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  1. 1. Geography
  2. 2. Mediterranean Sea <ul><li>The sea that touches nearly all parts of the Greek world. </li></ul><ul><li>It is almost completely surrounded by land. </li></ul><ul><li>It covers about 2.5 million square km. </li></ul><ul><li>It was an important trade rout in ancient times. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tiber Island <ul><li>The Tiber Island is a small island in the middle of the Tiber River. </li></ul><ul><li>The Tiber Island is connected on both sides by two bridges. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans made a story that the Tiber Islands foundations are the wheat of a hated tyrant. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Expansion <ul><li>Rome started as a very small city and grew into a massive ancient superpower. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome conquered all of Italy and the surrounding land. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome eventually conquered Greece and Gaul. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome had a couple of battles with Carthage the. other superpower, and eventually won </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hills <ul><li>Rome was built on seven hills, giving them a good defensive spot for a city. </li></ul><ul><li>The rich lived up high, out of the smelly streets, on these hills </li></ul><ul><li>Many important buildings were built on these hills. </li></ul><ul><li>Quirinal, Viminal, Capitoline, Esquiline, Palatine, Caelian, and Aventine are the names of the hills </li></ul>
  6. 6. Religion
  7. 7. Etruscan Mythology <ul><li>The Etruscan belief was polytheism. </li></ul><ul><li>They believed all visible amazing things that happened were manifestation of divine power. </li></ul><ul><li>There are believed to be three layers of this religion. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many gods, like in Greek and Roman religion. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Christianity <ul><li>Christians believe in God, and that Jesus came and died for our sins. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Christians were wrongfully killed by Nero, who claimed they started a fire out of hatred of humanity. </li></ul><ul><li>The Christians stayed true to their beliefs, even facing death, witch made many people believe it was a good religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, Christianity became the official religion of Rome. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Roman Religion <ul><li>Romans believed that there was two twin brothers named Romulus and Remus that were raised by a she wolf, then Romulus founded Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romans believed in many gods, like the Greek. </li></ul><ul><li>The roman religion is basically the Greek religion with different names. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Judaism <ul><li>Judaism in ancient Rome was divided into fore different sects. </li></ul><ul><li>Saledus, aristocratic Jews who went with roman government. </li></ul><ul><li>Pharisees, strict adherents to Jewish law. </li></ul><ul><li>Essenes, messianic group that lived in small communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Zealots, militaristic that was openly hostile to Rome. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Achievements
  12. 12. System of laws <ul><li>The Romans had a reliable system of laws that was much like ours. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are accused of breaking the law you go to court. </li></ul><ul><li>They had specific court houses, like us. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Aqueducts <ul><li>Aqueducts bring water to dry places to help that place survive. </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient roman aqueducts are made of stone and have many arches for support. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman aqueducts were long and well constructed. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Roman cities would have failed without aqueducts. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Network of Roads <ul><li>Roam had a great system of roads to make travel and trade easier. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Roman roads were paved. </li></ul><ul><li>Huge roads aloud trade from distant places. </li></ul><ul><li>These roads helped expand Roam. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Greater Freedom for Women <ul><li>In most early societies women had little rights. </li></ul><ul><li>In Roam women could work in government and be independent. </li></ul><ul><li>This was a great step forward in women rights </li></ul><ul><li>I believed this helped Roam succeed. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Politics
  17. 17. Kings <ul><li>The first king of Rome was Romulus. </li></ul><ul><li>An Etruscan leader named Tarquin became Rome’s king. </li></ul><ul><li>The Etruscan kings ruled with the Roman aristocrats. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Roman Republic <ul><li>The Roman Republic had a tripartite, the Senate, the magistrates, and the assemblies. </li></ul><ul><li>Magistrates represented the tradition of monarchy, and were the main officials of the Roman Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>The senate represented the tradition of oligarchy, and had 300 members. </li></ul><ul><li>The Centuriate and the tribal Assemblies represented democracy in Rome. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Rule by Emperors <ul><li>From 493 B.C. to 180 A.D. Rome was ruled by emperors. </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus was an emperor that increased and encouraged learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Nero was an insane emperor that managed to create a certain level of stability in Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Trajen was an emperor that expanded the empire and lowered taxes. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Death In Politics <ul><li>Many people in power in ancient Rome were assassinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Nero killed his mom because he thought she was interfering to much with his rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Tiberius had solders sent after him and was killed. </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar was stabbed in the back. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Economy
  22. 22. Trade <ul><li>Rome required a lot of money to run, and trade created much of that wealth. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome had many sea routs in the Mediterranean and numerous routs by land. </li></ul><ul><li>There was only one type of currency, so trade was easy. </li></ul><ul><li>After the inflation, many people began to barter instead of using money. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Inflation <ul><li>Inflation began after the reign of Marcus Aurelius. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome stopped conquering new places, so the gold received lowered. </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of gold in each coin decreased. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people began to barter. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Urban Decay <ul><li>Most Romans lived in small, smelly rooms in apartment like buildings called islands. </li></ul><ul><li>The islands covered an entire city block. </li></ul><ul><li>The higher a family went the cheaper the rooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people lived out on the streets. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Unemployment <ul><li>Wealthy land owners used slaves to farm. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves could produce goods cheaply, so the goods could be sold for less. </li></ul><ul><li>Normal farmers could not mach the prices of the goods produced by slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of unemployed men and women came to major cities looking for a job. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Social Structure
  27. 27. Leaders <ul><li>Leaders such as emperors were at the top of the social pyramid. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders had large palaces with many luxury goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers and leaders had vast power over many people. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Patricians <ul><li>The highly privileged aristocratic class. </li></ul><ul><li>People could only be patricians from birth. </li></ul><ul><li>The name comes from the Latin word “patres” witch means father. </li></ul><ul><li>Patricians claim to be descendants of the earliest members of the Roman Senate. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Plebeians <ul><li>The root plebei comes from pleb meaning common people. </li></ul><ul><li>Plebeians were all Romans who weren’t patricians. </li></ul><ul><li>Patricians were forbidden to marry plebeians, so there wasn’t any change of class. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Slaves <ul><li>Roman slaves were men and women born or sold into slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>There was no racial distinction of slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Some slaves could build up money and eventually buy their freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were the property, by law, of their owner. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>I believe the most important thing I learned about ancient Rome was the Roman Republic. The Roman Republic has the most similarities to our lives today. The Roman Republic was also a big part of Rome's history. I also thought it was a very interesting subject. This is why I thought the Roman Republic was the most important thing we learned. </li></ul>