Following an introduction, ensure the pronunciation of each initial sound is correct. Use the exercises and begin to learn the phonic sounds of each letter to enable you to read, write, speak and listen better!
Revise Gg to Mm by filling in the missing letters
Letters and sounds
• 26 letters name and sounds
• Sing the alphabet song and phonics
songs, and think about the names of
the letter and the sounds that they
• Make letter shapes out of play
dough; write them in sand, write
their own name in the air etc.
Match picture and letter
Aa to Zz picture cards
• Aim: grapheme & initial sound
• Sit in a circle, pass the sounds box, when
the music stops, the one holding the box
will take 1 picture card out and say the
beginning sound of that word, ie cat, /c/.
• Advance level to sound out all sounds
• Aim: Initial sound identification
• sing the alphabet song and pass the
ball, when the music stops, the parent
holding the ball needs to repeat the
• Aim: grapheme & initial sound identification
• Equipment: grapheme cards, objects with initial sounds to
match cards, bag for objects
• Students sit in a circle.
• Look at grapheme cards, identify sounds and arrange in centre
• Pass a bag of objects around the circle singing “Bag of objects,
pass it round, pass it round, pass it round. Bag of objects pass
it round, what’s in the bag?” (London bridge is falling down”
• Student holding the bag at the end of the song takes out an
object, identifies it and it’s initial sound, then places it next to
the corresponding card.
• Aim: grapheme identification
• Sit in a circle, give each student a grapheme card,
which is placed in front of them on the floor.
• Each parent needs to identify their phoneme (sound)
• Teacher calls out a phoneme (sound), the student
needs to jump up quickly
• The rest of the class need to point to the phoneme
before the owner jumps up
What we have learnt today
Aa to Mm letters and sounds
Aa to Mm words and pictures
Short and long sounds
Soft and hard sounds
Practice grapheme & initial sound identification