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Effectiveness of Basic Life Support Training on Knowledge among Nursing Students

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Background For the professional growth of nursing students as well as their responsibilities as practitioners and educators, it is crucial to provide current knowledge and training in basic life support procedures. Objectives The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of basic life support training on knowledge among nursing students. Methods A non randomized quasi experimental design One group pre test post test was used in this study. The investigation was carried out in a lab at a college for nursing students. The sample consisted of a convenience sample of 3rd semester students enrolled in the undergraduate nursing class. The study sample consisted of 70 nursing students. Basic life support training included both theoretical and practical components. The students knowledge were assessed before basic life support training. Data were collected using the knowledge assessment questionnaire. The pre and post assessment knowledge scores were compared. Results After basic life support training, level of knowledge scores were higher as compared to pre training scores t= 11.06, p=0.000 . Conclusion The study showed that basic life support training improved knowledge and skills related to basic life support practices in nursing students. Periodic basic life support training is very important for competency in this area among nursing students. Pooja Godiyal | Poonam Negi | Jyoti Tiwari "Effectiveness of Basic Life Support Training on Knowledge among Nursing Students" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-7 | Issue-4, August 2023, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd59836.pdf Paper Url:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/nursing/59836/effectiveness-of-basic-life-support-training-on-knowledge-among-nursing-students/pooja-godiyal

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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD)
Volume 7 Issue 4, July-August 2023 Available Online: www.ijtsrd.com e-ISSN: 2456 – 6470
@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD59836 | Volume – 7 | Issue – 4 | Jul-Aug 2023 Page 977
Effectiveness of Basic Life Support Training on
Knowledge among Nursing Students
Pooja Godiyal, Poonam Negi, Jyoti Tiwari
Assistant Professor, State College of Nursing, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
ABSTRACT
Background: For the professional growth of nursing students as well
as their responsibilities as practitioners and educators, it is crucial to
provide current knowledge and training in basic life support
procedures. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the
effectiveness of basic life support training on knowledge among
nursing students. Methods: A non-randomized quasi-experimental
design (One group pre-test-post-test) was used in this study. The
investigation was carried out in a lab at a college for nursing students.
The sample consisted of a convenience sample of 3rd
semester
students enrolled in the undergraduate nursing class. The study
sample consisted of 70 nursing students. Basic life support training
included both theoretical and practical components. The students'
knowledge were assessed before basic life support training. Data
were collected using the knowledge assessment questionnaire. The
pre- and post-assessment knowledge scores were compared. Results:
After basic life support training, level of knowledge scores were
higher as compared to pre-training scores (t= 11.06, p=0.000).
Conclusion: The study showed that basic life support training
improved knowledge and skills related to basic life support practices
in nursing students. Periodic basic life support training is very
important for competency in this area among nursing students.
KEYWORDS: Effectiveness, Basic life support training, Knowledge,
Nursing students
How to cite this paper: Pooja Godiyal |
Poonam Negi | Jyoti Tiwari
"Effectiveness of Basic Life Support
Training on Knowledge among Nursing
Students" Published in International
Journal of Trend in
Scientific Research
and Development
(ijtsrd), ISSN:
2456-6470,
Volume-7 | Issue-4,
August 2023,
pp.977-979, URL:
www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd59836.pdf
Copyright © 2023 by author (s) and
International Journal of Trend in
Scientific Research and Development
Journal. This is an Open Access article
distributed under the
terms of the Creative
Commons
Attribution License (CC BY 4.0)
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
INTRODUCTION
Among the top causes of death worldwide are cardiac
conditions. As it happens more frequently across all
age groups, sudden cardiac arrest necessitates
emergency interventions. The prevention of mortality
related to sudden cardiac arrest is dependent on life-
saving measures. Performing a successful
cardiopulmonary resuscitation is the first stage in
bringing someone who has suffered a cardiac arrest
back to life. Successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation
performed on the scene by medical personnel helps to
lower the fatality rates associated with cardiac arrest.
