Essay 3


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Essay 3

  1. 1. By: Kaitlyn MullinsMay 13, 2013
  2. 2.  2,000 mile journey 4-6 months In a 39 year period, more than 50,000 people traveledthe Oregon Trail By: Himani PatelSnapshot
  3. 3.  “The first emigrants to go to Oregon in a covered wagon were Marcus andNarcissa Whitman who made the trip in 1836. But the big wave of westernmigration did not start until 1843, when about a thousand pioneers made thejourney.” (Trinklein and Boettcher) Big Migration wave started in 1843 (Trinklein and Boettcher)How’d it Start?
  4. 4.  The route was from modern day followed the curvesof the Platte, it crossed over flat land and mountainsalike. The trail went through the modern day statesof Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho,and eventually reaching Oregon. (Trinklein andBoettcher)The Route“A 2,000 mile walk or a year-long boat ride”
  5. 5.
  6. 6. The territories during the Oregon Trail
  7. 7.  "In procuring supplies for this journey, the emigrantshould provide himself with, at least, 200 pounds offlour, 150 pounds of bacon; ten pounds of coffee;twenty pounds of sugar; and ten pounds of salt.“ Lansford Hasting (emigrant)Packing List: What toBring
  8. 8.  Could you imagine packing up a wagon, only able totake items that would fit, and making a 2,000 miletrip to a place that you were unsure would even bebetter than what you had now? “Everyone had said goodbye to relatives, friends,teachers, and homes. These families were joining awagon train to Oregon Country. They all haddreams of getting free land, building new homes,and starting new farms. They gave up almosteverything to follow this dream.” (Isaacs)Leaving Home
  9. 9.  Native Americans were thought to be a hindrance to those apart of theOregon Trail. However, Natives helped the travelers by providingtheir knowledge of ways to survive in the harsh conditions. (Trinkleinand Boettcher) “Most of the encounters with Native Americans were simple businesstransactions. The emigrants offered clothes, tobacco or rifles, inexchange for Native American horses or food.” (Trinklein andBoettcher)Giving a Helping Hand
  10. 10.  After a few years the relationship between thepioneers and Native Americans was still well, untilemigrants overstepped their bounds. One sourcesaid, “emigrants had overgrazed the prairie grasses,burned all the available firewood, and depleted thebuffalo. Soon many tribes along the Platte wereimpoverished.” (Trinklein and Boettcher) Soon massacres broke out. For example the Grattanand Bear River Massacres. PointOpen hyperlink to learn more aboutthese historic battles.
  11. 11. Life on the TrailLife on the Oregon Trail was not the fun road trip that many of usenjoy today. This “road trip” was rough. The settlers faced manyhardships such as sickness, harsh weather conditions, and havingto do with out luxuries.
  12. 12. Sickness Common Diseases Measles Typhoid Fever Mountain Fever Cholera "One woman and two men lay dead onthe grass and some more ready to die.Women and children crying, somehunting medicine and none to be found.With heartfelt sorrow, we looked aroundfor some time until I felt unwell myself.Got up and moved forward one mile, soas to be out of hearing of crying andsuffering.“ Emigrant John Clark: "We camped at a place where a womanhad been buried and the wolves dug herup.Her hair was there with a comb stillin it. She had been buried too shallow. Itseems a dreadful fate, but what is thedifference? One cannot feel after thespirit is flown.“ Emigrant Agnes Stewart:Hear from historian(Trinklein and Boettcher)
  13. 13. Injuries/Accidents Most injuries wereminor such as: Shooting accidents Drowning Wagon Wheels Animal attacks However, some weredeadly "A little boy fell overthe front end of thewagon during ourjourney. In his case, thegreat wheels rolledover the childs head----crushing it to pieces." Edward Lenox(Trinklein and Boettcher)(Patel)
  14. 14.  The best time of year to make the 2,000 mile journeywest was between April and September. The weather was always unpredictable and often thecause of accidents. Great thunderstorms took their toll. A half-dozen emigrants were killed bylightning strikes; many others were injured by hail the size of apples. Poundingrains were especially difficult for the emigrants because there was no shelter onthe open plains and the covered wagons eventually leaked. (Trinklein andBoettcher) “Monday, July 8: It rained considerably during the night. Mr. Frink was onguard until two o’ clock, when he returned to camp bringing the startling news,that for some unknown cause, the horses had stampeded.” Excerpt from Margaret A. FrinkWeather Oregon/California Trail Center at Montpelier, Idaho)
