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What is anaemia

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A simple explanation of anaemia.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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What is anaemia

  1. 1. What is anaemia? • Anaemia is a lack of red blood cells • Red blood cells carry oxygen around the body • Red blood cells do this with the help of a protein called haemoglobin • Red blood cells are made in the bone marrow • The bone marrow is a liquid inside the bones, where all blood cells are made
  2. 2. IN OUT Your blood • The bone marrow makes red blood cells • Each red blood cell lives 3 months in our body and then gets destroyed by the spleen • In normal circumstances, the bone marrow needs to make as many red blood cells every day as get destroyed • In other words, as many cells need to go “in” as come “out”
  3. 3. IN OUT • Anaemia means there are not enough red blood cells • There are many different causes for this Your blood
  4. 4. IN OUT • Anaemia means there are not enough red blood cells • There are many different causes for this • Sometimes not enough cells are going “in” Your blood
  5. 5. IN OUT • Anaemia means there are not enough red blood cells • There are many different causes for this • Sometimes not enough cells are going “in” • Sometimes too many cells are going “out” Your blood
  6. 6. IN OUT • Either way, too little going “in” or too many going “out” means not enough red blood cells • This makes the patient tired and pale and short of breath and difficulty concentrating Your blood
  7. 7. IN OUT • Some anaemias where there is too much going “out” include: • Heavy or continuous bleeding • Haemolytic Anaemia (eg pyruvate kinase deficiency, hereditary spherocytosis) Your blood
  8. 8. IN OUT • Some anaemias where there is not enough going “in” include: • Diamond Blackfan Anaemia • Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anaemia Your blood
  9. 9. Any questions? Was this helpful? If you have any questions please email: info@togetherwecan.uk

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