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MSA-Sex sexuality and Gender_draft Lakshya Trust (1).ppt

MSA-Sex sexuality and Gender_draft Lakshya Trust (1).ppt

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Sex , Gender and Sexuality
Presented By –
Come Home to Lakshya where your identity is a reason for pride &
not a reason to Hide
Components of Human
Sexuality
1. Sex
2. Gender Identity
3. Sexual Orientation
4. Social Role
5. Sexual Role
Sex ल िंग
"Sex" refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define male and female
मर्द / पुस्र्ष
Male
मलि ा, स्री
Female
इिंटरसेक्स Intersex
“Intersex” is a person is born with a reproductive or sexual
anatomy that doesn’t seem to fit the typical definitions of
female or male.
Hermaphroditius , Rome,
2BC, Louvre Museum
Pinki Pramanik
Ardhanarishwar
Gender ल िंगभाव
"Gender" refers to the socially constructed roles,
behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society
considers appropriate for men and women.
Ad

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MSA-Sex sexuality and Gender_draft Lakshya Trust (1).ppt

  • 1. Sex , Gender and Sexuality Presented By – Come Home to Lakshya where your identity is a reason for pride & not a reason to Hide
  • 2. Components of Human Sexuality 1. Sex 2. Gender Identity 3. Sexual Orientation 4. Social Role 5. Sexual Role
  • 3. Sex ल िंग "Sex" refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define male and female मर्द / पुस्र्ष Male मलि ा, स्री Female
  • 4. इिंटरसेक्स Intersex “Intersex” is a person is born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn’t seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male. Hermaphroditius , Rome, 2BC, Louvre Museum
  • 6. Gender ल िंगभाव "Gender" refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women.
  • 7. Gender Roles ल िंग भूलमका
  • 10. Gender Identity ल िंग पिचान “Gender Identity” is the internal perception of an individual’s gender, and how they label themselves
  • 11. जेंडर क्वीर Genderqueer “Genderqueer” refers to people whose gender falls outside of the gender binary Conchita Wurst Shikhandi
  • 12. Cis Gender and Transgender ट्ािंसजेंडर “Cisgender” is a description for a person whose gender identity, gender expression, and biological sex all align (e.g., man, masculine, and male) “Transgender” describes all people who are not cisgender
  • 13. FTM MTF FTM/MTF: a person who has undergone medical treatments to change their biological sex (Female To Male, or Male To Female), often times to align it with their gender identity
  • 14. Gender Expression “Gender Expression” is the external display of gender, through a combination of dress, demeanor, social behavior, and other factors, generally measured on a scale of masculinity and femininity
  • 17. एन्ड् ् ोजीनी Androgyny “Androgyny” is gender expression that has elements of both masculinity and femininity
  • 18. Questions सवा ? Harnaam Kaur Bombay Talkies
  • 19. Sexuality ैंलगकता “Sexuality” is how people experience and express themselves as sexual beings through sexual feelings and behavior
  • 20. “Sexual Orientation” is the romantic or sexual attractions toward the opposite sex, the same sex, both sexes, or having no attractions Sexual Orientation ैंलगक रुझान/ आकषदण heterosexual लवषम ैंलगक homosexual सम ैंलगक bisexual लिल िंगी asexual अ ैंलगक
  • 21. Sexual Behavior ैंलगक आचरण “Sexual Behavior” refers to the experience a variety of sexual acts
  • 22. Sexual Identity ैंलगक पिचान “Sexual identity” is how one thinks of oneself in terms of whom one is romantically or sexually attracted to. gay गे lesbian ेस्बियन straight स्ट््ैट
  • 23. “Homophobia” is fear, anger, intolerance, resentment, or discomfort with queer people, often focused inwardly as one begins to question their own sexuality “Transphobia” is a range of antagonistic attitudes and feelings against transsexuality and transsexual or transgender people, based on the expression of their internal gender identity . Researchers describe transphobia as emotional disgust, fear, anger or discomfort felt or expressed towards people who don't conform to society's gender expectations. भय / डर Phobia
  • 24. Hijra Community लिज़रा समुर्ाय The Supreme Court in April 2014 recognised hijra and transgender people as a 'third gender' in law.
  • 25. Guru Chela System गुरु चे ा प्रथा
  • 30. धारा 377 • धारा 377 आईपीसी क े रूप में ल खा िै: • 377. “अप्राक ृ लतक अपराध” - • जो कोई भी प्रक ृ ति क े तिरुद्ध, अप्राक ृ तिक सम्भोग पुरुष, स्त्री या पुरुष क े साथ करिा है, उसे आजीिन कारािास या दस िषष का कारािास और जुर्ाषना भुगिना होगा. • गुर्ा व्र्ारा, मुिंि या ल िंग से स्त्री योलन क े लबना यौन लिया को कानूनन र्ोषी किा गया.
  • 31. • National Legal Services Authority (Petitioner) vs. Union of India and Ors.(Respondents)
  • 32. Final decision & recommendations of the Court • Hijras, Eunuchs, apart from binary gender, be treated as “third gender” for the purpose of safeguarding their rights under Part III of our Constitution and the laws made by the Parliament and the State Legislature. • Transgender persons’ right to decide their self-identified gender is also upheld and the Centre and State Governments are directed to grant legal recognition of their gender identity such as male, female or as third gender.
  • 33. • We direct the Centre and the State Governments to take steps to treat them as socially and educationally backward classes of citizens and extend all kinds of reservation in cases of admission in educational institutions and for public appointments. • Centre and State Governments are directed to operate separate HIV Sero-surveillance Centers since Hijras/ Transgenders face several sexual health issues.
  • 34. • Centre and State Governments should seriously address the problems being faced by Hijras/ Transgenders such as fear, shame, gender dysphoria, social pressure, depression, suicidal tendencies, social stigma, etc. and any insistence for SRS for declaring one’s gender is immoral and illegal. • Centre and State Governments should take proper measures to provide medical care to TGs in the hospitals and also provide them separate public toilets and other facilities.
  • 35. • Centre and State Governments should also take steps for framing various social welfare schemes for their betterment. • Centre and State Governments should take steps to create public awareness so that TGs will feel that they are also part and parcel of the social life and be not treated as untouchables. • Centre and the State Governments should also take measures to regain their respect and place in the society which once they enjoyed in our cultural and social life.

