SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Introduction to criminology lecture 1 module 1

JEN PAN
JEN PAN

introduction to criminology

1 of 13
Download to read offline
INTRODUCTION TO
CRIMINOLOGY
JENNER P. PANDAN, RC, MSC, MPA
What is CRIMINOLOGY?
• Etymological Definition -Criminology (from Latin crīmen,"accusation";
and Greek -λογία, -logia)is the scientific approach to studying criminal
behavior.
• The term was coined in 1885 by Raffaele Garofalo, an Italian law
professor.
What is CRIMINOLOGY?
• Classic Definition – According to Edwin Sutherland and Donald
Cressey: Criminology is a body of knowledge regarding crime as a
social phenomenon. It includes within its scope the processes of
making laws, of breaking of laws, and of reaction toward the breaking
of laws.
• Criminology is the study of crime and criminals, including the
causes, prevention, correction, and impact of crime on
society. Since it emerged in the late 1800s as part of a
movement for prison reform, criminology has evolved into a
multidisciplinary effort to identify the root causes of crime
and develop effective methods for preventing it, punishing
its perpetrators, and mitigating its effect on victims.
• Criminology encompasses a wider analysis of criminal behavior, as
opposed to the general term crime, which refers to specific acts, such
as robbery, and how those acts are punished. Criminology also
attempts to account for fluctuations in crime rates due to changes in
society and law enforcement practices. Increasingly, criminologists
working in law enforcement employ advanced tools of scientific
forensics, such as fingerprint study, toxicology, and DNA analysis to
detect, prevent, and more often than not, solve crimes.
• Modern criminology seeks a deeper understanding of the
psychological and sociological influences that make certain people
more likely than others to commit crimes.
Ad

Recommended

More Related Content

What's hot

Theories of crimes
Theories of crimesTheories of crimes
Theories of crimesjovi saquido
 
The Classical School of Criminology
The Classical School of CriminologyThe Classical School of Criminology
The Classical School of CriminologyJwooten2
 
Schools of Criminology
Schools of CriminologySchools of Criminology
Schools of CriminologyVelika D'Souza
 
Victimization - Criminology
Victimization - CriminologyVictimization - Criminology
Victimization - CriminologyDiana Dianot
 
Biological Theory of Crime
Biological Theory of CrimeBiological Theory of Crime
Biological Theory of CrimeA K DAS's | Law
 
Lombrosian Theory of crime causation
Lombrosian Theory of crime causationLombrosian Theory of crime causation
Lombrosian Theory of crime causationsebis1
 
Biological Theories of Crime
Biological Theories of CrimeBiological Theories of Crime
Biological Theories of Crimeknoxmodernstudies
 
nature and scope of Criminology
nature and scope of Criminologynature and scope of Criminology
nature and scope of Criminologygagan deep
 
Criminological research and statistics
Criminological research and statisticsCriminological research and statistics
Criminological research and statisticsArvin Kim Arnilla
 
Power point classical & neo classical schools
Power point classical & neo classical schoolsPower point classical & neo classical schools
Power point classical & neo classical schoolsShamori Williams
 
Introduction to Criminology and Psychology of Crimes
Introduction to Criminology and Psychology of CrimesIntroduction to Criminology and Psychology of Crimes
Introduction to Criminology and Psychology of CrimesNoemi Domingo-Cafirma
 
Criminology-Definition, Nature & Scope.pptx
Criminology-Definition, Nature & Scope.pptxCriminology-Definition, Nature & Scope.pptx
Criminology-Definition, Nature & Scope.pptxAman298462
 
Sigmund Freud's Theory of Criminology
Sigmund Freud's Theory of Criminology Sigmund Freud's Theory of Criminology
Sigmund Freud's Theory of Criminology Ritu Gautam
 

What's hot (20)

Criminology Theories
Criminology TheoriesCriminology Theories
Criminology Theories
 
History of Criminology
History of CriminologyHistory of Criminology
History of Criminology
 
Theories of crimes
Theories of crimesTheories of crimes
Theories of crimes
 
Organized crime preview
Organized crime previewOrganized crime preview
Organized crime preview
 
The Classical School of Criminology
The Classical School of CriminologyThe Classical School of Criminology
The Classical School of Criminology
 