In order to lower the occurrence of sudden cardiac
arrests, the American Heart Association emphasises
the necessity for health team members to become
competent in cardiopulmonary resuscitation
techniques. Theoretical knowledge is necessary, but it
is insufficient in and of itself to perform a successful
cardiac resuscitation. According to training and
manual guidelines created for the health team, it is
necessary to maintain current knowledge, consolidate
technical abilities, and establish enough self-esteem
related to the application in order to properly perform
cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Effective emergency aid services are demanded of
nurses. Within the units they operate in and in
situations outside the hospital, nurses may meet a
variety of emergency circumstances, such as sudden
cardiac arrest. In these emergency situations, nurses
must perform basic life support procedures first.
Successful first aid and basic life support
interventions by nurses in emergency situations may
have a positive impact on the morbidity and death
rates associated with cardiac arrest.
Advanced life support practices would be
considerably impacted by nurses with excellent
knowledge and skills in basic life support. For
nursing students' professional development and roles
as practitioners and educators, it is crucial that nurse
education programmes provide current information
IJTSRD59836
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD59836 | Volume – 7 | Issue – 4 | Jul-Aug 2023 Page 978
and skill training linked to basic life support
procedures. Additionally, nurses have significant
roles and obligations in educating society about
current standard life support procedures. Previous
research indicated that there was need for
improvement in nursing students' knowledge of basic
life support. During their study, nursing students
acquire fundamental theoretical knowledge and
practical abilities in basic life support. However,
instruction in fundamental life support techniques
might not be enough. The practice of basic life
support may cause anxiety and low self-esteem in
nursing students who lack the necessary skills.
Nursing students that receive basic life support
training are more knowledgeable and are required to
use evidence-based basic life support techniques.
Basic life support training considerably increased
nursing students' knowledge, practise skills, attitudes,
and self-efficacy, according to previous studies.
Additionally, training in basic life support would
boost nurses' confidence in their ability to perform
these procedures and help them control their anxiety.
For students to gain better knowledge and abilities in
this area, it is crucial to provide them with both
theoretical and practical training in basic life support
as well as regular repetition and updating of this
training. The aim of the study was to evaluate the
impact of basic life support instruction on nursing
students' knowledge and behaviour.
Materials and Methods
A quasi-experimental study design was used on the
nursing students of the college. The sample size
found to be was 70. The study used a technique called
purposive sampling. Knowledge of basic life support
was the study's dependent variable. Both genders
students of 3rd
semester were included in the study,
whereas other classes’ students and teachers were
excluded from the study.
The self-structured closed-ended questionnaire was
used to collect data which consists of items related to
knowledge regarding basic life support. A scoring key
was designed where each correct answer was awarded
1 mark and the wrong answer 0. Thus, the item
maximum score was 20 and the minimum was 0.
Consequently, the highest total knowledge score for
nursing students was 20. Since nursing students
should have sufficient knowledge in this very critical
area, knowledge scores of above 14 or >70% were
considered “good” knowledge, scores 0-14 or below
70 % were considered “poor” knowledge.
Before actual data collection, the instrument was
pretested on 10% of the total sample size. Ethical
consideration was taken from principal of state
college of Dehradun and informed consent was
designed; confidentiality of the information was
maintained throughout the study. Collected data were
checked and rechecked for their completeness for
missing items before their processing, and that data
were edited, coded, and entered into computer base
software using SPSSV20 by using both descriptive
and inferential statistics.
Statistical Analysis
The data were presented as mean and standard
deviation. Paired ‘t’ test were performed to find the
significant mean difference between the pre and post-
test level of assessment.
Results of the Study
The study included a total of 70 nursing students with
age ranging between 18-22 years. Frequency and
percentage distribution of knowledge regarding Basic
Life Support (BLS) among nursing students is shown
in Table No. 1.
