Medical Term Presentation 3


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Medical Term Presentation 3

  1. 3. <ul><li>Fractured means broken. Whether you have a complete or a partial fracture, you have a broken bone. </li></ul><ul><li>A bone may be completely fractured or partially fractured in any number of ways (cross-wise, lengthwise, in the middle). </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>Fractures can happen in a variety of ways, but there are three common causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Trauma accounts for most fractures. For example, a fall, a motor vehicle accident or a tackle during a football game can all result in a fracture. </li></ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis also can contribute to fractures. Osteoporosis is a bone disease that results in the &quot;thinning&quot; of the bone. The bones become fragile and easily broken. </li></ul><ul><li>Overuse sometimes results in stress fractures. These are common among athletes </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Closed or simple fracture. The bone is broken, but the skin is not lacerated. </li></ul><ul><li>Open or compound fracture. The skin may be pierced by the bone or by a blow that breaks the skin at the time of the fracture. The bone may or may not be visible in the wound. </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse fracture. The fracture is at right angles to the long axis of the bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Greenstick fracture. Fracture on one side of the bone, causing a bend on the other side of the bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Comminuted fracture. A fracture that results in three or more bone fragments. </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>As soon as a fracture occurs, the body acts to protect the injured area, forming a protective blood clot and callus or fibrous tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>New &quot;threads&quot; of bone cells start to grow on both sides of the fracture line. These threads grow toward each other. </li></ul><ul><li>The fracture closes and the callus is absorbed </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>DEFINATION </li></ul><ul><li>PICTURE </li></ul><ul><li>Simple fracture: an uncomplicated fracture in which the broken bones to not pierce the skin. </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>DEFINATION </li></ul><ul><li>PICTURE OF COMPOUND FRACTURE </li></ul><ul><li>Compound fracture: A fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called an open fracture. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Greenstick fracture: an incomplete fracture in which the bone is bent. This type occurs most often in children </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Symptoms of a fracture are </li></ul><ul><li>Out-of-place or misshapen limb or joint </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling, bruising or bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Intense pain </li></ul><ul><li>Numbness and tingling </li></ul><ul><li>Limited mobility or inability to move a limb </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Usually, you will know immediately if you have broken a bone. You may hear a snap or cracking sound. The area around the fracture will be tender and swollen. A limb may be deformed, or a part of the bone may puncture through the skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors usually use an X-ray to verify the diagnosis. Stress fractures are more difficult to diagnose, because they may not immediately appear on an X-ray; however, there may be pain, tenderness and mild swelling. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Doctors use casts, splints, pins, or other devices to hold a fracture in the correct position while the bone is healing. </li></ul><ul><li>External fixation methods include plaster and fiberglass casts, cast-braces, splints, and other devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Internal fixation methods hold the broken pieces of bone in proper position with metal plates, pins, or screws while the bone is healing. </li></ul>