Crime and Criminology
Crime and CriminologyCrime and Criminology
Crime and Criminology
 
Schools of Criminology
Schools of CriminologySchools of Criminology
Schools of Criminology
 
Victimization - Criminology
Victimization - CriminologyVictimization - Criminology
Victimization - Criminology
 
Biological Theory of Crime
Biological Theory of CrimeBiological Theory of Crime
Biological Theory of Crime
 
Lombrosian Theory of crime causation
Lombrosian Theory of crime causationLombrosian Theory of crime causation
Lombrosian Theory of crime causation
 
Biological Theories of Crime
Biological Theories of CrimeBiological Theories of Crime
Biological Theories of Crime
 
ADJ 201-63 Criminology Lesson 1
ADJ 201-63 Criminology Lesson 1ADJ 201-63 Criminology Lesson 1
ADJ 201-63 Criminology Lesson 1
 
nature and scope of Criminology
nature and scope of Criminologynature and scope of Criminology
nature and scope of Criminology
 
Criminological research and statistics
Criminological research and statisticsCriminological research and statistics
Criminological research and statistics
 
Power point classical & neo classical schools
Power point classical & neo classical schoolsPower point classical & neo classical schools
Power point classical & neo classical schools
 
Introduction to Criminology and Psychology of Crimes
Introduction to Criminology and Psychology of CrimesIntroduction to Criminology and Psychology of Crimes
Introduction to Criminology and Psychology of Crimes
 
Penology
PenologyPenology
Penology
 
Crime detection
Crime detectionCrime detection
Crime detection
 
Criminology-Definition, Nature & Scope.pptx
Criminology-Definition, Nature & Scope.pptxCriminology-Definition, Nature & Scope.pptx
Criminology-Definition, Nature & Scope.pptx
 
Sigmund Freud's Theory of Criminology
Sigmund Freud's Theory of Criminology Sigmund Freud's Theory of Criminology
Sigmund Freud's Theory of Criminology
 

Similar to Introduction to criminology lecture 1 module 1

Intro-to-Crim-2021-2022.pdf
Intro-to-Crim-2021-2022.pdfIntro-to-Crim-2021-2022.pdf
Intro-to-Crim-2021-2022.pdfSarahJaneBeredo
 
CORRECTIONAL-ADMINISTRATION-PPT-FOR-KING-SOLOMON.pptx
CORRECTIONAL-ADMINISTRATION-PPT-FOR-KING-SOLOMON.pptxCORRECTIONAL-ADMINISTRATION-PPT-FOR-KING-SOLOMON.pptx
CORRECTIONAL-ADMINISTRATION-PPT-FOR-KING-SOLOMON.pptxNicoleLegaspi
 
Criminology - britannica
Criminology  - britannica Criminology  - britannica
Criminology - britannica PeterGriffin73
 
Crime and society criminal theories
Crime and society  criminal theoriesCrime and society  criminal theories
Crime and society criminal theoriesRavinderKaur194
 
Punishment In The Criminal Justice System
Punishment In The Criminal Justice SystemPunishment In The Criminal Justice System
Punishment In The Criminal Justice SystemDo My Papers UK
 
Criminal Justice Crime And Punishment Essay
Criminal Justice Crime And Punishment EssayCriminal Justice Crime And Punishment Essay
Criminal Justice Crime And Punishment EssayBuy A Paper Gallatin
 
pptcriminologyallfourunits-201105181742.pdf
pptcriminologyallfourunits-201105181742.pdfpptcriminologyallfourunits-201105181742.pdf
pptcriminologyallfourunits-201105181742.pdfSAGARSINGLA21
 
CRIMINOLOGY {LLB 409 (d) }
CRIMINOLOGY {LLB 409 (d) }CRIMINOLOGY {LLB 409 (d) }
CRIMINOLOGY {LLB 409 (d) }cpjcollege
 
Human rights and prison management
Human rights and prison managementHuman rights and prison management
Human rights and prison managementNeeti Chaturvedi
 

Similar to Introduction to criminology lecture 1 module 1 (20)

Lecture Notes Criminology.pptx
Lecture Notes Criminology.pptxLecture Notes Criminology.pptx
Lecture Notes Criminology.pptx
 
