Collie Hub Presentation - Global CCS Institute Members Meeting - Rotterdam, May 2011

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Slides from Dominique van Gent’s 'Projects' Breakout session at the Global CCS Institute’s Members Meeting in Rotterdam, 9 May 2011.

Dominique presented these slides at one of the breakout sessions where he discussed lessons learnt from the Collie Hub project that has been established to examine the options for CCS in the South West of Western Australia.

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Collie Hub Presentation - Global CCS Institute Members Meeting - Rotterdam, May 2011

  1. 1. Global CCS instituterotterdam9 may 2011<br />
  2. 2. SCHIEDAM (ROTTERDAM)GRANDPARENTS BORN HERE<br />
  3. 3. SCHIPLUIDEN (NEAR ROTTERDAM)WHERE MY FATHER WAS BORN<br />
  4. 4. BROKEN HILLWHERE I WAS BORN<br />
  5. 5. BUNBURYWHERE I LIVE AND WORK<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. PART OF THE EMISSION SOLUTION<br />
  8. 8. COLLIE HUB PARTNERS<br />DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND PETROLEUM<br /><ul><li>PERDAMAN CHEMICALS AND FERTILISERS
  9. 9. VERVE ENERGY
  10. 10. GRIFFIN ENERGY
  11. 11. WESFARMERS PREMIER COAL
  12. 12. BHP BILLITON WORSLEY ALUMINA
  13. 13. ALCOA AUSTRALIA
  14. 14. RESEARCH PARTNERSHIP:
  15. 15. WA:ERA (Western Australian Energy Research Alliance) a collaborative arrangement between UWA, Curtin University and the CSIRO</li></li></ul><li>
  16. 16. HARVEY RIDGEMANDURAH TERRACE<br />
  17. 17. THE CONCEPT<br />COLLIE HUB<br /><ul><li>Integrated industrial CO2 geosequestration system
  18. 18. Storage within an identified area
  19. 19. Red mud sequestration 300,000 + tpa (Alcoa)
  20. 20. 2.4 mtpa Perdaman CO2
  21. 21. Potential for up to 7 mtpa for future power generation</li></li></ul><li>LOCATION MAP<br />N<br />32o00’<br />YILGARN CRATON<br />Storage Goals:<br /><ul><li>Maximum injection rate of 10 Mt/a
  22. 22. Up to 260 Mt total in 40 years</li></ul>LOWER LESUEUR REGION<br />33o00’<br />LEGEND<br />Mapped Area<br />Study Area<br />Fault<br />Anticline<br />20 km<br />Transfer Fault<br />BUSSELTON<br />116o00’<br />115o00’<br />
  23. 23. LOCATION OF SEISMIC AND WELL DATA<br /><ul><li>Seismic data good to poor
  24. 24. Darling Fault interpreted with gravity data
  25. 25. Wells drilled in the 60’s and 70’s, except Rockingham-1 from the 80’s
  26. 26. Seismic data quality varies from good to poor – some lines show very low signal to noise ratio
  27. 27. Seismic data does not really cover Darling Fault. The fault is interpreted using gravity data
  28. 28. Wells drilled in the 60’s and 70’s, except Rockingham-1 that was drilled in the 80’s
  29. 29. Well log suites available were often incomplete (with limited density & neutron coverage)</li></ul>LEGEND<br /><ul><li>Dynamic model area:
  30. 30. less faults
  31. 31. deeper injection horizons</li></ul>Dynamic Model Boundary<br />Static Model Boundary<br />Darling Fault<br />Fault<br />N<br />2D Seismic<br />20 km<br />Well<br />13<br />
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Immobilized CO2<br />Secondary Percolation<br />Primary Migration<br />LOWER LESUEUR STORAGE CONCEPT<br />
  35. 35. PROJECT ATTRACTIONS<br />Multiuser CO2 Hub with significant commitments from members<br />Phased development and funding requirements help manage technical & commercial risks<br />Proven commercial development structures, contracts and regulatory framework<br />Economic outcomes justify investment with appropriate CCS Flagship Funding<br />Key risks identified and are manageable<br />
  36. 36. RESIDUE CARBONATION<br />Residue Carbonation involves the addition of CO2 to thickened Residue slurry <br /><ul><li>Sodium hydroxide is converted to carbonate
  37. 37. Alumina is precipitated as sodium alumino carbonate
  38. 38. CO2 reaction with the solids (conversion of residual lime to calcite and conversion of TCA to calcite and gibbsite)
  39. 39. Overall result is a lowering of pH of the residue</li></ul>Very good fit with the current process compared to other neutralisation options <br /><ul><li>Doesn’t introduce impurities, so closed water circuit can be maintained
  40. 40. Utilises a waste product (CO2) to treat the residue
  41. 41. Provides a permanent sink for CO2 </li></li></ul><li>CO2 storage and vaporiser units<br />CO2 mixing tanks<br />Kwinana carbon capture plant<br />Carbon Capture plant at Kwinana: Full Scale<br />
  42. 42. LESSONS LEARNT - HUB<br />You have to be naive to attempt it<br />Set common goals early<br />A step change to CO2 emissions for coal users!<br />Give a future for the coal industry<br />Allow long-term decision-making<br />Everything takes longer than anticipated<br />Legal<br />Contractual<br />Differing cultural/legal approaches<br />Changes in members circumstances can affect the group<br />Competitors can work together for common benefits<br />
  43. 43. LESSONS LEARNT - HUB<br />In developing the concept, no transport or storage operators – getting the objectives right is more important than the technicalities of operating<br />Consider others that can benefit the project (and benefit from the project)<br />No-one likes spending money<br />Government understands funding not finance<br />Government as facilitator and regulator – look at how role transitions<br />Decision stages are important for investment, but work needs to happen in parallel<br />Risk assessment needs to include financial<br />
  44. 44. LESSONS LEARNT - HUB<br /><ul><li>Clearly define coal’s role</li></ul> (I utilise the Blue Map and discuss the 19% role of CCS)<br /><ul><li>Other industries will put coal down (coal v gas), forgetting that they will be targeted next
  45. 45. A lot of discussion will revert to renewables such as solar and wind
  46. 46. Be persistent</li></li></ul><li>LESSONS LEARNT – STORAGE<br />Commence data collection early (processing can take six to nine months)<br />Oil and gas industry has technical expertise<br />BUT different investment criteria to power and production industries<br />Extension of definition of “pre-competitive” (role of Government)<br />Even the “experts” are uncertain about unconventional trapping mechanisms<br />
  47. 47. BENEFIT BY LOOKING OUTSIDE<br /><ul><li>Look for connections
  48. 48. Look externally
  49. 49. Look internationally</li></ul>(Collie Hub has more in common with the Rotterdam proposal than projects in Australia)<br />
  50. 50. INDUSTRY<br /><ul><li>Work with industry
  51. 51. Government working with industry
  52. 52. Top down policy and directives do not work
  53. 53. Industry has to inform its workforce</li></li></ul><li>LOCAL PRESENCE<br /><ul><li>Local presence is important
  54. 54. Being available to speak to anyone at anytime is important
  55. 55. No local surprises</li></li></ul><li>Language<br />Is<br />Important<br />HARVEY RIDGEMANDURAH TERRACE<br />
  56. 56. COMPETITORS WORKINGTOGETHER<br /><ul><li>Competitors can work together to benefit their industry
  57. 57. Convincing your children of the environmental benefits is the hardest task</li></li></ul><li>Thank you <br />

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