Chapter 14Overcoming Speech Apprehension byPracticing Delivery
Practice PresentingYour Speech• Public Speaking Apprehension: a type ofcommunication anxiety that reflects the levelof fea...
Symptoms and Causes• 1. Signs and symptoms vary from person toperson• 2. Symptoms include physical, emotional, andcognitiv...
Symptoms and Causes(Cont.)• 5. Adaptation Reaction: the gradual declineof your anxiety level that begins about oneminute i...
Managing Your Apprehension• 1. Nervousness isn’t necessarily negative• 2. Techniques for reducing apprehension– A. Communi...
Characteristics of an EffectiveDelivery Style• 1. Use a conversational style: an informalstyle of presenting a speech so t...
Effective Use of your Voice• 1. Qualities of Voice– Pitch, volume, rate, quality (tone)• 2. Speak intelligibly: be sure li...
Effective Use of Your Body• 1. Facial Expressions• 2. Gestures• 3. Movement• 4. Eye contact• 5. Posture• 6. Poise• 7. Appe...
Delivery Methods• 1. Impromptu: speeches that are delivered withonly seconds or minutes of advance notice• 2. Scripted: sp...
Rehearsal of Speech• 1. Prepare speaking notes on note cards withwords or phrases• 2. Practice with visual aids before spe...
Criteria for Evaluating Speech• 1. CONTENT: speech goal, high-qualityinformation, variety of developmentalmaterial, approp...
YOU CAN DO IT!!!“If I have the belief that I can do it, I shall surelyacquire the capacity to do it even if I may nothave ...
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Chapter 14

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  • (COM): having a communication orientation (a chance to talk with people about what you care about) rather than a performance orientation (impressing the audience with a show) towards public speaking
  • Chapter 14

    1. 1. Chapter 14Overcoming Speech Apprehension byPracticing Delivery
    2. 2. Practice PresentingYour Speech• Public Speaking Apprehension: a type ofcommunication anxiety that reflects the levelof fear a person experiences whenanticipating, or actually, speaking to anaudience– Symptoms and causes– Managing your apprehension
    3. 3. Symptoms and Causes• 1. Signs and symptoms vary from person toperson• 2. Symptoms include physical, emotional, andcognitive reactions• 3. Anticipation Reaction: the level of anxietylevel you feel as you begin your speech• 4. Confrontation Reaction: the surge in youranxiety level you feel as you begin yourspeech
    4. 4. Symptoms and Causes(Cont.)• 5. Adaptation Reaction: the gradual declineof your anxiety level that begins about oneminute into the presentation• 6. Negative reinforcement from the past mayincrease apprehension• 7. Many of us may become nervous becauseof underdeveloped skills
    5. 5. Managing Your Apprehension• 1. Nervousness isn’t necessarily negative• 2. Techniques for reducing apprehension– A. Communication Orientation Motivation (COM)– B. Visualization– C. Systematic Desensitization– D. Cognitive Restructuring: systematicallyreplacing negative self-talk with positive self-talk– E. Public Speaking Skills Training
    6. 6. Characteristics of an EffectiveDelivery Style• 1. Use a conversational style: an informalstyle of presenting a speech so that youraudience feels you are talking with them, notat them• 2. Be animated
    7. 7. Effective Use of your Voice• 1. Qualities of Voice– Pitch, volume, rate, quality (tone)• 2. Speak intelligibly: be sure listeners canunderstand you– Articulation, pronunciation, accent• 3. Use vocal expressiveness: using a varietyof pitch, rate, volume, emphasis, and pause– Avoid monotone– Use pauses effectively
    8. 8. Effective Use of Your Body• 1. Facial Expressions• 2. Gestures• 3. Movement• 4. Eye contact• 5. Posture• 6. Poise• 7. Appearance
    9. 9. Delivery Methods• 1. Impromptu: speeches that are delivered withonly seconds or minutes of advance notice• 2. Scripted: speeches that are prepared bycreating a complete written manuscript anddelivered by rote memory or by reading a writtencopy• 3. Extemporaneous: speeches that areresearched and planned ahead of time, althoughthe exact working is not scripted and will varyfrom presentation to presentation
    10. 10. Rehearsal of Speech• 1. Prepare speaking notes on note cards withwords or phrases• 2. Practice with visual aids before speech• 3. Record, analyze, and refine speech delivery– Tape yourself giving speech– Time yourself– Watch/listen to your speech practice– Consider changes to improve speech
    11. 11. Criteria for Evaluating Speech• 1. CONTENT: speech goal, high-qualityinformation, variety of developmentalmaterial, appropriate visual aids• 2. ORGANIZATION: introduction, conclusions,meaningful points, clear transitions• 3. PRESENTATION: language clarity, vividness,emphasis, enthusiasm, vocal expressiveness,fluency, eye contact, pronunciation,articulation, poise, posture, gestures
    12. 12. YOU CAN DO IT!!!“If I have the belief that I can do it, I shall surelyacquire the capacity to do it even if I may nothave it at the beginning.”• Mahatma Gandhi

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