Usa základní údaje


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Usa základní údaje

  1. 1. USA – basic facts (USA – základní údaje)
  2. 2. USA – basic facts  Location  Neighbours  Area and population  Head of state  Mountains, peaks  Political system  Rivers, lowlands  Great Lakes  Weather of the USA
  3. 3. The USA – basic facts Location - southern part of North America. It lies between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans. Neighbours - Canada to the north and Mexico to the south.
  4. 4. The USA – basic facts Population - more than 300 million people. Area - more than 9 million square kilometres. It is the fourth largest country in the world.
  5. 5. The USA – basic facts The system of Federal Government of the United States was established by the Constitution, ratified in 1788. 50 states joined in a federal republic. The head of state is the President.
  6. 6. The USA – mountains The highest mountains are situated in the western part of the country. They are the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada with the highest mountain Mt. Whitney (4,421 m high). The highest peak in the USA is in Alaska – it is Mount McKinley in the Alaska Range (6,194 m high).
  7. 7. AlaskaNevada RockyWhitney Sierra McKinley AlaskaNevada MountWhitney Mt. Range Rocky Mountain SierraMountain Mount McKinley Mt. Range
  8. 8. The USA – rivers Missouri River (3,768 km) Mississippi River (3,544 km) Yukon River (Alaska, 3,185 km) Rio Grande River (2,830 km) Colorado River (2,330 km)
  9. 9. USA - lowlands Situated in the eastern and southern part of the USA. The largest lowlands are the Mississippi Lowlands. Corn, cotton, rice and tobacco are grown there.
  10. 10. MississippiRiver MissouriRiver ColoradoRiver Yukon River Rio Grande MississippiRiver Missouri River Colorado River Yukon Rio Grande
  11. 11. The USA – Great Lakes Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario located in northeastern on the Canada–US border. Biggest supply of fresh water in the world. Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world. There are famous Niagara Falls between lakes Erie and Ontario.
  12. 12. Lake Superior Lake Huron Erie Huron Ontario Lake Superior Lake Lake Erie Lake Ontario
  13. 13. The USA – industry The USA is rich in coal, petroleum, minerals and timber. The northeast is the most industrial part of the USA. The heavy industries are concentrated around the Great Lakes,where raw materials like coal, copper, iron and oil are found.
  14. 14. The USA – climate The climate of the USA is extremely varied. The Artic climate in the north (Alaska). The subtropical climate in the south (Florida) . Favourite holiday lands are California and Florida. The most pleasant climate is on the Hawaiian Islands.
  15. 15. Florida Alaska Florida Alaska