SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 16
Download to read offline
Attitudes of Extension
Educators Regarding
Climate Change
Dr. Terrie A. Becerra Dr. Gerad Middendorf
Great Plains Grazing USDA-AFRI-CAP
Kansas State University The Noble Foundation
Oklahoma State University University of Oklahoma
Tarleton State University
This project was supported by Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Competitive
Grant no. 2012-02355 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Overview
 Rationale
 Vulnerability and resiliency of beef cattle production systems in
the Southern Great Plains
 Social factors can be a source of vulnerability and resilience
 Objectives
 To better understand the attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of
Extension educators regarding climate change
 Identify gaps in information and/or materials
 Method
 Results
Method
Online survey
Study Population: Extension Educators in Kansas and Oklahoma
Response n %
Surveys e-mailed
KS: 228 (36%) OK: 410 (64%)
638 100%
Surveys opened –
Successfully delivered
370 370/638
58%
Adjusted Response: Surveys
Completed of Surveys Opened
226 226/370
61%
By State Response
KS: 90/228 (40%) OK: 112/410 (27%)
Demographics
Gender (n=127) Response %
Female 40 31%
Male 82 65%
No Response 5 4%
Length of Service
(n=127)
Response %
5 years or fewer 44 35%
6 to 10 years 12 9%
11 to 20 years 31 24%
21 years or more 40 31%
Race (n=202) Response %
American Indian or
Alaska Native 14 7%
White 172 87%
No Response 16 8%
*Hispanic/Latino 1
What we asked
What are Extension educators’ views on climate change?
Is it happening?
Role of human activities
Other ‘6 Americas’ questions
What are Extension educators’ interactions with constituents?
Frequency & level of expressed concern
Topics of concern
Challenges you face in engaging your constituents
What are Extension educators’ information needs?
Information and resource gaps
Capacity
Information sources
Topics in need of info
Additional tools needed
Gaps, attitudes, beliefs, perceptions
Attitudes, Beliefs, Perceptions
Gaps, information or material
Attitudes about Climate Change
Question Yes & Sure Yes/No &
Unsure
No & Sure
Do you think the climate is changing? 67% 19% 15%
Agree Disagree
I could easily change my mind about global
warming and climate change.
45% 55%
A lot Some A little Not at all
How much had you thought about climate
change before today?
19% 46% 32% 3%
None to Low
capacity
Moderate
capacity
High to very high
capacity
What is your capacity to adequately answer your
constituents' questions about climate change?
64% 30% 5%
Attitudes about Climate Change
Which is the closest to your view . . . %
Climate change is not happening. 4%
Humans cannot reduce climate change even if it is happening. 29%
Humans could reduce climate change, but people are not willing to change their
behavior so we are not going to.
24%
Humans could reduce climate change, but it is unclear at this point whether we
will do what's needed.
42%
Humans can reduce climate change, and we are going to do so successfully. 1%
Human
causes Unsure
Natural
changes
Human &
natural causes
None, it’s not
occurring
Climate change is mostly
caused by . . . (n=208)
29% 1% 61% 4% 4%
Question
Not
important
Nottoo
important
Somewhat
important
Very
Important
Extremely
Important
Howimportantisclimatechangetoyou
personally?
8% 27% 43% 20% 2%
None Afew Some Most All
Howmanyofyourcolleaguesshareyour
views?
2% 25% 47% 27% 1%
Low Medium High Very High
Doyouthinkclimatechangeshouldbealow,medium,
high,orveryhighpriorityforthe PresidentandCongress?
ForExtension?
37%
32%
44%
44%
16%
20%
2%
4%
Attitudes about Climate Change
How would you rate the level of
concern about climate change you
hear from your constituents?
How frequently do your
constituents express concerns
to you about climate change?
None Low Medium High Very HighNever Rarely Very Somewhat Frequently
Frequently Frequently
Other range or forage management
Grazing management
29%57%
Other
Weather variability
(drought, heat,
excess water)
82%
Weather forecast
information
Soil loss
Regulations
37%
Agronomic decisions (e.g., crop
type, seed variety, tillage,
planting dates, etc.)
68%
Alternative management
practices45%
Crop insurance
34%
Disease
Marketing
Nutrient loss
6%
Pests
What are the topics of concern your
constituents raise?
Whatarethegreatestchallengesyoufaceinengagingyourconstituents
withclimatechangeinformation?
Production-oriented
 Knowledge/information
 Adaptation/management
 Information distribution
 Government
Mistrust, regulations, taxes
Subjective, socio-cultural
 Lack of interest, bias, culture of the
area
 Relevance—not personally affected
 Skepticism
 Trust, sources, lack of
 Helplessness/Powerlessness of both
educator & producer
Interactions with constituents
135 Responses, Some of the themes identified:
Information Sources
None 36
Agronomic/professional/trade Journals/professional associations 12
Universities, researchers of environmental change, scientific sources 11
Mesonet 10
Knowledgeable/trusted people; professionals; Jim Cantore 8
Media, News outlets, newspapers 8
Weather persons; meteorologists, state/climatologists; KU weather
data personnel 8
Internet or websites 5
National Weather Service; Norman, OK 5
Extension (in-service trainings, experts) 5
List the top 3information sources you rely on regarding climate change (n=100)
USDA; USDA-ARS; NIFA
Gov't/EPA websites
Historical weather data
NASA global climate change
NOAA - National Oceanic
and Atmospheric
Administration
publications
Animal Agriculture &
Climate Change online
course
Bible
Family
Personal experience
The Heritage Foundation
Other information sources listed than 1 -3 times.
Information Sources
Information Needs
Topics requiring more information %
Management practices for coping (with topics below) 75%
Drought, uncharacteristic of historical norms 72%
High temperatures (heat) uncharacteristic of historical norms 63%
Unseasonable weather (for example: early warming in spring
followed by hard freeze) 58%
Extreme rainfall events 36%
Other extreme weather events 34%
Additional Tools
Printed materials 64%
Online resources including decision aids 61%
Presentations at meeting and conferences 54%
Webinars 50%
On-farm demonstrations 45%
Videos 34%
Podcasts 17%
Summary
Views on climate change
 Majority feel sure the climate is changing and it is from natural causes
 94% do not believe they can adequately address the issue
 65% rate importance to them personally as somewhat to extremely important, and a
moderate to high priority for Extension
 27% believe their colleagues do not share their views
Constituent interactions
 65% have heard no expressions of concern from constituents. Level of concern when
expressed is split--51% none to low; 49% medium to very high
 Topics of concern are production oriented
 Challenges are both production-oriented and subjective, socio-cultural
 Extension educators’ information needs?
 Reliable sources to build a shared knowledge base for educators
 Resources to distribute information to clientele.

