Safety Orientation on Indian Highways-Delhi Gurgaon Expressway: A case study


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Safety Orientation on Indian Highways-Delhi Gurgaon Expressway: A case study

  1. 1. Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway August 2010 Safety Initiatives
  2. 2. Road Safety And Its Various Dimensions Some of the fundamental things about road safety as per contemporary thinking on the subject • Crashes create a considerable economic burden to society (in terms of lives and money lost), and they are not an inevitable consequence of economic growth. • Road crash injury (largely predictable and preventable), is a human-made problem amenable to rational analysis and countermeasures. • Tested, technically simple remedies can produce considerable returns for a relatively small investment.
  3. 3. Road Safety And Its Various Dimensions (cont.) • Road crashes often result from a series of root causes: the vehicle (5 to 10 per cent of crashes), road infrastructure (10 to 20 per cent of crashes) and road user behavior (responsible at least in part for some 80 to 90 per cent of road crashes). • The interaction between these causes is important and therefore one must consider the vehicle/the road, and the user as a system. The interactions between users and the physical elements are critical. Road and vehicle design must allow for human errors.
  4. 4. Road Safety And Its Various Dimensions (cont.) Road Crashes cost estimated 1 to 3 % of GDP every year which is equivalent to US$2-4 billion every day Year Total No. of Road accidents ( in numbers) Total No. of killed (in numbers) Total No. of persons injured ( in numbers) Total No. of Regd. motor vehicle ( in thousand) 2000 391449 78911 399300 48857 2001 405637 80888 405200 54991 2002 407497 84674 408700 58924 2003 406726 85998 435100 67007 2004 429910 92618 464600 72718 2005 439255 94968 465282 81502 2006 460920 105749 496481 89618 2007 479216 114444 513340 98000*
  5. 5. 3E Approach For Safety
  6. 6. Engineering Engineering This aspect aims to improve the existing transportation infrastructure and factor in safety when designing new transportation infrastructure. • Identifying and developing solutions for known road safety problem areas. • Road Standards- Reviewing the standards for road development and moving towards a safety conscious road form, customized for local conditions. • Conducting road safety audits-reviewing road designs from a safety point of view DEVICES • Traffic Control Devices • Signage • VMS • Road Conditions(sharp Edge,Holes,Patches,Obstacle etc) • At the time of (Special Condition) – Vehicle Breakdown – Vehicle Accident – RRM work
  7. 7. The Vehicle • Modern vehicles are considerably safer than older models. Technical safety standards and annual vehicle testing are compulsory in high-income countries. In contrast, low and middle-income countries often have a substandard vehicle fleet, which exacerbate the road safety problem. This is particularly true for commercial vehicles such as taxis, buses and trucks. Effective and independent technical testing, therefore, must be strictly enforced where the vital safety functions of vehicles, such as braking, shock absorbers and lighting are concerned.
  8. 8. The Vehicle (cont.) • Another matter of concern is the overloading of commercial vehicles. It is essential to have regulations establishing maximum loads and ensure that regular checks take place. Greater improvement of the public and commercial transport sector is one of the best ways of avoiding such overloading. We regularly coordinate with state transport authorities in our endeavor to channelize focused efforts in this area on Delhi Gurgaon Expressway.
  9. 9. The Road Infrastructure • The road infrastructure, including road surface, road signs and design, is a significant safety factor. Road designs must recognize that humans make mistakes and try to minimize the consequences of human error. • On existing roads, these improvements should first be made at high risk spots, where many crashes occur, especially at the entry and exit of built up areas and areas of high activity (such as markets and schools). This is a task that is given significant attention at Delhi Gurgaon Expressway.
  10. 10. The Road Infrastructure (cont.) • It has been shown that some low cost infrastructure improvements can substantially reduce the occurrence of road crashes and their severity. Examples of improvements include the separation of different types of traffic, better road marking and road signs, safer paths for pedestrians and two wheelers, the construction of sidewalks or pavements and more visible pedestrian crossings, and slower traffic speeds (with the use of road humps, rumble strips and roundabouts). At DGSCL, we make regular efforts in this direction by cutting glaze through greenery, installing impact absorbers, focused effort on separating different types of traffic and better signage.
  11. 11. Education This Aspect aims to educate the office staff and user of the facility How??? • Leaflets • Pamphlets • Safety Campaigning • Help and Awareness to commuters Education
  12. 12. Human Behavior The behavior of road users is, in fact, the main cause of road crashes and road crash injury and death. Among the many risk factors involved in causing road crashes or increasing injury severity, the four most common are: 1. The failure to wear seat belts 2. The failure to wear crash helmets 3. Driving at excessive or unsuitable speeds; and 4. Driving under the influence of alcohol.
