Let’s Play Football!<br />An Introduction to Results-Based Management <br />for Community Development Practitioners <br />...
Welcome & Overview<br /><ul><li>Welcome!
RBM: plan and explain a community project
Watch, listen, discussand do!
Pencil or pen and some paper.
Work alone, with a partner or in a group.
Are you ready? Clickorpressthe down arrow to continue.    </li></li></ul><li>Our learning objectives<br />In this session,...
Create a strategy of how you’ll achieve the different  positive changes (results) your community wants to see;
Describe how you will know if you’ve been successful;
Predict  the challenges that you might encounter in your project and how you might avoid or fix them;
Plan how you will share your successes with others;
Translatesome key words into your local language.</li></li></ul><li>You are already planners<br />Thinkof something import...
What is RBM?<br />You already bring lots of personal experience in making plans.  <br />When planning a community developm...
What is RBM?<br />“Results-Based Management” or “RBM” is one approach to organizing and explaining your community’s dreams...
Begin with the end in mind…<br />Imaginethat you about to go on a long trip from point A to B.<br />Before you begin, you ...
Then choose the best route<br />If you’ve chosen the destination, you then need to choose the best route to get there.<br ...
Then choose the roads<br />Once you know where you want to go, and the route you will take, you now need to choose the roa...
Choose the best way to travel<br />Now you need to decide how best to get there. There are always lots of options. You can...
Sail a boat?
Ride a donkey?
Take the bus? </li></ul>The way we “get there” in a community project is to do “Activities”. <br />B<br />A<br />
Remember where you’re going!<br />We wouldn’t go on a trip just to “take the bus”. <br />We are always trying to get to ou...
RBM: 6 questions<br />What do we ultimately want to improve in our community? (ultimate outcome)<br />How will we make tha...
Let’s play football!<br />Listen and watch this presentation that compares using RBM in a community development project to...
Become Champions = Ultimate Outcome<br />Imagine that you are coaching a team that is about to begin a new football season...
Playing Better = Intermediate Outcome<br />In order to become league champions, however, the team needs to play better to ...
Improved Skills = Immediate Outcomes<br />And in order to win a game, your team must first improve its knowledge and skill...
Practice, Exercise, etc. = Activities<br />And in order to improve its knowledge and skills, your team must:<br /><ul><li>...
study new plays
exercise
buy new footballs and shoes</li></ul>In a community project, we call these   “activities”.<br />
Results & Activities<br />Results:  the positive changes the community wants. <br />	These include:<br /><ul><li> Better h...
 More income and savings
 Less soil erosion</li></ul>Activities: the actions to make changes happen. <br />	These include:<br /><ul><li> Immunizing...
 Creating savings groups and loan circles
 Planting grass on hillsides </li></li></ul><li>Activities vs. Outputs<br />Some RBM approaches also distinguish between<b...
Activities & Results Defined<br />Activities<br />Results<br />Time<br />
Results & Activities: An example<br />Time<br />
Translation<br />Before we continue, take a few moments to translate the following words so that a neighbor in your commun...
Your turn<br /><ul><li>With your paper and pen, rewritethe following results in the order they would occur in time.(Our an...
Our answer<br />Decrease in HIV/AIDS levels in community<br />More youth practice safer sex<br />Workshop held for youth o...
Creating a Game Plan for Success<br />
A Plan for Success: Outputs<br />
A Plan for Success: Immediate Outcomes<br />
A Plan for Success: Intermediate Outcomes<br />
A Plan for Success: Ultimate Outcome<br />
A Plan for Success: Complete<br />
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RBM Learning Module 1 - "Let's Play Football!" - Draft 8

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A self-directed PPT presentation that explains the basics of Results-Based Management for community development. Aimed at local communities and Southern NGOs, but also may be useful for Northern NGOs looking for an introduction to RBM or ways to share it with their partners.

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
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  • this is the way how a theoritical concept and jargons can be simply explained. am really thankful for the creativity and simplicity applied in the presentation. look forward more on demystifying development jargons. best wishes
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RBM Learning Module 1 - "Let's Play Football!" - Draft 8

  1. 1. Let’s Play Football!<br />An Introduction to Results-Based Management <br />for Community Development Practitioners <br />By Will Postma<br />& Dwayne Hodgson<br />
  2. 2. Welcome & Overview<br /><ul><li>Welcome!
  3. 3. RBM: plan and explain a community project
  4. 4. Watch, listen, discussand do!