More Related Content

Similar to Attitudes Regarding Climate Change in Beef Production Systems

Public Opinion Landscape - Energy and the Environment
Public Opinion Landscape - Energy and the Environment Public Opinion Landscape - Energy and the Environment
Public Opinion Landscape - Energy and the Environment GloverParkGroup
 
Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Informati...
Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Informati...Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Informati...
Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Informati...National Institute of Food and Agriculture
 
Perceived caregiver financial barriers and asthma outcomes in urban elementar...
Perceived caregiver financial barriers and asthma outcomes in urban elementar...Perceived caregiver financial barriers and asthma outcomes in urban elementar...
Perceived caregiver financial barriers and asthma outcomes in urban elementar...Center for Managing Chronic Disease
 
Integrating the CHNA into the Strategy
Integrating the CHNA into the StrategyIntegrating the CHNA into the Strategy
Integrating the CHNA into the StrategyStratasan
 
Mc neeleynaf april32013_4.1.13
Mc neeleynaf april32013_4.1.13Mc neeleynaf april32013_4.1.13
Mc neeleynaf april32013_4.1.13NC_CSC
 
Public opinion landscape - energy and the environment
Public opinion landscape - energy and the environmentPublic opinion landscape - energy and the environment
Public opinion landscape - energy and the environmentGloverParkGroup
 
The Dapa Program Nov 2009
The Dapa Program Nov 2009The Dapa Program Nov 2009
The Dapa Program Nov 2009CIAT
 
