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The use of Social    Bookmarking by Health    Care Students to create    Communities of Practice     Ed de Quincey, Avril ...
Dr Ed de Quincey @eddequinceySenior Lecturer, School of Computing and Mathematical SciencesHead of the Web 2.0/Social Web ...
Social Bookmarking   Information Overload
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking   Toolbox
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
“Tags are one-word descriptors that you can   assign to your bookmarks on Delicious to help         you organize and remem...
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
COURSECODE      e.g. NURS1297 COMP1444Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Research Questions 1.  What patterns of user tagging activity emerge through analyses of     tagging frequency and co-word...
Explicit & Implicit FeedbackSocial Bookmarking
Bookmark and Tag AnalysisSocial Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking   Questionnaires
Social Bookmarking   Pilot: NURS1297
Social Bookmarking   Resource Pack
Bookmarks vs FavoritesSocial Bookmarking
5 modules across the Schools of Computing and Mathematics, Engineeringand Health and Social Care, participated in this stu...
Social Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
Bookmark and Tag AnalysisSocial Bookmarking
160 users created 1,430 bookmarksSocial Bookmarking
1,430 bookmarks with 882 distinct URL’sSocial Bookmarking
Number of bookmarks created by users  59% of users (94) created 5 or more tagged resources during the duration of the proj...
!               Normalised temporal distribution of bookmarking activitySocial Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
5,032 tags (1,069 unique)Social Bookmarking
!                     Total number of Tags per BookmarkSocial Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking
58% of bookmarks (829) contained notesSocial Bookmarking
Social Bookmarking   Questionnaires
81% of respondents said that                 they used delicious to     bookmark web pages as     good resources with 46% ...
30% indicated that    they used delicious to                     find relevant                       resourcesSocial Bookm...
49% found resources via the  module code tag with 77%finding resources via tags related   to the module i.e. subject   rela...
84% of respondents stated      that they would use the       delicious website                againSocial Bookmarking
49% of students felt     that using delicious had          improved their            ICT skillsSocial Bookmarking
One of the interesting findings is that     although bookmarking activity  decreased during the duration of the project, a ...
In applications such as Wikipedia,                     there is a great level of inequality                     “with less...
From this study, supposing that creating over 10 tagged bookmarks is a  reasonable level of contribution, then     33% of ...
Social Bookmarking                     Final thoughts
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The use of Social Bookmarking by Health Care Students to create Communities of Practice

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Teaching and learning health and social care in a digital age produces many challenges for students and their teachers. A common hurdle for healthcare students and practitioners is the sheer amount of information that they have to make sense of. Another challenge is where this information is captured and stored, with people utilising personal, as well as institutionally owned devices. A potential solution to these problems is the use of social bookmarking applications such as “delicious”, where users can create a centralised repository of online resources, share them with other users, and view what others are bookmarking. This paper describes research conducted at the University of Greenwich involving 160 participants across three Schools and 5 modules, including Health and Social Care who were encouraged to integrate social bookmarking into their learning and teaching. Participants were instructed to tag their resources with an appropriate module code tag e.g. NURS1297 so that a repository of module specific bookmarks was created. Over a 4 month period, 160 users created 1430 bookmarks with 5032 tags. Further analysis of the bookmarking behaviour is discussed along with reflections on the suitability of social bookmarking to create digitally literate health care communities of practice.

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The use of Social Bookmarking by Health Care Students to create Communities of Practice

