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American Climate Metrics National 2016: United States

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American Climate Metrics National 2016: United States

  1. 1. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States
  2. 2. Americans’ awareness and belief of climate change is rising dramatically. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 2
  3. 3. Americans believe climate change is happening: believe climate change is happening 83%U.S. 2016 points from 78% in 2015 5 Notable shifts points from 70% in 2015 15 85%Midwesterners 2016 69%Republican women 2016 81% points from 68% in 2015 13 Live in small towns 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 3 10 points from 59% in 2015
  4. 4. of this survey’s respondents have noticed more severe weather and changing seasonal weather patterns where they live over the last several years 78%U.S. 2016 points from 71% in 2015 7 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 4 Notable shifts points from 60% in 2015 76% 16 Midwesterners 2016 69% 15 Republican women 2016 75% points from 62% in 2015 13 Live in small towns 2016 points from 54% in 2015
  5. 5. When it comes to climate change, which of the following is closer to your opinion? 83% 8%Yes, climate change is happening No, climate change is not happening 9% Not sure American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 5
  6. 6. Have you noticed more severe weather and changing seasonal weather patterns where you live over the last several years? 78% 6% Yes Not sure 16%No American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 6
  7. 7. Americans believe human activities contribute to climate change. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 7
  8. 8. When it comes to climate change, which of the following is closer to your opinion? Not sure Climate change is not happening Mainly due to natural causes Combination of both human activities and natural causes Mainly due to human activities Notable shifts is mainly due to human activities: 36% Democrats points from 27% in 2015 9 U.S. 2016 25% Midwesterners points from 15% in 2015 10 U.S. 2016 0 2010 30 5040 60 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 8
  9. 9. Concern about climate change is strong, pervasive, and rising. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 9
  10. 10. How personally concerned are you about climate change? 68%U.S. 2015 concerned Strongly concerned Somewhat concerned A little concerned Not concerned at all 76%U.S. 2016 concerned 8personally concerned about climate change points from 68% in 2015 and including an points increase from 31% in being very concerned about climate change7 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 10
  11. 11. U.S. women, adults under 30, Democrats, African Americans, and Latinos are most likely to be personally concerned about climate change. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 11
  12. 12. Americans are concerned about climate change: 80%women 2016 71%men 2016 78%ages 50 to 64 2016 77%ages 30 to 39 2016 82%Under 30 2016 78%ages 40 to 49 2016 61%over age 65 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 12
  13. 13. Americans are concerned about climate change: 90%Democrats 2016 71%Independents 2016 points from 45% in 2015 12 57%Republicans 2016 (including 62% of Republican women, whose concern rose) American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 13
  14. 14. Americans are concerned about climate change: 83%Latinos 2016 77%African Americans 2016 points from 60% in 2015 14 74%Whites 2016 (with a notable increase in concern among white men in 2016 to 70%) American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 14
  15. 15. Today, people are more likely to report being personally affected by climate impacts than in 2015. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 15
  16. 16. Americans feel more personally affected by: Record heat waves during summer Frequent and severe droughts Damage and harm from extreme weather Increased rates of breathing problems Increased flooding over 2015 results American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 16 67% points from 59% in 2015 8 U.S. 2016 56% points from 49% in 2015 7 U.S. 2016 53% points from 47% in 2015 6 U.S. 2016 42% points from 37% in 2015 5 U.S. 2016 48% points from 44% in 2015 4 U.S. 2016
  17. 17. How much are the following issues personally affecting you on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 means not at all, and 10 means they are affecting you a great deal. 10-A Great deal Total 6-10 Record heat waves during summer Increased cost of food More frequent and severe droughs More damage and harm from extreme weather Increased rates of breathing problems, such as asthma Availability of clean water Increased flooding 22% 74% 16% 67% 12% 56% 8% 53% 12% 48% 11% 44% 5% 42% American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 17
  18. 18. In the West, Midwest and South, people report climate impacts a great deal more today than they did in 2015. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 18
