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The Quantum Mindset

The Quantum Mindset

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This work argues that the emerging understanding of time in quantum information science can be articulated as a philosophical theory of change. Change and time are interrelated, and one can be used to interrogate the other, namely, a theory of change can be derived from a theory of time. What is new in quantum science is time being regarded as just another property to be engineered. At the quantum scale, time is reversible in certain ways, which is quite different from the everyday experience of time whose unidirectional arrow does not allow a dropped egg to reassemble. At the quantum scale of atoms, though, a particle retains the history of its trajectory, which may be retraced before collapsed in measurement.
Quantum scientists evolve systems backward and forward in time, controlling phase transitions with Floquet engineering. Quantum systems are entangled in time and space, with temporal correlations exhibiting greater multiplicity than spatial correlations. The chaotic time regimes of ballistic spread followed by saturation are implemented in quantum walks for faster search and heightened cryptosecurity. In quantum neuroscience, seizure may be explained by chaotic dynamics and normal resting state by Floquet-like periodic cycles. Time is revealed to have the same kinds of repeating structures as space (described by entanglement, symmetry, and topology), differently instantiated and controlled.
The quantum understanding of time can be propelled into a macroscale-theory of change through its connotation of a more flexible, malleable, probabilistic interface with reality. Change becomes less rigid. Probability is the lever of change, but notoriously difficult for humans to grasp, as we think better in storylines than statistics. The idea of manipulating quantum system properties in which time, space, dynamics (change), are all just parameters, is an empowering frame for the acceptance of change. The quantum mindset affords greater facility with probability-driven events (change).

This work argues that the emerging understanding of time in quantum information science can be articulated as a philosophical theory of change. Change and time are interrelated, and one can be used to interrogate the other, namely, a theory of change can be derived from a theory of time. What is new in quantum science is time being regarded as just another property to be engineered. At the quantum scale, time is reversible in certain ways, which is quite different from the everyday experience of time whose unidirectional arrow does not allow a dropped egg to reassemble. At the quantum scale of atoms, though, a particle retains the history of its trajectory, which may be retraced before collapsed in measurement.
Quantum scientists evolve systems backward and forward in time, controlling phase transitions with Floquet engineering. Quantum systems are entangled in time and space, with temporal correlations exhibiting greater multiplicity than spatial correlations. The chaotic time regimes of ballistic spread followed by saturation are implemented in quantum walks for faster search and heightened cryptosecurity. In quantum neuroscience, seizure may be explained by chaotic dynamics and normal resting state by Floquet-like periodic cycles. Time is revealed to have the same kinds of repeating structures as space (described by entanglement, symmetry, and topology), differently instantiated and controlled.
The quantum understanding of time can be propelled into a macroscale-theory of change through its connotation of a more flexible, malleable, probabilistic interface with reality. Change becomes less rigid. Probability is the lever of change, but notoriously difficult for humans to grasp, as we think better in storylines than statistics. The idea of manipulating quantum system properties in which time, space, dynamics (change), are all just parameters, is an empowering frame for the acceptance of change. The quantum mindset affords greater facility with probability-driven events (change).