Livestock-Climate Change Annual Meeting 2011: Gender and Climate Change (S. R...
Livestock-Climate Change Annual Meeting 2011: Gender and Climate Change (S. R...Livestock-Climate Change Annual Meeting 2011: Gender and Climate Change (S. R...
Livestock-Climate Change Annual Meeting 2011: Gender and Climate Change (S. R...Colorado State University
 
Golin: Justice for All Survey
Golin: Justice for All Survey Golin: Justice for All Survey
Golin: Justice for All Survey Golin
 
Climate Change Public Attitudes & Government Policies
Climate Change Public Attitudes & Government PoliciesClimate Change Public Attitudes & Government Policies
Climate Change Public Attitudes & Government PoliciesRichardDugi
 
From Angst to Action: Talking about Climate Change and Health
From Angst to Action: Talking about Climate Change and HealthFrom Angst to Action: Talking about Climate Change and Health
From Angst to Action: Talking about Climate Change and HealthWendy Ring
 
Climate Change in the Dayton, Ohioian Mind
Climate Change in the Dayton, Ohioian MindClimate Change in the Dayton, Ohioian Mind
Climate Change in the Dayton, Ohioian MindCity of Dayton
 
Understanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate changeUnderstanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate changeTimothy Muthee
 
Understanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate changeUnderstanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate changeTmburu
 
Understanding gender and climate change in the East African Region. A 2014 s...
Understanding gender and climate change in the East African  Region. A 2014 s...Understanding gender and climate change in the East African  Region. A 2014 s...
Understanding gender and climate change in the East African Region. A 2014 s...Timothy Muthee
 
Mind the Gap: Social Media (SM) Strategy & Relationship Building for Health S...
Mind the Gap: Social Media (SM) Strategy & Relationship Building for Health S...Mind the Gap: Social Media (SM) Strategy & Relationship Building for Health S...
Mind the Gap: Social Media (SM) Strategy & Relationship Building for Health S...Paul Gallant
 

Similar to Attitudes Regarding Climate Change in Beef Production Systems (20)

Public Opinion Landscape - Energy and the Environment
Public Opinion Landscape - Energy and the Environment Public Opinion Landscape - Energy and the Environment
Public Opinion Landscape - Energy and the Environment
 
Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Informati...
Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Informati...Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Informati...
Useful to Usable (U2U): Transforming Climate Variability and Change Informati...
 
Perceived caregiver financial barriers and asthma outcomes in urban elementar...
Perceived caregiver financial barriers and asthma outcomes in urban elementar...Perceived caregiver financial barriers and asthma outcomes in urban elementar...
Perceived caregiver financial barriers and asthma outcomes in urban elementar...
 
Integrating the CHNA into the Strategy
Integrating the CHNA into the StrategyIntegrating the CHNA into the Strategy
Integrating the CHNA into the Strategy
 
Mc neeleynaf april32013_4.1.13
Mc neeleynaf april32013_4.1.13Mc neeleynaf april32013_4.1.13
Mc neeleynaf april32013_4.1.13
 
Public opinion landscape - energy and the environment
Public opinion landscape - energy and the environmentPublic opinion landscape - energy and the environment
Public opinion landscape - energy and the environment
 
The Dapa Program Nov 2009
The Dapa Program Nov 2009The Dapa Program Nov 2009
The Dapa Program Nov 2009
 
The Dapa Program November 2009
The Dapa Program November 2009The Dapa Program November 2009
The Dapa Program November 2009
 
Livestock-Climate Change Annual Meeting 2011: Gender and Climate Change (S. R...
Livestock-Climate Change Annual Meeting 2011: Gender and Climate Change (S. R...Livestock-Climate Change Annual Meeting 2011: Gender and Climate Change (S. R...
Livestock-Climate Change Annual Meeting 2011: Gender and Climate Change (S. R...
 
