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  1. 1. HOMOSEXUALITY<br />Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender<br />Andrea Acuña<br />Mary Ann Briones<br />Mark Gaspar<br />Katrina Inoferio<br />
  2. 2. INTERVIEW <br />CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST – Dr. Jerry Jurisprudencia<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />
  4. 4. Introduction<br /><ul><li>Traditional gender roles strongly influenced by:
  5. 5. Centuries of Islamic culture
  6. 6. Chinese mores
  7. 7. 425 years of deep-rooted Spanish Catholic traditions</li></li></ul><li>Introduction<br /><ul><li>Filipinas of Chinese ethnic origin - marriage for economic survival
  8. 8. Wife's position and security remains ambiguous until she produced a male heir
  9. 9. These women have no right to divorce or to remarry if widowed
  10. 10. Those who defy these traditions have been ostracized, driven to depression and/or suicide</li></li></ul><li>Introduction<br /><ul><li>Traditional colonial Filipina was supposed to reach marriage in a virginal state
  11. 11. Expected to take care of the domestic tasks, go to church, bear children, and educate them
  12. 12. Mentality first challenged by Melchora Aquino in the mid-1800's
  13. 13. Led a revolt against the suppression of women's rights </li></ul>- Treatment of Filipinas as second-class citizens remained in force until Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States in 1898<br />
  14. 14. Sexuality and Love<br />
  15. 15. Sexuality and Love<br /><ul><li>Virginity is no longer a universally expected prerequisite for the marriage covenant
  16. 16. 1994 Young Adult Fertility And Sexuality Survey (11,000 young people aged 15-24 years old)
  17. 17. 18 % of the Filipino youths approved premarital sex, 80 % disapproved, and 2 % were neutral</li></ul>(conducted by Dr. Z.C. Zabalan, a professor of demography at the Population Institute of the University of the Philippines)<br />
  18. 18. Sexuality and Love<br /><ul><li>Sexual attitudes are more liberal and accepting (radical changes in sexuality and love) because of the media and global communications
  19. 19. Same YAFSS survey shows that a large number of female college graduates residing in urban areas, 35% were exercising their liberal roles (both in their personal and professional lives) </li></li></ul><li>Sexuality and Love<br /><ul><li>Majority of the Filipino urban population is westernized, but still very conservative in its public and legal sexual values
  20. 20. According to the Roman Catholic Church: the only sexual behavior considered legal and moral is heterosexual intercourse within a monogamous marriage
  21. 21. Other imaginable sexual variation is condemned</li></li></ul><li>Sexuality and Love<br /><ul><li>Prostitution, pornography, polygamy (except in some minority groups and the Muslim south), premarital and extramarital sex, cohabitation, homosexuality and other variant sexual behaviors are all illegal and frowned upon</li></li></ul><li>INTERVIEW <br />WAGI - Ms. Marita Pimentel <br />
  22. 22. Homosexuality in the Philippines<br />
  23. 23. Homosexuality in the Philippines<br /><ul><li>According to 2002 Young Adult Fertility and Sexuality Survey, 11% of sexually active between the ages of 15 and 24, had sex with someone of the same sex
  24. 24. A Filipino poet and critic, Lilia Quidoza Santiago, has speculated that the Filipino society has a more flexible concept of gender because kasarian is less definitive because it literally means “kind, species or genus”</li></li></ul><li>Homosexuality in the Philippines<br /><ul><li>The term gay is used to describe any LGBT individual
  25. 25. The Tagalog phrase "paglaladladngkapa" (literally means "unfurling the cape"), or more commonly "paglaladlad" (unfurling or unveiling) refers to the coming-out process</li></li></ul><li>Homosexuality in the Philippines<br /><ul><li>In the past, only "flamboyant" homosexuals were recognized as being gay in the Philippines
  26. 26. They were called bakla
  27. 27. Stereotyped bakla homosexualsopenly work in beauty parlors and in the creative industries of fashion and entertainment</li></ul>Talk show hosts, female impersonators, writers, directors, and comedians<br />
