SQL 2012 AlwaysOn Availability Groups for SharePoint 2010 - AUSPC2012
SQL 2012 AlwaysOn Availability Groups for SharePoint Database Failover (Database Mirroring) Michael Noel Convergent Computing (CCO)
Michael NoelGreat to be back in Beautiful Australia!
What we will cover SQL 2012 AlwaysOn• What is SQL 2012 AlwaysOn? – AlwaysOn Failover Clustering – AlwaysOn Availability Groups• Why AlwaysOn Availability Groups for SharePoint?• Requirements and Prerequisites• Step by Step guide to implementing AlwaysOn Availability Groups• Demonstration
SQL 2012 AlwaysOn Hype or Reality?• Two distinct technologies that share the same name• AlwaysOn Failover Clustering is a different thing! – A Failover Cluster Instance (FCI) uses traditional Shared Storage Clustering (one copy of data shared by multiple nodes) – Same marketing name, but completely different technology• AlwaysOn Availability Groups correspond to the new version of SQL Database Mirroring – High Availability and Disaster Recovery at the Data Tier
History of AlwaysOn Availability Groups Background and Predecessor Technologies• Original concept was log shipping in SQL 2000 – making a duplicate copy of your databases on another server• Mirroring itself introduced in SQL 2005 SP1, improved in SQL 2008 and SQL 2008 R2• Works by keeping a mirror copy of a database or databases on up to four additional SQL instances.• AlwaysOn Availability Groups introduced with SQL 2012, added up to four mirror copies, and more• This is a huge change to data tier design for SharePoint
Comparison of AlwaysOn with other SQL HA Greatly Improved HA and DR Potential PotentialHigh Availability and Disaster Recovery Automatic Readable Data Loss Recovery SQL Server Solution Failover Secondaries (RPO) Time (RTO)AlwaysOn Availability Group - synchronous-commit Zero Seconds Yes 0-2AlwaysOn Availability Group - asynchronous-commit Seconds Minutes No 0-4AlwaysOn Failover Cluster Instance NA Seconds Yes NA -to-minutesDatabase Mirroring - High-safety (sync + witness) Zero Seconds Yes NADatabase Mirroring - High-performance (async) Seconds Minutes No NALog Shipping Minutes Minutes No Not during -to-hours a restoreBackup, Copy, Restore Hours Hours No Not during -to-days a restore
AlwaysOn Availability Groups Design Options• Create up to four additional copies of each database on a different SQL node• Copies can be a mix of synchronous (exact copy) or asynchronous (works across low latency link)• Create a synchronous copy when connectivity is 1Gb or greater and latency is no more than 10ms• Create asynchronous copies across WAN links, for Disaster Recovery or when architecting a read-only farm
AlwaysOn Availability Groups Read-only Farms• Unlike SQL Mirroring, AlwaysOn Availability Groups allow for read-only access to the content on a remote SQL instance• Allows for the DR copy of the data to be used as part of a view-only SharePoint farm in a remote location• Requires a separate SharePoint farm from the production read/write farm
AlwaysOn Availability Groups for SharePoint Improving Data Tier High Availability and Disaster Recovery• Completely changes the design options for the data tier• Allows for ‘Exchange Server’ like multi-copy database server failover on multiple replicas at the same time• The equivalent of running a constant backup of your databases• Can be used to create HA/DR copies of your SharePoint databases• SharePoint no longer needs to be ‘aware’ of the mirrored copy (in fact, it won’t failover if you configure it manually in SPCA.) SharePoint connects to the listener (Client Access Point) which is clustered• SharePoint 2010 Service Pack 1 supports SQL 2012 fullyCAVEAT: Be sure to understand that synchronous mirroring copies needto be in close proximity and have very good bandwidth, as data needs tobe written into all replicas before the transaction is committed.SharePoint will lock up if there are any interruptions at the data tier.