Golin: Justice for All Survey
Golin: Justice for All Survey Golin: Justice for All Survey
Golin: Justice for All Survey
 
Climate Change Public Attitudes & Government Policies
Climate Change Public Attitudes & Government PoliciesClimate Change Public Attitudes & Government Policies
Climate Change Public Attitudes & Government Policies
 
From Angst to Action: Talking about Climate Change and Health
From Angst to Action: Talking about Climate Change and HealthFrom Angst to Action: Talking about Climate Change and Health
From Angst to Action: Talking about Climate Change and Health
 
Attitudes to climate change in southern NSW - Jan Edwards
Attitudes to climate change in southern NSW - Jan EdwardsAttitudes to climate change in southern NSW - Jan Edwards
Attitudes to climate change in southern NSW - Jan Edwards
 
Climate Change in the Dayton, Ohioian Mind
Climate Change in the Dayton, Ohioian MindClimate Change in the Dayton, Ohioian Mind
Climate Change in the Dayton, Ohioian Mind
 
Understanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate changeUnderstanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate change
 
Understanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate changeUnderstanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate change
 
Understanding gender and climate change in the East African Region. A 2014 s...
Understanding gender and climate change in the East African  Region. A 2014 s...Understanding gender and climate change in the East African  Region. A 2014 s...
Understanding gender and climate change in the East African Region. A 2014 s...
 
Understanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate change Understanding gender and climate change
Understanding gender and climate change
 
Mind the Gap: Social Media (SM) Strategy & Relationship Building for Health S...
Mind the Gap: Social Media (SM) Strategy & Relationship Building for Health S...Mind the Gap: Social Media (SM) Strategy & Relationship Building for Health S...
Mind the Gap: Social Media (SM) Strategy & Relationship Building for Health S...
 
Gender and Climate Change: Is There a Value Proposition?
Gender and Climate Change: Is There a Value Proposition?Gender and Climate Change: Is There a Value Proposition?
Gender and Climate Change: Is There a Value Proposition?
 

More from Rural Soc

Undervalued Sustainable Practice?
Undervalued Sustainable Practice? Undervalued Sustainable Practice?
Undervalued Sustainable Practice? Rural Soc
 
Sex Trafficking of Native American Women in Mining Towns
Sex Trafficking of Native American Women in Mining TownsSex Trafficking of Native American Women in Mining Towns
Sex Trafficking of Native American Women in Mining TownsRural Soc
 
Sustaining a Rural Landscape
Sustaining a Rural LandscapeSustaining a Rural Landscape
Sustaining a Rural LandscapeRural Soc
 
Pinning Down the Change: A Community-Level Study of Timberland Ownership Change
Pinning Down the Change: A Community-Level Study of Timberland Ownership Change Pinning Down the Change: A Community-Level Study of Timberland Ownership Change
Pinning Down the Change: A Community-Level Study of Timberland Ownership Change Rural Soc
 
Grits and Gout du Terroir: The Taste of Place in Southern Food Culture
Grits and Gout du Terroir: The Taste of Place in Southern Food Culture Grits and Gout du Terroir: The Taste of Place in Southern Food Culture
Grits and Gout du Terroir: The Taste of Place in Southern Food Culture Rural Soc
 
Moving Toward Integration?
Moving Toward Integration?Moving Toward Integration?
Moving Toward Integration?Rural Soc
 
Changes in Family, Domestic, and Agricultural Joint Decision-Making among Rur...
Changes in Family, Domestic, and Agricultural Joint Decision-Making among Rur...Changes in Family, Domestic, and Agricultural Joint Decision-Making among Rur...
Changes in Family, Domestic, and Agricultural Joint Decision-Making among Rur...Rural Soc
 
The New "Farmers"
The New "Farmers"The New "Farmers"
The New "Farmers"Rural Soc
 
FROM BOAT-TO-FORK: LESSONS LEARNED FROM MARKET-BASED ADAPTATION IN DELCAMBRE, LA
FROM BOAT-TO-FORK: LESSONS LEARNED FROM MARKET-BASED ADAPTATION IN DELCAMBRE, LAFROM BOAT-TO-FORK: LESSONS LEARNED FROM MARKET-BASED ADAPTATION IN DELCAMBRE, LA
FROM BOAT-TO-FORK: LESSONS LEARNED FROM MARKET-BASED ADAPTATION IN DELCAMBRE, LARural Soc
 
