WHAT IS A FRACTURE?
Injury to the bone that causes it to
Named to described type of
damaged to bone.
Also called Open Fracture.
Fracture in which the skin has been broken through
to the fracture.
Fracture is caused by high-energy trauma, most
commonly from a direct blow. For example a fall or
motor vehicle collision.
Fracture often involve more damage to the
surrounding muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
This fracture is serious because once the skin is
broken, infection in both the wound and the bone
In this compound/open
fracture, the broken
end of the tibia has torn
through the soft tissues
and is protruding
through the skin.
commonly treated with
surgery to clean the
site of injury and
Fracture in which there is an incomplete break; one side of the
bone is broken and the other side is bent.
This type of fracture is commonly found in children due to their
softer and more flexible bone structure.
Most commonly occur with a fall. Arm fractures are more
common than leg fractions.
Sometimes fracture can be difficult to diagnose because there
may not be much pain or swelling.
Other greenstick fractures may be easily diagnosed because
the arm or leg is deformed and there is significant swelling.
Often hard to differentiate between greenstick fracture and a
Most fractures of the
arms and legs require
a cast to keep the
bones in good
alignment while the
A slight fracture caused by repetitive low impact
forces, like running, rather than a single forceful
Anyone can experience a stress fracture but
athletes are particularly susceptible to stress
It typically occurs in the bones of the foot, such as
the tibia, metatarsals and less commonly, the femur.
Fracture would give a generalized area pain and
tenderness associated with weight bearing.
Rest is the only option
for complete healing of
a stress fracture.
A cast or walking boot
are usually used as
Activities may be
gradually resumed, as
long as the activities do
not cause pain.