  28. 28. Homosexuality in the Philippines<br /><ul><li>Recognized by their use of makeup and cross-dressing
  29. 29. Have long been part of the Filipino cultural landscape
  30. 30. Everyone knows at least a few bakla individuals
  31. 31. The slang term for bakla is bading</li></li></ul><li>Homosexuality in the Philippines<br /><ul><li>Effeminate men and homosexuals in general are called binabae ("of a womanly sort"), from the Tagalog word babae, which means "woman"
  32. 32. Coming out of the closet is paglaladladngkapa (“unfurling the cape”)</li></li></ul><li>Homosexuality in the Philippines<br /><ul><li>Lesbians are called tomboy, usually referred to as such only if they are obviously butch
  33. 33. The lesbian counterpart of binabae is binalaki ("of a manly sort"), from the Tagalog word lalaki, meaning "man" 
  34. 34. Tibo and tomboy are derogatory terms for butch lesbians
  35. 35.  Bakla is usually used for effeminate gay men</li></li></ul><li>Homosexuality in the Philippines<br /><ul><li>Some lesbians (both butch and femme) use the terms magic or shunggril to refer to themselves
  36. 36. While most of these terms are generally considered derogatory, they are sometimes used casually or jokingly within the Filipino gay and lesbian community</li></li></ul><li>SwardspeakorGay Lingo<br />
  37. 37. Swardspeak or Gay Lingo<br /><ul><li>A vernacular language derived from Englog and is used by gay Filipinos
  38. 38. Uses elements from Tagalog, English, and Spanish, giving them new meanings
  39. 39. Filipino gay men are able to resist the dominant culture of their area and create a space of their own</li></li></ul><li>Swardspeak or Gay Lingo<br /><ul><li>The language is constantly changing: old phrases becoming obsolete and new phrases frequently entering everyday usage
  40. 40. Reflects changes in their culture and also maintains exclusivity
  41. 41. Creates a dissident group without any ties to geographical, linguistic or cultural restrictions
  42. 42. Allows its speakers to shape the language as appropriate to the times</li></li></ul><li>Swardspeak or Gay Lingo<br /><ul><li>In this way, the language is "mobile"
  43. 43. It is simultaneously part of a larger community but also open to more specific or local meanings</li></li></ul><li>
  44. 44. Present state<br />
  45. 45. Present State<br /><ul><li>The Philippines is still a macho society
  46. 46. Macho men detest gays, whom they see as effeminate and “strange”
  47. 47. For a majority of the population, including locally trained physicians, psychologists, and social workers, homosexuality is viewed as a perversion and a disease</li></li></ul><li>Present State<br /><ul><li>Teenagers who feel a strong attraction to persons of their own gender at first experience confusion about their feelings and sexuality
  48. 48. They awake to the unpleasant reality of belonging to a group that Filipino society marginalizes</li></li></ul><li>Present State<br /><ul><li>Homosexuality in the Philippines is increasingly being tolerated
  49. 49. Gay movements are gaining strength and demanding their rights
  50. 50. Although legislation supporting same-sex marriage in the Philippines has been introduced in the Philippine legislature several times, none has ever been passed</li></li></ul><li>Present State<br /><ul><li>The Philippine Commission on Elections (COMELEC) denied the Filipino LGBT political party AngLadlad'spetition for permission to run in the 2010 elections, on the grounds of "immorality" 
  51. 51. In the 2007 elections, AngLadladwas previously disqualified when COMELEC concluded that the LGBT party did not have nationwide membership</li></li></ul><li>Present State<br /><ul><li>April 8, 2010: the Supreme Court overturned the decision of COMELEC and allowed AngLadladto participate in the May 2010 elections</li></li></ul><li>GAY CULTURE<br />
  52. 52. Gay Culture<br />A mixture of all types of cultures<br />Share the same attraction to people of their same sex<br />Attraction both physical and emotional<br />
  53. 53. Gay Culture vs Lesbian Culture<br />Gay culture- men are sexually active in dating, emotions disregarded at first<br />Lesbian culture- women are more emotional than sexual in dating<br />