Table No.1 Criterion measure of knowledge score
N = 70
Level of
knowledge
Knowledge
score
Range of
score
Pre test Post test
Frequency Percentage Frequency Percentage
Good Above 70% 15- 20 27 38.57 70 100
Poor Below 70% 0 – 14 43 61.42 0 0
Table No. 1 shows that subjects having score between 15 and 20 were considered having good knowledge and
subjects getting a score of 0 to 14 were considered having a poor knowledge. In the pre-test, majority of students
43 (61.42) were having poor knowledge and in the post test all students (100%) were having good knowledge
related to Basic Life support.
Table No. 2 Comparison between pre-test and post-test knowledge score of nursing students
N = 70
Variable
Pre test
(Mean±SD)
Pre test
(Mean±SD)
MD Paired t test df p value
Knowledge score 13.60 ±3.13 18.59 ±1.74 4.98 ±3.77 11.06 69 0.000
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD59836 | Volume – 7 | Issue – 4 | Jul-Aug 2023 Page 979
Table No 2 shows that there was statistically significant difference between pre-test and post-test level of
knowledge with t value =11.06 at p=0.000. Hence, the null hypothesis was rejected and it shows that teaching
program on BLS was effective in improving knowledge among nursing students.
Conclusion
The study's findings show that hospitals' health
workers, including nurses, health assistants, auxiliary
nursing midwives, and community medicine
assistants, have insufficient knowledge of BLS, which
is a serious problem that needs to be fixed in the
future. There is a requirement for all healthcare
practitioners to have some type of standard training
and assessment because BSL training and clinical
exposure affect how much information is retained.
The purpose of the research study was to evaluate
hospital staff members' understanding of basic life
support. Based on the study's findings, various
recommendations can be made, such as conducting a
comparative study and a study of a similar nature to
determine the efficacy of programmes for spreading
knowledge about basic life support.
Source of funding: Nil
Conflict of interest: None
References
[1] A systematic review of basic life support
training targeted to family members of high-
risk cardiac patients - ScienceDirect [Internet].
[cited 2023 Aug 6]. Available from:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/a
bs/pii/S0300957216300582
[2] Basic life support: knowledge and attitude of
medical/paramedical professionals - PMC
[Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 21]. Available from:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PM
C4129799/
[3] Current state of knowledge of basic life support
in health professionals of the largest city in
Pakistan: a cross-sectional study | BMC Health
Services Research | Full Text [Internet]. [cited
2023 Aug 21]. Available from:
https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/art
icles/10.1186/s12913-019-4676-y
[4] Effectiveness of Simulation on Knowledge
Acquisition, Knowledge Retention, and Self-
Efficacy of Nursing Students in Jordan -
ScienceDirect [Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 9].
Available from:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/a
bs/pii/S1876139912000710
[5] Knowledge regarding Basic Life Support
among Health Care Workers of the Hospital of
Nepal [Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 6]. Available
from:
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jhe/2023/99
36114/
[6] The effectiveness of basic life support training
on nursing students’ knowledge and basic life
support practices: a non-randomized quasi-
experimental study | African Health Sciences
[Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 9]. Available from:
https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ahs/article/vie
w/189178

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Effectiveness of Basic Life Support Training on Knowledge among Nursing Students

  • 1. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) Volume 7 Issue 4, July-August 2023 Available Online: www.ijtsrd.com e-ISSN: 2456 – 6470 @ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD59836 | Volume – 7 | Issue – 4 | Jul-Aug 2023 Page 977 Effectiveness of Basic Life Support Training on Knowledge among Nursing Students Pooja Godiyal, Poonam Negi, Jyoti Tiwari Assistant Professor, State College of Nursing, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India ABSTRACT Background: For the professional growth of nursing students as well as their responsibilities as practitioners and educators, it is crucial to provide current knowledge and training in basic life support procedures. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of basic life support training on knowledge among nursing students. Methods: A non-randomized quasi-experimental design (One group pre-test-post-test) was used in this study. The investigation was carried out in a lab at a college for nursing students. The sample consisted of a convenience sample of 3rd semester students enrolled in the undergraduate nursing class. The study sample consisted of 70 nursing students. Basic life support training included both theoretical and practical components. The students' knowledge were assessed before basic life support training. Data were collected using the knowledge assessment questionnaire. The pre- and post-assessment knowledge scores were compared. Results: After basic life support training, level of knowledge scores were higher as compared to pre-training scores (t= 11.06, p=0.000). Conclusion: The study showed that basic life support training improved knowledge and skills related to basic life support practices in nursing students. Periodic basic life support training is very important for competency in this area among nursing students. KEYWORDS: Effectiveness, Basic life support training, Knowledge, Nursing students How to cite this paper: Pooja Godiyal | Poonam Negi | Jyoti Tiwari "Effectiveness of Basic Life Support Training on Knowledge among Nursing Students" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-7 | Issue-4, August 2023, pp.977-979, URL: www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd59836.pdf Copyright © 2023 by author (s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) INTRODUCTION Among the top causes of death worldwide are cardiac conditions. As it happens more frequently across all age groups, sudden cardiac arrest necessitates emergency interventions. The prevention of mortality related to sudden cardiac arrest is dependent on life- saving measures. Performing a successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation is the first stage in bringing someone who has suffered a cardiac arrest back to life. Successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed on the scene by medical personnel helps to lower the fatality rates associated with cardiac arrest. In order to lower the occurrence of sudden cardiac arrests, the American Heart Association emphasises the necessity for health team members to become competent in cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques. Theoretical knowledge is necessary, but it is insufficient in and of itself to perform a successful cardiac resuscitation. According to training and manual guidelines created for the health team, it is necessary to maintain current knowledge, consolidate technical abilities, and establish enough self-esteem related to the application in order to properly perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Effective emergency aid services are demanded of nurses. Within the units they operate in and in situations outside the hospital, nurses may meet a variety of emergency circumstances, such as sudden cardiac arrest. In these emergency situations, nurses must perform basic life support procedures first. Successful first aid and basic life support interventions by nurses in emergency situations may have a positive impact on the morbidity and death rates associated with cardiac arrest. Advanced life support practices would be considerably impacted by nurses with excellent knowledge and skills in basic life support. For nursing students' professional development and roles as practitioners and educators, it is crucial that nurse education programmes provide current information IJTSRD59836
  • 2. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470 @ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD59836 | Volume – 7 | Issue – 4 | Jul-Aug 2023 Page 978 and skill training linked to basic life support procedures. Additionally, nurses have significant roles and obligations in educating society about current standard life support procedures. Previous research indicated that there was need for improvement in nursing students' knowledge of basic life support. During their study, nursing students acquire fundamental theoretical knowledge and practical abilities in basic life support. However, instruction in fundamental life support techniques might not be enough. The practice of basic life support may cause anxiety and low self-esteem in nursing students who lack the necessary skills. Nursing students that receive basic life support training are more knowledgeable and are required to use evidence-based basic life support techniques. Basic life support training considerably increased nursing students' knowledge, practise skills, attitudes, and self-efficacy, according to previous studies. Additionally, training in basic life support would boost nurses' confidence in their ability to perform these procedures and help them control their anxiety. For students to gain better knowledge and abilities in this area, it is crucial to provide them with both theoretical and practical training in basic life support as well as regular repetition and updating of this training. