1Name_______________________________________________Date__________________Block_______Industry and Immigration in the 1900s (Quiz)SPIs:6.4-Identify the patterns of immigration and the causal factors that led to immigration to the U.S.6.5- Distinguish the differences in assimilation of “old” vs. “new” immigration.6.9-Recognize the economic disparity among farmers, wage earners, immigrants, or racial groups when comparedto industrial capitalists.6.11-Analyze the impact of different forms of corruption and its consequences in American politics during the laterhalf of the Age.1. Jacob Riis’ photographs, and the settlement house movement led by Jane Addams, drew attention tothe needs of theA. Japanese and Chinese laborers in the late 1800s.B. urban poor in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.C. farmers in the 1880s and 1890s.D. freedmen immediately after the Civil War.2. Europeans that came to the United States between 1880 and 1920 have been described as “new”immigrants mainly because theyA. were considered physically and mentally superior to earlier immigrants.B. arrived before the closing of the frontier and settled in farms in the West.C. came generally from different countries than most earlier immigrants.D. came chiefly from Northern and Western Europe.3. During the period from 1880 to 1920, the majority of immigrants to the United States settled inurban areas in the North mainly becauseA. the Populist Party was successful in preventing immigrants from buying farmland.B. rapid industrialization created many job opportunities.C. labor unions gave financial help to immigrants willing to work in the factories.D. most immigrants lived in cities near their native countries.
24. The decision of the Supreme Court in the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case is important because itA. declared slavery to be illegal.B. upheld the legality of sharecropping.C. approved separate but equal facilities for African-Americans.D. denounced the violence of the Ku Klux Klan.5. From 1865 to 1900, how did the growth of industry affect American society?A. The percentage of Americans living in urban areas increased.B. restrictions on immigration created a more homogenous culture.C. population centers shifted from the Northeast to the South.D. The United States experienced the disappearance of the traditional “family farm.6. “Prices and wages should be determined by the marketplace”. The author of this statement wouldmost probably supportA. minimum wage laws.B. wage and price controls.C. laissez-fare capitalism.D. government ownership of utilities.7. In the United States, organized labor made its greatest membership gains whenA. the right to unionize and bargain collectively was guaranteed by legislation.B. international competition began to threaten jobs in the United States.C. the major business groups encouraged unionization.D. the economy began to shift from manufacturing to service employment.8. Many reformers who opposed the laissez-faire attitude of the late 19th century argued thatA. the National Government should not interfere in the activities of big business …big business.B. national wealth could best be assured by the accumulation of goldC. the idea of rugged individualism is vital to the nation’s economic growthD. government should protect society through the regulation of business.
39. Nativism in the late 19th century was motivated primarily byA. hostility toward immigrant workers.B. the need to reduce overcrowding in western states.C. cultural conflicts with Native American IndiansD. the migration of African Americans to northern cities10. The American Federation of Labor (AFL) became the first long-lasting, successful labor union in theUnited States mainly because itA. refused to participate in strikes against employers.B. concentrated on organizing workers in industries in the SouthC. formed its own political party and elected many prolabor public officialsD. fought for the rights of skilled workersRead the excerpts and answer the question below.Speaker A:"To preserve our American culture, people whose national origins do not match the origins ofour nation’s founders must be refused admission."Speaker B:". . . let us admit only the best educated from every racial and ethnic group . . ."Speaker C:". . . there is an appalling danger to the American wage earner from the flood of low,unskilled, ignorant, foreign workers who have poured into the country . . ."Speaker D:"Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free . . ."11. People who support unrestricted immigration would agree most withA. Speaker AB. Speaker BC. Speaker CD. Speaker D12. Jacob Riis, Jane Addams, and Margaret Sanger are most closely associated with efforts toA. educate and train formerly enslaved persons.B. preserve the natural environment.C. advance the interests of organized labor.D. improve conditions for the poor.
413. One way in which the Chinese Exclusion Act, the Gentlemen’s Agreement, and the National OriginsAct were similar is that all were expressions ofA. imperialismB. nativismC. militarismD. Manifest Destiny14. Industrialists of the late 1800s contributed most to economic growth byA. supporting the efforts of labor unionsB. establishing large corporationsC. encouraging government ownership of banksD. opposing protective tariffs15. In the late 19th century, owners of big businesses generally embraced Social Darwinism because itreinforced their belief thatA. economic success demonstrates fitness to lead.B. business monopolies are contrary to the social order.C. all wealth should be returned to society.D. economic competition should be regulated.16. One factor that furthered industrialization in the United States between 1865 and 1900 was theA. development of the airplaneB. expansion of the railroadsC. mass production of automobilesD. widespread use of steamboats17. The slogan “Eight hours for work, eight hours for sleep, eight hours for what we will” was used inthe late 1800s to promote a major goal ofA. farmersB. politiciansC. industrialists
5D. organized labor18. One reason John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and J. Pierpont Morgan were sometimes calledrobber barons was because theyA. robbed from the rich to give to the poor.B. made unnecessarily risky investments.C. used ruthless business tactics against their competitors.D. stole money from the federal government.19. Which statement describes a result of the Industrial Revolution in the United States?A. Farm production decreased.B. Slavery in the South increased.C. The population of the cities decreased.D. Immigration to the United States increased.20. What was the main benefit that labor unions of the late 19th century gained for their members?A. job securityB. improved wages and hoursC. paid vacationsD. health insurance21. In the late 19th century, the pattern of United States immigration changed in thatA. far fewer immigrants arrived in the United States than in previous years.B. most immigrants chose to settle in the rural, farming regions of the western United States.C. increasing numbers of immigrants came from eastern and southern Europe.D. most immigrants were political refugees
622. What was the experience of most of the “new immigrants” who arrived in the United States fromsouthern and eastern Europe in the late 1800s and early 1900s?A. They lived in urban areas and most held lowpaying jobs.B. They obtained free land in the West and became farmers.C. They became discouraged with America and returned to their homelands.D. They were easily assimilated into mainstream American culture.23. Between 1870 and 1920, the federal government placed few restrictions on immigration primarilybecause it wanted toA. sell land in the West.B. recruit men for the military.C. ensure that there would be workers for the factories.D. avoid offending foreign governments.24. Speaker A: “Our nation has grown and prospered from the ideas and labor of immigrants. Thenation has been enriched by immigrants from different nations who brought newideas and lifestyles, which have become part of American culture.”Speaker B: “United States industries are competing with established European manufacturers.To prosper, American industries need the vast supply of unskilled labor that isprovided by immigrants.”Speaker C: “Immigrants are taking jobs at low wageswithout regard for long hours and workers’ safety. American workers must unite toend this unfair competition.”Speaker D: “Immigrants arrive in American cities poor and frightened. They are helped to findjobs or housing. These newcomers should show their gratitude at voting time.”Speaker D is expressing an opinion most like that of aA. labor union memberB. religious leaderC. factory ownerD. political party boss
725. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, where did most of the immigrants to the United Statessettle?A. urban centers of the NortheastB. plantations of the New SouthC. mining areas of the Far WestD. farming regions of the Great Plains26. The “new immigrants” to the United States between 1890 and 1915 came primarily fromA. southern and eastern EuropeB. northern and western EuropeC. East AsiaD. Latin America27. Henry Ford produced a more affordable car primarily because his companyA. paid workers lower wages than its competitors paidB. used foreign-made partsC. developed a less expensive method of productionD. offered a variety of options to buyersCorrect Answer Number: 3