  19. 19. Westerners are the most likely to report being: Westerners 2016 vs. 35% U.S. 52% Impacted a lot by more frequent and severe droughts Westerners 2016 vs. 29% U.S. 34% Impacted a lot by the availability of clean water American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 19 points from 35% in 2015 vs. 27% U.S. in 2015 17 points from 29% in 2015 vs. 24% U.S. in 2015 5
  20. 20. In the Midwest, the percent saying they were impacted a lot (8-10 on a 0-10 scale) increased across the following: Midwest 2016 36% Record heat waves during summer Midwest 2016 29% Increased rates of breathing problems Midwest 2016 26% More frequent and severe droughts American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 20 points from 24% in 201512 points from 17% in 201512 points from 13% in 201513 ALASKA
  21. 21. In the South, the percent saying they were impacted a lot (8-10 on a 0-10 scale) increased across the following: South 2016 48% Record heat waves during summer South 2016 35% More frequent and severe droughts American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 21 points from 38% in 201510 points from 31% in 20158 ALASKA
  22. 22. More damage and harm from extreme weather In the South, the percent saying they were impacted a lot (8-10 on a 0-10 scale) increased across the following: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 22 South 2016 39% points from 31% in 20158 South 2016 30% Increased flooding South 2016 56% Increased cost of food points from 21% in 20159 points from 45% in 201511
  23. 23. Americans believe water is a critical right, not just a commodity. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 23
  24. 24. Americans believe water is a critical right for all: 91% Women over 50 strongly agree 81% Men over 50 strongly agree 79% Women under 50 strongly agree 71% Men under 50 strongly agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 25
  25. 25. Americans believe water is a critical right for all: 90%U.S. 2016 vs. 91% 2015 total agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 24
  26. 26. 73% Independents 75% Republicans 86% Democrats 79% Whites 84% Latinos 85% African Americans American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 26 Americans who strongly believe water is a critical right for all:
  27. 27. Americans believe we have a moral responsibility to create a safe and healthy climate for ourselves and our children. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 27
  28. 28. Americans believe we have a moral responsibility to create a safe and healthy climate for ourselves and our children: 87%U.S. 2016 vs. 86% in 2015 total agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 28
  29. 29. 75% Women over 50 strongly agree 62% Men over 50 strongly agree 66% Women under 50 strongly agree 58% Men under 50 strongly agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 29 Americans who strongly believe in this moral responsibility:
  30. 30. 58% Independents strongly agree 54% Republicans strongly agree 74% Democrats strongly agree 69% Latinos strongly agree 64% Whites strongly agree 65% African Americans strongly agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 30 Americans who strongly believe in this moral responsibility:
  31. 31. Americans have strong optimism we can address climate change. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 31
  32. 32. points up from 75% in 2015 7 points from 47% in 2015 4 points from 2015 3 83%Age 30 - 39 2016 51%Strongly hopeful 2016 points up from 77% in 2015 8 85%Under 30 years of age 2016 are hopeful that we can reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 81%U.S. 2016 vs. 78% 2015 Americans believe we can address climate change: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 32 Notable shifts
  33. 33. Americans are hopeful we can reduce the pollution that is causing climate change: Strongly agree Not so strongly agree Not so strongly disagree Strongly disagree N/A 81%U.S. 2016 vs. 78% in 2015 agree There is nothing we can do to stop climate change: 28%U.S. 2016 vs. 29% 2015 agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 33
  34. 34. Americans strongly support clean energy and a pollution fee on companies responsible for greenhouse gas emissions. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 34
  35. 35. Americans show strong support for charging large companies a fee for the pollution they create: 77%U.S. 2016 favor American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 35 Strongly concerned Somewhat concerned A little concerned Not concerned at all
  36. 36. Women 81% 73% Men Under age 50 81% 73% Over age 50 81% African Americans & Latinos 76% Whites 75% Independents 89% Democrats 63% Republicans Americans show strong support for charging large companies a fee for the pollution they create: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 36
  37. 37. U.S. 2016 (%) U.S. 2015 (%) 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Fund research and development of new, clean energy sources Reduce our federal debt Reduce the personal income tax Rebate the money in equal shares to all American citizens Reduce the corporate income tax We should not tax carbon pollution 53 56 1516 10 23 5 6 11 1310 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 37 If there were a fee on the pollution that causes climate change, how should we use the money?
