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Importance of the sunnah


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Importance of the sunnah

  1. 1. The Importance of the Sunnah Dina A
  2. 2. Definition of the Sunnah • • The Sunnah can be defined into two meanings: the path of guidance, which the prophet (peace be upon him) said in the Hadith, "Whoever turns away from my Sunnah has nothing to do with me." Another meaning, which the scholars call "mustahabb (encouraged)", they are the deeds for which the one who does them will be rewarded, but the one who does not do them will not deserve to be punished for that. For example, since the prophet used to pray two rak'ats before fajr prayer, we say that it is Sunnah for us to pray these two rak'ats, which means that it is recommended to pray the two rak'ats and not obligatory. The first meaning means, it is obligatory to follow the commands of the prophet (peace be upon him) and abstain from what he forbade us to do. Allah the Almighty ordered us to follow the Sunnah and avoid anything it has prohibited. In other words, this means that it is obligatory on every Muslim to believe in what the Sunnah tells us, and to act according to the Sunnah in all aspects of our life and ensure that we do not commit any actions that contradict the Sunnah.
  3. 3. The revelations the prophet received 1. 2. They are two kinds: The revelation of the Qur’an, the holy book (revelation that can be recited in the prayers). This kind of revelation is confirmed to the verses of the Holy Qur’an and written verbally in it’s folds. The revelation received by the prophet from time to time to let him know the pleasures of Allah in day to day affairs and the details of the principles laid down in the Holy Qur’an with their correct interpretation. This kind of revelation has been demonstrated through the sayings and acts of the Holy prophet.
  4. 4. ?Why is the Sunnah important • It is not possible to understand the Qur’an fully and practice its commands without following the Sunnah of the prophet (peace be upon him). • Hadith is integral to the Qur’an, since they are inseparably liked to each other. • For example, performing the five daily prayers is an obligation and there are verses giving general information about how to perform it, how to perform ablution. However, we can understand how exactly we should perform prayers only by looking at the Sunnah. • There are no detailed information in the verses of the Qur’an about the way of praying, what to say in prayer, the details of ablution, what nullifies ablution, the details of hajj, etc..
  5. 5. ?Why is the Sunnah Important…. • The Sunnah has changed the lives of Muslims throughout the history, of all past scholars of Islam, shaping their worships. • Allah the Almighty commands in His verses a strict obedience to His prophet. For this reason, Islam can only be lived through practicing the Sunnah along with the Qur’an. Therefore, turning away from the Sunnah of the prophet is like turning away from the Qur’an. • Allah (subhanu wa ta’la) says: “…And whatever the Messenger has given you - take; and what he has forbidden you - refrain from. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.” (Al-Hasr 59:7) • Imam Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Sunnah of the prophet is like the Ark of Noah. Whoever embarks upon it reaches salvation and whoever refuses is drowned.”
  6. 6. Evidence in the Qur’an on the Importance of the Sunnah • Allah the Almighty says: “He who obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah…”[al-Nisaa’ 4:80] • Allah described obedience to the prophet (peace be upon him) as being a part of obedience to Him. Then He made a connection between obedience to Him and obedience to the prophet (peace be upon him): “O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger…”[alNisaa’ 4:59] • Allah commands his slaves to respond to Him and His Messenger: “O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life…”[al-Anfaal 8:24] • Allah also commands His slaves to refer all disputes to him: “…And if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and his Messenger…” [al-Nisaa’ 4:59]
  7. 7. Evidence in the Qur’an on the….. Importance of the Sunnah  Allah warns us not to go against the Prophet (peace be upon him), and states that whoever disobeys him will be doomed to eternal Hell. Allah says: …”And let those who oppose the Messenger’s commandment beware, lest some fitnah (trial, affliction, etc..) befall them or painful torment be inflicted on them.” [al-Nur 24:63]  Allah has made obedience to His prophet as a religious duty; resisting or opposing it is a sign of hypocrisy: “But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you [Muhammad] judge in all disputes between them, and find themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.” [alNisaa’ 4:65]
  8. 8. …Some evidence in the Sunnah • • Al-Tirmidhi reported from Abu Raafi’ and others that the prophet (peace be upon him) said: “I do not want to see any one of you reclining on his couch and, when he hears of my instructions or prohibitions, saying ‘I don’t accept it; we didn’t find any such thing in the Book of Allah.’” (Abu Eessa said: This is a saheeh hasan hadeeth. A ِ bu Dawud also reported from al-’Irbaad ibn Saariyah, (May Allah pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) led us in prayer one day then he turned to us and exhorted us strongly…(he said), ‘Pay attention to my Sunnah (way) and the way of the Rightly-guided khaleefahs after me, adhere to it and hold fast to it.” (Saheeh Abi Dawud)
