Fractures<br />Lauren Cosby<br />
Greenstick Fracture’s<br />A greenstickfracture is a fracture in soft bone in which the bone bends and partially breaks<br...
Greenstick Fracture’s<br />Signs and Symptoms<br />As per a standard fracture, the area may be swollen and either red or b...
Greenstick Fracture’s<br />
Comminuted Fracture’s<br />A comminuted fracture is a fracture in which the bone involved in the fracture is broken into s...
Comminuted Fracture’s<br />Signs and symptoms<br />A person with this type of fracture usually experiences tremendous pain...
Comminuted Fracture’s<br />
Compound Fracture’s<br /> A compound fracture, is an injury that occurs when there is a break in the skin around a broken ...
Compound Fracture’s<br />Signs and symptoms<br />Compound fractures are typically caused by high-energy injuries such as c...
Compound Fracture’s<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 4 Presentation

478 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
478
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 4 Presentation

  1. 1. Fractures<br />Lauren Cosby<br />
  2. 2. Greenstick Fracture’s<br />A greenstickfracture is a fracture in soft bone in which the bone bends and partially breaks<br />A person's bones become harder and more brittle with age<br />Therefore, these fractures usually occur most during infancy and childhood <br />There are three basic forms of greenstick fracture<br />In the first a transverse fracture occurs in the cortex, extends into the midportion of the bone and becomes oriented along the longitudinal axis of the bone without disrupting the opposite cortex.<br />The second form is a torus or buckling fracture, caused by impaction.<br />The third is a bow fracture in which the bone becomes curved along its longitudinal axis.<br />
  3. 3. Greenstick Fracture’s<br />Signs and Symptoms<br />As per a standard fracture, the area may be swollen and either red or bruised.<br />Greenstick fractures are stable fractures as a part of the bone remains intact, so this type of fracture normally causes a bend to the injured part, rather than a distinct deformity<br />Greenstick fractures normally cause pain at the injured area.<br />Older children will be protective of the fractured part and babies may cry inconsolably.<br />Treatment<br />Removable splints result in better outcomes in children with torus fractures<br />Traditionally buckle fractures have to be casted either below or above the elbow<br />
  4. 4. Greenstick Fracture’s<br />
  5. 5. Comminuted Fracture’s<br />A comminuted fracture is a fracture in which the bone involved in the fracture is broken into several pieces<br />At least three separate pieces of bone must be present for a fracture to be classified as comminuted<br />A comminuted fracture is most common in elderly people or in people with conditions which weaken the bones <br />Comminuted fractures are also sometimes known as multi-fragmentary fractures<br />This type of fracture often involves crushing or splintering of the bone, and it can occur anywhere along the length of the bone<br />A comminuted fracture can also occur as the result of tremendous force, such as a car accident or a severe fall<br />
  6. 6. Comminuted Fracture’s<br />Signs and symptoms<br />A person with this type of fracture usually experiences tremendous pain at the site of the fracture, and he or she may even pass out at the time that the break occurs as a result of the pain.<br />The area around the break will also swell, and it may become warm to the touch. <br />Typically they cannot bear any weight on the fracture without experiencing significant pain.<br />treatment<br />This type of fracture can be challenging to treat due to the complexity of the break<br />It may be necessary to pin the fracture with surgery so that the pieces will have a chance to knit together<br />
  7. 7. Comminuted Fracture’s<br />
  8. 8. Compound Fracture’s<br /> A compound fracture, is an injury that occurs when there is a break in the skin around a broken bone<br />In order for an injury to be classified as a compound fracture, the outside air (and dirt and bacteria) must be able to get to the fracture site without a barrier of skin or soft-tissue<br />Therefore, a bone does not need to be through the skin in order for the injury to be called a compound fracture<br />
  9. 9. Compound Fracture’s<br />Signs and symptoms<br />Compound fractures are typically caused by high-energy injuries such as car crashes, falls, or sports injuries<br />Pain, bone protruding through skin, swelling, bruising, and tenderness are all common signs of a compound fracture<br />treatment<br />Compound fractures are generally treated with surgery to clean the site of injury and stabilize the fracture.<br />Because of the risk of infection, there are more often problems associated with healing when a fracture is open to the skin<br />
  10. 10. Compound Fracture’s<br />

×