CH. 1 Introduction to Computers

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CH. 1 Introduction to Computers

  1. 1. Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010 Discovering Computers Chapter 1
  2. 2. Objectives Overview Explain why computer literacy is vital to success in today's world Describe the five components of a computer Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web See Page 1 for Detailed Objectives Discuss the advantages and disadvantages that users experience when working with computers Distinguish between system software and application software Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 2
  3. 3. Objectives Overview Differentiate among types, sizes, and functions of computers in each category Explain how home users, small office/home office users, mobile users, power users, and enterprise users each interact with computers Discuss how society uses computers in education, finance, government, health care, science, publishing, travel, and manufacturing See Page 1 for Detailed Objectives Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 3
  4. 4. A World of Computers • Computers are everywhere Pages 2 - 3 Figure 1-1 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 4
  5. 5. What Is a Computer? • A computer is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory Collects data (input) Processing Produces information (output) Information Processing Cycle Pages 3 - 4 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 5
  6. 6. What Is a Computer? Page 4 Figure 1-2 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 6
  7. 7. The Components of a Computer • A computer contains many electric, electronic, and mechanical components known as hardware Input Device Output Device System Unit Storage Device Communications Device Pages 4 - 7 • Allows you to enter data and instructions into a computer • Hardware component that conveys information to one or more people • Case that contains the electronic components of the computer that are used to process data • Holds data, instructions, and information for future use • Enables a computer to send and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers or mobile devices Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 7
  8. 8. The Components of a Computer Page 5 Figure 1-3 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 8
  9. 9. Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computers Advantages of Using Computers Speed Violation of Privacy Reliability Public Safety Consistency Impact on Labor Force Storage Health Risks Communications Page 7 Disadvantages of Using Computers Impact on Environment Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 9
  10. 10. Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computers • Green computing involves reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer • Strategies include: – – – – Page 7 Recycling Regulating manufacturing processes Extending the life of computers Immediately donating or properly disposing of replaced computers Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 10
  11. 11. Networks and the Internet • A network is a collection of computers and devices connected together, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media • The Internet is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals Page 8 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 11
  12. 12. Networks and the Internet Page 8 Figure 1-6 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 12
  13. 13. Networks and the Internet • People use the Internet for a variety of reasons: Communicate Research and Access Information Entertainment Pages 8 - 9 Figure 1-7 Share Information Shop Bank and Invest Download Videos Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 Online Trading Web Application 13
  14. 14. Networks and the Internet • A social networking Web site encourages members to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users – Also called an online social network Page 10 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 14
  15. 15. Computer Software • Software, also called a program, tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them System Software • Operating system • Utility program Application Software Pages 11 - 12 Figures 1-8 - 1-9 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 15
  16. 16. Computer Software • Installing is the process of setting up software to work with the computer, printer, and other hardware Pages 12 - 13 Figure 1-10 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 16
  17. 17. Computer Software • A programmer develops software or writes the instructions that direct the computer to process data into information Page 13 Figure 1-11 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 17
  18. 18. Categories of Computers Personal computers Mobile computers and mobile devices Game consoles Servers Mainframes Supercomputers Embedded computers Pages 14 - 15 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 18
  19. 19. Personal Computers • A personal computer can perform all of its input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself • Two popular architectures are the PC and the Apple – Desktop computer Pages 15 - 16 Figures 1-13 - 1-14 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 19
  20. 20. Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices Mobile Computer Mobile Device Personal computer you can carry from place to place Examples include notebook computers, laptop computers, netbooks, and Tablet PCs Pages 16 - 18 Computing device small enough to hold in your hand Examples include smart phones and, PDAs, ebook readers, handheld computers, portable media players, and digital cameras Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 20
  21. 21. Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices Notebook computer Tablet PC Smart phones and PDAs E-book reader Pages 16 - 17 Figures 1-15 – 1-18 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 21
  22. 22. Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices Handheld computer Portable media player Digital camera Pages 17 - 18 Figures 1-19 – 1-20 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 22
  23. 23. Game Consoles • A game console is a mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video games Page 18 Figure 1-21 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 23
  24. 24. Servers • A server controls access to the hardware, software, and other resources on a network – Provides a centralized storage area for programs, data, and information Page 19 Figure 1-22 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 24
  25. 25. Mainframes • A mainframe is a large, expensive, powerful computer that can handle hundreds or thousands of connected users simultaneously Page 19 Figure 1-23 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 25
  26. 26. Supercomputers • A supercomputer is the fastest, most powerful computer – Fastest supercomputers are capable of processing more than one quadrillion instructions in a single second Page 19 Figure 1-24 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 26
  27. 27. Embedded Computers • An embedded computer is a special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product Consumer Electronics Home Automation Devices Automobiles Process Controllers and Robotics Computer Devices and Office Machines Page 19 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 27
  28. 28. Embedded Computers Page 20 Figure 1-25 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 28
  29. 29. Examples of Computer Usage Home User • Personal financial management • Web access • Communications • Entertainment Pages 20 – 23 Figures 1-26 – 1-28 Small Office/Home Office User • Look up information • Send and receive e-mail messages • Make telephone calls Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 Mobile User • Connect to other computers on a network or the Internet • Transfer information • Play video games • Listen to music • Watch movies 29
  30. 30. Examples of Computer Usage Power User • Work with multimedia • Use industry-specific software Pages 23 – 24 Figures 1-29 – 1-30 Enterprise User • Communicate among employees • Process high volumes of transactions • Blog Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 30
  31. 31. Computer Applications in Society Education Finance Government Health Care Pages 24 -26 Figures 1-31 – 1-34 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 31
  32. 32. Computer Applications in Society Science Publishing Travel Manufacturing Pages 26-27 Figures 1-35 – 1-38 Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 32
  33. 33. Summary Basic computer concepts Networks, the Internet, and computer software Page 28 Components of a computer Many different categories of computers, computer users, and computer applications in society Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010: Discovering Computers Chapter 1 33
  34. 34. Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2010 Discovering Computers Chapter 1 Complete

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