  5. 5. Pencil or pen and some paper.
  6. 6. Work alone, with a partner or in a group.
  7. 7. Are you ready? Clickorpressthe down arrow to continue. </li></li></ul><li>Our learning objectives<br />In this session, you will: <br /><ul><li>Explore how planning a community project is like playing football;
  8. 8. Create a strategy of how you’ll achieve the different positive changes (results) your community wants to see;
  9. 9. Describe how you will know if you’ve been successful;
  10. 10. Predict the challenges that you might encounter in your project and how you might avoid or fix them;
  11. 11. Plan how you will share your successes with others;
  12. 12. Translatesome key words into your local language.</li></li></ul><li>You are already planners<br />Thinkof something important that you have accomplished in your life that required planning. It could be a house you’ve built, a wedding, planting a field, etc. <br />Name2-3 actions you did to make it happen.<br />Name2-3 changes that showed you that you were successful. <br />Write your answers on a piece of paper and savethem for later. <br />
  13. 13. What is RBM?<br />You already bring lots of personal experience in making plans. <br />When planning a community development project with other people, it can be helpful to organize your ideas in a way that helps others to understand what you want to do and the difference it will make for the community.<br />
  14. 14. What is RBM?<br />“Results-Based Management” or “RBM” is one approach to organizing and explaining your community’s dreams and ideas. RBM approaches can sometimes involve a lot of complex terms and complicated forms. <br />But at root, it is an approach to planning, monitoring and managing a project in which you “begin with the end in mind”. <br />
  15. 15. Begin with the end in mind…<br />Imaginethat you about to go on a long trip from point A to B.<br />Before you begin, you need to know where you are going, right? <br />In RBM, we call this the project’s “ultimate outcome.”<br />B<br />A<br />
  16. 16. Then choose the best route<br />If you’ve chosen the destination, you then need to choose the best route to get there.<br />There are often many many routes that you can choose from.<br />There are no doubt different ways to arrive at your destination.<br />B<br />A<br />
  17. 17. Then choose the roads<br />Once you know where you want to go, and the route you will take, you now need to choose the roads you will follow. <br />There are stops along the way that are similar to a project’s “outputs”, “immediate outcomes” or “intermediate outcomes.” <br />B<br />A<br />
  18. 18. Choose the best way to travel<br />Now you need to decide how best to get there. There are always lots of options. You can…<br /><ul><li>Drive a car?
  19. 19. Sail a boat?
  20. 20. Ride a donkey?
  21. 21. Take the bus? </li></ul>The way we “get there” in a community project is to do “Activities”. <br />B<br />A<br />
  22. 22. Remember where you’re going!<br />We wouldn’t go on a trip just to “take the bus”. <br />We are always trying to get to our destination.<br />B<br />Similarly, in a project, we don’t do “activities” for their own sake. We’re always working towards achieving the ultimate outcome.<br />A<br />
  23. 23. RBM: 6 questions<br />What do we ultimately want to improve in our community? (ultimate outcome)<br />How will we make that happen? What do we need to do in the short and medium term (activities, outputs, immediate and intermediate outcomes)?<br />What problems might we encounter as we go ? (risks, prevent and fix)<br />How will we know if we are successful? (monitoring plan)?<br />How will we change our strategy as we go? (If need be)<br />How will we share the story of our project?<br />
  24. 24. Let’s play football!<br />Listen and watch this presentation that compares using RBM in a community development project to playing football.<br />
  25. 25. Become Champions = Ultimate Outcome<br />Imagine that you are coaching a team that is about to begin a new football season.<br />Before the season begins, you all agree that you want to become the champions at the end of the season. <br />In a community project, we would call this the “ultimate outcome”.<br />
  26. 26. Playing Better = Intermediate Outcome<br />In order to become league champions, however, the team needs to play better to win more games.<br />In a community project, this change in how well they play would be like a project’s “intermediate outcomes”.<br />
  27. 27. Improved Skills = Immediate Outcomes<br />And in order to win a game, your team must first improve its knowledge and skills to play the game.<br />In a community project, we’d call an improvement in knowledge and/or skills the “immediate outcomes”. <br />