AlwaysOn Availability Groups Version Requirements• Windows Server 2008 R2 (w SP1 ideally, as patches are required) – Enterprise Edition – One per node – Can use Virtualization licensing options – Should also work on Windows 8 Server• SQL Server 2012 Enterprise Edition – MS has moved to ‘Oracle model’ of licensing, based on CPU power – Legacy licenses of SQL 2008/2005 Enterprise are ‘grandfathered in’ if you have upgrade assurance
AlwaysOn Availability Groups Prerequisites and Requirements – Windows OS• Cannot be installed on a Domain Controller• Must be either x86 (non-WOW64) or x64 Windows Server 2008 or later versions.• Must be a node in a Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) cluster.• Ensure that WSFC cluster contains sufficient nodes to support your availability group configurations.• Ensure that all applicable Window hotfixes have been installed on every node in the WSFC cluster (Taken care of with SP1 for Windows Server 2008 R2)
AlwaysOn Availability Groups Prerequisites and Requirements – SQL Server• If you plan to use a SQL Server failover cluster instance (FCI) to host an availability replica, ensure that you understand the FCI restrictions and that the FCI requirements are met (Manual config required)• All the server instances that host availability replicas for an availability group must use the same SQL Server collation.• If any databases that use FILESTREAM will be added to an availability group, ensure that FILESTREAM is enabled on every server instance that will host an availability replica for the availability group.
Creating AlwaysOn Availability GroupsSample Setup used for the Presentation • For this discussion and demo, I created a three node WSFC with SQL1, SQL2, and SQL3 • SharePoint server SP1 connects to the listener ‘SQL’ • Failover is automatic between SQL1 and SQL2 (Synchronous) • Failover manual to SQL3
Creating AlwaysOn Availability Groups Step 1: Create Windows Server Failover Cluster (WSFC)• Install Windows Server 2008 R2 w/SP1 on multiple nodes• Enable the Failover Cluster Feature on each node• Use the Failover Cluster Manager Wizard to create a cluster.• Name the cluster a unique name that will be separate from the instance name that will be used for SharePoint
Creating AlwaysOn Availability Groups Step 2: Prepare Nodes• Install .NET Services 3.5 Feature on each SQL node• Install SQL 2012 Enterprise Edition Database Services (Also recommend adding SQL Management Tools – Complete)• Ensure proper Windows Firewall ports are open• Service Account for SQL – Use the same service account for all nodes – Don’t use Network Service – If using Kerberos, make sure all SQL names have SPNs associated with the service account• Make sure databases are set to FULL recovery mode• Ensure that the file paths and drive letters are consistent throughout all instances (ideally, or config will have to be manual)• Copy or Create SharePoint databases on Primary node only (use SQL Alias to change name later)• Perform a full backup of your SharePoint databases• Create a file share location that is accessible by all nodes that will be used for the shared backups (i.e. SQL1Backups)
Creating AlwaysOn Availability Groups Step 2: Enable AlwaysOn on each SQL Node• Enable AlwaysOn High Availability in SQL Server Configuration Manager• Repeat on Each Node• Restart SQL Services
Creating AlwaysOn Availability Groups Step 3: Create the Availability Group• Ideally use the New Availability Group Wizard, it automates the process
Creating AlwaysOn Availability Groups Step 3: Create the Availability Group – Continued…• Be sure to have a shared network location for the backup files (Created in earlier step)• Depending on size of databases, this could take a while• Backups can also be pre-staged (Join Only)
Creating AlwaysOn Availability Groups Step 3: Create the Availability Group – Continued…• Validation should show all green, except warning for Listener• The listener (‘SQL’ in this example) will be created later, and is required for SharePoint to connect to
Creating AlwaysOn Availability Groups Step 4: Create the Availability Group Listener• After the wizard completes, manually create the Availability Group Listener• This is the shared name that SharePoint will connect to and will provide failover (Also called the ‘Client Access Point’)• Modify the DNS record for this listener to have a low TTL (60 seconds or less) for cross- subnet failover scenarios
Session Summary• Throw away all previous data tier designs for SharePoint!• SQL 2012 AlwaysOn Availability Groups are the preferred design option for High Availability and Disaster Recovery at the data tier• SQL 2012 is fully supported by SharePoint 2010 Service Pack 1 databases• Follow closely the guidelines, ensure data paths are the same, double-check security requirements
Michael Noel Twitter: @MichaelTNoel www.cco.com Slides: slideshare.net/michaeltnoelTravel blog: http://sharingtheglobe.com
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