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How To Write Af Good Project

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How To Write Af Good Project

  1. 1. 46h – April 2009
  2. 2. Writing a project is basically a kind of  academic text: The academic text The project   The BA-project ▪ The Thesis ▪ Master  Ph.D.
  3. 3. A scientific text should consist of:  1. Front-page 2. List of content 3. An introduction 4. A body which typically is the most important part – it is here analyzing is being done 5. The end (conclusion) 6. Literature list, notes, etc.
  4. 4. Problem formulation, The question of the project  Method, how the project ’is being done’  Presentation of the theories  Presentation of the empiric field, also a brief historic introduction  Collecting data  Analysis  Results, presentation of the production, interpretations  Considerations, discussion  Conclusion  Perspectives 
  5. 5. Introduction   Problem Field ▪ Where are we now, what is the topic of the project in a broad perspective?  Problem Formulation ▪ What is the topic of your project in a narrow perspective. You must be very precise and exact. You must make it clear, which questions will be answered by the project and which not ▪ That means you must draw clear boarders for your problem formulation
  6. 6. Introduction (cont.)...  Criteria for selection or drawing the boarder:  ▪ Why is ‘this’ included in stead of ‘that’? On which terms are the selections done? Method  ▪ Which analyzing tools are you going to use? And which theories? Tell about your approach towards the analysis ▪ How can you base the method on different texts or eve may be a theory? ▪ ”Change of gear” Tell about how the reader will be guided from page 1 to p. XX? What can the reader expect?
  7. 7. The Body   The analysis ▪ Analyze means ”deconstruct”, on the other side you have synthesis meaning ”construct”. ▪ It is imperative to keep a good balance between deconstruction and construction – possibly in a new way. Please dig deep if you like. (I.e. in a production, which you  really go into. But never forget: think about your reader: She must understand what is going on!
  8. 8. The end   Conclusion  Perspectives  Further work Literature, appendix, etc. 
  9. 9. Part conclusions   A good tool  But: Not always the best for the text. It may become to ‘heavy’.  Do experiment with the right way to do (Catch ups) Conclusion   Conclude on your analysis!  TEST: The part conclusions 1, 2 and 3… must become the same result as the conclusion (otherwise something is wrong!)
  10. 10. Alter, Jonathan: “The Weird World of Secrets and  Lies”, in Newsweek, nr. 22, 1998 Bolter, Jay David and Richard Grusin: Remediation.  Understanding New Media, Cambridge, Mass. 1999 De Certeau, Michel: The Practice of Everyday  Life, Berkeley 1984 [1974] Elmer, Greg: Profiling Machines: Mapping the  Personal Information Economy, Cambridge, Mass. (in press),
  11. 11. From the whole world into the topic Cut, cut, cut! Elaborate, elaborate… - but don’t forget to draw lines forth and back Conclude, conclude… But don’t forget self critism and news to come
  12. 12. How to write the project?  Which style should I use?  It is scientific – but don’t use difficult words when not  necessary. Also about notes: Only when relevant Focus on working with two texts: 1: The raw material  text, and 2: The text for your reader. Reader? A student at your level but from an other  programme.
  13. 13. Its al in the variation…  Highlight your points by ’replays’ – but not all the time  Feel free to point to your own text (i.e. In the next  paragraph I am going to… But not all the time!) Change between short and long sentences, beginnings,  metaphors etc. A good project is ‘written through’ several times!  Remember: The last: I am not in the mood for more… costs at least one grade!
  14. 14. The classical scientific text is based on a thesis which  you have to prove right or wrong. The reader must be able to control the content That’s why argumentation is important  The Argumentation is yours (and therefore also the  readers) way through the landscape.  Therefore argumentation is like travelling with a companion… Thing about it like a series of: ‘If’ – ‘then’s’ – and test  your self and your text. Did you remember all part conclusions? Can others follow your way of thinking? Are you jumping to conclusions too fast?
  15. 15. It is imperative to distinguish between:   Analysis and  Description NOW: you are in the interpreting mode (you analyze)  when you are telling the reader (and give good argumentation) which style the design of you production has. This can be supported by examples (which then are descriptive. You are in the DESKRIPTIVE mode (you describe), when  you give a short review of a plot or give a refernce to another analyse (of your production) etc.
  16. 16. A good project finds the balance between form and  contend It’s not enough that you have brilliant ideas if your  language is messy, bad spelling and you are not argumenting well for your points etc. CONSISTENS: Use the same system for your notes all  way through your project, the same way of spelling same quotation pracsice, same bla, same….. If you are good here it give one grade credit!!! 

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