SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Art Theory: Two Cultures Synthesis of Art and Science

Melanie Swan
Melanie Swan
Melanie SwanTechnophysicist, Blockchain Theorist, Philosophy, Purdue University at Institute for Blockchain Studies

Thesis: Aesthetic resources contribute broadly to the human endeavor of progress, self-understanding, and science, beyond the immediate experience of art. Aesthetic Resources are frameworks, concepts, and modes of expression in art, literature, and philosophy that capture the imagination and the intellect through the senses. The role of art is to inspire the future: the romance of the sea, the open road, space. The arts are a hallmark of civilization, but can their benefit be crystallized as aesthetic resources that can be mobilized to new situations? How can aesthetic resources help in moments of crisis? A worldwide social identity crisis has been provoked by pandemic recovery, politics, equity, and environmental sustainability. Philosophical and aesthetic resources can help. Understanding art as a reflection of who we are as individuals and groups, this talk explores conceptualizations of art, with examples, in different periodizations from the 1800s to the present. A marquis definition as to what constitutes an artwork is Adorno’s, for whom the work must promulgate its own natural law and engage in novel materials manipulation. For many theorists, art is the pressing of our self-concept into concrete materiality (whether pyramids, sculpture, or painting). What do contemporary periodizations of art mean to our current and forward-looking self-concept? Recent eras include the neo-avant-gardes of 1945, the conceptual art of the 1960s, and post-conceptual art starting in the 1970s, produced generatively with found materials, the digital domain, and audience interactivity. What is the now-current idea of art? Is today’s Baudelairian flâneur and Balzacian modern hero incarnated in the quantum aesthetic imaginary and the digital cryptocitizen? Far from an “end of art” thesis sometimes attributed to Hegel, aesthetic practices are more relevant than ever. Individually and societally, we are reinventing creative energy and productive imagination in venues from science, technology, health, and biology to the arts.

Art Theory: Two Cultures Synthesis of Art and Science

1 of 61
Download to read offline
Art Theory Talk:
Two Cultures Synthesis
of Art and Science
Houston TX, August 26, 2021
Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga
Melanie Swan, PhD
26 Aug 2021
Art Theory
What is the role of art?
1
 Inspire our possible futures
Romance of the Sea Romance of the Road Romance of Space
Melville
1851
Kerouac
1957
Musk-Bezos-Branson
2000-2050e
Baleinier au Mouillage (Whaler at
anchor), Henri Durand-Brager, 1814-79
Whole Earth Catalog, sign off issue,
Stewart Brand, 1971
100th Mission Launch, SpaceX,
Florida SpaceCoast, April 2021
26 Aug 2021
Art Theory 2
Aesthetic resources contribute broadly to the human
endeavor of progress, self-understanding, and
science, beyond the immediate experience of art
Thesis
26 Aug 2021
Art Theory
 Aesthetic Resources are
frameworks, concepts, and
modes of expression in art,
literature, and philosophy that
capture the imagination and
the intellect through the senses
Parc Luma, Arles FR,
Frank Gerhy 2021
Entanglement Renormalization,
Guifre Vidal, 2007
Abstract Painting,
Gerhard Richter, 2005
Definition
Twelve-tone music,
Schoenberg, 1913
3
26 Aug 2021
Art Theory
1. Periodizations (slide 8)
 Art history periodizations at a glance
and the key principles they embody
2. Form and Content
 Exploration of interrelation of form and
content, and technique and materials
3. Originality
 Ability to assess novelty and create and
articulate new ideas
4. Context
 See things in the larger context of the
ideas they are supporting and opposing
The Creation of Adam,
Michelangelo, 1508-12
Harlem Renaissance,
Sarah Jenkins, 2014
List of Aesthetic Resources
4
26 Aug 2021
Art Theory
Agenda
 Art Periodizations (1800-present)
 Philosophy of Art
 Conclusion and Implications
Remedios Varo, 1955 Tapestry Weavers of the World
5
The Alchemist

Recommended

Modern art, science, and society
Modern art, science, and societyModern art, science, and society
Modern art, science, and societyDave Phillips
 
Modernism an introduction.
Modernism an introduction.Modernism an introduction.
Modernism an introduction.Jeevan Lal
 
AP Art History: Romanticism
AP Art History: RomanticismAP Art History: Romanticism
AP Art History: RomanticismS Sandoval
 
Western Civilization lecture 12
Western Civilization lecture 12Western Civilization lecture 12
Western Civilization lecture 12Mr-Mike
 
History of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian Age
History of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian AgeHistory of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian Age
History of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian Agepiero scaruffi
 
Iron and Steel Architecture and Realism
Iron and Steel Architecture and RealismIron and Steel Architecture and Realism
Iron and Steel Architecture and RealismBeantepa
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Western Civilization Lecture 10
Western Civilization Lecture 10Western Civilization Lecture 10
Western Civilization Lecture 10Mr-Mike
 
Unit 1 - The 18th Century in Europe
Unit 1 - The 18th Century in EuropeUnit 1 - The 18th Century in Europe
Unit 1 - The 18th Century in EuropeAna Arias Castro
 
The British culture of 19th century
The British culture of 19th centuryThe British culture of 19th century
The British culture of 19th centuryMarina R
 
HUM16: Progressive Era
HUM16: Progressive EraHUM16: Progressive Era
HUM16: Progressive EraKirsten Gerdes
 
Sayre2e ch28 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150669
Sayre2e ch28 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150669Sayre2e ch28 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150669
Sayre2e ch28 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150669msmouce
 
Europe’s century of peace and progress
Europe’s century of peace and progressEurope’s century of peace and progress
Europe’s century of peace and progressMylene Sanchez Ludovice
 
Sayre2e ch26 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150667
Sayre2e ch26 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150667Sayre2e ch26 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150667
Sayre2e ch26 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150667msmouce
 
The origins of contemporary art, historical, social and cultural context in t...
The origins of contemporary art, historical, social and cultural context in t...The origins of contemporary art, historical, social and cultural context in t...
The origins of contemporary art, historical, social and cultural context in t...rosabrito
 
Society 18th Century
Society 18th CenturySociety 18th Century
Society 18th CenturyLucia Sancho
 
Nazi Rise to Power, Part 2; Soldat und Kunstler, Intellectual History
Nazi Rise to Power, Part 2; Soldat und Kunstler, Intellectual HistoryNazi Rise to Power, Part 2; Soldat und Kunstler, Intellectual History
Nazi Rise to Power, Part 2; Soldat und Kunstler, Intellectual HistoryJim Powers
 
Lecture 6 b industrialism & marxism - 10.2014
Lecture 6 b  industrialism & marxism - 10.2014Lecture 6 b  industrialism & marxism - 10.2014
Lecture 6 b industrialism & marxism - 10.2014LACCD
 

What's hot (20)

The enlightenment
The enlightenmentThe enlightenment
The enlightenment
 
19th england
19th england19th england
19th england
 
Industrial revolution part1 def
Industrial revolution part1 defIndustrial revolution part1 def
Industrial revolution part1 def
 
