Cubism is the mostradical, innovative, andinfluential ism of twentieth-century art. It is completedenial of Classical conceptionof beauty. Cubism itself follows Paul Cezanne statement that "Everything in nature takes its form from the sphere, the cone, and the cylinder." in which these 3 shapes are used to depict the object of the painting.
In Cubism, objects are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled in an abstracted form, instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context. Forms are abstracted by using an analytical approach to the object and painting the basic geometric solid of the object.
Oftenthe surfaces intersect at seemingly random angles, removing a coherent sense of depth. The background and object planes interpenetrate one another to create the shallow ambiguous space, one of cubisms distinct characteristics.
Cubism was the joint invention of two men, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. It revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture. This began in the city of Paris between the years 1907-1914.
CUBISM The starting point of cubism began from the later paintings of Paul Cézanne, which were common interests of both PicassoPaul Cézanne; ―Bibemus Quarry‖ 1895 and Braque.
Why Cubism Was FormedCubism was the first style of abstractart, which was an attempt by artists torevitalize the tired traditions of Westernart, challenging conventional forms ofrepresentation, such as perspective, whichhad been the rule since the Renaissance.Their aim was to develop a new way ofseeing which reflected the modernage, which came with unprecedentedspeed.
Rejecting the inherited concept that artshould copy nature, they wantedinstead to emphasize the two-dimensionality of the canvas, reducingand fracturing objects intogeometric forms, and then realigningthese within a shallow, relief-like space.They sought after a more radicalapproach at this time to reflect themodernity of the era, or ―a new way ofseeing‖, which was Cubism.
This type of cubism is hard to interpret and is very ambiguous. Analytic cubism was mainly practiced by Braque, and is very simple, with dark, almost monochromatic colours. "analyzed― cubism is natural forms that are reduced into basic geometric parts on a two-dimensional picture plane. focused on forms like the cylinder, sphere and the cone to represent the natural world.
Braque’s ―Violin and Pitcher‖ reflects on how intellectual cubism is. The violin is easy to see, while the pitcher is less obvious, but still easily spotted a little above and to the left of the violin. Studying the bottom two-thirds of the canvas, your eye moves around the violin and the pitcher, seeing depth and distance and space–an odd, faceted space, but space nonetheless that you could, presumably, stick your arm into. You imagine you could reach behind the violin or between it and the pitcher. It’s puzzling, because it’s not clear if the violin is in front of the pitcher or vice versa, and the two seem to switch places as you look between them, but you are certain the pitcher is round and the neck of the violin is standing free.Georges Braque’s ―Violin and Pitcher‖ 1910
Portrait of Ambroise Vollard Pablo Picasso (1910)Analytical Cubism shares many of the They also show similarities tosame colors. one another.
Synthetic cubism was much more energetic, and often made use of collage including the use of several two- dimensional materials. This type of cubism was developed by Picasso. Synthetic Cubism grew out of Analytical Cubism and the experimental nature of collage. It is also more decorative and appealing and somewhat easier to interpret.
Woman in an Armchair Pablo Picasso (1913) Three Musicians Painting Pablo Picasso (1921) The colors used in synthetic cubism is much different than analytical because it is more brighter.Synthetic Cubism grew out of Analytical Cubism and the experimental natureof Collage. Synthetic Cubism developed through a construction processrather than the analytical process and deconstruction of Analytical Cubism.It is also more decorative and appealing and somewhat easier to interpret.
CUBISM is an overwhelmingly intellectual art. It’s certainly not an art overly concerned with beauty or pleasure or aesthetics as we traditionally understand them.
The Renaissance said that a painting provides a glimpse into a three- dimensional world, looking through a frame as if through a window, but Braque and Picasso said no, a painting is pigment on canvas. There is no other world. only a flat surface contrived by the artist to give the illusion of space and depth. artist is under no obligation to make the world of canvas resemble our world–he or she can take apart the world and reassemble it anyway he or she likes.
Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer, one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. He is widely known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore.
Les Demoiselles dAvignon (The Young Ladies of Avignon, and originally titled The Brothel of Avignon)A large oil painting of 1907 by the Spanishartist Picasso. The work portrays five nudefemale prostitutes from a brothel on CarrerdAvinyó (Avinyó Street) in Barcelona.Each figure is depicted in a disconcertingconfrontational manner and none areconventionally feminine. The womenappear as slightly menacing and renderedwith angular and disjointed body shapes.Two are shown with African mask-like facesand three more with faces in the Iberianstyle of Picassos native Spain, giving them asavage aura.
GuernicaIt was created in response to the bombing ofGuernica, Basque Country, by German and Italian warplanesat the behest of the Spanish Nationalist forces, on 26 April1937, during the Spanish Civil War. The Spanish Republicangovernment commissioned Picasso to create a large mural forthe Spanish display at the Paris International Exposition at the1937 Worlds Fair in Paris.
Braque was a major 20th century French painter and sculptor who, along with Pablo Picasso, developed the art style known as Cubism. Braques paintings of 1908–1913 reflected his new interest in geometry and simultaneous perspective. He conducted an intense study of the effects of light and perspective and the technical means that painters use to represent these effects, seeming to question the most standard of artistic conventions.
Georges Braque. House at Lestaque. 1908 Oil on Canvas Kunst Museum, BerneIn his village scenes, Braquefrequently reduced an architecturalstructure to a geometric formapproximating a cube, yet renderedits shading so that it looked both flatand three-dimensional byfragmenting the image. He showedthis in the painting "House atLestaque".
Braque, Georges (1882-1963)Violin and Candlestick. 1910 The Violin and the Palette George Braque (1909)
Juan Gris Robert Delaunay Albert Gleizes Fernand Legar Jean Metzinger Romare Bearden
José Victoriano González-Pérez (March 23, 1887 – May 11, 1927), better known as Juan Gris, was a Spanish painter and sculptor who lived and worked in France most of his life. His works, which are closely connected to the emergence of an innovative artistic genre— Cubism—are among the movements most distinctive. Violin and GlassJuan Gris (1915), an example of Synthetic Cubism