Ethics of Perception in
Nanocognition
(Nanorobot-aided
Cognition)
Melanie Swan
Futurist Philosopher
MS Futures Group
+1-65...
2
Melanie Swan
• Hedge fund manager, futurist, startup
entrepreneur (DIYgenomics), philosopher
• Singularity University In...
Agenda
3
• What are Cognitive Nanorobots?
• Geoethics of Cognitive Nanorobots
• Cognition: Perception and Memory
• Models ...
What are Cognitive Nanorobots?
4
• Analog to Medical Nanorobots
• Cognition is just another…
– Biological function
– ‘Path...
Geoethics of Cognitive Nanorobots
5
• Level I Geoethical Concerns
– Manufacturing and disposal
– Neural prosthesis
– Funct...
Cognition: Perception and Memory
6
• Henri Bergson (1859-1941)
– Mathematician
– Quantum mechanics predictor
– Science and...
Perception and Memory
7
• Topic: mind/body dualism
• Perception and memory are
an interactive process of the
body and mind...
8
• Act-based (right act with right motive)
– Categorical Imperative (always right/wrong) (Kant)
– Utilitarianism (outcome...
9
• Bergson (Free Will and Time; Matter and Memory)
– Direct contact with the real, true duration
• Heidegger (Being and T...
10
Connecting Perception to Ethics:
Machine Ethics Interfaces
• Possibility of ‘objective’
reality as an input?
• Many-tie...
11
• Bias reduction
• Memory management
• Value system elicitation and
optimization
• Perceptual enhancement
– Different ‘...
12
• Trend of self-awareness, disclosure,
destigmatization, taboo removal
• Group ethics models
– Old: okay unless harms o...
13
• Overt consideration of
machine ethics modules
• Subjective experience
enhancement
• Ethics/values/desires
elicitation...
Ethics of Perception
and Nanocognition
(Nanorobot-aided
Cognition)
Melanie Swan
Futurist Philosopher
MS Futures Group
+1-6...
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Ethics of Perception in Nanocognition

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What kinds of ethics should nanorobotic cognitive aids have? Cognitive nanorobots, an analog to medical nanorobots, could have applications in cognitive enhancement and perceptual aid such as bias reduction, memory management (access, suppression), and personalized ethics optimization. It is important to consider what kinds of ethics modules may be appropriate for inclusion in cognitive nanorobots. A number of core philosophical questions arise such as the possibility and desirability of knowing a true and objective reality, and selecting different realities. The philosophy of Bergson and Deleuze is used to investigate and propose an ethics of perception.

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  • Building, Dwelling, Thinking (Heidegger 1951); BT/LoH - years
  • Different notion of self/othering - creativity
  • Ethics of Perception in Nanocognition

