Hy consolidation of 1 6 research


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Hy consolidation of 1 6 research

  1. 1. 1. Some Chinese Provinces are Larger than Major Countries<br />The difficulty of governing China's population as well as managing its economic and social development is underscored if one appreciates the population of many of China's provinces and compares them to nations elsewhere in the world.<br />Some Chinese Provinces and Their PopulationsSome Major Countries and Their PopulationsSichuan (including Chongqing), 107 millionNigeria, 96 million Mexico, 92 millionHenan, 85 million Shandong, 84 millionGermany, 81 millionJiangsu, 67 millionPhilippines, 67 millionHebei, 61 millionIran, 63 millionHunan, 61 million Anhui, 56 millionEgypt, 58 millionHubei, 54 millionItaly, 58 million United Kingdom, 58 million France, 57.3 million<br /> <br />http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/special/china_1950_population.htm<br />Urban and Rural Population in China, 1978 and 2002Source: China Statistical Yearbook, 2003, Table 13-3 (p. 413) and Table 4-1 (p. 97)Notes: Data in this table exclude the population of Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR and Taiwan.Survey-based population estimates for 2002 have been calculated on the basis of the annual national sample survey on population (which is corrected on the basis of the population census). Hukou-based population estimates are calculated on the basis of China's household registration system. It still uses the town classification standards of 1964, which also include rural population in what is now established towns.<br />http://www.china-profile.com/data/tab_rurpop_1.htm<br />Proofs that China can afford free education for all<br />2. China Strives for Free Compulsory Education for All<br />At the end of 2005, the Chinese government announced it would invest 125.4 billion yuan (US$15.6 billion) over the next five years to foot the bill for compulsory education in rural areas, making sure every rural child has the opportunity for a free nine-year education.<br />Beijing invested 3.69 billion yuan (US$461.3 million) on schools in 12 western provinces including Yunnan and Sichuan to cover the school fees before the start of 2006 spring semester.<br />The plan is to extend the scheme to China's central and eastern areas, with 148 million primary and junior school students receiving a free education in 2007. By 2008, all the fees for rural China's 400, 000 elementary and junior schools will be shouldered by central and local governments. Local governments have been ordered to pay a minimum 92.8 billion yuan (US$11.6 billion) over the next five years, bringing the total spending to a potential 212.8 billion yuan (US$26.6 billion).<br />In addition, students from poor farming families in key counties included in the national poverty alleviation plan will be provided with free textbooks and exempted from paying miscellaneous fees. Boarding students will receive a living allowance.<br />"This policy is a milestone for China's century-old compulsory education, moving from an era where farmers support compulsory education into one where the government shoulders all the responsibility," said Zhou Ji, China's education minister.’<br />http://www.chinese-embassy.org.uk/eng/zt/Features/t274370.htm<br />some foundations that offer non-profit education<br />Mona Foundation (http://www.monafoundation.org/project-view.php?id=18)<br />Rural China Education Foundation(RCEF)(http://www.ruralchina.org/?gclid=CP-Z6OKXmakCFYUa6wodaxlDtg)<br />3. China is to abolish tuition and other fees for 150 million rural students, in a bid to narrow the gap between wealthy coastal provinces and poorer regions.<br /> <br />4. http://www.slideshare.net/isc/china-population-policies?from=share_email_logout1<br />Sex ratio under 15 years old: 118 male/100 female<br />Infant mortality rate – total:23% male:21% female:26%<br />During Mao Zedong’s rule, population policy of China was “the more people, the stronger we are”, leading to overpopulation. <br />In the 1970s the Chinese government had issued three policies to reduce the birth rate:<br />1 Late marriage – men were encouraged to marry no earlier than 28 years old (25 in rural areas) and women no earlier than 25 years old (23 in rural areas). <br />2 Longer spacing between births – couples were encouraged to allow at least a four-year gap after the first child before having another baby.<br />3 Fewer children – it was suggested that urban families should be limited to two children, and rural families to three children.<br />In 1979 the authorities tightened their control and limited households to only one child. <br />The goal of this policy was to limit China’s population to 1.2 billion by the year 2000.<br />5. Proof that China couples want more children<br />6. Evidence that…<br />7. <br />8. Evidence that working population<elderly population<br />