News You Can Lose
News You Can LoseNews You Can Lose
News You Can LoseRural Soc
 
The Locavore Chef - Exploring Alternative Food Networks in Alberta
The Locavore Chef - Exploring Alternative Food Networks in AlbertaThe Locavore Chef - Exploring Alternative Food Networks in Alberta
The Locavore Chef - Exploring Alternative Food Networks in AlbertaRural Soc
 
Marketing Hometown America
Marketing Hometown AmericaMarketing Hometown America
Marketing Hometown AmericaRural Soc
 
Assessing the Impacts of the Federal Farm Bill Programs on Rural Communities
Assessing the Impacts of the Federal Farm Bill Programs on Rural Communities Assessing the Impacts of the Federal Farm Bill Programs on Rural Communities
Assessing the Impacts of the Federal Farm Bill Programs on Rural Communities Rural Soc
 
Engenho and Assentamento
Engenho and AssentamentoEngenho and Assentamento
Engenho and AssentamentoRural Soc
 
In The Eye of The Beholder
In The Eye of The BeholderIn The Eye of The Beholder
In The Eye of The BeholderRural Soc
 
Gender differences in agricultural production strategies: Variations by villa...
Gender differences in agricultural production strategies: Variations by villa...Gender differences in agricultural production strategies: Variations by villa...
Gender differences in agricultural production strategies: Variations by villa...Rural Soc
 
Effects of Federal Conservation Payments on Fertilizer-use in the Midwest
Effects of Federal Conservation Payments on Fertilizer-use in the MidwestEffects of Federal Conservation Payments on Fertilizer-use in the Midwest
Effects of Federal Conservation Payments on Fertilizer-use in the MidwestRural Soc
 
Bluegrass Defiance: The Emergence and Growth of a Grassroots Resistance Movement
Bluegrass Defiance: The Emergence and Growth of a Grassroots Resistance MovementBluegrass Defiance: The Emergence and Growth of a Grassroots Resistance Movement
Bluegrass Defiance: The Emergence and Growth of a Grassroots Resistance MovementRural Soc
 

More from Rural Soc (18)

Undervalued Sustainable Practice?
Undervalued Sustainable Practice? Undervalued Sustainable Practice?
Undervalued Sustainable Practice?
 
Sex Trafficking of Native American Women in Mining Towns
Sex Trafficking of Native American Women in Mining TownsSex Trafficking of Native American Women in Mining Towns
Sex Trafficking of Native American Women in Mining Towns
 
Sustaining a Rural Landscape
Sustaining a Rural LandscapeSustaining a Rural Landscape
Sustaining a Rural Landscape
 
Pinning Down the Change: A Community-Level Study of Timberland Ownership Change
Pinning Down the Change: A Community-Level Study of Timberland Ownership Change Pinning Down the Change: A Community-Level Study of Timberland Ownership Change
Pinning Down the Change: A Community-Level Study of Timberland Ownership Change
 
Grits and Gout du Terroir: The Taste of Place in Southern Food Culture
Grits and Gout du Terroir: The Taste of Place in Southern Food Culture Grits and Gout du Terroir: The Taste of Place in Southern Food Culture
Grits and Gout du Terroir: The Taste of Place in Southern Food Culture
 
Moving Toward Integration?
Moving Toward Integration?Moving Toward Integration?
Moving Toward Integration?
 
Changes in Family, Domestic, and Agricultural Joint Decision-Making among Rur...
Changes in Family, Domestic, and Agricultural Joint Decision-Making among Rur...Changes in Family, Domestic, and Agricultural Joint Decision-Making among Rur...
Changes in Family, Domestic, and Agricultural Joint Decision-Making among Rur...
 