The 19th century Britain
The 19th century BritainThe 19th century Britain
The 19th century Britain
 
Western Civilization Lecture 10
Western Civilization Lecture 10Western Civilization Lecture 10
Western Civilization Lecture 10
 
Unit 1 - The 18th Century in Europe
Unit 1 - The 18th Century in EuropeUnit 1 - The 18th Century in Europe
Unit 1 - The 18th Century in Europe
 
The British culture of 19th century
The British culture of 19th centuryThe British culture of 19th century
The British culture of 19th century
 
HUM16: Progressive Era
HUM16: Progressive EraHUM16: Progressive Era
HUM16: Progressive Era
 
Sayre2e ch28 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150669
Sayre2e ch28 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150669Sayre2e ch28 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150669
Sayre2e ch28 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150669
 
The victorian age
The victorian ageThe victorian age
The victorian age
 
Europe’s century of peace and progress
Europe’s century of peace and progressEurope’s century of peace and progress
Europe’s century of peace and progress
 
Sayre2e ch26 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150667
Sayre2e ch26 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150667Sayre2e ch26 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150667
Sayre2e ch26 integrated_lecture_pp_ts-150667
 
Victorian Era
Victorian EraVictorian Era
Victorian Era
 
The origins of contemporary art, historical, social and cultural context in t...
The origins of contemporary art, historical, social and cultural context in t...The origins of contemporary art, historical, social and cultural context in t...
The origins of contemporary art, historical, social and cultural context in t...
 
Society 18th Century
Society 18th CenturySociety 18th Century
Society 18th Century
 
Nazi Rise to Power, Part 2; Soldat und Kunstler, Intellectual History
Nazi Rise to Power, Part 2; Soldat und Kunstler, Intellectual HistoryNazi Rise to Power, Part 2; Soldat und Kunstler, Intellectual History
Nazi Rise to Power, Part 2; Soldat und Kunstler, Intellectual History
 
Colonialism and imperialism
Colonialism and imperialismColonialism and imperialism
Colonialism and imperialism
 
Romanticism1
Romanticism1Romanticism1
Romanticism1
 
Lecture 6 b industrialism & marxism - 10.2014
Lecture 6 b  industrialism & marxism - 10.2014Lecture 6 b  industrialism & marxism - 10.2014
Lecture 6 b industrialism & marxism - 10.2014
 
Victorianliterature
VictorianliteratureVictorianliterature
Victorianliterature
 

Similar to Art Theory: Two Cultures Synthesis of Art and Science

Modernism in Art: An Introduction: Salon des refuses
Modernism in Art: An Introduction:  Salon des refusesModernism in Art: An Introduction:  Salon des refuses
Modernism in Art: An Introduction: Salon des refusesJames Clegg
 
Modernism in Art: An Introduction; Dada and Surrealism
Modernism in Art: An Introduction; Dada and SurrealismModernism in Art: An Introduction; Dada and Surrealism
Modernism in Art: An Introduction; Dada and SurrealismJames Clegg
 
Week 4 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 4 Lecture, 20th CenturyWeek 4 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 4 Lecture, 20th CenturyLaura Smith
 
1.1 Intro Art Since 1945
1.1 Intro Art Since 19451.1 Intro Art Since 1945
1.1 Intro Art Since 1945Melissa Hall
 
modernartreporting-160127104623 (1).pptx
modernartreporting-160127104623 (1).pptxmodernartreporting-160127104623 (1).pptx
modernartreporting-160127104623 (1).pptxfernandopajar1
 
modernartreporting-160127104623.pdf
modernartreporting-160127104623.pdfmodernartreporting-160127104623.pdf
modernartreporting-160127104623.pdfRenzMartinez4
 
Perspectives on women & the arts
Perspectives on women & the artsPerspectives on women & the arts
Perspectives on women & the artsRachel Dean-Ruzicka
 
Art, Science and Distributed Creativity
Art, Science and Distributed CreativityArt, Science and Distributed Creativity
Art, Science and Distributed CreativityCarlos M. Fernandes
 
From Object to concept: environment, performance, and installation art
From Object to concept: environment, performance, and installation artFrom Object to concept: environment, performance, and installation art
From Object to concept: environment, performance, and installation artDeborahJ
 
PrenticeHallTheIndustrialAge.ppt
PrenticeHallTheIndustrialAge.pptPrenticeHallTheIndustrialAge.ppt
PrenticeHallTheIndustrialAge.pptSeema Srivastava
 
How Art Works: Week 5 The Rise of the isms
How Art Works: Week 5 The Rise of the ismsHow Art Works: Week 5 The Rise of the isms
How Art Works: Week 5 The Rise of the ismsDeborahJ
 
Modernism
ModernismModernism
Modernismwill
 
Consumer Culture, Art And Temporality
Consumer Culture, Art And TemporalityConsumer Culture, Art And Temporality
Consumer Culture, Art And TemporalityJames Clegg
 
Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)
Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)
Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)Amanda Waterhouse
 

Similar to Art Theory: Two Cultures Synthesis of Art and Science (20)

Modernism in Art: An Introduction: Salon des refuses
Modernism in Art: An Introduction:  Salon des refusesModernism in Art: An Introduction:  Salon des refuses
Modernism in Art: An Introduction: Salon des refuses
 
Modernism in Art: An Introduction; Dada and Surrealism
Modernism in Art: An Introduction; Dada and SurrealismModernism in Art: An Introduction; Dada and Surrealism
Modernism in Art: An Introduction; Dada and Surrealism
 
Week 4 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 4 Lecture, 20th CenturyWeek 4 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 4 Lecture, 20th Century
 
1.1 Intro Art Since 1945
1.1 Intro Art Since 19451.1 Intro Art Since 1945
1.1 Intro Art Since 1945
 
arts10.pptx
arts10.pptxarts10.pptx
arts10.pptx
 
modernartreporting-160127104623 (1).pptx
modernartreporting-160127104623 (1).pptxmodernartreporting-160127104623 (1).pptx
modernartreporting-160127104623 (1).pptx
 
modernartreporting-160127104623.pdf
modernartreporting-160127104623.pdfmodernartreporting-160127104623.pdf
modernartreporting-160127104623.pdf
 
Modern Arts
Modern ArtsModern Arts
Modern Arts
 
Perspectives on women & the arts
Perspectives on women & the artsPerspectives on women & the arts
Perspectives on women & the arts
 
Art, Science and Distributed Creativity
Art, Science and Distributed CreativityArt, Science and Distributed Creativity
Art, Science and Distributed Creativity
 
From Object to concept: environment, performance, and installation art
From Object to concept: environment, performance, and installation artFrom Object to concept: environment, performance, and installation art
From Object to concept: environment, performance, and installation art
 
PrenticeHallTheIndustrialAge.ppt
PrenticeHallTheIndustrialAge.pptPrenticeHallTheIndustrialAge.ppt
PrenticeHallTheIndustrialAge.ppt
 
