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Artificial Intelligence
Presenter
NALINI M
Technical Specialist
IBM India Pvt., Chennai.
Strong AI
Narrow AI
What is AI
• Artificial intelligence means creating computing systems that have
the ability to perform tasks like humans or even better than
humans.
• It is a field of computer science that develops machines or
software having human intelligence such as speech recognition,
decision making, and translation abilities.
Doesn’t have any intelligence or self awareness.
Limited perspectives and learnings.
Dedicated for a task
Machine think like a human by its own.
Currently there is no system exists
Lot of research going on this area.
Source: https://mapr.com
C a t e g o r i e s o f A I
Super AI Under Research Nick Bostrom describes it, this is “an intellect that is much smarter than the best
human brains in practically every field, including scientific creativity, general
wisdom, and social skills.”
• Astronomy
• Healthcare
• Transport
• Agriculture
• Education
• E-Commerce
• Entertainment
• Robotics
• Automotive
• Social Media
• Data Security
• Finance
• Gaming
A I A p p l i c a t i o n s
AI Ap p li cati ons and Focu s Are as
• General Intelligence
• Knowledge
• Motion and Manipulation
• Natural Language Processing
• Perception
• Planning
• Reasoning and Problem Solving
Fo c u s A r e a o f A I
1940
Modern
Computer
1950
Statistics &
Machine Learning
1956
Artificial
Intelligence
1960 - 1970
NLP
Computer
Vision
Robotics
1990-2000
Data
Mining
Data
Science
2010-Now
Deep
Learning
Cognitive
Computing
1943 – Evolution of
Artificial
Intelligence
1950 – Invention of
Turing machine
1956 - Coinage of the
word Artificial Intelligence
1964 - First ChatBot
ELIZA
1997 -IBM Deep Blue
to beat World chess
champion.
2011 – IBM Watson won
Jeopardy
2012 - Launch of Google
Now
2018 – Virtual Assistant Era
Artificial Intelligence Timeline
Turing Test
• The Turing Test, named for the British
mathematician Alan Turing.
• It is designed to check whether the machine can
think like human.
• Eugene Goostman, which simulates a 13-year-old
Ukrainian boy, is said to have passed the Turing
test
• It is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI)
for determining whether or not a computer is
capable of thinking like a human being.
Turing Test may hold great possibilities of measuring general intelligence, but scientific
community focuses more on objective ways to measure AI in very specific settings, such
as computer vision tasks, voice recognition and so forth
6
What is AI, ML, DL & Cognitive Computing
Cognitive Computing
This is a new type of computing with the goal of
more accurate models of how the human brain/mind
senses, reasons and responds. Mimics the
functioning of human brain and helps to improve
human decision making
ML
AI
DL
Cognitive computing (CC)
Simulation of human
thought processes in a
computer model.
Interactive decision
making and reasoning on
deep domain models
Using self-learning
algorithms that use data
mining, pattern
recognition and natural
language processing.
The computer can mimic
the way the human brain
works.
Using Artificial
Intelligence and Machine
learning tools.
7
UNDERSTAND
• Ability to understand structured
and unstructured data
• Text Based or Sensory Based
Context and Meaning 8
Watson – An IBM Cognitive Platform
REASON
• Ability to form hypothesis
• Prioritize recommendations
• Helps human to take better
decisions
LEARN
• Accumulate and ingest data and
insight from all interactions
• Trained not programmed, by
experts to enhance, scale and
accelerate their expertise
Domains & Solutions
• Vision
• Text to Speech
• Video
• Chatbot
• Translation
• Healthcare
• Clinical Trials
• Genomic
• Oncology
• Drug Discovery
• Many More…
I am a Giant Server 
Watson APIs & AI Capabilities
Watson – Demo
IBM Cloud -> https://cloud.ibm.com/developer/watson/dashboard
10
Where do I start?
https://developer.ibm.com/technologies/artificial-intelligence/gettingstarted/
https://www.ibm.com/services/learning/ZAOBIUFZBM2RQD4U
https://ai.google/education/
https://www.coursera.org/learn/machine-learning
https://www.classcentral.com/course/independent-fundamentals-of-deep-learning-for-computer-vision-10730
https://www.kaggle.com/
https://www.research.ibm.com/artificial-intelligence/
https://www.ibm.org/activities/tjbot
https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-test/
https://aiforgood.itu.int/
11
• Pick any problem you want the solution (e.g. climate change, covid19)
• Find the easy solution to the problem using simple models
• Try to improve your solution model
• Using this experience participate Kaggle competition or hackathons.