The New "Farmers"
The New "Farmers"The New "Farmers"
The New "Farmers"
 
FROM BOAT-TO-FORK: LESSONS LEARNED FROM MARKET-BASED ADAPTATION IN DELCAMBRE, LA
FROM BOAT-TO-FORK: LESSONS LEARNED FROM MARKET-BASED ADAPTATION IN DELCAMBRE, LAFROM BOAT-TO-FORK: LESSONS LEARNED FROM MARKET-BASED ADAPTATION IN DELCAMBRE, LA
FROM BOAT-TO-FORK: LESSONS LEARNED FROM MARKET-BASED ADAPTATION IN DELCAMBRE, LA
 
News You Can Lose
News You Can LoseNews You Can Lose
News You Can Lose
 
The Locavore Chef - Exploring Alternative Food Networks in Alberta
The Locavore Chef - Exploring Alternative Food Networks in AlbertaThe Locavore Chef - Exploring Alternative Food Networks in Alberta
The Locavore Chef - Exploring Alternative Food Networks in Alberta
 
Marketing Hometown America
Marketing Hometown AmericaMarketing Hometown America
Marketing Hometown America
 
Assessing the Impacts of the Federal Farm Bill Programs on Rural Communities
Assessing the Impacts of the Federal Farm Bill Programs on Rural Communities Assessing the Impacts of the Federal Farm Bill Programs on Rural Communities
Assessing the Impacts of the Federal Farm Bill Programs on Rural Communities
 
Engenho and Assentamento
Engenho and AssentamentoEngenho and Assentamento
Engenho and Assentamento
 
In The Eye of The Beholder
In The Eye of The BeholderIn The Eye of The Beholder
In The Eye of The Beholder
 
Gender differences in agricultural production strategies: Variations by villa...
Gender differences in agricultural production strategies: Variations by villa...Gender differences in agricultural production strategies: Variations by villa...
Gender differences in agricultural production strategies: Variations by villa...
 
Effects of Federal Conservation Payments on Fertilizer-use in the Midwest
Effects of Federal Conservation Payments on Fertilizer-use in the MidwestEffects of Federal Conservation Payments on Fertilizer-use in the Midwest
Effects of Federal Conservation Payments on Fertilizer-use in the Midwest
 
Bluegrass Defiance: The Emergence and Growth of a Grassroots Resistance Movement
Bluegrass Defiance: The Emergence and Growth of a Grassroots Resistance MovementBluegrass Defiance: The Emergence and Growth of a Grassroots Resistance Movement
Bluegrass Defiance: The Emergence and Growth of a Grassroots Resistance Movement
 

Recently uploaded

Little Green Ranger ESG Sustainability Report
Little Green Ranger ESG Sustainability ReportLittle Green Ranger ESG Sustainability Report
Little Green Ranger ESG Sustainability ReportKennethOng48
 
Issues regarding the provision of the Convention. Introduction to the Text an...
Issues regarding the provision of the Convention. Introduction to the Text an...Issues regarding the provision of the Convention. Introduction to the Text an...
Issues regarding the provision of the Convention. Introduction to the Text an...pensoftservices
 
Objectives and main international biodiversity events during the upcoming Hun...
Objectives and main international biodiversity events during the upcoming Hun...Objectives and main international biodiversity events during the upcoming Hun...
Objectives and main international biodiversity events during the upcoming Hun...pensoftservices
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Watcharin Boonyarit
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Watcharin BoonyaritCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Watcharin Boonyarit
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Watcharin BoonyaritOECD Environment
 
Poly-_and_perfluoroalkyl_substances_-sources_pathways_and_environmental_data_...
Poly-_and_perfluoroalkyl_substances_-sources_pathways_and_environmental_data_...Poly-_and_perfluoroalkyl_substances_-sources_pathways_and_environmental_data_...
Poly-_and_perfluoroalkyl_substances_-sources_pathways_and_environmental_data_...Eric Liu
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Luca Lo Re
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Luca Lo ReCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Luca Lo Re
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Luca Lo ReOECD Environment
 
The Entropy Law and the Economic Process
The Entropy Law and the Economic ProcessThe Entropy Law and the Economic Process
The Entropy Law and the Economic ProcessJoão Soares
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, MJ Mace
CCXG global forum, April 2024,   MJ MaceCCXG global forum, April 2024,   MJ Mace
CCXG global forum, April 2024, MJ MaceOECD Environment
 
CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface. Jorge Luis V...
CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface. Jorge Luis V...CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface. Jorge Luis V...
CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface. Jorge Luis V...pensoftservices
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Thomas Spencer
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Thomas SpencerCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Thomas Spencer
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Thomas SpencerOECD Environment
 