How Art Works: Week 5 The Rise of the isms
How Art Works: Week 5 The Rise of the ismsHow Art Works: Week 5 The Rise of the isms
How Art Works: Week 5 The Rise of the isms
 
Modernism
ModernismModernism
Modernism
 
Consumer Culture, Art And Temporality
Consumer Culture, Art And TemporalityConsumer Culture, Art And Temporality
Consumer Culture, Art And Temporality
 
Methods ofpresentingart
Methods ofpresentingartMethods ofpresentingart
Methods ofpresentingart
 
20th Century Art
20th Century Art20th Century Art
20th Century Art
 
Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)
Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)
Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)
 
20th Century Art
20th Century Art20th Century Art
20th Century Art
 
50 Greatest Artists
50 Greatest Artists50 Greatest Artists
50 Greatest Artists
 

More from Melanie Swan

Quantum Intelligence: Responsible Human-AI Entities
Quantum Intelligence: Responsible Human-AI EntitiesQuantum Intelligence: Responsible Human-AI Entities
Quantum Intelligence: Responsible Human-AI EntitiesMelanie Swan
 
The Human-AI Odyssey: Homerian Aspirations towards Non-labor Identity
The Human-AI Odyssey: Homerian Aspirations towards Non-labor IdentityThe Human-AI Odyssey: Homerian Aspirations towards Non-labor Identity
The Human-AI Odyssey: Homerian Aspirations towards Non-labor IdentityMelanie Swan
 
AdS Biology and Quantum Information Science
AdS Biology and Quantum Information ScienceAdS Biology and Quantum Information Science
AdS Biology and Quantum Information ScienceMelanie Swan
 
Quantum Information Science and Quantum Neuroscience.ppt
Quantum Information Science and Quantum Neuroscience.pptQuantum Information Science and Quantum Neuroscience.ppt
Quantum Information Science and Quantum Neuroscience.pptMelanie Swan
 
Quantum Information
Quantum InformationQuantum Information
Quantum InformationMelanie Swan
 
Critical Theory of Silence
Critical Theory of SilenceCritical Theory of Silence
Critical Theory of SilenceMelanie Swan
 
Quantum-Classical Reality
Quantum-Classical RealityQuantum-Classical Reality
Quantum-Classical RealityMelanie Swan
 
Derrida-Hegel: Différance-Difference
Derrida-Hegel: Différance-DifferenceDerrida-Hegel: Différance-Difference
Derrida-Hegel: Différance-DifferenceMelanie Swan
 
The Quantum Mindset
The Quantum MindsetThe Quantum Mindset
The Quantum MindsetMelanie Swan
 
Blockchains in Space
Blockchains in SpaceBlockchains in Space
Blockchains in SpaceMelanie Swan
 
Complexity and Quantum Information Science
Complexity and Quantum Information ScienceComplexity and Quantum Information Science
Complexity and Quantum Information ScienceMelanie Swan
 
Quantum Blockchains
Quantum BlockchainsQuantum Blockchains
Quantum BlockchainsMelanie Swan
 
Quantum Neuroscience: CRISPR for Alzheimer’s, Connectomes & Quantum BCIs
Quantum Neuroscience: CRISPR for Alzheimer’s, Connectomes & Quantum BCIsQuantum Neuroscience: CRISPR for Alzheimer’s, Connectomes & Quantum BCIs
Quantum Neuroscience: CRISPR for Alzheimer’s, Connectomes & Quantum BCIsMelanie Swan
 
Quantum Computing Lecture 1: Basic Concepts
Quantum Computing Lecture 1: Basic ConceptsQuantum Computing Lecture 1: Basic Concepts
Quantum Computing Lecture 1: Basic ConceptsMelanie Swan
 
Quantum Computing Lecture 2: Advanced Concepts
Quantum Computing Lecture 2: Advanced ConceptsQuantum Computing Lecture 2: Advanced Concepts
Quantum Computing Lecture 2: Advanced ConceptsMelanie Swan
 

More from Melanie Swan (20)

AI Science
AI Science AI Science
AI Science
 
AI Math Agents
AI Math AgentsAI Math Agents
AI Math Agents
 
Quantum Intelligence: Responsible Human-AI Entities
Quantum Intelligence: Responsible Human-AI EntitiesQuantum Intelligence: Responsible Human-AI Entities
Quantum Intelligence: Responsible Human-AI Entities
 
The Human-AI Odyssey: Homerian Aspirations towards Non-labor Identity
The Human-AI Odyssey: Homerian Aspirations towards Non-labor IdentityThe Human-AI Odyssey: Homerian Aspirations towards Non-labor Identity
The Human-AI Odyssey: Homerian Aspirations towards Non-labor Identity
 
AdS Biology and Quantum Information Science
AdS Biology and Quantum Information ScienceAdS Biology and Quantum Information Science
AdS Biology and Quantum Information Science
 
Space Humanism
Space HumanismSpace Humanism
Space Humanism
 
Quantum Information Science and Quantum Neuroscience.ppt
Quantum Information Science and Quantum Neuroscience.pptQuantum Information Science and Quantum Neuroscience.ppt
Quantum Information Science and Quantum Neuroscience.ppt
 
Quantum Information
Quantum InformationQuantum Information
Quantum Information
 
Critical Theory of Silence
Critical Theory of SilenceCritical Theory of Silence
Critical Theory of Silence
 
Quantum-Classical Reality
Quantum-Classical RealityQuantum-Classical Reality
Quantum-Classical Reality
 
Derrida-Hegel: Différance-Difference
Derrida-Hegel: Différance-DifferenceDerrida-Hegel: Différance-Difference
Derrida-Hegel: Différance-Difference
 
Quantum Moreness
Quantum MorenessQuantum Moreness
Quantum Moreness
 
Crypto Jamming
Crypto JammingCrypto Jamming
Crypto Jamming
 
The Quantum Mindset
The Quantum MindsetThe Quantum Mindset
The Quantum Mindset
 
Blockchains in Space
Blockchains in SpaceBlockchains in Space
Blockchains in Space
 
Complexity and Quantum Information Science
Complexity and Quantum Information ScienceComplexity and Quantum Information Science
Complexity and Quantum Information Science
 
Quantum Blockchains
Quantum BlockchainsQuantum Blockchains
Quantum Blockchains
 
Quantum Neuroscience: CRISPR for Alzheimer’s, Connectomes & Quantum BCIs
Quantum Neuroscience: CRISPR for Alzheimer’s, Connectomes & Quantum BCIsQuantum Neuroscience: CRISPR for Alzheimer’s, Connectomes & Quantum BCIs
Quantum Neuroscience: CRISPR for Alzheimer’s, Connectomes & Quantum BCIs
 
Quantum Computing Lecture 1: Basic Concepts
Quantum Computing Lecture 1: Basic ConceptsQuantum Computing Lecture 1: Basic Concepts
Quantum Computing Lecture 1: Basic Concepts
 
Quantum Computing Lecture 2: Advanced Concepts
Quantum Computing Lecture 2: Advanced ConceptsQuantum Computing Lecture 2: Advanced Concepts
Quantum Computing Lecture 2: Advanced Concepts
 