  1. 1. The use of Social Bookmarking by Health Care Students to create Communities of Practice Ed de Quincey, Avril Hocking, Josephine O’Gorman, Simon Walker and Liz BaconSocial Bookmarking
  2. 2. Dr Ed de Quincey @eddequinceySenior Lecturer, School of Computing and Mathematical SciencesHead of the Web 2.0/Social Web for Learning Research Group, eCentre Social Bookmarkinghttp://www2.gre.ac.uk/research/centres/ecentre/research-groups/web-2.0
  3. 3. Social Bookmarking Information Overload
  4. 4. Social Bookmarking
  5. 5. Social Bookmarking
  6. 6. Social Bookmarking
  7. 7. Social Bookmarking Toolbox
  8. 8. Social Bookmarking
  9. 9. Social Bookmarking
  10. 10. Social Bookmarking
  11. 11. Social Bookmarking
  12. 12. Social Bookmarking
  13. 13. Social Bookmarking
  14. 14. Social Bookmarking
  15. 15. Social Bookmarking
  16. 16. Social Bookmarking
  17. 17. Social Bookmarking
  18. 18. “Tags are one-word descriptors that you can assign to your bookmarks on Delicious to help you organize and remember them.” http://www.delicious.com/help/faq#tagsSocial Bookmarking
  19. 19. Social Bookmarking
  20. 20. Social Bookmarking
  21. 21. Social Bookmarking
  22. 22. Social Bookmarking
  23. 23. Social Bookmarking
  24. 24. Social Bookmarking
  25. 25. COURSECODE e.g. NURS1297 COMP1444Social Bookmarking
  26. 26. Social Bookmarking
  27. 27. Research Questions 1.  What patterns of user tagging activity emerge through analyses of tagging frequency and co-word analysis? (based on the work of Kipp and Campbell, 2006) 2.  What patterns of user bookmarking activity emerge through analyses of the resources bookmarked and the tags used to bookmark them? 3.  What is the temporal distribution of bookmarking during an academic semester? 4.  What types of tags are being used i.e. do students/lecturers utilise task and time related tags? 5.  What are the levels of use of social bookmarking in relation to resource discovery i.e. do students browse/follow fellow students bookmarks and tags to discover resources? 6.  What are students and lecturers perceptions of the advantages and disadvantages of social bookmarking and tagging? 7.  What are the motivations for using social bookmarking services? 8.  What features are currently missing from social bookmarking websites?Social Bookmarking
  28. 28. Explicit & Implicit FeedbackSocial Bookmarking
  29. 29. Bookmark and Tag AnalysisSocial Bookmarking
  30. 30. Social Bookmarking
  31. 31. Social Bookmarking Questionnaires
  32. 32. Social Bookmarking Pilot: NURS1297
  33. 33. Social Bookmarking Resource Pack
  34. 34. Bookmarks vs FavoritesSocial Bookmarking
  35. 35. 5 modules across the Schools of Computing and Mathematics, Engineeringand Health and Social Care, participated in this study. Courses ranged fromMasters (Level 7) to first year undergraduate (Level 4) Social Bookmarking
  36. 36. Social Bookmarking
  37. 37. Social Bookmarking
  38. 38. Bookmark and Tag AnalysisSocial Bookmarking
  39. 39. 160 users created 1,430 bookmarksSocial Bookmarking
  40. 40. 1,430 bookmarks with 882 distinct URL’sSocial Bookmarking
  41. 41. Number of bookmarks created by users 59% of users (94) created 5 or more tagged resources during the duration of the projectSocial Bookmarking
  42. 42. ! Normalised temporal distribution of bookmarking activitySocial Bookmarking
  43. 43. Social Bookmarking
  44. 44. 5,032 tags (1,069 unique)Social Bookmarking
  45. 45. ! Total number of Tags per BookmarkSocial Bookmarking
  46. 46. Social Bookmarking
  47. 47. 58% of bookmarks (829) contained notesSocial Bookmarking
  48. 48. Social Bookmarking Questionnaires
  49. 49. 81% of respondents said that they used delicious to bookmark web pages as good resources with 46% saying they used delicious to share resourcesSocial Bookmarking
  50. 50. 30% indicated that they used delicious to find relevant resourcesSocial Bookmarking
  51. 51. 49% found resources via the module code tag with 77%finding resources via tags related to the module i.e. subject related tags. Around 70% of students viewed otherstudents’ bookmarked resources.Social Bookmarking
  52. 52. 84% of respondents stated that they would use the delicious website againSocial Bookmarking
  53. 53. 49% of students felt that using delicious had improved their ICT skillsSocial Bookmarking
  54. 54. One of the interesting findings is that although bookmarking activity decreased during the duration of the project, a key indicator of success is the building of the repository itself, as opposed to the number of contributors.Social Bookmarking
  55. 55. In applications such as Wikipedia, there is a great level of inequality “with less than 10% of the total number of authors being responsible for more than the 90% of the total number of contributions” (Ortega, 2008)Social Bookmarking
  56. 56. From this study, supposing that creating over 10 tagged bookmarks is a reasonable level of contribution, then 33% of users achieved this level.Social Bookmarking
  57. 57. Social Bookmarking Final thoughts

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