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Health and Safety Induction Training Presentation Contents Introduction – A Few facts List of Safety Infringements Construction Accidents Safety Signages Safe Access On-Site Working at Height Chemical Hazards Environmental Hazards Ladder Safety Excavation Work Manual Handling: Lifting Crane Safety Traffic vehicles & Plant Goods Hoist Electricity Fire Safety and Awareness Working Near Sewage PPE Safety Success
P.A.U.S.E.Health and Safety Induction Training for thought Plan each task Analyse what might happen Unexpected - be prepared Slipping, tripping & sprains Entanglement P.A.U.S.E. for thought ... think safety
D.U.T.C.HHealth and Safety Induction Training • Distraction • Unfamiliarity • Tiredness • Complacency • Hurry Don’t go ‘Dutch’ with safety!
A FEW FACTS:Health and Safety Induction Training The first week on each new site is the most dangerous Accidents are more frequent at the end of the day Small building jobs are the most risky Safety helmets, Hi-viz jackets, safety boots do prevent injury and death Light weight shoes-such as trainers or runners are not suitable on site
SUB – CONTRACTORS No Proper SAFETY INFRIGEMENT PENALTY LIST PPE; [ vest, gloves, g oggles, mask to protect himself fromHealth and Safety Induction Training chemical hazards. Notes: Any Personnel [employees / workers and / or sub – contractor] that will be caught are going to be receiving either a stop work order, workers violation [for spk only] and Violation Penalty [for Subbies]
“Violating Safety Rules might lead you from having a JOB intoHealth and Safety Induction Training Unemployed”. “Avoid Violation!. Follow SPK Safety Rules”
SPK WORKERS / EMPLOYEES SAFETY INFRIGEMENT PENALTY LISTHealth and Safety Induction Training He is penalized as follows: 1st Offence AED 100 2nd Offence AED 200 3rd Offence AED 500 + Termination Note: It depends on the Violations been issued.
Construction AccidentsHealth and Safety Induction Training Breakdown of fatalities according to type of accident in construction industry 56% falls from height 21% trapped by something collapsing or overturning 10% struck by a moving vehicle 5% contact with electricity or electrical discharge 4% struck by a flying/falling object during machine lifting of materials 3% contact with moving machinery or material being machined 1% exposure to a hot or harmful substance
Safety SignsHealth and Safety Induction Training Red border = DON’T do Circular = Commands Solid blue = MUST do Triangle = Warning Yellow = Warning Green = Safe Rectangle = Information Solid red = Fire
Safe Access On SiteHealth and Safety Induction Training Everyone can get to their place of work safely Edges from which people could fall are provided with double guard rails or other suitable edge protection Holes are protected with clearly marked and fixed covers to prevent falls Site is tidy Good lighting Fenced off from public
Working at Height Height HAZARDS on Construction SitesHealth and Safety Induction Training Holes in Floors, Gaps on Working Platforms, Shafts and Stairwells not Adequately Covered, Barricaded, Fenced Off Using ladders or scaffolding without proper fixing is crazy Never use incomplete scaffolding. Make sure there are hand rails and toe boards at all edges Things fall on sites, wear your helmet Before starting work at heights check for clearance from any overhead power lines
LETHAL LADDERS: Ladders kill a lot of people.Health and Safety Induction Training Make sure the ladder is:- Right for the job. Would scaffolding or a cherry picker be better? In good shape Secured near the top On a firm base and footing 4 up – 1 out Rising at least 1 meter beyond the landing place OR that there is a proper hand hold Always have a firm grip on the ladder and keep a good balance
Safe LaddersHealth and Safety Induction Training Never allow more than one person on a ladder Use tool belts or hand lines to carry objects. Do not lean out from the ladder in any direction If you have a fear of heights – don’t climb a ladder Do not allow others to work under a ladder in use
THE ROOF: A RISKY PLACE TO BE. Very Simply:-Health and Safety Induction Training Always inspect a roof before you walk on it You must have protection to stop you from falling off the edge You must use proper safety harnesses and running cables when working on top of a roof Remember: a walk along a fragile roof could be your last 50% of fatal injuries involving roofs are falls thru’ fragile materials, 30% are falls from edges and openings
Health and Safety Induction TrainingAVOID HAZARDS CONTAMINATION, READ MSDS [MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SEETS] CHEMICAL HAZARDS AND CONTROL MEASURES
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS 1. Excess Cement Waste [Concrete] 2. Green Moss 3. Waste [Rubbish / Litter]Health and Safety Induction Training 4. Excess Dirty Water [Contaminated] 5. Chemical Drums without proper Drip trays.