  38. 38. Americans believe the United States should focus on producing clean energy, such as wind and solar. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 38
  39. 39. How much more or less should the United States be producing energy from each source than it is today? Wind & Solar Oil Natural gas Coal Nuclear 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%60% 40% 20%80% 677 3 88 2529 10 61 1725 4248 1232 1235 3751 3059 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 39 Total Less Much less Much more Total more
  40. 40. Americans say the United States should be producing more wind and solar: 86%Independents 2016 91%Democrats 2016 86%Republicans 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 40
  41. 41. Americans' support for natural gas and oil is declining. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 41
  42. 42. 61%U.S. 2016 decline in support for natural gas Support for natural gas is declining: points from 68% in 2015 7 No significant change in support for wind and solar, oil, nuclear, or coal American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 42
  43. 43. The United States should be producing less natural gas as an energy source than it is today: 33%People in the Midwest 2016 points from 23% in 2015 10 31%Fathers 2016 points from 20% in 2015 11 31%People in the West 2016 points from 20% in 2015 11 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 43 Notable shifts
  44. 44. The United States should be producing less natural gas as an energy source than it is today: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 44 Notable shifts 37%Democrats 2016 points from 26% in 2015 11 39%Men under 50 2016 points from 26% in 2015 13 28%Republicans under 50 2016 points from 17% in 2015 11
  45. 45. Americans' declining support for oil: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 45 0 0 20%20% 40%40% 60%60% 80% Midwesterners College graduates Republican women 291225 21 376 2821 142624 27 2220 20 33 142923 25 1824 2623 2016 (%) 2015 (%) Somewhat less Much less Much more Much more Much more Much moreMuch lessSomewhat less
  46. 46. Americans are more aware of their communities' environmental sustainability programs, however, there is room to expand awareness. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 46
  47. 47. Citizens that say their city or town has programs: U.S. 2016 (%) U.S. 2015 (%) 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% None of the theseTo increase environmental sustainability To engage people to talk about climate change To address climate change 28 63 68 24 12 12 1112 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 47
  48. 48. Americans have become more aware of their communities' programs: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 48 46%Big cities 2016 points from 39% in 2015 7 29%Small cities 2016 points from 23% in 2015 6 29%Suburbs 2016 points from 25% in 2015 5 16%Rural areas 2016 points from 12% in 2015 4
  49. 49. Americans want their communities to take climate action. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 49
  50. 50. Is your city or town taking the following actions on climate change? What actions do you wish your city or town were taking? Conserving energy Purchasing renewable energy like wind or solar energy Educating others in your city or town about climate change Talking to the public about climate change All of the above 32% 19% 16% 11% 7% 27% 30% 24% 20% 39% Americans want their communities to take climate action: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 50
  51. 51. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 51 Only one in five Americans say their community is preparing for climate impacts - but three out of four want it to.
  52. 52. Is your city or town doing anything to prepare for the impacts of climate change? Do you want your city or town to do anything? Yes No Not sure 21% 34% 44% 74% 10% 16% American want their communities to prepare for the impacts of climate change: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 52
  53. 53. Americans who want their city or town to prepare for the impacts of climate change live in: 83%larger cities 2016 71%smaller cites 2016 75%suburbs 2016 74%small towns 2016 65%rural areas 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 53
  54. 54. Americans have the most faith in the private sector advancing climate solutions. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 54
  55. 55. 12% State government Who is most likely to advance solutions on climate change in 2016? 45%Private sector 31%Federal government 12%Local government American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 55
  56. 56. Which political party do you think is doing a better job at advancing solutions to climate change? 10%Republicans 10%Both Democrats and Republicans equally43%Neither party 37%Democrats American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 56
  57. 57. Americans believe Democrats do a better job at advancing solutions: 65% points from 56% in 2015 9 points from 23% in 2015 12 points from 28% in 2015 9 Democratic women 2016 35%Living in the Midwest 2016 41% points from 27% in 2015 14 Under age 50 2016 Democrats are doing a better job 37%U.S. 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 57 Notable shifts
  58. 58. Americans agree: taking steps to prevent future climate change will increase jobs, help the economy, and improve health. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 58
  59. 59. What effect would taking action to prevent future climate change have on jobs, economy and health? Improve a lot Total Improve Harm a lot Total Harm Make no difference 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Jobs 22 23 56 7 15 Economy 12 66 33 7 16 Health 27 67 33 2 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 59
  60. 60. Americans' belief in climate solutions has increased since 2015: points from 56% in 2015 15 points from 53% in 2015 13 77% points from 57% in 2015 20 Under 30 years 2016 71%Women 2016 55%Republican women 2016 41%Republican men 2016 79% points from 58% in 2015 21 African Americans 2016 help the economy 66%U.S. 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 60 Notable shifts
  61. 61. Americans' belief in climate solutions has increased since 2015: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 61 points from 62% in 2015 12 points from 59% in 2015 8 82% points from 69% in 2015 13 Under 30 years 2016 74%Women 2016 65%Republican women 2016 43%Republican men 2016 76% points from 67% in 2015 9 African Americans 2016 improve health 67%U.S. 2016 Notable shifts
  62. 62. Taking steps to prevent future climate change will help the economy: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 62 Democrats 78% 66% 2016 2015 Independents 67% 58% 2016 2015 Republicans 47% 36% 2016 2015
  63. 63. Taking steps to prevent future climate change will improve health: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 63 Democrats 78% 71% 2016 2015 Independents 68% 62% 2016 2015 Republicans 53% 45% 2016 2015
  64. 64. Americans believe they personally, and we collectively, can and must act on climate today. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 64
  65. 65. believe we can help reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 78%U.S. 2016 52%U.S. 2016 Strongly agree believe I can help reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 72%U.S. 2016 36%U.S. 2016 Strongly agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 65 Strongly agree Not so strongly agree Not so strongly disagree Strongly disagree N/A
  66. 66. agree we need to take action now to reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 80%U.S. 2016 59%U.S. 2016 Strongly agree agree I need to take action now to reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 73%U.S. 2016 41%U.S. 2016 Strongly agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 66 Strongly agree Not so strongly agree Not so strongly disagree Strongly disagree N/A
  67. 67. Americans are hopeful we can reduce the pollution that causes climate change, but pessimistic about government's ability to agree on how to do it. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 67
  68. 68. Americans believe we can address climate change: we could address climate change effectively, but our government is broken and can’t agree on how to do it 74%U.S. 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 68
  69. 69. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 69 Americans are doing their part with climate advocacy and climate-friendly behaviors.
