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Polonya

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Polanya Tanıtım

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Polonya

  1. 1. t POLAND
  2. 2. Map of Polond
  3. 3. Poland is located in the very centre of Europe. With the total area of 312,679 km². It’s the seventh biggest country on the continent. Map of Polond
  4. 4. Most of the country is located on lowlands. On the south there are upland areas with two major mountain chains – the Carpathians (Karpaty) and the Sudetes (Sudety). The Baltic sea coastline on the north measures 770 km. The longest river, Vistula (Wisła) is 1,047 km (678 miles) long. Geography The Carpatians The Baltic Sea
  5. 5. Poland Regions Poland is divided 16 districts
  6. 6. Polish Flag • Polish flag is white and red. • It was officially recognised in 1919 • Polish Eagle with crown on its head is their emblem • In the years of comminism, the eagle was deprived of its crown • In 1990 the crown came back
  7. 7. History Great (north) Poland was founded in 966 by Mieszko I, who belonged to the Piast dynasty. The tribes of southern Poland then formed Little Poland. In 1047, both Great Poland and Little Poland united under the rule of Casimir I the Restorer. Poland merged with Lithuania by royal marriage in 1386. The Polish-Lithuanian state reached the peak of its power between the 14th and 16th centuries, scoring military successes against the (Germanic) Knights of the Teutonic Order, the Russians, and the Ottoman Turks. Lack of a strong monarchy enabled Russia, Prussia, and Austria to carry out a first partition of the country in 1772, a second in 1792, and a third in 1795. For more than a century thereafter, there was no Polish state, just Austrian, Prussian, and Russian sectors, but the Poles never ceased their efforts to regain their independence.
  8. 8. History The Polish people revolted against foreign dominance throughout the 19th century. Poland was formally reconstituted in Nov. 1918, with Marshal Josef Pilsudski as chief of state. In 1919, Ignace Paderewski, the famous pianist and patriot, became the first prime minister. In 1926, Pilsudski seized complete power in a coup and ruled dictatorially until his death on May 12, 1935. Despite a ten-year nonaggression pact signed in 1934, Hitler attacked Poland on Sept. 1, 1939. Soviet troops invaded from the east on Sept. 17, and on Sept. 28, a German-Soviet agreement divided Poland between the USSR and Germany. All of Poland was occupied by Germany after the Nazi attack on the USSR in June 1941. Nazi Germany's occupation policy in Poland was designed to eradicate Polish culture through mass executions and to exterminate the country's large Jewish minority.
  9. 9. History The Polish government-in-exile was replaced with the Communist- dominated Polish Committee of National Liberation by the Soviet Union in 1944. A new constitution in 1952 made Poland a “people's democracy” of the Soviet type. In 1955, Poland became a member of the Warsaw Treaty Organization, with its foreign policy identical to that of the USSR. Led by Solidarity, an independent union founded by an electrician, Lech Walesa, workers launched a drive for liberty and improved conditions. A national strike for a five-day workweek in Jan. 1981 led to the dismissal of Prime Minister Pinkowski and the naming of the fourth prime minister in less than a year, Gen.
  10. 10. History In 1999, Poland became part of NATO, along with the Czech Republic and Hungary. On May 1, 2004, Poland joined the EU. Prime Minister Leszek Miller resigned on May 2, 2004.
  11. 11. Polish Language Polish is the official language of Poland. It is also used as a second language in some parts of Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. The Polish language belongs to the West-Slavic group of the Indo-European languages. Polish, like other Indo-European languages, shares some Latin grammar and vocabulary. There are 3 tenses (past, present, future), 2 numbers (singular and plural), and 3 genders (masculine, feminine, neuter). There are no articles but Polish, like Latin, and is an inflectional language that distinguishes 7 cases, defining the noun usage in a sentence. This feature makes their mother tongue difficult to master and presents a lot of trouble to foreigners