Recently uploaded

LLMs, LMMs, their Improvement Suggestions and the Path towards AGI.pdf
LLMs, LMMs, their Improvement Suggestions and the Path towards AGI.pdfLLMs, LMMs, their Improvement Suggestions and the Path towards AGI.pdf
LLMs, LMMs, their Improvement Suggestions and the Path towards AGI.pdfThomas Poetter
 
Bit N Build Poland
Bit N Build PolandBit N Build Poland
Bit N Build PolandGDSC PJATK
 
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: SMART CXL Product Lineup
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: SMART CXL Product LineupQ1 Memory Fabric Forum: SMART CXL Product Lineup
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: SMART CXL Product LineupMemory Fabric Forum
 
5 Things You Shouldn’t Do at Salesforce World Tour Sydney 2024!
5 Things You Shouldn’t Do at Salesforce World Tour Sydney 2024!5 Things You Shouldn’t Do at Salesforce World Tour Sydney 2024!
5 Things You Shouldn’t Do at Salesforce World Tour Sydney 2024!XfilesPro
 
Quinto Z-Wave Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
Quinto Z-Wave Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdfQuinto Z-Wave Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
Quinto Z-Wave Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdfDomotica daVinci
 
DNA LIGASE BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOLOGY STUDY OF LIFE
DNA LIGASE BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOLOGY STUDY OF LIFEDNA LIGASE BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOLOGY STUDY OF LIFE
DNA LIGASE BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOLOGY STUDY OF LIFEandreiandasan
 
My self introduction to know others abut me
My self  introduction to know others abut meMy self  introduction to know others abut me
My self introduction to know others abut meManoj Prabakar B
 
Manual sensor Zigbee 3.0 MOES ZSS-X-PIRL-C
Manual  sensor Zigbee 3.0 MOES ZSS-X-PIRL-CManual  sensor Zigbee 3.0 MOES ZSS-X-PIRL-C
Manual sensor Zigbee 3.0 MOES ZSS-X-PIRL-CDomotica daVinci
 
Journey of Television in World & in India
Journey of Television in World & in IndiaJourney of Television in World & in India
Journey of Television in World & in IndiaAdarshAgarwal66
 
AWS reInvent 2023 recaps from Chicago AWS user group
AWS reInvent 2023 recaps from Chicago AWS user groupAWS reInvent 2023 recaps from Chicago AWS user group
AWS reInvent 2023 recaps from Chicago AWS user groupAWS Chicago
 
21ST CENTURY LITERACY FROM TRADITIONAL TO MODERN
21ST CENTURY LITERACY FROM TRADITIONAL TO MODERN21ST CENTURY LITERACY FROM TRADITIONAL TO MODERN
21ST CENTURY LITERACY FROM TRADITIONAL TO MODERNRonnelBaroc
 
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: XConn CXL Switches for AI
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: XConn CXL Switches for AIQ1 Memory Fabric Forum: XConn CXL Switches for AI
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: XConn CXL Switches for AIMemory Fabric Forum
 
"Journey of Aspiration: Unveiling the Path to Becoming a Technocrat and Entre...
"Journey of Aspiration: Unveiling the Path to Becoming a Technocrat and Entre..."Journey of Aspiration: Unveiling the Path to Becoming a Technocrat and Entre...
"Journey of Aspiration: Unveiling the Path to Becoming a Technocrat and Entre...shaiyuvasv
 
Zi-Stick UBS Dongle ZIgbee from Aeotec manual
Zi-Stick UBS Dongle ZIgbee from  Aeotec manualZi-Stick UBS Dongle ZIgbee from  Aeotec manual
Zi-Stick UBS Dongle ZIgbee from Aeotec manualDomotica daVinci
 
Power of 2024 - WITforce Odyssey.pptx.pdf
Power of 2024 - WITforce Odyssey.pptx.pdfPower of 2024 - WITforce Odyssey.pptx.pdf
Power of 2024 - WITforce Odyssey.pptx.pdfkatalinjordans1
 
Dynamical systems simulation in Python for science and engineering
Dynamical systems simulation in Python for science and engineeringDynamical systems simulation in Python for science and engineering
Dynamical systems simulation in Python for science and engineeringMassimo Talia
 
Microsoft Azure News - Feb 2024
Microsoft Azure News - Feb 2024Microsoft Azure News - Feb 2024
Microsoft Azure News - Feb 2024Daniel Toomey
 
Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdfHeltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdfMarielaL5
 

Recently uploaded (20)

LLMs, LMMs, their Improvement Suggestions and the Path towards AGI.pdf
LLMs, LMMs, their Improvement Suggestions and the Path towards AGI.pdfLLMs, LMMs, their Improvement Suggestions and the Path towards AGI.pdf
LLMs, LMMs, their Improvement Suggestions and the Path towards AGI.pdf
 
COE AI Lab Universities
COE AI Lab UniversitiesCOE AI Lab Universities
COE AI Lab Universities
 
Bit N Build Poland
Bit N Build PolandBit N Build Poland
Bit N Build Poland
 
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: SMART CXL Product Lineup
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: SMART CXL Product LineupQ1 Memory Fabric Forum: SMART CXL Product Lineup
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: SMART CXL Product Lineup
 
5 Things You Shouldn’t Do at Salesforce World Tour Sydney 2024!
5 Things You Shouldn’t Do at Salesforce World Tour Sydney 2024!5 Things You Shouldn’t Do at Salesforce World Tour Sydney 2024!
5 Things You Shouldn’t Do at Salesforce World Tour Sydney 2024!
 
Quinto Z-Wave Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
Quinto Z-Wave Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdfQuinto Z-Wave Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
Quinto Z-Wave Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
 
DNA LIGASE BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOLOGY STUDY OF LIFE
DNA LIGASE BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOLOGY STUDY OF LIFEDNA LIGASE BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOLOGY STUDY OF LIFE
DNA LIGASE BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOLOGY STUDY OF LIFE
 
My self introduction to know others abut me
My self  introduction to know others abut meMy self  introduction to know others abut me
My self introduction to know others abut me
 
Manual sensor Zigbee 3.0 MOES ZSS-X-PIRL-C
Manual  sensor Zigbee 3.0 MOES ZSS-X-PIRL-CManual  sensor Zigbee 3.0 MOES ZSS-X-PIRL-C
Manual sensor Zigbee 3.0 MOES ZSS-X-PIRL-C
 
5 Tech Trend to Notice in ESG Landscape- 47Billion
5 Tech Trend to Notice in ESG Landscape- 47Billion5 Tech Trend to Notice in ESG Landscape- 47Billion
5 Tech Trend to Notice in ESG Landscape- 47Billion
 
Journey of Television in World & in India
Journey of Television in World & in IndiaJourney of Television in World & in India
Journey of Television in World & in India
 
AWS reInvent 2023 recaps from Chicago AWS user group
AWS reInvent 2023 recaps from Chicago AWS user groupAWS reInvent 2023 recaps from Chicago AWS user group
AWS reInvent 2023 recaps from Chicago AWS user group
 
21ST CENTURY LITERACY FROM TRADITIONAL TO MODERN
21ST CENTURY LITERACY FROM TRADITIONAL TO MODERN21ST CENTURY LITERACY FROM TRADITIONAL TO MODERN
21ST CENTURY LITERACY FROM TRADITIONAL TO MODERN
 
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: XConn CXL Switches for AI
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: XConn CXL Switches for AIQ1 Memory Fabric Forum: XConn CXL Switches for AI
Q1 Memory Fabric Forum: XConn CXL Switches for AI
 
"Journey of Aspiration: Unveiling the Path to Becoming a Technocrat and Entre...
"Journey of Aspiration: Unveiling the Path to Becoming a Technocrat and Entre..."Journey of Aspiration: Unveiling the Path to Becoming a Technocrat and Entre...
"Journey of Aspiration: Unveiling the Path to Becoming a Technocrat and Entre...
 
