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# The first conditional

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### The first conditional

1. 1. TheFirstConditional Use: Totalkabout real possibilities. Totalkaboutpossiblefuturesituations. Totalkabout a cause and itsconsequence. Ifshegoes jogging shewill be fit. Shewill be fitifshegoes jogging. IF can be in thebeginningor in themiddle. Example: If Joseph studies, he willpasstheexam. Joseph willpasstheexamif he studies. We use: IfPresentsimple ,Future (WILL) Future (WILL) ifPresent simple 1.- Complete thesentenceswiththecorrectform of theverbs in brackets. a. Wewillpass (pass) theexaminationifwestudyhard. b. Ifyou_________(go) toseethis film, youwillhave a good time. c. If he __________(play) sport, he willlivelonger. d. She ___________(not be) anarchitectifshedoesn’tgotouniversity. e. They __________(ring) usifwegivethemourphonenumber. f. Ifwe___________ (notsolve) theproblem, wewon’tgettheprize. 2. Complete thesentenceswiththecorrectform of theverbs in brackets. a. Ifwe (notgo) now, we (miss) the bus. Ifwedon’tgonow, wewill miss the bus.
2. 2. b. You (be) tiredifyou (notsleep). ____________________________________________________________ c. IftheSpanishteam (get) tothe final match, they (be) theWorld Champions. ____________________________________________________________ d. Ifyou (help) me, I (give) you a lot of money. ____________________________________________________________ e. Ifwe (sing) somecarols, they (be) happy. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Writesentencesusingthefirstconditional. a. theweather / be goodwe / go /tothebeachtomorrow. Iftheweatherisgood, wewillgotothebeachtomorrow. b. you / go / toschoolonfootyou / be / late. ____________________________________________________________ c. I / have / money I / buy / you a present. ____________________________________________________________ d. I / do / myhomework I / find / my notebook. ____________________________________________________________
3. 3. TheSecondConditional Imaginarysituations Whatwouldyou do ifyousaw Robert Pattinson at Real Plaza? I would ... (I’d …. ) Whatwouldyou do ifyousaw Taylor Lautner at Real Plaza? I would ... (I’d …. ) I wouldkisshim. I wouldtake a picture. I would invite himtoeatout. Use : A.- Whenwe are thinkingabout a situation in thepresentorfuturewhichishypothetical, unlikelyorunreal, we use: IF – CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE If + Simple PastWould + Verb Example: If I had a milliondollars, I wouldbuy a bighouse. We can reverse theorder: MAIN CLAUSEIF – CLAUSE Would + VerbIf + Simple Past
4. 4. Example: Theywouldtravelaroundtheworldifthey won thelottery. B.- We can use could / might in themainclauseinstead of would. Examples: If Tom didn’tpasstheexam, he couldn’tgototheuniversity. Paul mightgetscaredif he saw a ghost. C.- Togiveoraskforadvice, we use were (it’s more formal). Butpeopleoften use was in spoken English. Examples: If I wereyou, I’dgetmarried. If Jenny weren’tshy, she ‘d have more friends. Let’scheck! I.- Work in pairs as in theexample: Whatwouldyou do ifyoufoundmoneyonthestreet? Whatwouldyou do ifyouwereoffered Candy from a stranger? Whatwouldyou do ifyouwereaskedtokeep a horrible secret? Whatwouldyou do ifyoutherewas a snake in yourbedroom? You (meet) your ex-girlfriend /ex-boyfriendin a discotheque.
5. 5. You (get) ananonymousValentine. II.- Look at thepictures and complete thesentencesusingthewords in the box.
6. 6. May, Might, Could ForPresent and FuturePosibility May&Might: May&mightsometimeshavevirtuallythesamemeaning; they are usedtotalkaboutpossibilities in thepast, presentorfuture. ("Could" isalsosometimesused). Mayissometimes a little bit "more sure" (50% chance); whereasmightexpresses more doubt (maybeonly a 30% chance). May&might are used, then, for: Talkingaboutthepresentorfuturewithuncertainty. Shemay be back in her office: thelecturefinished ten minutes ago.
7. 7. I maygo shopping tonight, I haven'tdecidedyet. India mightwintheWorld Cup, youneverknow. May: Talkingaboutthingsthat can happen in certainsituations. Ifthemonitors are used in poorlylit places, someusersmayexperienceheadaches. Each nurse may be responsiblefor up totwentypatients. Might: Sayingthatsomethingwaspossible, butdidnotactuallyhappen. Yousaw me standing at the bus stop!Youmighthavestopped and given me a lift! Futureprobability: Could (NOT can) issometimesused in thesameway as mightormay, oftenindicatingsomethinglessdefinite. When I leaveuniversity I mighttravelaround a bit, I might do an MA or I suppose I couldevenget a job. Presentpossibility: I thinkyoucould be rightyouknow. (NOT can) Thatcan't be therightanswer, itjustdoesn'tmakesense.
8. 8. Pastpossibility: IfI'dknownthelecturehadbeencancelled, I couldhavestayed in bedlonger. Should and Shouldn’t We use shouldtogiveadvice. Webelieveitis a goodthingtodo oritistherightthingto do. Example: Youshouldeat vegetables. Tom shouldgotobedearly. He goestobedvery late and he isalways tired. Itis a good film. Youshouldgo and seeit. Whenyouplaytennis, youshouldalwayswatchtheball. We use shouldnot (shouldn’t) tosayitis NOT a goodthingto do. Examples: Youshouldn’tsmoke. Itisbadforyourhealth. Youwatch TV allthe time. Youshouldn’twatch TV so much. Youshouldn’tspendall of yourmoney. Youshouldn’tdrink and drive. I
9. 9. You WeSHOULD-watch TheyOR VERB- go He SHOULDN’T- eat She It Weoften use theverbthinkwithshould: SUBJECTVERB I think ……………. should …………….. Examples: It’s late Mark. I think I shouldgo home and havedinner. I think Jane shouldsee a doctor. Itis late. I think I shouldgo home. Itis 12 o’clock. I thinkweshouldeatour lunch. SUBJECTVERB I don’tthink ………. should ……….. Examples: I don’tthinkweshouldbuythis car Bob. I don’tthinkyoushouldeatchocolate allthe time. I don’tthinkweshouldgonow. Itisveryearly. I don’tthinktheyshouldbuythatcar. Itisveryexpensive. 6 Complete thesentenceswiththecorrectphrasewithget.
10. 10. Example: Alison’smainway of communicatingisviahercomputer. Sheusuallygetshundreds of emails a day. 1 He got _________ late thismorning and was late forwork. 2 Theonlywaytoget _________ isto do exercise. 3 Theydecidedtoget _________ in thechurch in theirgrandmother’svillage. 4 He gotvery _________ aftertheaccident. He startedshouting and hisfacewentbright red. 5 I lovegetting _________ in the post butitdoesn’thappenveryoftennow. Allmyfriends use email. 6 David got _________ as a managementconsultantlastyear. He’sdoingverywell. 7 Wegot _________ in thecity centre. Wefinallyfoundthe hotel afteranhour and a half. 8 I couldn’tget a taxi onSaturdaynight so I waitedfor a bus. I got _________ really late and Dad wasveryangry.

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