A global information andknowledge sharing approach to  facilitate the use of Musa       genetic resources   Roux, N., Van ...
Importance of Musa spp.Among the most important basic food crop for 400 Million people  World dessert banana production   ...
What are the challenges in banana ?Overcoming      Pest, diseases   Consumer  breeding      and other        needs and  co...
Use of genetic diversity• Crucial component of any strategy to make  agricultural production systems more  sustainable:  –...
Understanding of Musa diversityA comprehensive understanding of the existing Musa  diversity, and its potential uses, is t...
But we are losing genetic diversity• Assessment of 7 wild Musa species (IUCN listing):• 6 critically endangered (CR), 1 en...
We are losing genesThese endangered wild species may carry genes thatconfer resistance to Foc TR4, make plants more drough...
MusaNet     The Global Musa Genetic Resources Network                   What is it about ?Providing a collaborative framew...
Model of collaboration:   Global System
Consultation Workshop        Montpellier, 28 Feb. to 3rd March 201147 Curators, pathologists, breeders, molecularbiologist...
Goal of MusaNetTo build upon existing strengthsin the global, regional andnational collections to optimizeeffort to conser...
Network of Musa GR expertsCharacterization                   Evaluation                                Conservation       ...
MusaNet structure
Actions in diversity: Gap fillingDiversity                             Saveguard              International Transit Centre...
Collecting missions in Africa• Collecting   – in RDC   – in Tanzania   – in Kenya
Actions in Conservation:Safe movement of germplasm   Available       Access
Trans-regions collaboration toovercome the problem of BBTV- Partnership with producers to obtain virus-free plant  materia...
Actions in Information:User friendly MGIS  Pisang kepok ITC0692 on MGIS online database
Pisang kepok ITC0692 on MGIS Database
Stress descriptors for Chuoi Tay in Phu Ho collection (Vietnam)
Network of Musa GR experts
www.musanet.org
http://www.promusa.org/musapedia
A global framework                             Study at       Thematic group 3   genetic/genomic   Thematic group 1       ...
Roux - A global information and knowledge sharing approach to facilitate the use of Musa genetic resources
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Roux - A global information and knowledge sharing approach to facilitate the use of Musa genetic resources

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Presentation delivered at the CIALCA international conference 'Challenges and Opportunities to the agricultural intensification of the humid highland systems of sub-Saharan Africa'. Kigali, Rwanda, October 24-27 2011.

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Roux - A global information and knowledge sharing approach to facilitate the use of Musa genetic resources

  1. 1. A global information andknowledge sharing approach to facilitate the use of Musa genetic resources Roux, N., Van den Bergh, I., Ruas, M. and Vezina, A. Commodities for Livelihoods Programme, Bioversity InternationalParc Scientifique Agropolis II, Montpellier Cedex 5, 34397 France CIALCA Conference , Kigali Rwanda, 24-27 October 2011
  2. 2. Importance of Musa spp.Among the most important basic food crop for 400 Million people World dessert banana production Plantains (& other cooking bananas) 97 million tones production: 36 million tones 1. India 27 Mt 13% Export 1.Uganda 9,5 Mt 2. China 9 Cavendish2.Ghana 3,6 3. Philippines 9 Locally 3.Rwanda 3 4. Ecuador 7,6 consumed 87% 4. Nigeria 3 5. Brazil 6,8 5. Colombia 3(FAOStats 2009)
  3. 3. What are the challenges in banana ?Overcoming Pest, diseases Consumer breeding and other needs and constraints production nutrition problems
  4. 4. Use of genetic diversity• Crucial component of any strategy to make agricultural production systems more sustainable: – Safeguards the crop against pests and diseases• Makes it more resilient in adverse environmental conditions – Can bring different nutritional benefits to poor populations – Can offer a broader range of processing and marketing opportunities
  5. 5. Understanding of Musa diversityA comprehensive understanding of the existing Musa diversity, and its potential uses, is therefore crucial, not only to genebank curators, molecular biologists, breeders, phytopathologists, agronomists and other Musa researchers, but also to the rural households most dependent on the crop for their food and income
  6. 6. But we are losing genetic diversity• Assessment of 7 wild Musa species (IUCN listing):• 6 critically endangered (CR), 1 endangered (EN)
  7. 7. We are losing genesThese endangered wild species may carry genes thatconfer resistance to Foc TR4, make plants more droughttolerant or encode for higher vitamin A content.Dilemma….Productivity vs diversity
  8. 8. MusaNet The Global Musa Genetic Resources Network What is it about ?Providing a collaborative framework to support theimplementation of the Global Strategy for the Conservationand Use of Musa Genetic Resources
  9. 9. Model of collaboration: Global System
  10. 10. Consultation Workshop Montpellier, 28 Feb. to 3rd March 201147 Curators, pathologists, breeders, molecularbiologists, taxonomists, policy makers from 15 countriescovering the 5 continents, met in Montpellier to launchMusaNet.
  11. 11. Goal of MusaNetTo build upon existing strengthsin the global, regional andnational collections to optimizeeffort to conserve and documentthe Musa gene pool and promoteuse and safe distribution ofdiversity and related as thefoundation for further breedingor direct use by farmers.
  12. 12. Network of Musa GR expertsCharacterization Evaluation Conservation Information
  13. 13. MusaNet structure
  14. 14. Actions in diversity: Gap fillingDiversity Saveguard International Transit Centre (ITC), FAO in trust, hosted by KULeuven, managed by Bioversity International
  15. 15. Collecting missions in Africa• Collecting – in RDC – in Tanzania – in Kenya
  16. 16. Actions in Conservation:Safe movement of germplasm Available Access
  17. 17. Trans-regions collaboration toovercome the problem of BBTV- Partnership with producers to obtain virus-free plant material at low costs.- Organisation of producers and training with involvement of local agricultural schools- Some producers engaged in the nursery business
  18. 18. Actions in Information:User friendly MGIS Pisang kepok ITC0692 on MGIS online database
  19. 19. Pisang kepok ITC0692 on MGIS Database
  20. 20. Stress descriptors for Chuoi Tay in Phu Ho collection (Vietnam)
  21. 21. Network of Musa GR experts
  22. 22. www.musanet.org
  23. 23. http://www.promusa.org/musapedia
  24. 24. A global framework Study at Thematic group 3 genetic/genomic Thematic group 1 level Dissemination of germplasm Collecting and and information Characterization MusaNet Conservation Evaluation: and safe greenhouse Movement of /fieldITC Germplasm Thematic group 4 Farmers’ Thematic group 2 participatory evaluation Barnesa

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