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  1. 1. Geography
  2. 2. Location <ul><li>Rome was built on seven hills. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome was located near the west coast of Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome was also located close to the Tiber River. </li></ul>
  3. 3. expansion <ul><li>Many people thought that expansion in the Roman empire either helped or went against people. </li></ul><ul><li>Tiberius Gracchus thought that expansion hurt the roman empire cause it drove small farmers off their land. </li></ul><ul><li>Along with his brother Gaius the poor were able to maintain their land. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Climate <ul><li>Farming in Rome was great especially with their climate. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romans happily enjoyed the Mediterranean climate cause it gave the dirt more soil. </li></ul><ul><li>With their arable land they were able to grow crops such as vegetables,grains,and olives. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Punic wars <ul><li>As Carthage’s power grew in the Mediterranean Rome began to take its limits to Carthage’s expansion. </li></ul><ul><li>A general from Carthage Hannibal decided to lead his army through the alps. </li></ul><ul><li>Once they got through the alps Hannibal had lost half his elephants and one quarter of his army. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Religion
  7. 7. Judaism <ul><li>Judaism originated in the Middle East. </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism spread beyond where they first developed. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews lived in many parts of the Roman Empire. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Christianity <ul><li>Christianity is the official religion of Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>All Christians spread among all non-Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Paul helped to spread early Christianity. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Etruscan mysticism <ul><li>The Etruscans believed that gods gave them signs in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>They tried to interpret lightning before they went into battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Etruscan diviners used the stars to plan the layouts of their cities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Greek Mythology <ul><li>Myths about the gods and goddesses functioned as their religion to the ancient Greeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks conducted elaborate ritual and sacrifices to please gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Gods and Goddesses controlled all aspects of their life. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Achievements
  12. 12. Latin Language <ul><li>The roman‘s were able to establish a written and spoken language. </li></ul><ul><li>They were able to make Latin speaking language. </li></ul><ul><li>Today we are able to use Latin Roots to make new words. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Military organization <ul><li>What was so great about their military was they were able to move quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>Not only were they able to move quickly they were able to attack quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romans with being able to move out and to attack they were the most feared empire. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Development of aqueducts <ul><li>Aqueducts was a great invention cause they were able to get water through them. </li></ul><ul><li>The aqueducts were able to send the water through out the empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The water that came through the aqueduct was fresh water. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Republican form of government <ul><li>The Roman’s were able to make a new system of government. </li></ul><ul><li>This system of government allowed anybody to vote it did not matter if you were in the high class the middle class or the lower class. </li></ul><ul><li>The cool thing about this system of government was that their was no class that dominated. </li></ul>
  16. 16. political
  17. 17. Political corruption <ul><li>One of Rome’s serious problems was choosing a new emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman’s never created an effective system to determine who would be the next emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>For this reason, the choice of a new emperor was chosen in an open debate. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Tiberius Gracchus <ul><li>Tiberius Gracchus was born into a well plebian family. </li></ul><ul><li>Tiberius Gracchus was elected into tribune. </li></ul><ul><li>Until one day he was killed in a assembly along with 300 of his followers. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Gauis Gracchus <ul><li>Gauis the youngest brother of Tiberius was elected into tribune for two successful years. </li></ul><ul><li>He increased his power through the assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>With Gauis attempting to appose with the senate broke into bloody riots. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Law and order <ul><li>Rome had many crime scenes that is why guards mostly guarded the wealthy. </li></ul><ul><li>People who did crimes were summoned to court. </li></ul><ul><li>The roman senate were the most powerful branch beside the ruler. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Economy
  22. 22. unemployment <ul><li>A farmer who had to pay workmen could not produce goods cheap. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore slave owners could sell their crops for lower prices. </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of these men filled the cities with no jobs. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Trade <ul><li>The Romans traded with many countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome sometimes traded with countries along the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome since it was in Italy mostly traded with Byzantium. </li></ul>
  24. 24. inflation <ul><li>The roman economy suffered inflation beginning after the reign of Marcus Aurelius. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the roman's stopped conquering land gold decreased into the roman economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet gold was being spent by the the Roman’s to pay for luxury items. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Excessive military spending to defend the empire <ul><li>Maintaining an army to defend the boarders from barbarian attacks was a constant drain on the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Military spending left few resources for other activities. </li></ul><ul><li>In the latter years of the roman empire frustrated Roman’s lost desire to fight for empire. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Social structure
  27. 27. Urban decay <ul><li>Wealthy Roman’s lived in houses with marble walls and intricate colored tiles. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Roman’s were not rich. </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in small smelly apartment houses called islands. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Role of men <ul><li>The roman families are patriarchal, this means that their families are surrounded with men. </li></ul><ul><li>The father or grandfather in a roman family is called a paterfamilias. </li></ul><ul><li>His place in the house hold is the king in the old monarchy. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Role of women <ul><li>Roman women had an advantage over women in Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>In Rome a lady could own personal property. </li></ul><ul><li>Although Roman law required that women must have male guardians thought their lives. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Patrons and clients <ul><li>Another important tradition in Roman society involved patrons and clients. </li></ul><ul><li>Patrons were patricians or wealthy plebeians and clients were poorer plebeians. </li></ul><ul><li>Patrons offered assistance to clients in return their political support. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Conclusion <ul><li>What I think that was most important thing I learned about Ancient Rome was the network of concrete roads. I think that was a great achievement because it helped people travel and trade. Another thing is that they we were able to use this idea in today's world. </li></ul>