Hinduism

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Hinduism

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Hinduism

  1. 1. HinduismHinduism Audible representation of God – pronounced ‘Om’ or ‘Aum’
  2. 2. I. The Beginning of HinduismI. The Beginning of Hinduism
  3. 3. I. Beginning of HinduismI. Beginning of Hinduism A.A. Hinduism originated in India in the IndusHinduism originated in India in the Indus River Valley (5,000 B.C.???)River Valley (5,000 B.C.???) B.B. Hinduism has no founder, it is aHinduism has no founder, it is a combination of tribal beliefs.combination of tribal beliefs. C.C. Hinduism as it is known today beganHinduism as it is known today began with the Aryan invasion andwith the Aryan invasion and ‘enslavement’ of the Indian people‘enslavement’ of the Indian people (1500 B.C.)(1500 B.C.)
  4. 4. II. Hindu ScripturesII. Hindu Scriptures A.A. the Vedasthe Vedas 1.1. There are 4 different Vedas the oldest andThere are 4 different Vedas the oldest and most popular is the Rig Veda.most popular is the Rig Veda. 2.2. The Vedas are ‘exclusive’ scriptures that setThe Vedas are ‘exclusive’ scriptures that set up a strict caste system (social classes).up a strict caste system (social classes).
  5. 5. II. Hindu ScripturesII. Hindu Scriptures B.B. UpanishadsUpanishads 1. Welcomes anyone to Hinduism,1. Welcomes anyone to Hinduism, regardless of caste.regardless of caste. 2. Stresses the atman (or soul) of all2. Stresses the atman (or soul) of all people which are all connected and allpeople which are all connected and all eventually return to Brahman (theeventually return to Brahman (the universal soul).universal soul). C.C. There are 100s of books in the VedasThere are 100s of books in the Vedas and Upanishads.and Upanishads.
  6. 6. III. The Hindu Caste SystemIII. The Hindu Caste System A.A. A society of 4 different social classes asA society of 4 different social classes as described by the Vedas.described by the Vedas. ““When they divided the Man, into how many parts didWhen they divided the Man, into how many parts did they apportion him? What do they call his mouth, histhey apportion him? What do they call his mouth, his two arms and thighs and feet?two arms and thighs and feet? His mouth became Brahmin; his arms were made intoHis mouth became Brahmin; his arms were made into the Warrior, his thighs the People, and from his feetthe Warrior, his thighs the People, and from his feet the Servants were born”the Servants were born” Rig-Veda, 10.90 11 & 12 – “The Hymn of Man”Rig-Veda, 10.90 11 & 12 – “The Hymn of Man”
  7. 7. III. The Hindu Caste SystemIII. The Hindu Caste System 1.1. Brahmins – theBrahmins – the priests/religious leaderspriests/religious leaders 2.2. Kshatriyas – the warriorKshatriyas – the warrior and secular leadersand secular leaders 3.3. Vaishyas – theVaishyas – the traders/merchants/artisanstraders/merchants/artisans 4.4. Sudras – theSudras – the servants/laborersservants/laborers Dalit – the ‘untouchables’ / theDalit – the ‘untouchables’ / the out - castesout - castes
  8. 8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1l-x7708zYhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1l-x7708zY
  9. 9. Sweeping, weaving, tilling the Earth (Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey) Show me the man to deny our worth (Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey) Free the Dalit, free the Dalit, Prime Minister, free the Dalit Free the Dalit, free the Dalit, Prime Minister, free the Dalit Caedmon’s Call: Dalit Hymn Sing from the village, sing from the town (Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey) Sing everyone who has been cast down (Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey) Emancipate, emancipate, Prime Minister, emancipate Emancipate, emancipate, Prime Minister, emancipate Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey Skin of the buffalo declared unclean (Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey) Heed Ambedkar, heed Ambedkar, Prime Minister, heed Ambedkar Heed Ambedkar, heed Ambedkar, Prime Minister, heed Ambedkar Emancipate, emancipate, Prime Minister, emancipate Free the Dalit, free the Dalit, Prime Minister, free the Dalit Heed Ambedkar, heed Ambedkar, Prime Minister, heed Ambedkar Caste is a lie, caste is a lie, Prime Minister, caste is a lie Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey God made every man forward and free (Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey) Rich man, poor man, every man free (Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey) Politically, socially, everybody free (Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey) Rich man, poor man, everybody free (Sub kooch ho sak-ee dey) Caste is a lie, caste is a lie, Prime Minister, caste is a lie Caste is a lie, caste is a lie, Prime Minister, caste is a lie
  10. 10. Dalit are also referred to as the Harijan (meaning God’s people). A name given to them by Ghandi.
  11. 11. IV. The Hindu GodsIV. The Hindu Gods A.A. Hinduism has 100s of gods, but thereHinduism has 100s of gods, but there are three main ones.are three main ones.
  12. 12. 1. Brahma – the Creator god1. Brahma – the Creator god  Has created the worldHas created the world and now has little toand now has little to do with it.do with it.  May created a newMay created a new world once this one isworld once this one is destroyeddestroyed  Is worshipped forIs worshipped for giving life to all things,giving life to all things, including other godsincluding other gods
  13. 13. 2. Vishnu – the preserver2. Vishnu – the preserver  His role is to maintainHis role is to maintain a balance betweena balance between good and evil.good and evil.  He returns to earthHe returns to earth from time to time tofrom time to time to make sure thismake sure this happens.happens.  There have been 9There have been 9 reincarnations ofreincarnations of Vishnu. The 10Vishnu. The 10thth willwill be at the end of time.be at the end of time.