  28. 28. Practice, Exercise, etc. = Activities<br />And in order to improve its knowledge and skills, your team must:<br /><ul><li>practice
  29. 29. study new plays
  30. 30. exercise
  31. 31. buy new footballs and shoes</li></ul>In a community project, we call these “activities”.<br />
  32. 32. Results & Activities<br />Results: the positive changes the community wants. <br /> These include:<br /><ul><li> Better health
  33. 33. More income and savings
  34. 34. Less soil erosion</li></ul>Activities: the actions to make changes happen. <br /> These include:<br /><ul><li> Immunizing children
  35. 35. Creating savings groups and loan circles
  36. 36. Planting grass on hillsides </li></li></ul><li>Activities vs. Outputs<br />Some RBM approaches also distinguish between<br />
  37. 37. Activities & Results Defined<br />Activities<br />Results<br />Time<br />
  38. 38. Results & Activities: An example<br />Time<br />
  39. 39. Translation<br />Before we continue, take a few moments to translate the following words so that a neighbor in your community can understand them in their language.<br />Note any words that are difficult to explain or translate. <br />
  40. 40. Your turn<br /><ul><li>With your paper and pen, rewritethe following results in the order they would occur in time.(Our answer is on the next slide). </li></ul>Decrease in HIV/AIDS in community<br />Workshop held for youth on how to prevent HIV/AIDS<br />Youth practice safer sex<br />Youth know how to prevent spread of HIV/AIDS<br />
  41. 41. Our answer<br />Decrease in HIV/AIDS levels in community<br />More youth practice safer sex<br />Workshop held for youth on how to prevent HIV/AIDS<br />Youth know how to prevent spread of HIV/AIDS<br />Time<br />
  42. 42. Creating a Game Plan for Success<br />
  43. 43. A Plan for Success: Outputs<br />
  44. 44. A Plan for Success: Immediate Outcomes<br />
  45. 45. A Plan for Success: Intermediate Outcomes<br />
  46. 46. A Plan for Success: Ultimate Outcome<br />
  47. 47. A Plan for Success: Complete<br />
  48. 48. Your turn<br />
  49. 49. Our answers<br />
  50. 50. Anticipating problems<br />
  51. 51. Anticipating Problems<br />
  52. 52. Planning to avoid problems<br />
  53. 53. Tracking Our Progress<br />We can look at:<br /><ul><li> the number of games we won,
  54. 54. the number of goals our team has scored, or
  55. 55. the number of red and yellow cards we’ve received</li></ul>We can also describe:<br /><ul><li>the amazing corner kick in the first half
  56. 56. what it felt like to play each game,
  57. 57. the sense of team spirit that we have,
  58. 58. the reaction of our fans when we win or lose </li></li></ul><li>Tracking Our Progress<br />Numbers<br />Conversations, Discussions and Story-Telling<br />
  59. 59. Tracking Our Progress<br />
  60. 60. Tracking Our Progress<br />
  61. 61. Outcome Scorecard<br />Outcome Scorecard<br />Intermediate Outcome: Improved and sustainable crop yields <br />Immediate Outcome: Farmers able to apply sustainable crop production techniques on land. <br />
  62. 62. Translation Time<br />Before we continue, take a few moments to translate the following words so that a neighbor in your community can understand them in their language. <br />Note any words that are difficult to explain or translate. <br />
  63. 63. Coaching for Success<br />
  64. 64. Review & Conclusion<br />In planning a community project using RBM you:<br /><ul><li>Create a game plan that shows our desired positive changes in terms of Ultimate, Intermediate and Immediate Outcomes, and the Activities and Outputs that will make these happen.
  65. 65. Predict the problems that might come up during the season and how you can avoid or fix them. </li></li></ul><li>Review & Conclusion<br /><ul><li>Name the indicators – both quantitative (numbers) and qualitative (what we can learn from conversations, discussion and story-telling) -
  66. 66. Create a plan for sharing your numbers and stories with others so they can celebrate your victories too.</li></li></ul><li>Your turn<br />On a piece of paper, note the following:<br /><ul><li>What did you learn in this session that was similar to what you knew before about planning a project?
  67. 67. What was a new thing that you learned?
  68. 68. What questions do you have about community project planning and RBM?</li></ul>Share your answers with your colleagues. <br />
  69. 69. Thank-you & “Have a good game!”<br />Thank-you for taking the time to work through this presentation. <br />We’d love to hear your comments and suggestions for improving this module…. <br />
  70. 70. Please contact us @ <br />Will Postma<br />wpostma@savethechildren.ca<br />www.savethechildren.ca<br />Dwayne Hodgson<br />Dwayne.hodgson@yahoo.ca<br />www.learningcycle.ca<br />

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