  12. 12. Polish Language Dzien dobry : good day Dobry wieczor : good evening Dobranoc : good night Czesc : hi / hello Do widzenia : good bye Prosze : please Dziekuje : thank you Dzieki : thanks (less formal) Przepraszam : I'm sorry / excuse me Tak : yes Nie : no
  13. 13. Goverment Cabinet Of Poland
  14. 14. Goverment Donald Tusk Prime Minister of Poland Bronisław Komorowski President of Poland
  15. 15. Polish Currency Polish currency is Zloty
  16. 16. Capital of Poland Warsaw is the capital and largest city of Poland. It is located on the Vistula River, roughly 260 kilometres from the Baltic Sea and 300 kilometres from the Carpathian Mountains. Its population is estimated at 1.711 million residents within a greater metropolitan area of 2.666 million residents, making Warsaw the 9th most populous city proper in the European Union.
  17. 17. Capital of Poland The Royal Castle The Old Town Wilanów Palace
  18. 18. Capital of Poland  It is the tallest building in Poland  Today it is exhibition center and office copmlex  There are cinemas, theatres, museums, offices, bookshops, and a large conference hall for 3000 peopleThe Palace of Culture and Science
  19. 19. Climate The climate is moderate. The average summer temperature ranges from 20 °C to 30 °C. Winters are cold the average ranges from 3 °C in the northwest to –8 °C in the northeast.
  20. 20. Polish Folk Dance
  21. 21.  Polish folk dances tend to be lively, energetic, and joyful. Hops, twirls, and athletic movements are common. Many dances involve a circle.  Clothing is usually colorful. In addition, women often wear coral necklaces, particularly red ones. They also decorate their hair with flowers or ribbons.  The Polish national dances are the Krakowiak, Kujawiak, Mazur ek, Oberek, and Polonaise. Polish Folk Dance
  22. 22.  Polish cuisine shares many similarities with other Central European cuisines, especially German, Austrian and Hungarian cuisines, as well as Jewish. Poles boast that their two basic products are bread and sausages.  The most typical ingredients used in Polish cuisine are sauerkraut, beetroot, cucumbers (gherkins), sour cream, kohlrabi, mushrooms, sausages and smoked sausage Polish Cuisine
  23. 23. Since last 15 years Polish GDP grows rapidly, with an average rate of 5% per year. The inflation rate is low and the wages have grown in a yearly rate of 15% for the past two years. The unemployment, very high until 2004, is rapidly decreasing. Right now its level is 11 %, but it's expected to fall beneath 8% in two years time. These economical factors, along with the modest living costs, make Poland an attractive location for both studying and working Economy
  24. 24. Poland, especially after 1989 and joining of the European Union in 2004, became a place frequently visited by tourists. Most tourist attractions in Poland are connected with natural environment, historic sites and cultural events. They draw millions of tourists every year from all around the world. The most popular cities are; Kraków, Wrocław, Gdańsk, Warsaw, Poznań, Lublin, Toruń and the historic site of Auschwitz - German nazi concentration camp in Oświęcim. Tourism Royal palace at Wawel Tatra Mountains
  25. 25. WroclawManufaktura Masurian Lake District Malbork Castle
  26. 26. Wieliczka Salt Mine
  27. 27.  Nicolaus Copernicus was famous Polish astronomer  He wrote the theory that the sun was in the middle of the the solar system Famous Poles
  28. 28.  Frederic Chopin was the most famous Polish composer and pianist Famous Poles
  29. 29.  Marie Sklodowska- Curie was physicist and chemist from Poland but lived in France  She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. She was an expert in the field of radioctivity and the only person to get the Nobel Prize in two different sciences. Famous Poles
  30. 30.  Lech Walesa was a Polish shipyard worker  Later he became the leader of Solidarity and the President of Poland, he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983. Famous Poles
  31. 31. Dziękuję! Prepared by Büşra Kuyumcu

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