Zi-Stick UBS Dongle ZIgbee from Aeotec manual
Zi-Stick UBS Dongle ZIgbee from  Aeotec manualZi-Stick UBS Dongle ZIgbee from  Aeotec manual
Zi-Stick UBS Dongle ZIgbee from Aeotec manual
 
Power of 2024 - WITforce Odyssey.pptx.pdf
Power of 2024 - WITforce Odyssey.pptx.pdfPower of 2024 - WITforce Odyssey.pptx.pdf
Power of 2024 - WITforce Odyssey.pptx.pdf
 
Dynamical systems simulation in Python for science and engineering
Dynamical systems simulation in Python for science and engineeringDynamical systems simulation in Python for science and engineering
Dynamical systems simulation in Python for science and engineering
 
Microsoft Azure News - Feb 2024
Microsoft Azure News - Feb 2024Microsoft Azure News - Feb 2024
Microsoft Azure News - Feb 2024
 
Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdfHeltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
Heltun_HE-RS01_User_Manual_B9AH.pdf
 

Art Theory: Two Cultures Synthesis of Art and Science

  • 1. Art Theory Talk: Two Cultures Synthesis of Art and Science Houston TX, August 26, 2021 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan, PhD
  • 2. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory What is the role of art? 1  Inspire our possible futures Romance of the Sea Romance of the Road Romance of Space Melville 1851 Kerouac 1957 Musk-Bezos-Branson 2000-2050e Baleinier au Mouillage (Whaler at anchor), Henri Durand-Brager, 1814-79 Whole Earth Catalog, sign off issue, Stewart Brand, 1971 100th Mission Launch, SpaceX, Florida SpaceCoast, April 2021
  • 3. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 2 Aesthetic resources contribute broadly to the human endeavor of progress, self-understanding, and science, beyond the immediate experience of art Thesis
  • 4. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory  Aesthetic Resources are frameworks, concepts, and modes of expression in art, literature, and philosophy that capture the imagination and the intellect through the senses Parc Luma, Arles FR, Frank Gerhy 2021 Entanglement Renormalization, Guifre Vidal, 2007 Abstract Painting, Gerhard Richter, 2005 Definition Twelve-tone music, Schoenberg, 1913 3
  • 5. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 1. Periodizations (slide 8)  Art history periodizations at a glance and the key principles they embody 2. Form and Content  Exploration of interrelation of form and content, and technique and materials 3. Originality  Ability to assess novelty and create and articulate new ideas 4. Context  See things in the larger context of the ideas they are supporting and opposing The Creation of Adam, Michelangelo, 1508-12 Harlem Renaissance, Sarah Jenkins, 2014 List of Aesthetic Resources 4
  • 6. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Agenda  Art Periodizations (1800-present)  Philosophy of Art  Conclusion and Implications Remedios Varo, 1955 Tapestry Weavers of the World 5 The Alchemist
  • 7. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Foucault’s Epistemes  Episteme: knowledge representation model  Renaissance Age (1300-1650): resemblance  Classical Age (1650-1800): abstract idea  Modern Age (1800-present): role of the human  Knowledge-power is a social construct orchestrated in the background Historical Era Episteme (Knowledge Paradigm) Concrete-to-Abstract Progression 1 Renaissance Age (1300-1650) Resemblance: recapitulation, similitude between representation and represented Literal 2 Classical Age (1650-1800) Abstract idea: the mental representation of a phenomenon (with semblance or not) Object is abstracted 3 Modern Age (1800-present) Human-determined: constitutive role of human in knowledge representation Agent is abstracted 4 Contemporary Age (1950-present) Digital Episteme: high-intensity information climate, unclear “truth” status of information Object and agent are abstracted Source: Foucault, M. (1970). The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences (Les Mots et les choses). New York: Routledge. 6 Birthday Book Printing, Walk of Ideas, Berlin, 2006
  • 8. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Radical Aesthetics: Geometric Perspective  Breaks the fourth wall  Spectators are in the picture (mirror)  Artist is in the picture  “Royal portrait”  King and Queen (mirror)  Princess and retinue  Size differentials  Geometry of Space  Top half is dark  Light and reflection  Rear exit Source: Foucault, M. (1970). The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences (Les Mots et les choses). New York: Routledge. 7 Las Meninas, Velasquez, 1656
  • 9. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Aesthetic Periodizations  Modern Age (1800-present)  1800-1900  Romanticism 1800-1850 – individualism  Realism 1850-1860 – accurate representation  Impressionism & Post-impressionism 1870-1900 – play of light  1900-1950  Expressionism 1900-1930 – internal sense of meaning  Cubism 1907-1930 – geometric form  Surrealism 1924-1930 – mix of reality and absurdity  1950-present  Abstract Expressionism 1940-1950 – rebellion  Minimalism & Modernism 1960-1970 – purification  Conceptualism 1960+ & Post-conceptualism 1970+ – idea-message Source: Nici, J.B. (2015). Barron’s AP Art History. 3rd Edition. New York: Barron’s Educational Services, Inc. Mountain in Saint-Rémy, Vincent van Gogh, 1889 8
  • 10. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Romanticism 1850-1900 9  Individualism, glorification of nature and the past, reaction to modernity  Reaction to Age of Enlightenment social political norms and Industrial Revolution scientific rationalization of nature  Escapism: anything but here and now Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, Caspar David Friedrich, 1818 The Fighting Téméraire, J.M.W. Turner, 1839 The Bard, Thomas Jones, 1774 Faust, Goethe, 1808
  • 11. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Realism 1850-1860 10 The Butcher's Shop, Annibale Carracci, 1580 Iron and Coal, William Bell Scott, 1855-1860 Woman Cleaning Turnips, Jean- Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, 1738 The Luxembourg Gardens, Albert Edelfelt, 1887  Accurate representation, naturalism, mimesis; ordinary subject matter, everyday activities, movement J’accuse, Zola, Dreyfus Affair, 13 January 1898 Nana, Zola, 1880
  • 12. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Impressionism 1870-1900 11  Visible brush strokes, light and the passage of time  Literary impressionism: character’s inner life (Joseph Conrad, Stephen Crane) Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1876 Water Lilies, Claude Monet, 1916 Dancer with a Bouquet of Flowers, Edgar Degas, 1878 Haystacks (sunset), Claude Monet, 1890-1891
  • 13. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Post-impressionism 1880-1900 12  Sharper images, geometric expression A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, Georges Seurat, 1884-1886 The Card Players, Paul Cézanne, 1894-1895 The Midday Nap, Paul Gauguin, 1894 Boulevard Montmartre, Camille Pissarro, 1897 Jardin à Sainte-Adresse, Claude Monet, 1867 Cypresses, Vincent van Gogh, 1889