  70. 70. Americans have strong climate-friendly behaviors: have discussed climate change with family or friends 68%U.S. 2016 upgraded appliances or light at home 67%U.S. 2016 discussed climate change at their place of worship 38%U.S. 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 70
  71. 71. Americans have strong climate-friendly behaviors: have shifted toward a more energy efficient form of transportation like public transport, hybrid cars, bikes or walking 35%U.S. 2016 voted for a candidate based on his/her support for taking action on climate change 34%U.S. 2016 discussed climate change at their place of worship 14%U.S. 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 71
  72. 72. Americans are starting to see climate action as an electoral issue. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 72
  73. 73. Americans have voted for candidates based on their support for taking action on climate change: points from 31% in 2015 17 points from 27% in 2015 7 39% points from 28% in 2015 11 Under 30 years 2016 48%College educated women 2016 points from 24% in 2015 13 37%Unmarried women 2016 50% points from 40% in 2015 10 Democrats 2016 voted for a candidate based on their support for taking climate action 34%U.S. 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 73 Notable shifts
  74. 74. Americans are concerned about the impact of their personal food choices on climate change. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 74
  75. 75. Americans are concerned about the impact their food has: points from 51% in 2015 10 points from 51% in 2015 5 60% points from 53% in 2015 6 Women 2016 61%Independents 2016 points from 38% in 2015 9 47%Republicans 2016 61% points from 51% in 2015 10 Under 30 2016 concerned about the impact of their food choices 56%U.S. 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 75 Notable shifts
  76. 76. Americans increasingly trust climate messengers. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 76
  77. 77. Americans trust some climate change messengers more than others : 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Scientists Environmental organizations Health professionals Clean energy companies President Obama Church and faith leaders Colleges and Universities Media, TV news and internet Local community leaders Federal elected leaders CelebritiesCompanies and corporations Congress 74 45 62 27 64 24 55 22 52 18 41 15 38 8 34 6 20 4 43 3 1618 16 34 12 Oil companies 3 16 A lot (%) Some (%) American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 77
  78. 78. Americans' trust for climate messengers is increasing: 64%Health professionals 2016 62%Environmental organizations 2016 55%Colleges and universites 2016 41%President Obama 2016 points from 58% in 2015 6 points from 54% in 2015 8 points from 49% in 2015 6 points from 34% in 2015 7 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 78
  79. 79. Americans' trust for climate messengers is increasing: Community leaders 34%U.S. 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 79 17 Living in small towns 2016 16 40%Living in large cities 2016 34% Notable shifts points from 24% in 2015 points from 17% in 2015
  80. 80. Americans hear about climate change most often in the media or on the news. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 80
  81. 81. Have you heard or read anything recently about climate from any of the following? 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Health professionals Church and faith leaders None of theseNews and media Local community leaders Federal elected leaders Companies and business leaders Friends and family Professors and educators 65% 31% 27% 21% 18% 15% 14% 7% 23% American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 81
  82. 82. Americans who are most likely to hear about climate change from friends and family: College educated women Democrats under 50 years old Millennials most likely to have heard from friends and family 36% American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 82
  83. 83. 12%Seniors 2016 14%Republicans 2016 18%Non-college educated men 2016 Americans who are least likely to hear about climate change from friends and family: least likely to have heard from friends and family American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 United States | 83
  84. 84. ecoAmerica builds a critical mass of institutional leadership, public support and political will for definitive climate solutions in the United States. Learn more at ecoAmerica.org Thank you!

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