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Adlerian CounselingOAdlerian Counselingincludes individual,developmental, and socialpsychology.
OIt focuses on humanwellness, individualgrowth and expansion,and social interest .
OIt is aimed at helping theclient lead a sociallyuseful life byencouraging the re-alignment of theindividual interests withthat of society.
OIt is humanistic, holistic,phenomenological,teleological, field-theoretical, andsocially-oriented.
OThe interpretation is uponpurpose and not uponcause, upon movement andnot upon description.
OThe main goal of the AdlerianCounseling process is to aid theclient to realize his prioritiesand to decide whether or not itis worth paying the pricebehaviorally to change hispresent life style.
OThe process enables the clientto gain insight into himselfand to eventually take courageto risk some personal safetyfor social usefulness, greaterhappiness and satisfaction inlife.
OIn therapy, Adler almostalways asked patientsabout their familyconstellation, that is, theirbirth order, the gender oftheir siblings,
and the age spreadbetween them.OOne of Adler’s mostenduring contributions isthe idea that order ofbirth
is a major social influencein childhood, one fromwhich we create our styleof life.
Position Positive Trait Negative TraitOldest Child Good organizers,nurturing,protectiveExaggeratedfeeling of power;unconscioushostility; fightsfor acceptance;must always be“right“
Position Positive Trait Negative Traitwhereasothers arealways“wrong”highly criticalof others;uncooperative
Position Positive Trait Negative TraitSecond/Middle ChildHighlymotivatedcooperativeHighlycompetitive,EarlydiscouragedYoungestChildRealisticallyambitiousPamperedstyle of life,dependent onothers
Wants to excel ineverythingUnrealisticallyambitious
Only Child SociallyMatureExaggeratedfeelings ofsuperiorityLow feeling ofcooperationinflated senseof selfPamperedstyle of life.
Early RecollectionOAdler believed thatreports by patients oftheir earliest memoriesprovided valuableinsights into theirunique styles of life.
Early RecollectionOThey still revealedimportant meanings, andgave glimpses into theperson’s strivings forsuperiority.
Early RecollectionOThe primary interestof the person’s liferevolved around therememberedincidents.
EarlyRecollectionTheme:AdultPersonalityMemories ofbeatings,abandonment by oneor both parents(emotionaldeprivation)Alcoholic,Depressed
EarlyRecollectionTheme:AdultPersonalityAccidents, losingparents eithertemporarily orpermanently, orbeing bullied byother childrenHighly anxiousindividuals
Punishment/DangerHostilityBirth of a sibling Sense ofdethronementMemories focusedon one parentPreference for thatparent
Dream AnalysisODreams are goal-oriented rather thenreflections of thepast.
Dream AnalysisOThey reveal the moodthat we want to feel andsuggest how we mightdeal with the futureproblem or task.
CompensationOOur innate attempts toovercome our real orimagined inferiorities.
CompensationOWe are driven by theneed to overcome thissense of inferiority and tostrive for increasinglyhigher levels ofdevelopment.
INFERIORITY COMPLEXOExaggerated feeling ofpersonal inferiorityOHave poor opinion ofthemselvesOFeelings of helplessOInability to cope with thedemands of life
Superiority ComplexOThis involves anexaggerated opinion ofone’s abilities andaccomplishments.
Superiority ComplexOBoasting, vanity,self-centeredness,and a tendency todenigrate others.
Style of LifeOA unique pattern ofcharacteristics, behaviors,and habits.OEverything we do isshaped and defined byour unique style of life.
OThe style of life becomesthe guiding framework forall later behaviorsOAdler suggest that the style oflife is so firmly crystallized bythe age of 4 or 5 that it isdifficult to change thereafter.
Social InterestOThe individual’s innatepotential to cooperatewith other people toachieve personal andsocietal goals.
OThe only gauge tobe used in judgingthe worth of aperson.
OIt is the standard to beused in determiningthe usefulness of alife.