  • 14. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Expressionism 1900-1930 13  Express the vibrancy of inner experience  Moods, ideas, emotional meaning, as opposed to physical reality  Subjective representation of the world View of Toledo, El Greco, 1595/1610 Der Blaue Reiter, Wassily Kandinsky, 1903 The Scream, Edward Munch, 1893 The Nietzsche Stone (Thus Spoke Zarathustra), 1885 The Large Blue Horses, Franz Marc, 1911 The Ego and the Id, Sigmund Freud, 1923 Memory, the Heart, Frida Kahlo, 1937 Cool Jazz, Sarah Jenkins, 2016 Detroit Industry, Diego Rivera, 1932-33
  • 15. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Cubism 1907-1930 14  Geometric forms, association of modern life and mechanization  Objects broken up and reassembled in abstract form from multiple view points Violin and Candlestick, Georges Braque, 1910 Woman with a Horse, Jean Metzinger, 1911-1912 Nude Model in the Studio, Fernand Léger, 1912-1913 Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Pablo Picasso, 1907 Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2, Marcel Duchamp, 1912
  • 16. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Surrealism 1924-1930s 15  Juxtaposition of dream and reality in an absolute reality (surreality) (Breton)  Activate the unconscious mind through illogical imagery Indefinite Divisibility, Yves Tanguy, 1942 This is not a pipe, René Magritte, 1929 The Red Tower, Giorgio de Chirico, 1913 The Elephant Celebes, Max Ernst, 1921 Surrealist Manifesto, André Breton, 1924 The Library of Babel, Jorge Luis Borges, 1941 (magical realism)
  • 17. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Surrealism: Dali 16 Mae West room, Dali museum The Persistence of Memory, 1931 Lobster Telephone (1938) Apotheosis of Homer, 1944-1945 Agnostic Symbol (1932) (spoon across the desert) Ice Cream Van, 1970
  • 18. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Abstract Expressionism 1940-1950 17  Artistic censorship (McCarthy era) contra vibrancy of Harlem renaissance and Mexican muralists  Intense, rebellious, idiosyncratic, nihilistic  Painting is 2D giving the illusion of 3D; sculpture actually is 3D Cubi VI, David Smith, 1963 Onement 1, Barnett Newman, 1948 (Zip painting) Detail of Figure, Richard Stankiewicz, 1956 Number One, Jackson Pollock, 1949 Zip painting: zips define the spatial structure of the painting, simultaneously dividing and uniting the composition of variegated color fields
  • 19. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Minimalism & Modernism 1960-1970  Art stripped to its essentials  Medium purification  An artwork adhering to the specific stylistic properties of its medium (Lessing, 1776) Ryōan-ji dry garden, Morigami Shouyo, 2015 Untitled, Donald Judd, 1969 Free Ride, Tony Smith, 1962 Black Square, Kazimir Malevich, 1915 18
  • 20. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 19 Conceptualism 1960+ (political) We can make rain but no one came to ask, The Atlas Group, 2004
  • 21. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Conceptualism 1960+ (political)  Iconic work of social criticism, challenging the concept of art, and presenting a new way of seeing everyday life  Collective production P.I.G.S. (Portugal, Italy, Greece, Spain) Burning EURO zone financial crisis, Claire Fontaine, 2014 The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, Damien Hirst, 1991 Gwangju Folly II, Raqs Media Collective, 2012 Wu Ming author collective (formerly Luther Blissett), 2000 The Fabric Workshop, Renee Green, 1992 20
  • 22. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Conceptualism 1960+ (geometric)  Emphasis on the concept and ideas involved in the work before the aesthetics and materials 21 Modular Cube, Sol LeWitt, 1969 and Wall Drawings, 1968-2007 Lebanon, John Hoyland, 2007 Cedars, Walter Yarwood, 1962 (Painters Eleven) Gagosian, Henry Moore, 2012 (contrast of space and solid)
  • 23. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Post-conceptualism 1970+ 22 Soliloquy, Kenny Goldsmith, 1996 Index to the Report: Deciphering Chromosome 16, Sarah Jacobs, 2006 Reading as Art, George Perec, 1974 Source: Andersson, Andrea, Ed. (2018). Postscript: Writing After Conceptual Art. Toronto CA: University of Toronto Press.  Extending conceptual art  Properties  Digital production  Ephemerality  Immersion  Textuality
  • 24. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Digital Art 1990+  Interactive production  Principles  Found materials  Digital domain  Information  Transhumanism  Global awareness 23
  • 25. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Mimicry and Reference Travelers Caught in a Sudden Breeze at Ejiri, Katsushika Hokusai, 1832 24 A Sudden Gust of Wind (after Hokusai), Jeff Wall, 1993  What constitutes novelty?
  • 26. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 25 Napoleon’s March (Campaign of 1812), Edward Tufte, 1970-90 Information Visualization as Art  Information display, data-rich illustration, information design, visual literacy, data communication
  • 27. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 26 Data as Art Data as Culture, Stanza, 2012 Listening Post: Real-Time Data Responsive Environment, Mark Hansen and Ben Rubin, 2001 Data-Tron-1, Ryoji Ikeda, 2010 (Transmediale)
  • 28. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 27 Medical Biology Biomimicry BioArt: Biology as Art
  • 29. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 28 BioArt: Sustainable Urban Agriculture The Algae Opera, Agri, 2012, Victoria & Albert Museum, London  Interactive performance and audience consumption piece  Deep lung capacity of opera singer is perfect morphology for producing CO2 to feed algae in a real-time experiment  Social commentary  Produced by Agri, a collaborative arts group examining the future of agriculture
  • 30. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 29 Transhuman Aesthetics Primo Posthuman, Natasha Vita-More, 2012  Posthuman Imaginaries
  • 31. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Avant-garde: in any Era 30  Experimental, radical, unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society  Aesthetically innovative and pushing limits of acceptability Vocal Recording Artist, Bjork Diary of a Shinjuku Burglar, Tadanori Yokoo, 1968 Cut Piece, Yoko Ono, 1965
  • 32. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 31 White Painting, Robert Rauschenberg, 1951 Avant-garde Music and Art 4’33”, John Cage, 1952 Performed in the absence of deliberate sound; the content of the composition is not four minutes and 33 seconds of silence, but the sounds of the environment heard by the audience during the performance Set décor for John Cage performance of Theater Piece No. 1, 1951 A series of modular canvases, painted entirely in white, which reflect changes in light and the chance effects of shadows in the surrounding space
  • 33. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Themes  Matisse: retinal art (art for the eye)  Duchamp: conceptual art (art for the brain) 32 Fountain, Duchamp, 1917 The Copper Drinking Fountain, Chardin, 1734 Redemptions, Claire Fontaine, 2013
  • 34. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Summary of Aesthetic Periodizations Romanticism 1800-1850 Realism 1850-1860 Impressionism 1870-1900 Expressionism 1900-1930 Cubism 1907-1930 Surrealism 1924-1930 Abstract Expressionism 1940-1950 1940-1990 Minimalism 1960-1970 Conceptualism 1960+ 1900-1950 1800-1900 1990-present Data Art Digital Art BioArt 33