  15. 15.  River Crossings: no boats or ferries to ride across theriver. Pioneers had to drive their wagons, oxen,horses, families, and supplies through the river. Walking: the wagons were usually so overfilled thatmost members of the family would walk; and doingso with no shoes on rough roads could wear on abody after a while. Plus it’s 2,000 miles! Technology: the trip was made without iPods,television, GPS, or air condoning…imagine that.Doing Without Luxuries(Trinklein and Boettcher)Windows clipart
  16. 16.  Wrote journals Cards Musical instruments Checkers DancesEntertainment(Patel)(“Social Studies: The Oregon Trail”)
  17. 17.  Most families used small farm wagons Front wheels were smaller than the back in order tohelp with steering and making turns Cotton covers were normally kept closed to keep outdust and insects “The wagon box measured only four feet by ten feet.Most emigrants loaded them to the brim with food,farm implements and furniture--often over a ton ofcargo.” (Trinklein and Boettcher)Wagons(Trinklein andBoettcher)
  18. 18.  “Oxen were the animals chosen for pulling thewagons. They grazed the prairie grasses and sagefound along the trail and needed little water. Theirmain drawback was that they were slow, sometimesmaking only 2 miles in an hour.” (Social Studies: The Oregon Trail)Oxen
  19. 19.  Dirt trail Dusty Tall grass that had to be cut townThe Road
  20. 20.  (National Oregon/California Trail Center at Montpelier, Idaho)One Day at a TimeOpenhyperlink tosee theaverageschedule of apioneer onthe OregonTrail
  21. 21. Quotes from Pioneers
  22. 22.  "A multitude of shops had sprung up to furnish emigrants withnecessaries for the journey. The streets were thronged with men,horses and mules. There was an incessant hammering and bangingfrom a dozen blacksmiths sheds, where the heavy wagons were beingrepaired, and the horses and oxen shod. While I was in the town, atrain of emigrant wagons from Illinois passed through--a multitude ofhealthy childrens faces were peeking out from under the covers of thewagons.“ Emigrant/author Francis ParkmanFrancis Parkman
  23. 23.  July 18: “Traveled up Thomas’ fork of the Bear river, twelve miles tothe ford and encamped on the west bank. Country nice and streamsfull of fish. Some good farms might be made along here, as the valleysare rich and the mountains high enough to preserve an eveness oftemperature and supply of sufficiency of timber. July 19: “This day drove 25 miles over a mountainous, picturesquecountry, possessed of rich valleys, beautiful springs, and streamsabounding with fish. Timber is, however, scarce for to supply thedemands of a farmer.”Journal entries from J.T.Kerns
  24. 24.  During the mad rush of migration west, a group ofreligious leaders decided to make the journey as well(Patel) They were members of the Church of Latter DaySaints(Patel) Their journey became known as the Mormon Trail “Hoped that people would be left to follow theirfaith in peace in the west.” (Patel)Religion
  25. 25.  Adams, J.D. "Oregon Trail: Trail to Oregon." Oregon Trail: Trail to Oregon. N.p., n.d.Web. 15 May 2013.<> "Cholera." WHO. World Health Organization, July 2012. Web. 15 May 2013.<> "Dangers - The Oregon Trail." Dangers - The Oregon Trail. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May2013.<> Map, Oregon National Historic Trail Topographical. "Maps." National Parks Service.National Parks Service, 22 Apr. 2013. Web. 15 May 2013.<> "National Oregon/California Trail Center at Montpelier, Idaho." Historic Trails.National Oregon/California Trail Center at Montpelier, Idaho, n.d. Web. 14May 2013.<>Bibliography
  26. 26.  "Ontario, OR Signage." Ontario, OR Signage. OTCC Interpretive Kiosk, n.d. Web. 14 May2013.<> Patel, Himani. "Copy of Trails West - The Oregon Trail & The Mormon Trail." The OregonTrail and the Mormon Trail. Prezi, 18 Feb. 2013. Web. 14 May 2013.<> "Social Studies: The Oregon Trail." Social Studies: The Oregon Trail. Pacific NorthwestJourneys of Discovery, 2005. Web. 15 May 2013.<> Sparks, Larry, perf. "Back Roads." Rec. 2009. Almost Home. Larry Sparks and theLonesome Ramblers. 2011. CD. "The Journey West." Trip West. Roots Web, n.d. Web. 14 May 2013.<> Trinklein, Mike, and Steve Boettcher. “The Oregon Trail." Home. N.p., 2012. Web. 13 May 2013.<>Bibliography Continued