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of basic life support instruction on nursing students' knowledge and behaviour. Materials and Methods A quasi-experimental study design was used on the nursing students of the college. The sample size found to be was 70. The study used a technique called purposive sampling. Knowledge of basic life support was the study's dependent variable. Both genders students of 3rd semester were included in the study, whereas other classes’ students and teachers were excluded from the study. The self-structured closed-ended questionnaire was used to collect data which consists of items related to knowledge regarding basic life support. A scoring key was designed where each correct answer was awarded 1 mark and the wrong answer 0. Thus, the item maximum score was 20 and the minimum was 0. Consequently, the highest total knowledge score for nursing students was 20. Since nursing students should have sufficient knowledge in this very critical area, knowledge scores of above 14 or >70% were considered “good” knowledge, scores 0-14 or below 70 % were considered “poor” knowledge. Before actual data collection, the instrument was pretested on 10% of the total sample size. Ethical consideration was taken from principal of state college of Dehradun and informed consent was designed; confidentiality of the information was maintained throughout the study. Collected data were checked and rechecked for their completeness for missing items before their processing, and that data were edited, coded, and entered into computer base software using SPSSV20 by using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Statistical Analysis The data were presented as mean and standard deviation. Paired ‘t’ test were performed to find the significant mean difference between the pre and post- test level of assessment. Results of the Study The study included a total of 70 nursing students with age ranging between 18-22 years. Frequency and percentage distribution of knowledge regarding Basic Life Support (BLS) among nursing students is shown in Table No. 1. Table No.1 Criterion measure of knowledge score N = 70 Level of knowledge Knowledge score Range of score Pre test Post test Frequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Good Above 70% 15- 20 27 38.57 70 100 Poor Below 70% 0 – 14 43 61.42 0 0 Table No. 1 shows that subjects having score between 15 and 20 were considered having good knowledge and subjects getting a score of 0 to 14 were considered having a poor knowledge. In the pre-test, majority of students 43 (61.42) were having poor knowledge and in the post test all students (100%) were having good knowledge related to Basic Life support. Table No. 2 Comparison between pre-test and post-test knowledge score of nursing students N = 70 Variable Pre test (Mean±SD) Pre test (Mean±SD) MD Paired t test df p value Knowledge score 13.60 ±3.13 18.59 ±1.74 4.98 ±3.77 11.06 69 0.000
  • 3. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470 @ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD59836 | Volume – 7 | Issue – 4 | Jul-Aug 2023 Page 979 Table No 2 shows that there was statistically significant difference between pre-test and post-test level of knowledge with t value =11.06 at p=0.000. Hence, the null hypothesis was rejected and it shows that teaching program on BLS was effective in improving knowledge among nursing students. Conclusion The study's findings show that hospitals' health workers, including nurses, health assistants, auxiliary nursing midwives, and community medicine assistants, have insufficient knowledge of BLS, which is a serious problem that needs to be fixed in the future. There is a requirement for all healthcare practitioners to have some type of standard training and assessment because BSL training and clinical exposure affect how much information is retained. The purpose of the research study was to evaluate hospital staff members' understanding of basic life support. Based on the study's findings, various recommendations can be made, such as conducting a comparative study and a study of a similar nature to determine the efficacy of programmes for spreading knowledge about basic life support. Source of funding: Nil Conflict of interest: None References [1] A systematic review of basic life support training targeted to family members of high- risk cardiac patients - ScienceDirect [Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 6]. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/a bs/pii/S0300957216300582 [2] Basic life support: knowledge and attitude of medical/paramedical professionals - PMC [Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 21]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PM C4129799/ [3] Current state of knowledge of basic life support in health professionals of the largest city in Pakistan: a cross-sectional study | BMC Health Services Research | Full Text [Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 21]. Available from: https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/art icles/10.1186/s12913-019-4676-y [4] Effectiveness of Simulation on Knowledge Acquisition, Knowledge Retention, and Self- Efficacy of Nursing Students in Jordan - ScienceDirect [Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 9]. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/a bs/pii/S1876139912000710 [5] Knowledge regarding Basic Life Support among Health Care Workers of the Hospital of Nepal [Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 6]. Available from: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jhe/2023/99 36114/ [6] The effectiveness of basic life support training on nursing students’ knowledge and basic life support practices: a non-randomized quasi- experimental study | African Health Sciences [Internet]. [cited 2023 Aug 9]. Available from: https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ahs/article/vie w/189178