  13. 13. Human Behavior (cont.) • Countries which have introduced targeted action plans to combat at least one of the above risk factors have succeeded in reducing road crash fatalities significantly within a few years. The other substantial risk factors are driver fatigue, the use of mobile telephones, failure to observe safety distances and a lack of visual aids for drivers. • There is also a lack of awareness of the basic rules of the Highway Code, which users should comply with, such as the rules for giving way, overtaking, traffic lights and no entry signs.
  14. 14. Human Behavior (cont.) • One of the short term measures that can be taken is to launch large scale information campaigns highlighting the facts, enforcement and penalties related to the major risk factors noted above. • In the longer term, road safety education should be included as a part of the school curriculum and the quality of teaching at driving schools should be evaluated and improved where necessary.
  15. 15. Human Behavior (cont.) • We at DGSCL are launching focused drives from time to time aimed at changing driver behavior and inculcating good practices. The latest in this series is a campaign to be launched in association with IRTE shortly. Taken together our efforts have succeeded in significantly reducing crash related damages and injuries significantly on Delhi Gurgaon Expressway in the last two years and we are committed to affecting further improvements in this area through concerted action.
  16. 16. Enforcement • This Aspect of 3 E aims on enforcing the Traffic Law – Use of Reflective Jackets – Follow Traffic Rules – Speed Limit – Traffic Police Coordination – Ensuring Bike in Service Lanes and Cars in Main Carriage Way Enforcement
  17. 17. HSE Policy The company HSE policy states: 1. Protect the Health & Safety of all persons and commuters at corridor. 2. Comply at all times with the relevant statutory and Contractual Health and Safety requirements. 3. Provide emergency response to all victims at corridor. 4. Establish effective communication on Health & Safety matters with all relevant parties involved in the Project works. 5. The company provides necessary training and support to staff to ensure that they are able to fulfill the commitments given in this policy statement.
  18. 18. Actions Taken Erect signages to caution proper speed limits, advise against two wheeler/slow traffic ingress, pedestrian crossing, accident prone area – extra caution etc., at the points advised by traffic police Painting of barricades and lanes near plazas as per traffic police advice. (work started) Review the Safety Audit Report done on NHAI behalf by CRRI and action the points immediately actionable. •Also a review of IRC guidelines as well as Highway Safety Manuals from major resources DSC Expressway Smooth Road Ahead
  19. 19. Actions Taken Journey risk management survey did with the help of interceptor from 13+700 to 42+000 at NH-8 Coordination meetings with nearby villages (viz. Rajokari, Samalkha, Kapashera, Dundahera etc.) for educating villagers regarding road safety. To reduce the risk of traffic accidents at NH-8 through raising awareness among the local residence and the user of road, a najor project underway with IRTE
  20. 20. Actions Taken Speed survey done at 7 different locations Provide road safety refresher training to all marshals posted in NH-8 Digital Map of the road section is being created with the help of GPS device. DELHI (Dhaula Kaun)DELHI (Dhaula Kaun) GURGAON (42 MS toll Plaza)GURGAON (42 MS toll Plaza) Left side of the Main Expr ess way
  21. 21. Actions Taken Queuing study and spot speed study done with consulting engineering group at Hero Honda Chowlk. Installed Shock absorber drums at each Entry/Exit point on NH-8 Installed Red reflective tape on vertical legs of all crash barriers from 13+700 to 42 Km both side on NH-8
  22. 22. Actions Taken Ensuring best practice norms for parking of works related vehicles on the highway (Tankers/cranes etc.,) and men at work Revision in TRIG/Denever contracts on ‘Service Level Agreement’ basis to ensure progressive reduction in slow traffic ingress at vantage points, and other safety related issues related to vandalism etc. Special drive initiation related to discouraging cash users in tag lanes, preventing chances of bumper hits by fast moving tag vehicle traffic. Excellen ce
  23. 23. Actions Taken Instituting a system so that all staff members on the highway/in the lanes wear safety jackets at all times. •A safety jacket to be part of the welcome kit of each new joinee in the company. •Ensure a system that all visitors on the highway/in the lanes wear a safety jacket/hard hat at all times. All the bull noses on the highway (at exits etc.) to be affixed with reflective tape and possibly blinkers. Ensure testing of fire safety equipment at diesel storage area, major electrical installations etc.,
  24. 24. Actions Taken Ensuring DG set connectivity for traffic lights. Shifting them from median to sides Improving availability and effectiveness of patrolling routines. Ensuring better availability and correct usages of spring posts and plastic safety cones. Accelerating replacement of damaged concrete bollards. Painting of jersey barriers near the plazas and ensuring better availability of MS barriers at km 42 plaza.
  25. 25. Actions Taken Replacing deormed crash barriers. Ensuring repairs to the recovery vehicle. Having electrical installations checked for correct insulation/circuit breakers/fuses etc. lining up a possible safety audit post our ramp up efforts. Central control for VMU units to flash special messages
  26. 26. Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway August 2010 Thank You