order Good & Forbid Evil 5. Possessing Patience 6. Politeness in Speech 7. Removal of Arrogance (walking…) 8. Lowering of Voice 9. Leaving things in Allah’s protection 10. How to attend a gathering?
Minhaj-ul-Islam Course Outline (Islamic Way of Living:Taught By Shakeel Hye) Basic Aalim Course Organization Goal Orientation Attendance 30 hours Oral Q&A Aqeeda 30 Hours Minimum Requirement 10 Ayaats of Tafseer Arabic, Hifz/Tajweed(Juz 30), Fiqh
Akhla’q (Good Character/Mannerisms) “And verily, you (O Muhammad) are on the exalted character [68:4] “For I have been sent for the completion of Good Character” [Kitab al Mufrid] “Kindness is good character” [Al Bukhari] “The dearest and nearest among you to me on the Day of Resurrection will be the best of you in conduct.” [Al Bukhari] What deed leads to Paradise? “Fear of Allah and good character.” [Tirmidhi] List of Elements of Akhla’q
Reliance upon Allah SWT and Self- Sufficiency - Tawakkul Definition of Tawakkul Asbab and Tawakkul “Tie your Camel and then do Tawakkul” “Rasool Allah’s (SAW) Journey to Medina Believing in Tawakkul Vs Rizq
1. What is meaning of Tawheed?2. What are the 3 categories of Taheed, list them?3. What are Pillars of Islam? Questions4. What are Pillars of Eemaan?5. What does it mean by Fiqh?6. How many schools of thought are there?7. Why 4 schools of thought are known only?8. What are the two conditions for an action to be accepted, based on ahadith?9. What are the main types of Sunnah?10. Wha is a Wajib?11. What is Tawassul?12. What are the allowable forms of Tawassul?13. What is the finality of Prophethood? How is part of beliefs?14. What are some common misconceptions about Prophet SAW?15. Was Prophet SAW human being? Proof?16. Can we make dua to Prophet SAW?17. Where is Allah SWT located?18. What is wrong in attending shrines of pious individuals?19. What is wrong in wearing talisman?20. What are the two main types of Responsiblities?21. Give Example if someone takes care of right of Allah and not Mukhlooq?22. Give an Example if someone takes care of rights of Mukhlooq and not Khaaliq?23. What are the common rights of parents?24. What are the common rights of children?25. What are the common rights of neighbors?26. What are the common rights of general muslims?27. Whar are the common rights of non-muslims?28. What are some conditions of salat?29. What are some obligations of salat?30. What are some of the wajibat of the salat?31. What are some of the things that will break the salat?32. Where do you keep your hands in salat while standing, what is the text supporting it?33. What is the difference in prayers of men and women?34. What do you know about sutra/screen in the salat?35. What is a traveller’s prayer?36. What is Tayammum?37. What are the obligations of wudu?38. When is ghusl wajib?39. What are the conditions that will break the wudu?40. What are the things that will break the fast?41. Who are the people allowed not to fast?42. What is the evidence of universal crescent sighting versus local crescent sighting?43. What are the pillars/obligations of Hajj?44. Who are the people who have hajj fard?45. What are the wajibat of hajj?46. What are those things that will make hajj invalid?47. What would menstruating women do during hajj?48. What are the manners of doing Da’wah/Am’r Bil Maroof wa Nahw Anil Munkar?49. What are the 3 types of Patience, give examples?50. How being shy(haya) is part of Iman?