  • 35. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Agenda  Art Periodizations (1800-present)  Philosophy of Art  Conclusion and Implications Remedios Varo, 1955 Tapestry Weavers of the World 34 The Alchemist
  • 36. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory What is Art?  Why do we go to see art exhibitions, galleries, operas, symphonies, concerts, bands, shows?  We are seeking  …an encounter with the new  …an experience of freedom 35 Henri Matisse by Henri Matisse
  • 37. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory  We exercise our freedom by making an aesthetic judgment to attribute meaning to something new 36 Source: Kant, Immanuel. (2007). Critique of Judgment (Analytic of the Beautiful). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.  Determinate judgment  Routine intuition of a familiar object subsumed under an existing concept  Aesthetic (reflective) judgment  The artwork (or the unknown) requires reflection and the derivation of a new concept Kant’s Aesthetic Judgment “What is that?” “Oh, it’s a chair” (I barely noticed) vs. the everyday
  • 38. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Kantian Neuroscience: study supports theory  Being told that an image is an artwork down-regulates (subdues) emotional response  Tendency to “distance” ourselves from the image  Critique of Judgment: detached aesthetic judgment 37 Source: van Dongen et al. (2016). Implicit emotion regulation in the context of viewing artworks. Brain and Cognition. 107:48-54.
  • 39. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Hegel  Art is pressing our self-concept (individual and collective) into materials  Examples: pyramids, Parthenon, skyscrapers, sculpture, snow forts  Prominent in times of crisis and reinvention 38 Parthenon, Athens, 460-406 BCE Khafre’s Pyramid and Great Sphinx of Giza (2500 BCE) Empire State Building, New York City, 1931 Snow Fort
  • 40. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Who are we now? Modern self-conceptualization Cortical Brain Scans Personalized Medicine Imaginaries DNA: CRISPR Gene Editing and mRNA Delivery Quantum Neuroscience 39 Nuclear Medicine and Nanorobots Planetary-scale Imaginaries The Global Citizen (internet) The CryptoCitizen (blockchains) The Quantum Citizen (q-networks) Quantum Aesthetic Imaginaries
  • 41. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory What counts as a Work of Art?  Venue: if displayed in a gallery, it is art  Relation of form and content  Winkelmann: focus on content  Lessing: at least 50% is form  Adorno: “art…is simply identical with form”  Adorno: An artwork has its own law of form (relation between its elements; a principle of self-legislation (freedom), vs. externally-imposed rules)  The autonomous artwork produces meaning out of itself (by acting as a free subject with its own laws) 40 Sources: Adorno. (1997). Aesthetic Theory; Deleuze. (2000). Proust and Signs. Play, Beckett, 1963 Readymade, Duchamp, 1917
  • 42. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Form-Content relation  Form, content, materials, and technique  Adorno: novel materials manipulation  Cannot simply transfer the practice to a new venue, need a new reflection with the materials  Rorty: invent new forms (example: Derrida)  Joan Didion: form-content-technique  “A hill is a transitional accommodation to stress, and ego may be a similar accommodation. A waterfall is a self-correcting maladjustment of stream to structure” (Democracy, 1984, p. 18)  Adam Smith: “esprit systematique” - systemic spirit  Mallarmé: the form is the message  Schoenberg, John Cage, Brian Eno (audio ambiances and soundscapes); McLuhan: “the medium is the message” 41 Yellow, Red, Blue, Kandinsky, 1925 Contingency in time and space Source (Adam Smith): Phillipson, N. (2010). Adam Smith: An Enlightened Life. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.
  • 43. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Other Definitions of Art  Definitions (critical, philosophical, commercial)  Art is an intended object (not just appearing by hazard in nature) – Roger Fry, An Essay in Aesthetics  Art is a way of creating and expressing the element of truth in a culture – Heidegger  Art is making worlds – Brian Eno, sonic landscape creator, 2021  Rorty: invent new genres  Example: foreign policy fiction (Didion)  Art disturbs the slavery of custom, the tyranny of habit, and the reduction of man to the level of a machine - Oscar Wilde 42 Schoenberg atonal Five Orchestral Pieces, Op. Shoes, Van Gogh, discussed by Heidegger in The Origin of the Work of Art
  • 44. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 43 Buddhist Monk Philosopher Chef Jeong Kwan, 2015 Molecular Gastronomy Aesthetic Nourishment  Mindful presence: food as art
  • 45. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Music and Math  Mozart  Expansionary thematic content  One minute variational expansion into 10 minutes  Minor repetitions (4-10 note sequences)  Beethoven  Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony: group theory space group (crystallography) symmetry transformations  Bach  Complex inversions  Modulated pattern  Reversals 44 Source: Bailey, D.H. (2021). Bach as mathematician. Math Scholar. https://mathscholar.org/2021/06/bach-as-mathematician/ Bach, First sonata for solo violin, BWV 1001, 1717-23 Bach, Fugue #16, Book I, The Well-Tempered Clavier, BWV 861. The third bar of the bass clef is an inversion of the main theme in the first two bars, itself constituting a second theme
  • 46. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Philosophy of Theater  Philosophers say catharsis and mimesis  Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Nietzsche  Playwrights and dramaturgists say  The representation of drama on a stage  The world is a stage, life is a role  Seneca, Machiavelli, Lessing, Schiller, Rousseau, Sartre, Camus  Aim is to explore in theatrical contexts  Truth, reality, representation, action and consequences, living the right kind of life  What is theater as an art form?  Relation between text and performance 45 Source: Stern, T. (2013). Theatre and Philosophy. European Journal of Philosophy. 21(1):158-67. Tartuffe (Imposter), Molière, 1664 Hamlet in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead The Plague, Camus, 1947 Expression of freedom in how we react to “the plague”
  • 47. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory  New concepts arise in the cinema  Cinema 1: The movement-image  The presentation of movement itself, seeing the change in the whole from multiple views is the flow of movement  Example: Frenzy, Hitchcock, 1972  Cinema 2: The time-image  The image of time, no longer spatialized, involuntary memory triggers  The world as it is and as screened  The difference “is that the screened world does not exist,” but film “depends on our understanding” of the limitations of the two-dimensional medium (p. 78) Philosophy of Cinema Sources: Deleuze, Gilles. (1986). Cinema 1: The-Movement-Image. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. Deleuze, Gilles. (1989). Cinema 2: The Time-Image. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. Cavell, Stanley. (1971). The World Viewed: Reflections on the Ontology of Film. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. 46 Deleuze Cavell
