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  1. 1. Hinduism http://www.lonelyplanet.com/worldguide/india/
  2. 2. George Harrison Concert for George
  3. 3. Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom <ul><li>Shankara stones </li></ul><ul><li>Kali </li></ul><ul><li>Shiva </li></ul><ul><li>thuggee </li></ul>
  4. 4. Adi Shankara <ul><li>Adi Shankara (509 BC - 477 BC) was an Indian philosopher who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta, a sub-school of Vedanta. His teachings are based on the unity of the soul and Brahman, in which Brahman is viewed as without attributes. In the Smārta tradition, Adi Shankara is regarded as an incarnation of Shiva. </li></ul><ul><li>Shankara travelled across India to propagate his philosophy through discourses and debates with other thinkers. He founded four mathas (&quot;monasteries&quot;), which helped in the historical development, revival and spread of post-Buddhist Hinduism and Advaita Vedanta. Adi Shankara is believed to be the founder of the Dashanami monastic order and the Shanmata tradition of worship. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Kali <ul><li>Kali is a Hindu goddess associated with death and destruction. </li></ul><ul><li>The name Kali means &quot;black&quot;, but has come to mean &quot;force of time&quot;. Despite her negative connotations, she is today considered the goddess of time and change. </li></ul><ul><li>Although sometimes presented as dark and violent, her earliest incarnation as a figure of annihilation still has some influence. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Shiva Lingam <ul><li>Shiva is the supreme God of Hinduism. He is one of the five primary forms of God. </li></ul><ul><li>Followers of Hinduism who focus their worship upon Shiva are called Shaivites or Shaivas. </li></ul><ul><li>In images, he is generally represented as immersed in deep meditation or dancing. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Thuggee <ul><li>Thuggee (or tuggee, ठग्गी ) (from Hindi thag ‘thief’, from Sanskrit sthaga ‘scoundrel’, from sthagati ‘to conceal’) was an Indian network of secret fraternities engaged in murdering and robbing travellers, operating from at least the 17th century (and possibly as early as 13th century) to the 19th century. The group are the origin of the term &quot; thug &quot;, as many Indian words passed into common English during British Imperial rule of India. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Founder <ul><li>Formed by many diverse traditions and ideas and does NOT have one Founder. </li></ul><ul><li>No Universal moral code </li></ul><ul><li>No Central Authority </li></ul>
  9. 9. Concept of God <ul><li>The Truth (aka Supreme Reality) is one </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Reality is worshipped in male and female form. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu Deities represent various perceptions of a one God: </li></ul><ul><li>“ monotheistic polytheism,” rather than polytheism. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hindu Trinity <ul><li>Three main gods </li></ul><ul><li>GOD= Creation + Preservation+ Dissolution + G enerator + O perator + D estroyer </li></ul>Brahma : Creation Vishnu : Preservation Shiva : Destruction
  11. 11. Beliefs/ Teachings <ul><li>Hinduism believes in only one God but allows its followers to worship the God in many forms such as nature (including trees, sun, idols, animals, etc.) and persons (Lord Krishna, Lord Rama, Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, etc.). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Lord Brahma, the creator god of the Trinity Lord Vishnu, the preserver god of the Trinity Lord Rama, destroyer of evil
  13. 13. Lord Shiva, the &quot;giver&quot; god. Lord Ganesh, god of knowledge Lord Krishna, destroyer of evil
  14. 14. Vocabulary <ul><li>Devi: Hindu mother goddess; supreme power in the universe. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Symbols Bindi Aum Bindi- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pottu Aum- http://www.religionfacts.com/hindu ism/symbols.htm Lotus- http://en.wikipedia.org/wi ki/Nelumbo_nucifera http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism /symbols/lotus.htm Swastika- http://www.relig ionfacts.com/hinduism/symbols/swastika.htm Lotus Flower Swastika
  16. 16. How old is Hinduism? <ul><li>The beginning is unknown, but historians date it between 5500–2600 BCEbased on the </li></ul>Hinduism 5500-2600 BCE
  17. 17. History/Birthplace <ul><li>H indu = indu s (India) </li></ul><ul><li>Aryan and Dravidian natives </li></ul>http://edition.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/asiapcf/south/01/25/india.lama/map.india.allahabad.jpg
  18. 18. Number of followers <ul><li>Approx. 900 million </li></ul><ul><li>(14% of the world’s adherents) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Countries in which religion is practiced <ul><li>India, Nepal, Southeast Asia, UK, USA, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Map of Hinduism by percentage </li></ul>
  20. 20. Places of worship <ul><li>Temples, homes or outdoors </li></ul><ul><li>The essential aspect of puja (worship: bowing, making offerings, and chanting) is not congregational worship but an individual's offering to a deity. </li></ul>Hare Krishna Temple in Spanish Fork, Utah
  21. 21. Days of worship <ul><li>There are no specific days of worship, though days of the week are associated with particular deities (e.g. Shiva is honored on Monday). </li></ul><ul><li>The time of day is important. The hours on either side of dawn are considered most auspicious for worship, for they are influenced by the quality of goodness. </li></ul>
  22. 22. After-life Ideas <ul><li>Reincarnation </li></ul><ul><li>“… just as a man discards his old clothes and wears new ones; similarly the soul discards the old body and takes on a new one.” --The Bhagavad Gita (important holy book) </li></ul><ul><li>Karma </li></ul><ul><li>“ As you sow, so shall ye reap.” </li></ul><ul><li>Your good or bad deeds will be mirrored in the next life. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Holy book <ul><li>There are many, many writings! </li></ul><ul><li>The four Vedas—holy scriptures (Rig Veda) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1028 hymns in ten books- devoted to gods </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brahmanas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aranyakas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Upanishads </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Holy day <ul><li>Ganesh Chaturthi </li></ul><ul><li>The birthday of Lord Ganesha, observed between mid-August to mid-September. By observing the fast during this month, you are protected from problems. </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:1376881681_30dac66108_o.jpg
  25. 25. Vocabulary <ul><li>Brahman: a member of a social and cultural elite. The class of educators, law makers, scholars and preachers in Hinduism . It is said to occupy the first position among the four castes of Hinduism. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Religious Clothing <ul><li>Traditional Indian Clothing </li></ul>http://www.shawnolson.net/media/1_1119_11.jpg http://www.shantiesplaza.com/image/7052975.jpg
  27. 27. Diet Restrictions <ul><li>No COWS </li></ul><ul><li>Usually Vegetarian </li></ul><ul><li>Ahimsa (Non violence) </li></ul>
  28. 28. Cow: “a noble animal” <ul><li>It is their pet </li></ul><ul><li>It is a work animal </li></ul><ul><li>To protect milk production </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for the mother </li></ul><ul><li>Represents the qualities of the earth—ever-giving, ever nourishing </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hinduism_and_beef#The_cow_in_the_Hindu_scriptures
  29. 29. Artifacts <ul><li>Ganges River </li></ul>http://www.karlgrobl.com/Ganges/ganges01.htm
  30. 30. Personal Reflection <ul><li>Write your reaction to Hinduism on p. 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Include how your own beliefs are similar and different from Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>What value does Hinduism hold for people and the world? </li></ul>