  14. 14. 3. After a demon had thrown the earth into the ocean, Vishnu as a boar lifted it above water. 2. As a giant tortoise to retrieve the gods’ elixir of immortality which was lost during the flood 1. As a giant fish to1. As a giant fish to warn the world of awarn the world of a flood, and rescue aflood, and rescue a famous sage and thefamous sage and the Vedas.Vedas. The Reincarnations of VishnuThe Reincarnations of Vishnu 4. In order to kill another demon, which could not be killed by man or animal; Vishnu return as half man, half lion. 5. Vishnu as a dwarf tricked the demon king into giving as much land as he could cover in 3 steps. Vishnu then changed into a giant and in 3 steps covered the entire universe. 6. Vishnu returns as Prince Rama with an axe to defeat the ruling warrior class and return power to the Brahmins. 7. Vishnu as Prince Rama in the Ramayana. 8. Vishnu as Krishna who killed his evil uncle and restored peace to the land. 9. Vishnu as Buddha10. At the end of the world Vishnu returns as Kali to punish the wicked and destroy the world so a new one can be created.
  15. 15. 3. Shiva – the destroyer3. Shiva – the destroyer  He is the god ofHe is the god of destruction,destruction, purification, andpurification, and renewal.renewal.  Is not seen as an evilIs not seen as an evil god but controls evilgod but controls evil forces.forces.  Sometimes man mustSometimes man must be tested.be tested.  Often depicted as theOften depicted as the Lord of the Dance.Lord of the Dance.
  16. 16. IV. The Hindu GodsIV. The Hindu Gods B. Most Hindus do not see their religion asB. Most Hindus do not see their religion as polytheistic. All things come frompolytheistic. All things come from Brahman (the universal soul) and desire toBrahman (the universal soul) and desire to return to oneness with him (even Brahma).return to oneness with him (even Brahma).
  17. 17. V. Other Key Beliefs of HinduismV. Other Key Beliefs of Hinduism  Ganges River is seenGanges River is seen as a gift from theas a gift from the gods and one way togods and one way to purify yourself.purify yourself.
  18. 18. VI. Other Key Beliefs of HinduismVI. Other Key Beliefs of Hinduism  Puja (daily worship) atPuja (daily worship) at a mandir (Hindua mandir (Hindu temple)temple)
  19. 19. VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’ A.A. The goal is to reach Moksha (a state ofThe goal is to reach Moksha (a state of oneness with Brahman – the eternal oneoneness with Brahman – the eternal one spirit/god) in order to escape samsaraspirit/god) in order to escape samsara (the cycle of reincarnation).(the cycle of reincarnation).
  20. 20. VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’ B. Reincarnation – the constant cycle of theB. Reincarnation – the constant cycle of the ‘soul’ through birth, life, and death.‘soul’ through birth, life, and death. -your next stage of reincarnation-your next stage of reincarnation depends on your actions in your previousdepends on your actions in your previous life (Your Karma)life (Your Karma)
  21. 21. VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’ C. Karma – the essenceC. Karma – the essence of yourselfof yourself –– can be good or badcan be good or bad - this is what- this is what determines your nextdetermines your next stagestage - ‘what goes around- ‘what goes around comes around’comes around’
  22. 22. VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’ D. There are 4 paths to salvation. AllD. There are 4 paths to salvation. All involveinvolve yogayoga (meaning disciplined(meaning disciplined training).training). 1. Jnana Yoga: the way to god through1. Jnana Yoga: the way to god through knowledgeknowledge - control of thoughts is key- control of thoughts is key - self reflection/meditation is used to- self reflection/meditation is used to discover the atman(soul/god within)discover the atman(soul/god within)
  23. 23. VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’ 2. Bhakti Yoga: The way to god through2. Bhakti Yoga: The way to god through love.love. -emphasis on hymns and scriptures-emphasis on hymns and scriptures -surrendering ones self to god as his-surrendering ones self to god as his servantservant -glorifying god and building a-glorifying god and building a friendship with himfriendship with him
  24. 24. VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’ 3. Karma Yoga: The way to god through3. Karma Yoga: The way to god through workwork -focuses on you deeds and outward-focuses on you deeds and outward actionsactions
  25. 25. VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’ 4. Raja Yoga: The way to god through4. Raja Yoga: The way to god through psychophysical exercisespsychophysical exercises -focuses on disciplining the mind and-focuses on disciplining the mind and bodybody Swami – a master of one of the paths of yoga
  26. 26. VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’VI. Hindu view of ‘Salvation’ C. All yogas emphasize truthfulness, self-C. All yogas emphasize truthfulness, self- control, cleanliness, contentment, non-control, cleanliness, contentment, non- injury, self-discipline and therefore all leadinjury, self-discipline and therefore all lead to moksha.to moksha.
  27. 27. VII. Even More BeliefsVII. Even More Beliefs A.A. Cows are sacredCows are sacred
  28. 28. VII. Even More BeliefsVII. Even More Beliefs B.B. DharmaDharma C.C. KarmaKarma D.D. SamsaraSamsara E.E. MokshaMoksha
  29. 29. VIII. Symbols of HinduismVIII. Symbols of Hinduism  Hindu SwastikaHindu Swastika  Lotus FlowerLotus Flower
  30. 30. IX. Hindu Traditions/HolidaysIX. Hindu Traditions/Holidays  Talik – a symbol ofTalik – a symbol of piety and inwardpiety and inward focusing onfocusing on god/Brahmangod/Brahman
  31. 31. Snakes and LaddersSnakes and Ladders

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