Intro-to-Crim-2021-2022.pdf
Intro-to-Crim-2021-2022.pdfIntro-to-Crim-2021-2022.pdf
Intro-to-Crim-2021-2022.pdf
 
CORRECTIONAL-ADMINISTRATION-PPT-FOR-KING-SOLOMON.pptx
CORRECTIONAL-ADMINISTRATION-PPT-FOR-KING-SOLOMON.pptxCORRECTIONAL-ADMINISTRATION-PPT-FOR-KING-SOLOMON.pptx
CORRECTIONAL-ADMINISTRATION-PPT-FOR-KING-SOLOMON.pptx
 
A Common Theory Of Criminology Essay
A Common Theory Of Criminology EssayA Common Theory Of Criminology Essay
A Common Theory Of Criminology Essay
 
Theories In Criminology
Theories In CriminologyTheories In Criminology
Theories In Criminology
 
Relationship Between Crime And Criminology
Relationship Between Crime And CriminologyRelationship Between Crime And Criminology
Relationship Between Crime And Criminology
 
CRIMINOLOGY.pptx
CRIMINOLOGY.pptxCRIMINOLOGY.pptx
CRIMINOLOGY.pptx
 
Criminology - britannica
Criminology  - britannica Criminology  - britannica
Criminology - britannica
 
Classical Criminology Essay
Classical Criminology EssayClassical Criminology Essay
Classical Criminology Essay
 
Criminology Essays
Criminology EssaysCriminology Essays
Criminology Essays
 
Crime and society criminal theories
Crime and society  criminal theoriesCrime and society  criminal theories
Crime and society criminal theories
 
Punishment In The Criminal Justice System
Punishment In The Criminal Justice SystemPunishment In The Criminal Justice System
Punishment In The Criminal Justice System
 
noa criminology.pdf
noa criminology.pdfnoa criminology.pdf
noa criminology.pdf
 
Criminological Theories Of Crime
Criminological Theories Of CrimeCriminological Theories Of Crime
Criminological Theories Of Crime
 
Criminal Justice Crime And Punishment Essay
Criminal Justice Crime And Punishment EssayCriminal Justice Crime And Punishment Essay
Criminal Justice Crime And Punishment Essay
 
pptcriminologyallfourunits-201105181742.pdf
pptcriminologyallfourunits-201105181742.pdfpptcriminologyallfourunits-201105181742.pdf
pptcriminologyallfourunits-201105181742.pdf
 
CRIMINOLOGY {LLB 409 (d) }
CRIMINOLOGY {LLB 409 (d) }CRIMINOLOGY {LLB 409 (d) }
CRIMINOLOGY {LLB 409 (d) }
 
Human rights and prison management
Human rights and prison managementHuman rights and prison management
Human rights and prison management
 
Criminological Theory Essay
Criminological Theory EssayCriminological Theory Essay
Criminological Theory Essay
 
Laws of crime
Laws of crimeLaws of crime
Laws of crime
 

More from JEN PAN

Fingerprint
FingerprintFingerprint
FingerprintJEN PAN
 
Effective slides presentation
Effective slides presentationEffective slides presentation
Effective slides presentationJEN PAN
 
Basic videography
Basic videographyBasic videography
Basic videographyJEN PAN
 
ABC to successful person
ABC to successful personABC to successful person
ABC to successful personJEN PAN
 
Roles and Responsibilities of Human Resource Manager
Roles and Responsibilities of Human Resource ManagerRoles and Responsibilities of Human Resource Manager
Roles and Responsibilities of Human Resource ManagerJEN PAN
 
Types of government
Types of governmentTypes of government
Types of governmentJEN PAN
 
Iwahig prison and penal farm
Iwahig prison and penal farmIwahig prison and penal farm
Iwahig prison and penal farmJEN PAN
 

More from JEN PAN (8)

Fingerprint
FingerprintFingerprint
Fingerprint
 
Cflm 2
Cflm 2 Cflm 2
Cflm 2
 
Effective slides presentation
Effective slides presentationEffective slides presentation
Effective slides presentation
 
Basic videography
Basic videographyBasic videography
Basic videography
 
ABC to successful person
ABC to successful personABC to successful person
ABC to successful person
 