    1. 1. Ethics of Perception in Nanocognition (Nanorobot-aided Cognition) Melanie Swan Futurist Philosopher MS Futures Group +1-650-681-9482 m@MelanieSwan.com 9th Annual Workshop on Geoethical Nanotechnology - July 20, 2013 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga
    2. 2. 2 Melanie Swan • Hedge fund manager, futurist, startup entrepreneur (DIYgenomics), philosopher • Singularity University Instructor, IEET Affiliate Scholar, EDGE contributor • Work experience: Fidelity, JP Morgan, Arthur Andersen, iPass, RHK/Ovum • Education: MBA Finance, Wharton; BA French/Economics, Georgetown Univ. • Sample publications: MelanieSwan.com – Swan, M. The Quantified Self: Fundamental Disruption in Big Data Science and Biological Discovery. Big Data 2013, 1(2): 85-99. – Swan, M. Crowdsourced Health Research Studies: An Important Complement to Clinical Trials. J Med Internet Res 2012, Mar;14(2):e46. – Swan, M. Multigenic Condition Risk Assessment in Direct-to-Consumer Genomic Services. Genet. Med. 2010, May;12(5):279-88. – Swan, M. Translational antiaging research. Rejuvenation Research 2010, Feb;13(1):115-7. – Swan, M. Engineering Life into Technology: the Application of Complexity Theory to a Potential Phase Transition of Intelligence. Symmetry 2010, 2, 150:183. Source: http://melanieswan.com/publications.htm
    3. 3. Agenda 3 • What are Cognitive Nanorobots? • Geoethics of Cognitive Nanorobots • Cognition: Perception and Memory • Models of Ethics • Killer Apps of Cognitive Nanorobots • Ethics of Cognitive Nanorobots
    4. 4. What are Cognitive Nanorobots? 4 • Analog to Medical Nanorobots • Cognition is just another… – Biological function – ‘Pathology’ to ameliorate • Biocompatibility of medical nanorobots with neural cells1 – Mechanical – Physiological – Immunological – Cytological – Biochemical 1Freitas, R Jr. Nanomedicine, Volume IIA: Biocompatibility. 15.3.6.5 Biocompatibility with Neural Cells. http://www.nanomedicine.com/NMIIA/15.3.6.5.htm Images: corporeality.net, fineartamerica.com
    5. 5. Geoethics of Cognitive Nanorobots 5 • Level I Geoethical Concerns – Manufacturing and disposal – Neural prosthesis – Functionality – Accessibility (digital divide) – Security and mind viruses – Authentication • Level II Geoethical Concerns – Transformation, editing of human cognitive processes – Edits could include environmental axiology (re-valorization)
    6. 6. Cognition: Perception and Memory 6 • Henri Bergson (1859-1941) – Mathematician – Quantum mechanics predictor – Science and psychology scholar • Doubling (quantitative and qualitative (overlapping)) – Time, intensity, state, memory – Self, consciousness • Time: clock time and the inner experience of time (duration) • Free will over determinism – Spontaneity
    7. 7. Perception and Memory 7 • Topic: mind/body dualism • Perception and memory are an interactive process of the body and mind • Time and movement • Privilege time as space, how/when (not where) memory is stored • Exercise: memory retrieval
    8. 8. 8 • Act-based (right act with right motive) – Categorical Imperative (always right/wrong) (Kant) – Utilitarianism (outcome maximization) and Consequentialism (end justifies means) (Bentham, Mill) • Agent-based – Virtue ethics: role of character (Aristotle, Aquinas) – Dispositionism: individual traits predict behavior • Situation, context, and ecosystem-based (1968) – Situationism: social context produces behavior – Ethics of Care (Gilligan): morality arises from interaction Models of Ethics
    9. 9. 9 • Bergson (Free Will and Time; Matter and Memory) – Direct contact with the real, true duration • Heidegger (Being and Time; Building, Dwelling, Thinking) – A conscious authentic life – Dwell meaningfully as human implacement, being ‘in’ place, as an extension of identity • Foucault (Discipline and Punish) – Power: omnipresent micropower relations, biopower and self-disciplinary power • Deleuze (Anti-Oedipus, A Thousand Plateaus) – Thinking and life, plane of immanence – Non-fascist life, desiring-production Process Philosopher Ethics
    10. 10. 10 Connecting Perception to Ethics: Machine Ethics Interfaces • Possibility of ‘objective’ reality as an input? • Many-tiered existing biases – Biology – Society/culture – Individual/group • Ethics of Reality • UX issues
    11. 11. 11 • Bias reduction • Memory management • Value system elicitation and optimization • Perceptual enhancement – Different ‘objective’ realities – See time, see movement in time and space – Notice subjective experience • Desire elicitation and modification Killer Apps of Cognitive Nanorobotics
    12. 12. 12 • Trend of self-awareness, disclosure, destigmatization, taboo removal • Group ethics models – Old: okay unless harms others, ‘do unto others’ – New: Negotiation per disclosure, automated mediation through anonymous disclosure Individual / Group Ethics Medicine (genomics), behavior (QS), personal/professional life blending, sexual orientation, gender identification Neurodiversity: mental health, mental performance Desires Time now
    13. 13. 13 • Overt consideration of machine ethics modules • Subjective experience enhancement • Ethics/values/desires elicitation and optimization • Progression and transformation in ethics paradigms Geoethics of Cognitive Nanorobots
    14. 14. Ethics of Perception and Nanocognition (Nanorobot-aided Cognition) Melanie Swan Futurist Philosopher MS Futures Group +1-650-681-9482 m@MelanieSwan.com 9th Annual Workshop on Geoethical Nanotechnology - July 20, 2013 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Thank you!

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