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The Quantum Mindset

  1. 1. The Quantum Mindset and the Physics of Change Acacia Group Los Angeles CA 19 Mar 2022 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan, MBA, PhD Quantum Technologies Centre for Blockchain Technologies University College London
  2. 2. 19 Mar 2022 Quantum Mindset Change  Problem: lack of resources for thinking about change  Change: the act of becoming different (before-after temporality)  Method: obtain building blocks from various fields  Philosophy  Quantum physics  Clinical neuroscience  Financial markets  Result: distill a composite theory of change  Quantum Mindset: a two-cultures tool (arts and sciences) that can be productively deployed to contemplate change  Nietzschean acceptance of uncertainty, quantum physics Floquet engineering of time as any system parameter, Black Swan thinking of outsized events occurring with frequency 1 “Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose” – Karr, 1849, Les Guêpes (The Wasps) “The more it changes, the more it’s the same thing”
  3. 3. 19 Mar 2022 Quantum Mindset Philosophy  Badiou-Derrida: the event (different afterwards)  French revolution, bomb, 9/11, moon landing, DNA  Hegel: amalgamation of events is history (shapes of spirit)  Foucault: power-determined knowledge eras (epistemes)  Deleuze-Baudrillard (French philosophies of difference):  Distinguish between appearance and reality  Kant: time-space goggles are the synthetic a priori transcendental condition of any experience  Bergson: doubled internal “deep time, deep change”  Nietzsche: embrace uncertainty; adopt an historical philosophizing that is both in time and beyond our time 2
  4. 4. 19 Mar 2022 Quantum Mindset Quantum physics  Time reversibility  Trajectory history available before collapsed in measurement  Unlike macroscale of broken egg or milk poured into coffee  Out-of-time-order correlation functions (OTOCs)  Evolve a system to earlier or later time to apply an action  Floquet engineering  Direct a periodic system to avoid or enter phase transition  Time entanglement (greater multiplicity than spatial)  Chaos (time regimes of ballistic spread followed by saturation)  Quantum walks for faster search and heightened cryptosecurity  Quantum neuroscience: seizure has chaotic dynamics  Normal resting state: Floquet-like periodic cycles 3
  5. 5. 19 Mar 2022 Quantum Mindset Probability  A particle (or superpositioned data modeled by quantum product managers in today’s corporations)  Literally exists in all possible states simultaneously before being collapsed in a measurement  Einstein “God does not play dice”  However, probabilistic nature of quantum reality proven  Double-slit experiment (light behaves simultaneously as particle and wave)  Entangled particles  Superpositioned states 4 Quantum System: Exists in every possible state of 0 and 1 until collapsed in measurement Classical System: Always in a state of either 0 or 1 Source: Piazza, L., Lummen, T.T.A, Quinonez, E. et al. (2015). Simultaneous observation of the quantization and the interference pattern of a plasmonic near-field. Nature Communications. 6(6407):107.
  6. 6. 19 Mar 2022 Quantum Mindset Probability  Probability: predict the possibility of change happening, the likelihood of uncertain future events occurring  Medical diagnosis and treatment  Crop failure  Speculation 5 Normal (Gaussian) Distribution Fat-tailed (Black Swan) Distribution Drug-dosing Based on S-Curves Source: Taleb, N.N. (2001). Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets. (2007). The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable. New York: Random House.
  7. 7. 19 Mar 2022 Quantum Mindset Neuroscience and Markets 6 Sources: Breakspear, M. (2017). Dynamic models of large-scale brain activity. Nat Neurosci. 20:340-52. Taleb, N.N. (2001). Fooled by Randomness. (2007). The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable. New York: Random House. Black-Scholes Model  Neuroscience  Seizure: chaotic dynamics  Resting state: Floquet-like periodicity  Markets  Critique of Black Scholes option pricing with normal distribution assumptions
  8. 8. 19 Mar 2022 Quantum Mindset The Quantum Mindset  The Quantum Mindset: thinking in terms of quantum properties to solve problems  Superposition: literally co-existing realities before collapsed  Superpositioned data modeling (all possible system states tested simultaneously); quantum product manager (Gartner)  Quantum machine learning (unsupervised learning using Born machine not Boltzmann machine)  Develop standardized quantum circuits (e.g. neural signaling) 7 Classical System (0/1 bits) Quantum System (complex-valued qubits on a Bloch sphere) Domain Properties Definition Quantum Matter Symmetry Looking the same from different points of view (e.g. a face, cube, laws of physics); symmetry breaking is phase transition Topology Geometric structure preserved under deformation (bending, stretching, twisting, and crumpling, but not cutting or gluing); doughnut and coffee cup both have a hole Quantum Information Superposition An unobserved particle exists in all possible states simultaneously, but once measured, collapses to just one state (superpositioned data modeling of all possible states) Entanglement Particles connected such that their states are related, even when separated by distance (a “tails-up/tails-down” relationship; one particle in one state, other in the other) Interference Waves reinforcing or canceling each other out (cohering or decohering)
  9. 9. 19 Mar 2022 Quantum Mindset The Quantum Mindset Theory of Change  A multidisciplinary theory of change  Nietzschean acceptance of uncertainty  Quantum Floquet engineering of time as any system feature  Black Swan higher-frequency outsized events  Flexible performative attitude towards non-intuitive concepts, informed by the quantum domain  Macroscale-theory of change: a more flexible, malleable, probabilistic interface with reality, change becomes less rigid  The idea of manipulating quantum system properties in which time, space, and dynamics (change) are all just parameters provides an empowering frame for the acceptance of change 8
  10. 10. The Quantum Mindset and the Physics of Change Acacia Group Los Angeles CA 19 Mar 2022 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan, MBA, PhD Quantum Technologies Centre for Blockchain Technologies University College London Thank you! Questions?
  11. 11. 19 Mar 2022 Quantum Mindset The Quantum Mindset in everyday use  Heisenberg uncertainty principle  A particle’s speed or location can be known, but not both  Police officer: “Sir, do you know how fast you were going?”  Heisenberg: “No, but I know where I am”  Schrödinger’s cat states and superposition  Multiple states literally coexist before collapsed in measurement  Police officer: (inspecting trunk): “Sir, did you know there is a dead cat?”  Schrödinger: “Well, now I do” (Gartner: corporate hiring of physicists)  Einstein: E=mc2 and no “spooky action at a distance”  Energy is equal to mass x the speed of light squared, no FTL  True, faster-than-light travel does not allow one particle to influence another, but entanglement is the proven explanation  Heads-tails relationships between particles, used in the quantum teleportation of cryptographic keys for secure login 10

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