Roles and Responsibilities of Human Resource Manager
Roles and Responsibilities of Human Resource ManagerRoles and Responsibilities of Human Resource Manager
Roles and Responsibilities of Human Resource Manager
 
Types of government
Types of governmentTypes of government
Types of government
 
Iwahig prison and penal farm
Iwahig prison and penal farmIwahig prison and penal farm
Iwahig prison and penal farm
 

Recently uploaded

SYNOPSIS ON THE COMPANIES REGULATIONS, 2024 .pdf
SYNOPSIS ON THE COMPANIES REGULATIONS, 2024 .pdfSYNOPSIS ON THE COMPANIES REGULATIONS, 2024 .pdf
SYNOPSIS ON THE COMPANIES REGULATIONS, 2024 .pdfSyed Muhammad Humza Hussain
 
2024-02-16 Building Soul Force- Changing to Stay Stable in Challenging Times.pdf
2024-02-16 Building Soul Force- Changing to Stay Stable in Challenging Times.pdf2024-02-16 Building Soul Force- Changing to Stay Stable in Challenging Times.pdf
2024-02-16 Building Soul Force- Changing to Stay Stable in Challenging Times.pdfJack Pringle
 
AI and Arbitration - Ethical considerations
AI and Arbitration - Ethical considerationsAI and Arbitration - Ethical considerations
AI and Arbitration - Ethical considerationsNino Sievi
 
The Services of Our Criminal Solicitors in Manchester
The Services of Our Criminal Solicitors in ManchesterThe Services of Our Criminal Solicitors in Manchester
The Services of Our Criminal Solicitors in ManchesterBridgeWest.eu
 
How is Personal Injury Compensation Calculated?
How is Personal Injury Compensation Calculated?How is Personal Injury Compensation Calculated?
How is Personal Injury Compensation Calculated?BridgeWest.eu
 
Australia Skilled Occupation list 2024 Updated
Australia Skilled Occupation list 2024 UpdatedAustralia Skilled Occupation list 2024 Updated
Australia Skilled Occupation list 2024 Updatedkashishsharma321339
 
The Transfer pricing agreements in the Cooperative Compliance Environment
The Transfer pricing agreements in the Cooperative Compliance EnvironmentThe Transfer pricing agreements in the Cooperative Compliance Environment
The Transfer pricing agreements in the Cooperative Compliance EnvironmentUniversity of Ferrara
 
POSH Act 2013 Awareness And Training Module
POSH Act 2013 Awareness And Training ModulePOSH Act 2013 Awareness And Training Module
POSH Act 2013 Awareness And Training Modulestudyneur
 

Recently uploaded (9)

SYNOPSIS ON THE COMPANIES REGULATIONS, 2024 .pdf
SYNOPSIS ON THE COMPANIES REGULATIONS, 2024 .pdfSYNOPSIS ON THE COMPANIES REGULATIONS, 2024 .pdf
SYNOPSIS ON THE COMPANIES REGULATIONS, 2024 .pdf
 
2024-02-16 Building Soul Force- Changing to Stay Stable in Challenging Times.pdf
2024-02-16 Building Soul Force- Changing to Stay Stable in Challenging Times.pdf2024-02-16 Building Soul Force- Changing to Stay Stable in Challenging Times.pdf
2024-02-16 Building Soul Force- Changing to Stay Stable in Challenging Times.pdf
 
AI and Arbitration - Ethical considerations
AI and Arbitration - Ethical considerationsAI and Arbitration - Ethical considerations
AI and Arbitration - Ethical considerations
 
The Services of Our Criminal Solicitors in Manchester
The Services of Our Criminal Solicitors in ManchesterThe Services of Our Criminal Solicitors in Manchester
The Services of Our Criminal Solicitors in Manchester
 
How is Personal Injury Compensation Calculated?
How is Personal Injury Compensation Calculated?How is Personal Injury Compensation Calculated?
How is Personal Injury Compensation Calculated?
 
