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Chatbot history
STATE OF THE ART OF CHATBOTS
PRESENTED BY: HWERBI KHOULOUD
HWERBI@HOTMAIL.COM
Global
vision
Eliza: A psychotherapist/ Pre-Programmed Rule1966
Mitsuky: General Talk/ AIML + ML2005
Appel’s Siri: Virtual Assistant2010/2011
ALICE: General Talk/ AIML1995
Parry: A paranoid Person/ Same as Eliza1972
Google Assistant: Virtual Assistant2016
IBM Watson: Virtual Assistant/ AIML + ML2006
Amazon Alexa, Microsoft Cortana: Virtual Assistant2015
Eliza
• The first chatbot Eliza appeared in 1966. Eliza is a
rule-based chatbot, which was designed to mimic
a psychotherapist...
PARRY
• in 1972, Parry was developed; it was described as Eliza with attitude. Since it was a
modified version of Eliza that could express emotions such as fear and anger. the
goal of parry was to show how technology could be used to imitate a person with
mental problems
ALICE
• ALICE or Artificial Linguistic Internet Chat Entity was developed in 1995 by Richard Wallac. Its
developer has handwritten a database of thousands of possible conversations. Alice uses AIML
technology
Mitsuku
• Mitsuku won the Turing test 5 times in 2013, 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019. It was
designed for general typed conversation based on rules written in AIML.
IBM watson
• Watson, is a rules-based conversational agent, developed in
2006 by an IBM team as part of the DeepQA project. The
Agent is a Question-Answer framework was designed
specifically to win the American TV show Jeopardy.
Apple Siri
• Apple released Siri in 2011 Since then, several Intelligent
Personal Assistants (IPAs) have been built and introduced
to the market. Siri is a virtual assistant specifically
available on Apple products and has access to Apple
applications.
Amazon Alexa
• Amazon Alexa, also known as Alexa, is a virtual assistant AI
technology developed by Amazon in November 2014, first used in
Amazon Echo smart speakers and then Alexa became the voice
service that powers many Amazon devices like Dot, Spot, Show,
and Amazon Fire TV.
Microsoft Cortana
• Cortana is the name of the intelligent personal assistant and
knowledge browser for Windows Mobile and Windows 10. Cortana
was introduced for the first time at the Microsoft BUILD Developer
Conference in April 2014 in San Francisco. He is named after
Cortana, a synthetic intelligence character from Microsoft's Halo
video game franchise, written in C.
Google Assistant
• Google Assistant is Google's artificial intelligence announced at the Google I/O conference in May 2016.
In line with Alexa, the assistant created by Amazon, or Apple's Siri, Google Assistant is not the first
attempt Google on the subject. Its predecessor, Google Now, already made it possible to make requests
via voice recognition on compatible devices.

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Chatbot History

  • 1. Chatbot history STATE OF THE ART OF CHATBOTS PRESENTED BY: HWERBI KHOULOUD HWERBI@HOTMAIL.COM
  • 2. Global vision Eliza: A psychotherapist/ Pre-Programmed Rule1966 Mitsuky: General Talk/ AIML + ML2005 Appel’s Siri: Virtual Assistant2010/2011 ALICE: General Talk/ AIML1995 Parry: A paranoid Person/ Same as Eliza1972 Google Assistant: Virtual Assistant2016 IBM Watson: Virtual Assistant/ AIML + ML2006 Amazon Alexa, Microsoft Cortana: Virtual Assistant2015
  • 3. Eliza • The first chatbot Eliza appeared in 1966. Eliza is a rule-based chatbot, which was designed to mimic a psychotherapist...
  • 4. PARRY • in 1972, Parry was developed; it was described as Eliza with attitude. Since it was a modified version of Eliza that could express emotions such as fear and anger. the goal of parry was to show how technology could be used to imitate a person with mental problems
  • 5. ALICE • ALICE or Artificial Linguistic Internet Chat Entity was developed in 1995 by Richard Wallac. Its developer has handwritten a database of thousands of possible conversations. Alice uses AIML technology
  • 6. Mitsuku • Mitsuku won the Turing test 5 times in 2013, 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019. It was designed for general typed conversation based on rules written in AIML.
  • 7. IBM watson • Watson, is a rules-based conversational agent, developed in 2006 by an IBM team as part of the DeepQA project. The Agent is a Question-Answer framework was designed specifically to win the American TV show Jeopardy.
  • 8. Apple Siri • Apple released Siri in 2011 Since then, several Intelligent Personal Assistants (IPAs) have been built and introduced to the market. Siri is a virtual assistant specifically available on Apple products and has access to Apple applications.
  • 9. Amazon Alexa • Amazon Alexa, also known as Alexa, is a virtual assistant AI technology developed by Amazon in November 2014, first used in Amazon Echo smart speakers and then Alexa became the voice service that powers many Amazon devices like Dot, Spot, Show, and Amazon Fire TV.
  • 10. Microsoft Cortana • Cortana is the name of the intelligent personal assistant and knowledge browser for Windows Mobile and Windows 10. Cortana was introduced for the first time at the Microsoft BUILD Developer Conference in April 2014 in San Francisco. He is named after Cortana, a synthetic intelligence character from Microsoft's Halo video game franchise, written in C.
  • 11. Google Assistant • Google Assistant is Google's artificial intelligence announced at the Google I/O conference in May 2016. In line with Alexa, the assistant created by Amazon, or Apple's Siri, Google Assistant is not the first attempt Google on the subject. Its predecessor, Google Now, already made it possible to make requests via voice recognition on compatible devices.