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- 1. Quantum Moreness Kantian Time and the Performative Economics of Multiplicity World Picture Conference Colorado Springs CO 22 Apr 2022 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan, MBA, PhD Quantum Technologies Centre for Blockchain Technologies University College London
- 2. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Quantum Moreness Agenda 1. Quantum mindset What is quantum? What is quantum science? The quantum mindset 2. Time (Kant) Transcendentally ideal and empirical real 3. Money (Graeber, Orrell, Buterin) Blockchain economics Post-debt capital Use value over exchange value 1
- 3. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness What is Quantum? “Quantum” refers to anything at the scale of Atoms (Nano 10-9) (nanotechnology is already quantum) Ions and photons (Pico 10-12) Subatomic particles (Femto 10-15) In quantum studies, quantum means 1. Investigating potential quantum effects found in phenomena 2. Applying quantum methods in the study of phenomena Quantum computing, quantum machine learning Quantum fields (representative example) Quantum chemistry, quantum biology, quantum astronomy Quantum humanities (extension of digital humanities) 1. Study art/literature with quantum methods 2. Find examples of quantum concepts in art/literature 2
- 4. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness What is Quantum Science? 3 Quantum science: classification, manipulation, and creation of matter at the quantum scale Quantum matter (topological materials) Novel phases of matter that emerge at zero-temperature with exotic properties described with symmetry and topology Quantum information Information-theoretic formulations of physics problems (e.g. evaluate information content in quantum states with entropy)
- 5. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness The Quantum Mindset The Quantum Mindset: thinking in terms of quantum properties to solve problems Superposition: literally co-existing realities before collapsed Superpositioned data modeling (all possible system states tested simultaneously); quantum product manager (Gartner) Quantum machine learning (unsupervised learning using Born machine not Boltzmann machine) Develop standardized quantum circuits (e.g. neural signaling) 4 Classical System (0/1 bits) Quantum System (complex-valued qubits on a Bloch sphere) Domain Properties Definition Quantum Matter Symmetry Looking the same from different points of view (e.g. a face, cube, laws of physics); symmetry breaking is phase transition Topology Geometric structure preserved under deformation (bending, stretching, twisting, and crumpling, but not cutting or gluing); doughnut and coffee cup both have a hole Quantum Information Superposition An unobserved particle exists in all possible states simultaneously, but once measured, collapses to just one state (superpositioned data modeling of all possible states) Entanglement Particles connected such that their states are related, even when separated by distance (a “tails-up/tails-down” relationship; one particle in one state, other in the other) Interference Waves reinforcing or canceling each other out (cohering or decohering)
- 6. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Quantum Moreness Agenda 1. Quantum mindset What is quantum? What is quantum science? The quantum mindset 2. Time (Kant) Transcendentally ideal and empirical real 3. Money (Graeber, Orrell, Buterin) Blockchain economics Post-debt capital Use value over exchange value 5
- 7. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Kant’s Transcendental Philosophy 6 Conventional continental philosophy of time Presence assumes non-presence but not multiplicity of presence (Husserl, Derrida, Heidegger) Kant (Critique of Pure Reason) time and space Infinite magnitudes of simultaneous multiplicities Totality as allness (absolute totality and multiplicity of time) Dual nature of time and space as both transcendentally ideal and empirically real “the empirical reality of space…though to be sure at the same time its transcendental ideality” (B44/A28)
- 8. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Time and Space Transcendentally Ideal and Empirically Real 7 Faculty-based Transcendentally Ideal and Empirically Real Formulations of Time and Space Sensibility Understanding Reason Transcendentally Ideal Infinite magnitude (form of intuition) (A29/B45, A49/B68) Absolute unity and eternality Absolute totality (transcendental intuition) Empirically Real Snapshot time series of images in intuition Time series of points in line- drawing (formal intuition) (§26 B160n) Time series ascending to the unconditioned Two-tier model Transcendentally ideal: abstract conceptual formulation Empirically real: concretized operational deployment Time and space are a priori synthetic unities that condition the use of the faculties The manifold into which objects are perceived (sensibility), apperceived (understanding), and cognized (reason)
- 9. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Time and Space Transcendentally Ideal and Empirically Real 8 Faculty-based Transcendentally Ideal and Empirically Real Formulations of Time and Space Sensibility Understanding Reason Transcendentally Ideal Infinite magnitude (form of intuition) (A29/B45, A49/B68) Absolute unity and eternality Absolute totality (transcendental intuition) Empirically Real Snapshot time series of images in intuition Time series of points in line- drawing (formal intuition) (§26 B160n) Time series ascending to the unconditioned Two-tier model Transcendentally ideal: abstract conceptual formulation Empirically real: concretized operational deployment Time and space are a priori synthetic unities that condition the use of the faculties The manifold into which objects are perceived (sensibility), apperceived (understanding), and cognized (reason)