EXCAVATION WORK. If you want to avoid being buriedHealth and Safety Induction Training alive apply these rules:- All excavations deeper than 1.25meters MUST be shored or battered. Excavations deeper than 2 meters MUST have a guard rail or barrier Vehicles working too close to the side of the trench or rubble piled on the sides may cause collapse Vehicles tipping into the excavation must use stop blocks
EXCAVATION WORK If you want to avoid being buriedHealth and Safety Induction Training alive apply these rules:- Make sure the excavation is inspected daily Make sure you know where any underground pipes and cables are before you hit them REMEMBER: There is no safe ground that “will not collapse” Trench sides can collapse without warning
MANUAL HANDLING: LIFTING • Split the load if possible • Assess the weight, shape, freedom to move,Health and Safety Induction Training centre of gravity, hand holds. • Use leverage if possible • Get close with feet apart • Secure grip (gloves?) • Bend knees, keep back upright • Never twist your back - do a 3-point turn. • Move smoothly - don’t jerk. • Take care when putting down
MANUAL HANDLING: LIFTING • Lift properly Health and Safety Induction Training Yes • Avoid stretching
CRANE SAFETY Very Simply :-Health and Safety Induction Training The weight of the load must be carefully estimated The crane must be fitted with an automatic safe load indicator (one that works) The crane must always work on a hard, level base The load must be properly fixed and secured The banksman must be trained to give clear signals NEVER, NEVER be carried with a load
Health and Safety Induction Training Traffic Vehicles & Plant Vehicles and pedestrians should be kept apart on- site – separate them as much as possible using barriers Adequate clearance around slewing vehicles Avoid reversing where possible & use one-way system Vehicles should have reversing alarms/sirens Passengers only on vehicles designed to carry them
Goods Hoist Good Safety PracticeHealth and Safety Induction Training Installed by a competent person Rated capacity clearly marked Current examination and inspection report Suitable base enclosure to prevent people being struck by moving part of hoist Landing gates kept shut except when platform is at landing
ELECTRICITY Good practice with electricity on site:-Health and Safety Induction Training Treat electricity with respect Check constantly that cables are not damaged or worn Keep trailing cables off the ground and away from water Never overload or use makeshift plugs and fuses
FIRE SAFETY AND AWARENESSHealth and Safety Induction Training What “fire” is. Common causes of FIRE. First Aid And Safety Offices In the event of FIRE How to use a portable fire extinguisher.
WHAT FIRE IS?Health and Safety Induction Training Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products. COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE Open Flames Examples of such unsafe conditions are as follows: 1. negligence in conducting hot work, such as welding, cutting or grinding; 2. improper use of candles; 3. improper handling of flammable or combustible liquids or flammable gases in near to-potential ignition sources; and 4. matches and cigarettes that are improperly disposed of, or left unattended near combustibles. 5. Smoking in undesignated Area e.g. Inside the villa [forbidden], Near Diesel Tanks, Combustible Materials.
Electrical Examples of such unsafe conditions are as follows: 1. damaged electrical conductors, plug wires or extension cords; 2. use of faulty, modified or unapproved electrical equipment;Health and Safety Induction Training 3. insufficient space or clearance between electrical heating equipment and combustibles; 4. short or overloaded circuits; 5. loose electrical connections; and 6. lighting. Spontaneous Ignition and the Ignition of Waste Materials Examples of such unsafe conditions are as follows: 1. improper disposal of materials susceptible to spontaneous combustion, such as oily rags from wood finishing or polishing; 2. accumulation of organic materials, such as green hay, grain or woodchips; and 3. accumulation of waste combustible materials near potential sources of ignition. Prevention is the best way to fight a fire!
FIRST AID AND SAFETY OFFICES LOCATIONHealth and Safety Induction Training
IN THE EVENT OF FIRE • Small fireHealth and Safety Induction Training – Warn others – Call for help • Regional HSSE Manager [Mr. Paul Goddard] - +971.50.664-8960 • Project HSSE Manager [Mr. Muhamed Ismail] - +971.55.255-0826 • Sr. HSSE Officer [Ms. Ellen Dale Bull] - +971.55.850-2965 • Emergency Contact No. - +971. 50.783-3742 – Attempt to extinguish • Use fire extinguisher if trained ICE – In Case of Emergency
How to Use a Fire Extinguisher It’s easy to remember how to use a fireHealth and Safety Induction Training extinguisher if you remember the acronym PASS:
PPE on-site Most construction sites require at least: Hard hatHealth and Safety Induction Training Safety Boots Hi-viz jacket Safety Glasses Ear Muffs [Ear Protection f necessary Gloves Respiratory Mask [if necessary] Safety Harness [for working at heights]
BASIC SAFETY PHILOSOPHY FOR SUCCESS A NEW SAFETY CULTURE All accidents are preventable. No job is worth getting hurt for. Every job will be done safely. Incidents can be managed. Safety is everyone’s responsibility. Continuous improvement. Safety as a “way of life” for 24 hours/day All individuals have the responsibility and accountability to identify eliminate or manage risks associated with their workplace Legal obligations will be the minimum requirements fro our health & safety standards Individual will be trained and equipped to have the skills and facilities to ensure an accident free workplace What’s your company approach to safety?
Health and Safety Induction TrainingNo job is so important that it cannot be done safely UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES ARE PERSONS WORKING ON THIS SITE TO PUT THEMSELVES IN DANGER