Role of Information &Communication Technology in PGR Future Kheder Durah, Ph.D. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, CWANA Regional Office
Content 1. International Treaties 2. Documenting PGR Knowledge 3. Agro Biodiversity Knowledge CenterIPGRI-Aleppo University-Supreme Council of Science WORKSHOP 6-8 July 2003, Aleppo University
International Treaties1. Global Plan of Action – FAO 1996, Activity 17 “Constructing Comprehensive Information Systems for PGR for Food and Agriculture”, Articles: 12, 13, 17, 258, 260, 261, 262, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 273, 274, 275, 276, 278.2. Convention of Biological diversity, Articles 7, 8, 17. Can be summarized as ‘Increased access to and better management and utilization of PGR assembly, exchange and provision of useful information via data exchange networks and through the development of PGR information systems at the National and facility levels’.
The way forward 1. Great scope to enhance nutritional security and income generation through the use of PGR. 2. Ample opportunities exist BUT multi-stakeholder partnership along the holistic filiere is essential to move forward the Agenda. 3. Training efforts are needed to enhance capacities at all levels (from Community members to University students) 4. Creation of a “Market Intelligence” for PGR in support of Community-driven initiatives is most strategic. 5. Raising awareness of policy makers on role of PGR is essential to lobby for needed support in promoting these species. 6. Education of younger generations in appreciating and conserving this important component of Agrobiodiversity is also imperative.Carob tree By Stefano Padolusi
What is Documentation? • Generic Definition “written things about something”..!!! • The collection of published and un-published works.. • Recording of the facts about on-going recent events.. • The act of recording information or the act of collecting and organizing documents.Documentation Process* Determining what information is needed;* Establishing means for acquiring it;* Recording the discovered information and store such in appropriate containers (called documents);* OR collecting existing documents containing the needed information;* Organizing the documents to make them more accessible;* Providing the documents to users who need the information.
Why Documentation? To address future needs. People who need certain information will need documents that they can refer back to.
How To Document• Activities in PGR Conservation: – Survey (Echo-Geographic, Remote Sensing) – Collection (Seed, Vegetative & IK) – Characterization (Using Descriptor List, Botanical) – Evaluation (Deep characterization, yield production and nutrition) – Documentation (Electronic Format, store, retrieve, disseminate, share and collaborate) – Conservation (Ex-situ, In-situ) – Distribution (By Request and Provision) – Regeneration/ Multiplication ( to manage variability)• Activities in PGR Use: – Use by Breeders (crop improvement); – Use by Farmers (Growers); – Use by Crop Consumers.
Knowledge Networking• Knowledge is “what people Know”.• Network is “sharing resources”.• Knowledge Network is : “Sharing What People Know”.
The Challenge Farmers generate and use thousands ofIdeas and Experiences in the course of theiractivities. Administering This Knowledge and finding therelevant information when required is time-consuming and often ineffective and for surenon sustainable. Important experience go missing asindividuals pass away. One African say that“When a farmer dies, a library is burned”.
Having a sustainable knowledge management tool isthe key solution to address the challenge of capturingIndigenous knowledge, analyzing it and share it in acollaborative manner.IPGRI CWANA Regional Office Developed GRIS in theyear 2002, Which is an effective modeling tool toCapture Indigenous Knowledge , analyze and shareamong National Programs.