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Geography of Michigan

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Vocabulary for unit 1 of the MC3 curriculum for 3rd grade

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Geography of Michigan

  1. 1. The Geography of Michigan<br />vocabulary<br />
  2. 2. geography<br />The study of places<br />Example: communities, states, countries<br />
  3. 3. geographer<br />Someone who studies places<br />
  4. 4. Natural Characteristics<br />Things that are not made by man<br />Example: trees, soil, animals<br />
  5. 5. Human characteristics<br />Parts of a place made by people<br />Example: bridge, roads<br />
  6. 6. County <br />A division of a state<br />Example: Oceana, Newaygo<br />There are 83 counties in Michigan<br />
  7. 7. State <br />One of the 50 parts of our country<br />Example: Michigan<br />
  8. 8. Border <br />The place where one area ends and another area begins.<br />
  9. 9. Government <br />A group of elected citizens who make and carry out the rules for a community, state or country. <br />
  10. 10. Location <br />Where a place is found<br />An address helps describe the location of a house.<br />
  11. 11. Absolute location<br />Where the exact location of a place is<br />Your address shows the absolute location of your house<br />
  12. 12. Relative location<br />Where a place is in relation to other places<br />Michigan is north of Ohio<br />
  13. 13. Direction words<br />Words that tell the direction<br />Example: North, south, east, west<br />
  14. 14. Map <br />An illustration/diagram that shows the location of something<br />A map could show a city, river or country<br />
  15. 15. Landforms <br />The different kinds of land on Earth<br />Ex) mountains, hills, plains<br />
  16. 16. Peninsula <br />Land surrounded by water on three sides<br />
  17. 17. Island <br />Land surrounded by water<br />
  18. 18. Sand dune<br />Ridges or hills of loose sand piled up by the wind<br />
  19. 19. Bay <br />A body of water that is partly blocked off by land<br />A body of water with land on three sides.<br />
  20. 20. Mountain range<br />A row of connected mountains<br />
  21. 21. Glacier <br />Giant sheets of slowly moving ice<br />
  22. 22. The Great Lakes<br />Five huge lakes located in the northern part of the United States.<br />Lake Michigan<br />Lake Huron<br />Lake Erie<br />Lake Superior<br />Lake Onterio<br />
  23. 23. Elevation <br />How high a place is<br />A mountain has a higher elevation than a hill<br />
  24. 24. Special Purpose Maps<br />Maps that show characteristics of an area such as landforms, climate or forests<br />
  25. 25. Vegetation<br />The plants of an area.<br />Michigan has many trees-white pine, apple<br />Dune grass grows on the dunes<br />
  26. 26. Climate <br />The weather over a long period of time<br />Michigan’s climate has four different seasons.<br />
  27. 27. Temperature <br />How hot or cold the air is.<br />The Upper Peninsula is usually colder than the Lower Peninsula<br />
  28. 28. Precipitation <br />Water that falls to the ground from the sky<br />Example: rain, sleet, snow, hail<br />
  29. 29. Natural Resources<br />Things in nature that people find useful<br />Example: water, fertile soil, oil, trees<br />
  30. 30. Fertile soil<br />Soil that is good for growing things<br />Michigan has a lot of fertile soil in the lower peninsula.<br />
  31. 31. Minerals <br />Natural resources found in the ground such as iron ore<br />Minerals are removed from the ground by mining<br />
  32. 32. Iron ore<br />A mineral used to make steel<br />Iron ore is mined in the Upper Peninsula<br />
  33. 33. Copper <br />A mineral used to make things such as pipes for plumbing<br />It is found in the Upper Peninsula<br />For many, Michigan was world leader in copper mining<br />
  34. 34. Limestone <br />A stone used to make steel and cement<br />It is mined in Rogers City, Michigan<br />
  35. 35. Renewable resources<br />Natural resources that can be replaced<br />Example: trees, water<br />
  36. 36. Nonrenewable resources<br />Natural resources that CANNOT be replaced<br />Example: oil, iron ore<br />

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