  • 48. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory The Novel Additional Source: Fforde, J. (2003). The Well of Lost Plots. London: Penguin Books. OralTrad, CaveDaubPro, GreecianUrn, ClayTablet, VellumPlus, Scroll, and then Bool (p. 112) 12-episode streaming video Early “Novel” 17,300 years ago  Meta-genre for narrative and story-telling Contemporary “Novel” The “Novel” “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times…” Tale of Two Cities, Dickens, 1859 Painting, Scrolls 47
  • 49. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Agenda  Art Periodizations (1800-present)  Philosophy of Art  Conclusion and Implications Remedios Varo, 1955 Tapestry Weavers of the World 48 The Alchemist
  • 50. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 49 Montparnasse, Andreas Gursky, 1995 Wheatfields with Crows, Vincent Van Gogh, 1890 Modernity Is the paper enough to hold us? Lianne Charlie, 1990, Yukon First Nations Self-governance Initiative Love in the Time of Cholera, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, 1985 Hysterical Realism Magical Realism White Teeth, Zadie Smith, 2000
  • 51. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory 50 Aesthetic resources contribute broadly to the human endeavor of progress, self-understanding, and science, beyond the immediate experience of art Thesis
  • 52. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Summary  Broad contribution of aesthetic resources  Art provides a venue to explore our self- concept as individuals and societies  Thematic shifts in aesthetics 1800-present  Beauty -> Concept  Exteriority -> Interiority  Representation -> Meaning  Philosophy of art  Aesthetic resources aid in developing narratives especially in times of crisis  Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic modes that do not have to land in logic and cognition 51 Material (SG) I, Yinka Shonibare, 2019 Blue Monochrome, Yves Klein, 1961
  • 53. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Risks  Philosophical, conceptual, aesthetic resources may not have universal application or relevance  Aesthetics are not the first-line application for urgent, concrete, material and immediate impact in real-world problem-solving  But they may help  Aesthetic resources  Oblique, difficult to mobilize  Arbitrary, multiple arrangements  Subjective view expressing 52 In-Appropriate #1, Frank Buffalo Hyde, 2013 Guernica, Picasso, 1937 Easter Island, Moai, 1200
  • 54. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Implication Two Cultures Synthesis  Aesthetic resources: rapprochement in the “Two Cultures” problem  CP Snow 1959: separate cultures of the sciences and the humanities, necessary integration for modern problem-solving and national competitiveness  Catherine the Great  Educated persons are trained in art and science (Memoir, 1729-1796)  Founded the Smolny Institute, 1764, per the ideas of Locke and Voltaire, noticing the contribution of educated women to Enlightenment culture and knowledge 53 Source: Catherine the Great. (2005). The Memoirs of Catherine the Great. Trans. Mark Cruse, Hilde Hoogenboom. New York: Modern Library. The Smolny Institute, 1764 (first European state higher education institution for women) The Thinker, Rodin, 1879-89
  • 55. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Example: Moby-Dick (1851) 54  Singular genre of poetry and praxis  Captures the heart and the intellect through the imagination  Melville:  Praxis: “The whaling voyage is a strange sort of a book; blubber is blubber tho’ you may get oil out of it”  Poetry: “The book is a romance of adventure, founded upon wild legends in the Southern Sperm Whale Fisheries” Sources: Oriental Repose. Baleinier au Mouillage (Whaler at anchor) colored lithograph drawn by Jean-Baptiste-Henri Durand-Brager (1814-1879), Garneray’s Sperm Whaling Scene: Peche du Cachalot. Cachalot Fishery. Aquatint by Ambroise Louis Garneray (1783-1857).
  • 56. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Moby-Dick: Poetry and Praxis 55  Praxis: previously representation only by myth  Though elephants have stood for their full-lengths, the living Leviathan has never yet floated for his portrait  The living whale, in his full majesty, is only seen at sea in unfathomable waters; the vast bulk of him out of sight  The only way to derive a tolerable idea of his living contour is by going a whaling yourself Source: Melville, Moby-Dick, 1851, Chapters 55 and 56: “Of the Monstrous Pictures of Whales” and “Of the Less Erroneous Pictures of Whales, and the True Pictures of Whaling Scenes”  Poetry: A portentous, black mass of something hovering in a nameless yeast. A boggy, soggy, squitchy picture truly…
  • 57. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Propose Kantian Theory of Aesthetic Knowing 56 Understanding Imagination Sensibility Imagination Aesthetics Object Recognition Aesthetic Knowing  Kant must integrate diverse temporal regimes  Intermediary faculty of imagination needed to join diverse temporal regimes in both cognition (sensibility and understanding - Critique of Pure Reason) and aesthetics (verbal and visual; image and text - Critique of Judgment)  Derive Kantian Theory of Aesthetic Knowing  Extend Critique of Pure Reason with additional two-stem theory of knowing: relies on aesthetics and intellect  An emotionally-installed understanding is a superior form of intellectual understanding (poetry and praxis) Intellect Imagination Visual (image, painting) Ekphrasis Verbal (text, musical work) Eternal Perdurant Snapshot Perdurant Perdurant Snapshot Perdurant Perdurant Snapshot Temporal Regime Faculties Domain Knowing has both an aesthetic and a cognitive aspect Sources: Swan, M. (2020). Kant and Hegel's Philosophical Thirds: A New Perspective on Explaining Appearances. Swan, M. (2020). Philosophy of Time: Perspectives in Science and Aesthetics.
  • 58. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Philosophical Contribution of Aesthetics  Van Gogh “is an artist and a thinker, every one of his works contains an idea that flashes on the eye of the viewer” – E. Bernard (painter colleague)  The Bedroom: “Looking at the painting should rest the mind, or rather the imagination” – Van Gogh  Starry Night: dusk, twilight, and night provides comfort and peace from the commotion of the day Source: Heiligman, (2017). Vincent and Theo: The Van Gogh Brothers. Starry Night, 1889 The Bedroom, 1888 57
  • 59. Houston TX, August 26, 2021 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan, PhD Thank you! Questions? Art Theory Talk: Two Cultures Synthesis of Art and Science
  • 60. The Power of Arizona, Winston Harrell Jr., 2015 Digital Mona Lisa, Lilian Schwartz, 1985 Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, Bruegel the Elder, 1560 Laocoön and His Sons, (found) Vatican, 1506 Lascaux, France, 17,000 y.a. Virtual Choir 3, Water Night, Eric Whitacre, 2012 Bach, First sonata for solo violin, BWV 1001, 1717-23
  • 61. 26 Aug 2021 Art Theory Famous Paintings 60 Girl with a Pearl Earring, Vermeer, 1665 Girl with a Pear Earring …and the not so well known