Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Linux I Ostala Druzina

1,914 views

Published on

Predavanje sa Astronomskog kampa Letenka 2009
25. jul 2009
Letenka, Fruška Gora, Srbija

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Linux I Ostala Druzina

  1. 1. GNU i ostala družina Slobodan softver i popularizacija nauke Milan Milošević AK Letenka, jul 2009
  2. 2. Free software ● “Free” - sloboda, ne cena ● “Free as in freedom” ● "Free as in beer" vs "Free as in speech" ● Besplatan vs slobodan www.mmilan.com 2
  3. 3. Besplatan softver? ● Vlasnički softver ● Freeware ● Shareware (?!?!) ● Free software Licence: http://www.gnu.org/licenses/license-list.html www.mmilan.com 3
  4. 4. Definicija: (0) Korišćenje programa u bilo koje svrhe (1) Uvid u način funkcionisanja programa (otvoreni kod) (2) Redistribucija kopija (3) Unapređivanje programa i objavljivanje unapređenja www.mmilan.com 4
  5. 5. (0) Korišćenje programa www.mmilan.com 5
  6. 6. (1) Open Source http://en.tiraecol.net www.mmilan.com 6
  7. 7. (2) Redistribucija www.mmilan.com 7
  8. 8. (3) Unapređivanje www.mmilan.com 8
  9. 9. Zašto? ● I need, I want, I CAN ● Niko ne radi besplatno ?!? ● Neko radi zbog zabave ● Neko radi zbog potrebe ● “Novi” poslovni model ● Cena usluge, ne proizvoda www.mmilan.com 9
  10. 10. Zašto ja? ● Korisnik ● Cena, stabilnost, bezbednost ● Kompanije ● Kompatibilnost, nezavisnost, cena ● Čovečanstvo ● Monopol, znanje, sigurnost, nema “Velikog brata” www.mmilan.com 10
  11. 11. Ali... ● Već koristite Slobodan softver ! ● Firefox ● Wikipedia ● Astronomski magazin ● Internet... www.mmilan.com 11
  12. 12. GNU is Not Unix ● 1969: Nastao Unix (AT&T) ● 1983: Startovao GNU Projekat (Richard Stallman) ● 1991: Linux 0.01 ( 10k linija koda, 1 korisnik ) ● 1994: Linux 1.0 ( 170k linija, 100 hiljada korisnika) ● 1996: Linux 2.0 ( 400k linija, 1,5 miliona korisnika) ● 1998: Free Software Definition (4 slobode) ● 1998: Linux 2.1.11 ( 1.5M linija, 7.5 miliona korisniak) ● 1999: Linux 2.2: 12 miliona korisnika ● 2009: Odlična budućnost www.mmilan.com 12
  13. 13. GNU/Linux 8,000,000 1,600,000 7,000,000 1,400,000 6,000,000 1,200,000 Lines of Code Users 5,000,000 1,000,000 4,000,000 800,000 3,000,000 600,000 Apache 2,000,000 400,000 1,000,000 200,000 0 0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 www.mmilan.com (ver0.01) (ver0.96) (ver0.99) (ver1.0) (ver1.2) (ver2.0) (ver2.1) (ver 13 2.1.11)
  14. 14. GNU/Linux ● Linux Kernel: ● Softver koji obezbeđuje komunikaciju između hardvera I korisničkog softvera. Linux kernel radi na mnogim platformama (Intel x86, IA-64, AMD64, Alpha, MIPS, HP PA-RISC, PowerPC, IBM S/390, SPARC, Motorola 680x0, itd.). ● GNU/Linux OS: ● Linux kernel i korisnički softver koji omogućava rad. ● Linux Distribution: ● Linux Kernel, GNU/Linux OS i dodatni sofver koji omogućava jednostavnu instalaciju, konfigurisanje i rad www.mmilan.com 14
  15. 15. Prednosti: ● Brzina i stabilnost ● Bolji kvalitet i ekonomičnost ● Bezbednost: manje “rupa” brze i češće “zakrpe” ● Nema crva, spyware-a, rušenja, plavog ekrana ● Pravi višekorisnički sistem (pristup fajlovima, prava drugih korisnika, morate da se prijavite) ● Prilagodljivost (Mogućnost izbora, CLI, GUI,...). ● Jaka zajednica za podršku i razvoj www.mmilan.com 15