Australia Skilled Occupation list 2024 Updated
Australia Skilled Occupation list 2024 UpdatedAustralia Skilled Occupation list 2024 Updated
Australia Skilled Occupation list 2024 Updated
 
The Transfer pricing agreements in the Cooperative Compliance Environment
The Transfer pricing agreements in the Cooperative Compliance EnvironmentThe Transfer pricing agreements in the Cooperative Compliance Environment
The Transfer pricing agreements in the Cooperative Compliance Environment
 
Turn premiums into profit - MIJS 5726_04.pdf
Turn premiums into profit - MIJS 5726_04.pdfTurn premiums into profit - MIJS 5726_04.pdf
Turn premiums into profit - MIJS 5726_04.pdf
 
POSH Act 2013 Awareness And Training Module
POSH Act 2013 Awareness And Training ModulePOSH Act 2013 Awareness And Training Module
POSH Act 2013 Awareness And Training Module
 

Introduction to criminology lecture 1 module 1

  • 2. What is CRIMINOLOGY? • Etymological Definition -Criminology (from Latin crīmen,"accusation"; and Greek -λογία, -logia)is the scientific approach to studying criminal behavior. • The term was coined in 1885 by Raffaele Garofalo, an Italian law professor.
  • 3. What is CRIMINOLOGY? • Classic Definition – According to Edwin Sutherland and Donald Cressey: Criminology is a body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. It includes within its scope the processes of making laws, of breaking of laws, and of reaction toward the breaking of laws.
  • 4. • Criminology is the study of crime and criminals, including the causes, prevention, correction, and impact of crime on society. Since it emerged in the late 1800s as part of a movement for prison reform, criminology has evolved into a multidisciplinary effort to identify the root causes of crime and develop effective methods for preventing it, punishing its perpetrators, and mitigating its effect on victims.
  • 5. • Criminology encompasses a wider analysis of criminal behavior, as opposed to the general term crime, which refers to specific acts, such as robbery, and how those acts are punished. Criminology also attempts to account for fluctuations in crime rates due to changes in society and law enforcement practices. Increasingly, criminologists working in law enforcement employ advanced tools of scientific forensics, such as fingerprint study, toxicology, and DNA analysis to detect, prevent, and more often than not, solve crimes.
  • 6. • Modern criminology seeks a deeper understanding of the psychological and sociological influences that make certain people more likely than others to commit crimes.
  • 7. • From a psychological perspective, criminologists attempt to explain how deviant personality traits—such as a constant need for the gratification of desires—might trigger criminal behavior. In doing so, they study the processes by which people acquire such traits and how their criminal response to them can be restrained. Often, these processes are attributed to the interaction of genetic predisposition and repeated social experiences.
  • 8. History • The study of criminology began in Europe during the late 1700s when concerns arose over the cruelty, unfairness, and inefficiency of the prison and criminal court system. Highlighting this early so-called classical school of criminology, several humanitarians such as Italian jurist Cesare Beccaria and British lawyer Sir Samuel Romilly sought to reform the legal and correctional systems rather than the causes of the crime itself. Their primary goals were to reduce the use of capital punishment, humanize prisons, and compel judges to follow the principles of due process of law.
  • 9. • During the late 1800s and early 1900s, Italian physician Cesare Lombroso, known as the father of modern criminology, began studying the characteristics of criminals in hopes of learning why they committed crimes. As the first person in history to apply scientific methods in crime analysis, Lombroso initially concluded that criminality was inherited and that criminals shared certain physical characteristics.
  • 10. Modern Criminology • Modern criminology in the United States evolved from 1900 to 2000 in three phases. The period from 1900 to 1930, the so-called “Golden Age of Research,” was characterized by the multiple-factor approach, the belief that crime is caused by a multitude of factors that cannot readily be explained in general terms.
  • 11. • The formal teaching of criminology as a distinct discipline, separate from criminal law and justice, began in 1920 when sociologist Maurice Parmelee wrote the first American textbook on criminology, titled simply Criminology. In 1950, famed former Berkeley, California, chief of police August Vollmer founded America’s first school of criminology specifically to train students to be criminologists on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.
  • 12. Making Laws • There are many different ways, both simple and complex, in which a bill becomes law. One way in which this happens is: • A member of Congress introduces a bill into his or her legislative chamber. • The presiding officer of that chamber refers the proposed legislation to one or more committees, depending on its subject. • Committee members review the bill and decide whether to hold public hearings, to combine it with related draft legislation, to propose amendments, to recommend that the chamber in which it was introduced consider it favorably, or to set it aside for possible later review.