FRACTURES
(FX,FX)
By,
Guadalupe Cruz
WHAT IS A FRACTURE?
Injury to the bone that causes it to
break.
Named to described type of
damaged to bone.
COMPOUND FACTURE
 Also called Open Fracture.
 Fracture in which the skin has been broken through
to the fracture.
 Frac...
COMPOUND FRACTURE
 In this compound/open
fracture, the broken
end of the tibia has torn
through the soft tissues
and is p...
GREENSTICK FRACTURE
 Fracture in which there is an incomplete break; one side of the
bone is broken and the other side is...
GREENSTICK FRACTURE
 Most fractures of the
arms and legs require
a cast to keep the
bones in good
alignment while the
bre...
STRESS FRACTURE
 A slight fracture caused by repetitive low impact
forces, like running, rather than a single forceful
im...
STRESS FRACTURE
 Rest is the only option
for complete healing of
a stress fracture.
 A cast or walking boot
are usually ...
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Fractures

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Compound Fracture, Greenstick Fracture & Stress Fracture
Biology 120

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Fractures

  1. 1. FRACTURES (FX,FX) By, Guadalupe Cruz
  2. 2. WHAT IS A FRACTURE? Injury to the bone that causes it to break. Named to described type of damaged to bone.
  3. 3. COMPOUND FACTURE  Also called Open Fracture.  Fracture in which the skin has been broken through to the fracture.  Fracture is caused by high-energy trauma, most commonly from a direct blow. For example a fall or motor vehicle collision.  Fracture often involve more damage to the surrounding muscles, tendons, and ligaments.  This fracture is serious because once the skin is broken, infection in both the wound and the bone can occur.
  4. 4. COMPOUND FRACTURE  In this compound/open fracture, the broken end of the tibia has torn through the soft tissues and is protruding through the skin.  Fractures are commonly treated with surgery to clean the site of injury and stabilize fracture.
  5. 5. GREENSTICK FRACTURE  Fracture in which there is an incomplete break; one side of the bone is broken and the other side is bent.  This type of fracture is commonly found in children due to their softer and more flexible bone structure.  Most commonly occur with a fall. Arm fractures are more common than leg fractions.  Sometimes fracture can be difficult to diagnose because there may not be much pain or swelling.  Other greenstick fractures may be easily diagnosed because the arm or leg is deformed and there is significant swelling.  Often hard to differentiate between greenstick fracture and a sprain injury.
  6. 6. GREENSTICK FRACTURE  Most fractures of the arms and legs require a cast to keep the bones in good alignment while the break heals.
  7. 7. STRESS FRACTURE  A slight fracture caused by repetitive low impact forces, like running, rather than a single forceful impact.  Anyone can experience a stress fracture but athletes are particularly susceptible to stress fractures.  It typically occurs in the bones of the foot, such as the tibia, metatarsals and less commonly, the femur.  Fracture would give a generalized area pain and tenderness associated with weight bearing.
  8. 8. STRESS FRACTURE  Rest is the only option for complete healing of a stress fracture.  A cast or walking boot are usually used as well.  Activities may be gradually resumed, as long as the activities do not cause pain.

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