- 10. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Kant and Scientific Theories 9 Problem: interconnecting the apparently transcendentally ideal and empirically real nature of time and space, at various scales and through different “goggles” Kantian transcendental unity of apperception Scientific telescopes and microscopes Scientific Theories and Faculty-based Time and Space Formulations in the Critique of Pure Reason
- 11. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Integrating Time and Space Regimes 10 The very big: General Relativity (GR) Human-scale: Classical Mechanics The very small: Quantum Mechanics (QM) Source: Barbour, J. (2009) The Nature of Time. Foundational Questions Institute essay competition (The Nature of Time) first prize winner. arXiv: 0903.3489, p. 2. Quantum Computing Classical Computing Classical-Quantum Computing General Relativity Quantum Mechanics Classical Mechanics Quantum computing GPS, satellite orbits, spacecraft trajectories Quantum computing in space: orbits, trajectories, navigation
- 12. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Quantum Moreness Agenda 1. Quantum mindset What is quantum? What is quantum science? The quantum mindset 2. Time (Kant) Transcendentally ideal and empirical real 3. Money (Graeber, Orrell, Buterin) Blockchain economics Post-debt capital Use value over exchange value 11
- 13. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Quantum Moreness and Money Functions of money Medium of exchange Store of value Unit of account Dual virtual-physical nature of money Virtual phase: money is a score in a ledger Physical phase: money is material wealth 12 Agrarian Empires Axial Age (800 BCE-600 AD) Middle Ages (600-1600) New World Era Gold Standard (mid 16c-1933) End of Gold Standard (1933-present) Transcendentally Ideal Virtual credit (clay tablet ledger inscription) Virtual credit (metals shortage, banking instruments, bills of exchange) Free-floating currencies Cryptocurrencies Empirically Real Precious metal coinage Metal money 2011 2013
- 14. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Quantum Moreness and Money Practical example of Quantum Mindset Money behaves as a quantum object, like light, having properties of both “wave and particle” (virtual-physical) until collapsed in a real-life purchasing transaction Encourages probabilistic not deterministic thinking in the domain of economics Classical economics does not consider money itself as an object of inquiry “Shed outmoded Newtonian theories” Support non-Newtonian physics models Special ontological status of money Travel between virtual and physical worlds 13 2018 € $ ¥ €
- 15. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Economic Self-Determination Quantum Moreness and Money A blockchain is set of user- defined protocols for setting up economic transactions Blockchain-enabled economic design principles Post-debt capital financing Payment channels with micro- level tracking and adjustment Intrinsic use value over marketized exchange value Public goods quadratic funding 14 2019 2019 2020 Private goods: 1:1 zero-sum Public goods: multiplicative effect
- 16. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Quantum Moreness Agenda 1. Quantum mindset What is quantum? What is quantum science? The quantum mindset 2. Time (Kant) Transcendentally ideal and empirical real 3. Money (Graeber, Orrell, Buterin) Blockchain economics Post-debt capital Use value over exchange value 15
- 17. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Conclusion: Quantum Moreness Mindset of many kinds of moreness at all times Quantum Mindset Facility with thinking in terms of the quantum properties Superposition, entanglement, interference, symmetry, topology Superposition: multiple realities simultaneously exist before being collapsed in a measurement Kant transcendentally ideal-empirically real time/space Ideal: infinite magnitudes of simultaneous multiplicities Real: concretized line-drawing in the form of the time series Blockchain economics: virtual-physical money Economic self-determination and the crypto citizen Post-debt capital via payment channels & real-time adjustment Exchange value rehabilitated to use value: public goods design 16 2020
- 18. Quantum Moreness Kantian Time and the Performative Economics of Multiplicity World Picture Conference Colorado Springs CO 22 Apr 2022 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan, MBA, PhD Quantum Technologies Centre for Blockchain Technologies University College London Thank you! Questions?
- 19. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Jokes The Quantum Mindset Heisenberg uncertainty principle A particle’s speed or location can be known, but not both Police officer: “Sir, do you know how fast you were going?” Heisenberg: “No, but I know where I am” Schrödinger’s cat states and superposition Multiple states literally coexist before collapsed in measurement Police officer: (inspecting trunk): “Sir, did you know there is a dead cat?” Schrödinger: “Well, now I do” Einstein: E=mc2 and no “spooky action at a distance” Energy is equal to mass x the speed of light squared, no FTL True, faster-than-light travel does not allow one particle to influence another, but entanglement is the proven explanation Heads-tails relationships between particles, used in the quantum teleportation of cryptographic keys for secure login 18
- 20. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness Quantum: many exponential speed-ups 1. Bit (0 or 1) 2. Qubit (0 and 1 in superposition) 3. Qudit (more than 2 values in superposition) Microchip generates two entangled qudits each with 10 states, for 100 dimensions total, for more than six entangled qubits could generate (Imany, 2019 ) 4. Optics (time and frequency multiplexing) Existing telecommunications infrastructure Global network not standalone computers in labs Time-frequency binning (20+ states tested) 5. Optics (superposition of inputs and gates) 6. High-dimensional entanglement 19 Classical Computing Quantum Computing Source: Imany et al. (2019). High-dimensional optical quantum logic in large operational spaces. npj Quantum Information. 5(59):1-10.
- 21. 22 Apr 2022 Quantum Moreness What is Quantum Science? 20 Quantum Science: Theoretical Foundations, Quantum Matter, and Quantum Information