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Standards and Future Directions - ACHIEVE workshop


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An overview of current and emerging standards for accessible information in digital formats. Part of a series of workshops jointly organised by RNZFB and ACHIEVE in 2008-2009.

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Standards and Future Directions - ACHIEVE workshop

  1. 1. RNZFB Standards and Future Directions
  2. 2. DAISY <ul><li>Open standard for digital books </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Accessible Information System </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>International consortium of print disability organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Working with International Digital Publishing Forum to align standards, </li></ul>
  3. 3. DAISY <ul><li>Open standard for digital books </li></ul><ul><li>Based on web standards </li></ul><ul><li>Structured audio, full text, multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for many ways of access </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility of reading experience </li></ul>
  4. 4. DAISY at RNZFB <ul><li>Recorded talking books as DAISY since 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>DAISY Textbook Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with NZETC </li></ul><ul><li>Neil Jarvis on DAISY Board </li></ul><ul><li>Standards development, software testing, Global Library, copyright reform, publisher collaboration </li></ul>
  5. 5. Round Table <ul><li>Round Table on Information Access for People with Print Disabilities </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Australia/ New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Annual conference </li></ul><ul><li>Standards for accessible formats – braille, e-text, large print, audio, describing visual material, exam guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>E-text and large print guidelines being revised, due early 2009 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Round Table e-text <ul><li>General principles for digital accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance for plain text, word processing formats (RTF, Word, OpenDocument) </li></ul><ul><li>Appendices of production tips </li></ul>
  7. 7. Round Table e-text <ul><li>Equivalence to print: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linearisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure and Semantics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text equivalents for visual elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include all meaningful elements of print document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use correct character sets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Producer's Notes </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Round Table e-text <ul><li>Clear visual design: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>simple and clear typeface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>adequately large default text size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>good spacing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>adequate colour contrast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>left-align </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>avoid italics, underline and block capitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>do not convey information solely through images or colours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allow user to change defaults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>consistent appearance </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Round Table e-text <ul><li>Follow existing standards: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic HTML </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAISY: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unicode: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customise for an individual: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>adaptive technology limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>software availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>varying levels of computer literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reading preferences </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Web standards <ul><li>HTML designed for universal access </li></ul><ul><li>“ The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect.” -Tim Berners-Lee </li></ul>
  11. 11. Web standards: HTML <ul><li>Structure separated from presentation </li></ul><ul><li>CSS stylesheets for visual appearance </li></ul>
  12. 15. Accessible websites <ul><li>Can be designed for all </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage web developers, lecturers, libraries to use accessible electronic systems </li></ul>
  13. 16. Other e-text formats <ul><li>Word processing formats: Word, OpenDocument, RTF </li></ul><ul><li>Plain text </li></ul><ul><li>Maths formats: MathML, LaTeX </li></ul><ul><li>Can be read electronically or converted to braille, large print, audio </li></ul><ul><li>DAISY incorporates MathML </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 17. Accessible PDF <ul><li>Electronic text, not scanned images </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tagged” for reading order </li></ul><ul><li>Text equivalents available for all images </li></ul><ul><li>Only works with recent adaptive technology </li></ul><ul><li>Not optimal for viewing on screen </li></ul>