  9. 9. Misconceptions about the Sunnah  Many people believe that the Qur’an is the only form of divine revelation, as it is the literal word of Allah. This view is incorrect as it contradicts the Qur’an itself. Allah the Almighty says: “Your companion (Muhammad) is neither astray nor being misled. Nor does he speak of his own desire. It is (only) the revelation with which he is inspired.” [Surah An-Najm 53]  Some people chose to deny the Sunnah in particular. However this is wrong, as the saying of the prophet (peace be upon him) indicates: “I have been given the Qur’an and something similar to it beside it. Yet a time will come when a man leaning on his couch will say ‘follow the Qur’an only; what you find in it permissible, take and what you find as forbidden, take as forbidden.’ But verily what the Messenger of Allah has forbidden is like what Allah has forbidden.” [Reported by Ahmad and Abu Dawud]
  10. 10. Those who reject the Sunnah     We should ask those people: Where are the aayaat (verses) which tells us how to pray, or tell us the obligatory prayers are five times a daily, or the nisaab (threshold) on various kinds of wealth for purpose of zakak, or about the details of the rituals of hajj, and other rulings which we can only know from the Sunnah of the prophet (peace be upon him) Islam can not exist without the sunnah/Hadith of the prophet (peace be upon him), anyone who rejects the Sunnah of the prophet is in reality rejecting Islam. We must know that the Qur’an and the Sunnah do not contradict one another, rather they complement one another. Reason why many Muslims are going astray today is because they are not only leaving off the Sunnah, but they are leaving the Qur’an as well. If we are not giving the Sunnah its rights, then we are not giving the Qur’an its rights.
  11. 11. Difference between the Sunnah and the Qur’an • The Qur’an- is the foundation of Islamic Law. It is the miraculous speech of Allah that was revealed to the Messenger (peace be upon him), by way of the angel Gabriel. It is written down in its own volume, and its recitation is a form of worship. • The Sunnah- it is everything besides the Qur’an that came from Allah’s Messenger. It explains and provides details for the laws found in the Qur’an. It also provides examples of the practical application of these laws. • The Qur’an is the revelation that is formally recited as an act of worship, and the Sunnah is a revelation that is not formally recited. • The Qur’an consists of the exact words of Allah the Almighty, where as the Sunnah is not necessarily the exact words of Allah, but rather their meanings are explained by the prophet (PBUH).
  12. 12. Connection between the Qur’an and Sunnah Both the Qur’an and Sunnah are revelations that must be followed and adhered to. The Sunnah comes in agreement with the Qur’an, it explains the meanings of what is unclear in the text, provides details for what is depicted in general terms, specifies what is general, and explains its injunctions, and objectives.
  13. 13. The benefit of the Sunnah  As Muslims we know that when Allah or His Messenger decree something for us, it will always benefit us, even if we do not realize it.  Who ever adhered to the Sunnah will attain the ultimate benefit: “Whoever obeys Allah and his Messenger will be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow to live there (forever), and that will be the great achievement.” (Surah An-Nisaa’ 4:13)  The Prophet also said: “He who obeys me enters paradise, and he who disobeys me refuses to enter paradise.” [Al-Bukhari].  The sweetness of the Sunnah will also be tasted during this life. The Prophet’s way is perfect in such a way that it produces physical, spiritual, and psychological benefits.  Only way of complete guidance: “I have left two things among you, as long as you hold fast to them you will never go astray. They are the book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger.” [Reported by Al-Haakim -Sahih]
  14. 14. Adhering to the Sunnah • • • The best way to have a perfect way of life is to adhere to the Sunnah of the prophet (peace be upon him and his family). All the companions (may Allah be pleased with them) were keen on following the Sunnah of the prophet. It was never reported from a single one of them that they said about any part of it: “this is only a Sunnah and is not mandatory.. this is only recommended and not obligatory.. this is a minor issue not a major one, and we should not waste our time in it” quite unlike what many people say nowadays about the Sunnah, thereby giving it a low ranking in their list of importance. Instead the companions would apply anything that came to them from the prophet (peace be upon him). Even in matters that were related to man’s natural disposition, such as growing the beard, using siwaak and so on.
  15. 15. Taking the prophet as our role Model The prophet (peace be upon him) has demonstrated the best qualities of a human being. Allah the Exalted said: “Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good example to follow…” (33:21) The prophet was not sent merely to deliver the word of Allah, but to explain the divine book, to interpret it, to expound it, to demonstrate the ways of its application, to present a practical example of its contents, to teach it and to train people to run their lives in accordance with its requirements. The prophet (peace be upon him) delivered the Message in the best way and demonstrated the religion as it should be, so for this reason we should look up his morals and behavior and emulate them in our lives. We can never do so without studying the Hadith.
  16. 16. References      