Predecesores Surrealismo

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Predecesores Surrealismo

  1. 1. M
  2. 2. SURREALISMO <ul><li>1917 – APOLLINAIRE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MOVIMIENTO LITERARIO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ANDRE BRETON </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1925 – GALERIA PIERRE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MOVIMIENTO PICTORICO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARP, ENST, RAY, KLEE, DE CHIRICO, MIRO, PICASSO, DALI, MAGRITTE </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. DEFINICION DE BRETON <ul><li>PURO AUTOMATISMO PSIQUICO POR EL CUAL SE INTENTA EXPRESAR VERBALMENTE O POR ESCRITO O DE CUALQUIER OTRA MANERA, EL FUNCIONAMIENTO REAL DEL PENSAMIENTO EN AUSENCIA DE CUALQUIER CONTROL EJERCIDO POR LA RAZON AL MARGEN DE TODA PREOCUPACION ESTETICA O MORAL </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>INCONSCIENCIA </li></ul><ul><li>IRRACIONALIDAD </li></ul><ul><li>BUSQUEDA </li></ul><ul><li>INVESTIGACION INDIVIDUAL </li></ul>
  5. 5. “… CADA SEGUNDO HAY UNA FRASE EXTRAÑA A NUESTRO PENSAMIENTO CONSCIENTE QUE ESTA PIDIENDO EXTERIORIZARSE” <ul><li>FREUD Y EL SUBCONCIENTE : ESCRITURA LIBRE </li></ul><ul><li>COMPROMISO POLITICO DE OPOSICION </li></ul><ul><li>EXCENTRICISMO </li></ul><ul><li>EXPERIMENTACION </li></ul>
  6. 6. LOS SURREALISTAS ANTES DEL SURREALISMO
  7. 7. <ul><li>HIERONIMUS BOSCH (1450? – 1516) FANTASIA </li></ul><ul><li>WILLIAM BLAKE (1757 – 1827) VISIONES </li></ul><ul><li>FRANCISCO DE GOYA (1746 – 1828) PESADILLAS </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hieronymous (van Aken) Bosch (1450-1516 Hieronymus Bosch is known for his enigmatic panels illustrating complex religious subjects with fantastic, often demonic imagery References to astrology, folklore, witchcraft, and alchemy, in addition to the theme of the Antichrist and episodes from the lives of exemplary saints, are all woven together by Bosch into a labyrinth of late medieval Christian iconography.
  9. 9. Garden of Earthly Delights Outer wings, &quot;Creation of the World&quot; c. 1504 Triptych, plus shutters Oil on panel Central panel, 2.20 x 1.95 m. Wings, 2.20 x .97 m. Museo del Prado, Madrid
  10. 11. Bosch, Hieronymous Garden of Earthly Delights Left wing, &quot;Paradise&quot; c. 1504 Triptych, plus shutters Oil on panel Central panel, 220 x 195 cm; Wings, 220 x 97 cm Museo del Prado, Madrid
  11. 16. Garden of Earthly Delights Right wing, &quot;Hell&quot; c. 1504
  12. 20. Garden of Earthly Delights Detail of bird-headed monster (right wing)
  13. 23. The Man-Tree, pen and bistre, Albertina at Vienna.
  14. 24. Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (1746-1828) innovative Spanish painter and etcher; one of the triumvirate—including El Greco and Diego Velázquez—of great Spanish masters.
  15. 26. Atropos also called The Fates Las Parcas 1820-23 Oil on gesso transferred to linen 123 cm x 266 cm Museo del Prado Madrid Spain
  16. 27. Goat also called Witches Sabbath 1820-23 Oil on gesso Prado Museum, Madrid 140 cm x 438 cm
  17. 28. Fight with Cudgels also called Duel with Cudgels 1820 – 1823 Oil on plaster 123 cm x 266 cm Prado Museum, Madrid Asmodea 1820-23 Oil on gesso 48 1/2 inches by 104 1/2 inches Prado Museum, Madrid
  18. 29. SATURNO Saturno devorando a su hijo 1820 – 1823 Oil on plaster 146 cm x 83 cm Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
  19. 30. RUBENS SATURNO OLEO SOBRE LINO 1686 MESEO DEL PRADO MADRID, ESPAÑA
  20. 31. WILLIAM BLAKE 1757 – 1827 INGLATERRA
  21. 32. Poet, painter, and engraver, who created a unique form of illustrated verse; His unique style was imaginative and visionary and was a radical departure from the type of art generally produced in the late 18th century . . Blake, William The Ancient of Days 1794 Relief etching with watercolor 23.3 x 16.8 cm (9 1/8 x 6 7/8 in.) British Museum, London
  22. 33. NEWTON
  23. 34. William Blake, Pietà , 1795 , Tate Gallery
  24. 35. Blake, William The Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve c. 1825 Watercolor on wood 32 x 43 cm (12 3/4 x 17 in.)

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