• Follow your passion!
References>>
Q & A
12
References for Watson Studio
13
14
AI

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AI

  • 1. Artificial Intelligence Presenter NALINI M Technical Specialist IBM India Pvt., Chennai.
  • 2. Strong AI Narrow AI What is AI • Artificial intelligence means creating computing systems that have the ability to perform tasks like humans or even better than humans. • It is a field of computer science that develops machines or software having human intelligence such as speech recognition, decision making, and translation abilities. Doesn’t have any intelligence or self awareness. Limited perspectives and learnings. Dedicated for a task Machine think like a human by its own. Currently there is no system exists Lot of research going on this area. Source: https://mapr.com C a t e g o r i e s o f A I Super AI Under Research Nick Bostrom describes it, this is “an intellect that is much smarter than the best human brains in practically every field, including scientific creativity, general wisdom, and social skills.”
  • 3. • Astronomy • Healthcare • Transport • Agriculture • Education • E-Commerce • Entertainment • Robotics • Automotive • Social Media • Data Security • Finance • Gaming A I A p p l i c a t i o n s AI Ap p li cati ons and Focu s Are as • General Intelligence • Knowledge • Motion and Manipulation • Natural Language Processing • Perception • Planning • Reasoning and Problem Solving Fo c u s A r e a o f A I
  • 4. 1940 Modern Computer 1950 Statistics & Machine Learning 1956 Artificial Intelligence 1960 - 1970 NLP Computer Vision Robotics 1990-2000 Data Mining Data Science 2010-Now Deep Learning Cognitive Computing 1943 – Evolution of Artificial Intelligence 1950 – Invention of Turing machine 1956 - Coinage of the word Artificial Intelligence 1964 - First ChatBot ELIZA 1997 -IBM Deep Blue to beat World chess champion. 2011 – IBM Watson won Jeopardy 2012 - Launch of Google Now 2018 – Virtual Assistant Era Artificial Intelligence Timeline
  • 5. Turing Test • The Turing Test, named for the British mathematician Alan Turing. • It is designed to check whether the machine can think like human. • Eugene Goostman, which simulates a 13-year-old Ukrainian boy, is said to have passed the Turing test • It is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being. Turing Test may hold great possibilities of measuring general intelligence, but scientific community focuses more on objective ways to measure AI in very specific settings, such as computer vision tasks, voice recognition and so forth
  • 6. 6 What is AI, ML, DL & Cognitive Computing Cognitive Computing This is a new type of computing with the goal of more accurate models of how the human brain/mind senses, reasons and responds. Mimics the functioning of human brain and helps to improve human decision making ML AI DL
  • 7. Cognitive computing (CC) Simulation of human thought processes in a computer model. Interactive decision making and reasoning on deep domain models Using self-learning algorithms that use data mining, pattern recognition and natural language processing. The computer can mimic the way the human brain works. Using Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning tools. 7
  • 8. UNDERSTAND • Ability to understand structured and unstructured data • Text Based or Sensory Based Context and Meaning 8 Watson – An IBM Cognitive Platform REASON • Ability to form hypothesis • Prioritize recommendations • Helps human to take better decisions LEARN • Accumulate and ingest data and insight from all interactions • Trained not programmed, by experts to enhance, scale and accelerate their expertise Domains & Solutions • Vision • Text to Speech • Video • Chatbot • Translation • Healthcare • Clinical Trials • Genomic • Oncology • Drug Discovery • Many More… I am a Giant Server 
  • 9. Watson APIs & AI Capabilities
  • 10. Watson – Demo IBM Cloud -> https://cloud.ibm.com/developer/watson/dashboard 10
  • 11. Where do I start? https://developer.ibm.com/technologies/artificial-intelligence/gettingstarted/ https://www.ibm.com/services/learning/ZAOBIUFZBM2RQD4U https://ai.google/education/ https://www.coursera.org/learn/machine-learning https://www.classcentral.com/course/independent-fundamentals-of-deep-learning-for-computer-vision-10730 https://www.kaggle.com/ https://www.research.ibm.com/artificial-intelligence/ https://www.ibm.org/activities/tjbot https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-test/ https://aiforgood.itu.int/ 11 • Pick any problem you want the solution (e.g. climate change, covid19) • Find the easy solution to the problem using simple models • Try to improve your solution model • Using this experience participate Kaggle competition or hackathons. • Follow your passion! References>>
  • 14. 14