  16. 16. Ako je tako dobar... ● ...zašto se ne koristi više? ● Skuplje = bolje ● Marketing ● Kompanije, ugovori, obaveze ● Piraterija “It’s easier for our software to compete with Linux when there’s piracy than when there’s not.” - Bill Gates (2007) “They’ll get sort of addicted, and then we’ll somehow figure out how to collect sometime in the next decade.” Bill Gates (2006) www.mmilan.com 16
  17. 17. Svet bez zidova In a world without  walls, who needs  windows and gates? www.mmilan.com 17
  18. 18. Koristi se: ● Google ! ● 70% web strana ● TOP500 naj- računara ● Linux ~88% (svi sa liste TOP10) ● Unix/Linux ~5.8% ● Unix ~4.4% ● Windows HPC ~1% ● BSD – 1 računar www.mmilan.com 18
  19. 19. GNU/Linux distribucije www.mmilan.com 19
  20. 20. Distribucije ● Debian: velika zajednica (>1200 programera), stroga pravila slobode, 30k paketa, rast 20% godišnje. Najveća (?) ● Ubuntu: za desktop korisnike, bazirana na Debian unstable. ● Red Hat: Jedna od najstarijih distribucija, Enterprise. ● Fedora: Sponorisana od strane Red Hat-a, razvija je zajednica. ● Centos: Besplatna alternativa Red Hat-a. ● Mandriva: Najpopularniji derivat Red Hat-a. ● Suse: razvija Novell, Enterprise distribucija. Podrška Microsofta (?) ● OpenSuse: slobodna alternativa Suse ● Slackware: najsličnija Unixu, stara i popularna distribucija www.mmilan.com 20
  21. 21. GNU/Linux “slojevi” ● Kernel ● Shell ● X-Server (XFree, XORG) ● Desktop Enviroment ● KDE, Gnome, XFCE, ... ● Composite Window Maker ● Window Maker, Enlightment, IceWM, ... ● Window Decorator www.mmilan.com 21
  22. 22. GNU/Linux za svaki dan ● Firefox, Thunderbird ● aMSN, Pidgin, Kopete ● OpenOffice ● GIMP, Inkscape, Scribus ● Amarok, Audacious, Mplayer, VLC, Kdenlive ● Octave, FreeMat, Latex ● Celestia, Kstars, OpenUniverse, Step www.mmilan.com 22
  23. 23. Instalacija programa ● Windows ● GNU/Linux ● Google ● Menadžer paketa ● Download, $$$ ● Install ● Google, $$$... www.mmilan.com 23
  24. 24. CLI vs GUI www.mmilan.com 24
  25. 25. Kako? ● Windows + slobodan softver ● Dual boot ● GNU/Linux + VirualBox ● GNU/Linux ! www.mmilan.com 25
  26. 26. Ne samo Linux... ● Skoro svi programi rade i na Windowsu ● Internet: ● Wordpress ● Joomla ● SMF ● Wiki ● Itd ● Tekstovi, slike, audio i video materijal www.mmilan.com 26
  27. 27. Licence (1) ● Public Domain ● EULA (End-User License Agreements ) ● GPL – General Public Licence ● BSD – Berkeley Software Distribution ● Sloboda 3 nije obavezna ● CDDL (Common Development and Distribution License) ● Licence kompanija, itd ● CC - Creative Commons www.mmilan.com 27
  28. 28. Licence (2) www.mmilan.com 28
  29. 29. Licence (3)  EULA (End Users license agreement):  sharing is evil. BSD: Berkeley Software  Distribution: sharing is not evil. GNU  General Public License: not sharing is evil.  What you think? www.mmilan.com 29
  30. 30. CC - Creative Commons ● Attribution ● Share Alike ● Noncommercial ● No Derivative Works ● http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses/ ● http://creativecommons.org/international/rs/ www.mmilan.com 30
  31. 31. Korisni linkovi ● http://www.fsnserbia.org/ ● http://blog.urosevic.net/ ● http://www.ubuntu-rs.org/ ● http://www.linux.org/ ● http://www.debian.org/ ● http://www.ubuntu.com/ ● http://www.gnu.org/ www.mmilan.com 31
  32. 32. Pitanja? ● Homepage: http://www.mmilan.com ● E-mail: mm@mmilan.com ● http://www.facebook.com/mmilann ● http://www.facebook.com/univerzum ● http://www.twitter.com/mmilann Neka prava su zadržana. Objavljeno pod Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Serbia Licencom www.mmilan.com 32

×