Preventing School Bullying


Published on

Published in: Career
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Preventing School Bullying

  1. 1. Preventing School Bullying Editha T. Honradez Ma-EdGuidance and Counseling
  2. 2. What is school bullying? School bullying can be described as a situation in which one or more students (the ‘bullies’) single out a child (the ‘victim’) and engage in behaviors intended to harm that child. A bully will frequently target the same victim repeatedly over time. A child who bullies can dominate the victim because the bully possesses more power than the victim. Compared to his or her victim, for example, the bully may be physically stronger or more intelligent, have a larger circle of friends, or possess a higher social standing. Bullying can inflict physical harm, emotional distress, and / or social embarrassment or humiliation.
  3. 3. • Bullying is a dynamic of unhealthy interaction. It is a form of repeated aggression used from a position of power. It can be physical, verbal, or social. • Physical or psychological intimidation that occurs repeatedly over time • Bullying can be overt (i.e., teasing, hitting, or stealing); boys are most often overt bullies . Bullying can covert (i.e., spreading rumors or exclusion); girls are most often covert bullies
  4. 4. What Is Bullying? Pushing, hittin g, kicking Physical (Actions) Bullying: Deliberate (on purpose) Repeated (more than once) Power Imbalanced (unequal power) Excluding, spreading, rumors, telling lies Indirect (Behind Your Back) Yelling, teasing, insulting Verbal (Words)
  5. 5. Who Are The Victims of Bullying Children who are bullied are often insecure, socially isolated, anxious, and have low self-esteem Parents of children who are bullied are often overprotective or enmeshed with their children They are unlikely to defend themselves or retaliate They tend to be weaker than their peers Children who are bullied perceive parent or teacher intervention to be ineffective and are unlikely to report the problem
  6. 6. Who Are Bullies? Children who bully typically demonstrate a strong sense of self-esteem They like to feel powerful and in control Bullies often come from homes that use physical punishment to discipline Caregivers of bullies are typically uninvolved and lack warmth Children who bully are often defiant toward authority figures and are apt to break rules
  7. 7. Why Most Bullying Is Not Reported • Don’t recognize it as bullying • Are embarrassed • Don’t want to appear weak • Believe they deserve it •Want to belong • Fear retaliation • Don’t know how to talk about it • Don’t have a trusted adult to confide in • Think adults won’t understand • Think nothing can be done about it
  8. 8. What are some warning signs of bullying? • Evidence of physical abuse, such as bruises and scratches • Unexplained damage or loss ofclothing and other personal items • Loss of friends; changes in friends • Reluctance to participate in activities with peers • Loss of interest in favorite activities • Unusually sad, moody, anxious, lonely, or depressed • Headaches, stomachaches, or other physical complaints • Problems with eating, sleeping, bed-wetting • Decline in school achievement • Thoughts of suicide
  9. 9. What impact does bullying have on its victims? Victims of bullying may experience problems with academics, They may engage in specific strategies to dodge the bully They may even develop an apparent phobia about attending school. Bullying can also leave a lasting imprint on its victims. Victims of bullying are often socially marginalized to start with, having few if any friends. Individuals who were chronically bullied as children may show symptoms of depression and poor self-esteem as adults.
  10. 10. What can schools do to stop bullying? • Develop a school-wide bullying policy to: raise awareness of teachers and administrators create a framework for responding to bullying improve overall school environment ensure change is occurring in the classroom empower students through programs such as peer counseling, mediation, or conflict resolution
  11. 11. What can schools do to stop bullying? • Implement classroom curriculum: Develop classroom rules against bullying Develop cooperative learning projects that encourage teamwork and reduce social isolation Create activities or assignments that teach problem-solving or conflictresolution skills Participate in role-playing or other activities to help children understand the perspectives of others and identify feelings
  12. 12. What can schools do to stop bullying? Raise awareness of bullying: Allow students to fill out surveys to better understand their perspective of bullying  Inform caregivers of bullying policies/curriculum through conferences, newsletters, or PTA meetings  Encourage parent involvement in anti-bullying initiatives
  13. 13. Books & Articles: Eyes on Bullying What Can You Do? Website: Email: Preventing Classroom Bullying: What Teachers Can Do Jim Wright First Published: April 2003 Revised: February 2004 ERIC (1997). What should parents and teachers know about bullying? [Brochure]. US Department of Education. Daniel F. Perkins, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Family and Youth Resiliency and Policy, The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Agricultural and Extension Education, 3232 Agriculture Administration Building, University ParK, 16802-2601.