  54. 54. Possible Gender Roles<br />Fern- women who dresses, considered feminine<br />Butch- women who dresses, considered more masculine<br />Nowadays, butch can be fern or fern can be butch<br />
  55. 55. Changes over the Years<br />Right to adopt a child<br />Start on family<br />More gay rights<br />Marriage in some states and countries<br />
  56. 56. Gay History<br />Encourage to accept themselves<br />Stand and fight for their rights<br />Freedom to express own sexuality<br />More gay community rights<br />
  57. 57. As Straight<br />Lesbians and gays<br />In order to avoid discrimination<br />Decision not appreciated by the gay community (lying )<br />
  58. 58. Rainbow rightsproject<br />
  59. 59. INTERVIEW <br />R-RIGHTS - Ms. Nicole Castillo <br />
  60. 60. Rainbow Rights Project<br />LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) legal organization in the Philippines<br />Services provided for free<br />A team of gay and lesbian lawyers and gender activists from diverse fields<br />Needs and language of the LGBT community<br />Teachers, writers, artists, media professionals, financial experts, and business entrepreneurs<br />
  61. 61. Rainbow Rights Project<br />Created in 2005<br />Supported Philippine LGBT Rights Advocacy Movement through in-depth legal and policy studies<br />The law and institutions not used as tools of oppression and discrimination<br />Pushes for a national human rights agenda <br /> Appreciation for the difficulties and disadvantages experienced by Filipino LGBTs<br />
  62. 62. Rainbow Rights Project<br />To empower the Filipino LGBT community by providing them basic legal knowledge of their rights under law<br />By familiarizing them with the different legal structures and mechanisms<br />Mission to eliminate discrimination and violence against LGBT members<br />Utilize policy research, review and analysis, and legal reform measures and legislative advocacy to promote LGBT rights<br />
  63. 63. Rainbow Rights Project<br />No other LGBT group has organized a law-based advocacy work<br />No alternative lawyering NGO established a legal resource institution to the formation of the developmental law<br />Popular with its fun and light method of imparting legal information<br />R-Rights packages legal discussions with current popular issues<br />
  64. 64. Rainbow Rights Project<br />Projects/forums (Rainbow Exchanges or Dyke Dialogues)<br />“Personal topics” taken up during discussions (i.e. identity, relationship dynamics, legal rights under criminal, civil, and labor laws, and sexual health)<br />“Political topics” (i.e. practices in LGBT rights, sustained activism, national/international updates)<br />In-demand topics of discussion include:<br />
  65. 65. Rainbow Rights Project<br /><ul><li>Lesbian literature
  66. 66. Lesbian parenting
  67. 67. Transgender rights under Philippine law
  68. 68. Suicide risk of Filipino LGBT youth
  69. 69. Election and party-list representation law
  70. 70. Self-defense techniques for lesbian, bisexual, and transgender women</li></ul>(forums conducted in Quezon City, Baguio City, Metro Cebu, and Cagayan de Oro)<br />
  71. 71. Rainbow Rights Project<br />Knowledge of basic legal rights and concepts will:<br />Protect them<br />Empower them to protect others<br />Help promote understanding of the sources of gender-based discrimination and violence<br />Find solutions<br />LGBT-focused legal rights and sexuality trainings<br />
  72. 72. Rainbow Rights Project<br />Member of AMARC (World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters) – Asia Pacific, Philippine Women’s NGOs on ASEAN<br />The work of R-Rights received media recognition and was cited in a broadsheet newspaper of national circulation<br />Featured in Ketchup Magazine (Vol.2 Issue No. 1) as among the Philippine top organizations in support of gays and lesbians <br />
  73. 73. References<br />The Philippines by Jose Florante J. Leyson, M.D.<br />Gay Culture by Wolfe<br />Rainbow rights project: specializing in fun legal advocacy<br />Philippine Gay Culture by J. Neil C. Garcia<br />