Editor's Notes

  1. Sex Male Female Intersex Gender Gender Roles Gender Identity Man Woman Gender Queer Gender Expression Masc. Fem. Andro. Transgender (FTM and MTF) Questioning Images Sexuality Sex. Orientation Sexual Behavior Sexual Identity Hijra Community
  2. Some examples of sex characteristics : Women menstruate while men do not Men have testicles while women do not Women have developed breasts that are usually capable of lactating, while men have not Men generally have more massive bones than women Female: a person with a specific set of sexual anatomy (e.g., 46,XX phenotype, vagina, ovaries, uterus, breasts, higher levels of estrogen, fine body hair) pursuant to this label Male: a person with a specific set of sexual anatomy (e.g., 46,XY phenotype, penis, testis, higher levels of testosterone, coarse body hair, facial hair) pursuant to this label
  3. Some examples of sex characteristics : Women menstruate while men do not Men have testicles while women do not Women have developed breasts that are usually capable of lactating, while men have not Men generally have more massive bones than women Female: a person with a specific set of sexual anatomy (e.g., 46,XX phenotype, vagina, ovaries, uterus, breasts, higher levels of estrogen, fine body hair) pursuant to this label Male: a person with a specific set of sexual anatomy (e.g., 46,XY phenotype, penis, testis, higher levels of testosterone, coarse body hair, facial hair) pursuant to this label
  4. Intersex: a person with a set of sexual anatomy that doesn’t fit within the labels of female or male (e.g., 47,XXY phenotype, uterus, and penis)
  5. Gender is all around us. It is actually taught to us, from the moment we are born. Gender expectations and messages bombard us constantly. Upbringing, culture, peers, community, media, and religion, are some of the many influences that shape our understanding of this core aspect of identity. How you learned and interacted with gender as a young child directly influences how you view the world today. Gendered interaction between parent and child begin as soon as the sex of the baby is known. In short, gender is a socially constructed concept. Like other social constructs, gender is closely monitored by society. Practically everything in society is assigned a gender—toys, colors, clothes and behaviors are some of the more obvious examples. Through a combination of social conditioning and personal preference, by age three most children prefer activities and exhibit behaviors typically associated with their sex. Accepted social gender roles and expectations are so entrenched in our culture that most people cannot imagine any other way. As a result, individuals fitting neatly into these expectations rarely if ever question what gender really means. They have never had to, because the system has worked for them
  6. Some examples of gender characteristics : In the United States (and most other countries), women earn significantly less money than men for similar work In Viet Nam, many more men than women smoke, as female smoking has not traditionally been considered appropriate In Saudi Arabia men are allowed to drive cars while women are not In most of the world, women do more housework than men
  7. Genderqueer- we have to find the hindi word now that We need to find an indian god for an image.
  8. Cis-man: a person who identifies as a man, presents himself masculinely, and has male biological sex, often referred to as simply “man” Cis-woman: a person who identifies as a woman, presents herself femininely, and has female biological sex, often referred to as simply “woman”
  9. MAN WOMAN GENDERQUEER Some examples of gender characteristics : In the United States (and most other countries), women earn significantly less money than men for similar work In Viet Nam, many more men than women smoke, as female smoking has not traditionally been considered appropriate In Saudi Arabia men are allowed to drive cars while women are not In most of the world, women do more housework than men
  10. Bisexual: a person who experiences sexual, romantic, physical, and/or spiritual attraction to people of their own gender as well as another gender; often confused for and used in place of “pansexual” Asexual: a person who generally does not experience sexual attraction (or very little) to any group of people