Tech-Session-5c-Applying-Equator-Principles.pptx
Tech-Session-5c-Applying-Equator-Principles.pptxTech-Session-5c-Applying-Equator-Principles.pptx
Tech-Session-5c-Applying-Equator-Principles.pptxJulieDash5
 
PREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
PREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLANPREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
PREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLANRevanuruSubramanyam
 
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial SymbiosisGet inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosissymbaprojecteu
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Adriana Bonilla
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Adriana BonillaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Adriana Bonilla
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Adriana BonillaOECD Environment
 
Ecosystem and Environment, GE3451 Environmental Science
Ecosystem and Environment, GE3451 Environmental ScienceEcosystem and Environment, GE3451 Environmental Science
Ecosystem and Environment, GE3451 Environmental Sciencepriyamanohari1
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, XU Huaqing
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  XU HuaqingCCXG global forum, April 2024,  XU Huaqing
CCXG global forum, April 2024, XU HuaqingOECD Environment
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Niklas Höhne
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Niklas HöhneCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Niklas Höhne
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Niklas HöhneOECD Environment
 
XO2 high quality carbon offsets and Bamboo as a Climate Solution
XO2 high quality carbon offsets and Bamboo as a Climate SolutionXO2 high quality carbon offsets and Bamboo as a Climate Solution
XO2 high quality carbon offsets and Bamboo as a Climate SolutionAlexanderPlace
 
Identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas: a national...
Identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas: a national...Identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas: a national...
Identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas: a national...pensoftservices
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Geert Fremout
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Geert FremoutCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Geert Fremout
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Geert FremoutOECD Environment
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Little Green Ranger ESG Sustainability Report
Little Green Ranger ESG Sustainability ReportLittle Green Ranger ESG Sustainability Report
Little Green Ranger ESG Sustainability Report
 
Issues regarding the provision of the Convention. Introduction to the Text an...
Issues regarding the provision of the Convention. Introduction to the Text an...Issues regarding the provision of the Convention. Introduction to the Text an...
Issues regarding the provision of the Convention. Introduction to the Text an...
 
Objectives and main international biodiversity events during the upcoming Hun...
Objectives and main international biodiversity events during the upcoming Hun...Objectives and main international biodiversity events during the upcoming Hun...
Objectives and main international biodiversity events during the upcoming Hun...
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Watcharin Boonyarit
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Watcharin BoonyaritCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Watcharin Boonyarit
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Watcharin Boonyarit
 
Poly-_and_perfluoroalkyl_substances_-sources_pathways_and_environmental_data_...
Poly-_and_perfluoroalkyl_substances_-sources_pathways_and_environmental_data_...Poly-_and_perfluoroalkyl_substances_-sources_pathways_and_environmental_data_...
Poly-_and_perfluoroalkyl_substances_-sources_pathways_and_environmental_data_...
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Luca Lo Re
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Luca Lo ReCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Luca Lo Re
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Luca Lo Re
 
The Entropy Law and the Economic Process
The Entropy Law and the Economic ProcessThe Entropy Law and the Economic Process
The Entropy Law and the Economic Process
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, MJ Mace
CCXG global forum, April 2024,   MJ MaceCCXG global forum, April 2024,   MJ Mace
CCXG global forum, April 2024, MJ Mace
 
CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface. Jorge Luis V...
CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface. Jorge Luis V...CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface. Jorge Luis V...
CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface. Jorge Luis V...
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Thomas Spencer
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Thomas SpencerCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Thomas Spencer
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Thomas Spencer
 
Tech-Session-5c-Applying-Equator-Principles.pptx
Tech-Session-5c-Applying-Equator-Principles.pptxTech-Session-5c-Applying-Equator-Principles.pptx
Tech-Session-5c-Applying-Equator-Principles.pptx
 
PREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
PREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLANPREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
PREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
 
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial SymbiosisGet inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Adriana Bonilla
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Adriana BonillaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Adriana Bonilla
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Adriana Bonilla
 
Ecosystem and Environment, GE3451 Environmental Science
Ecosystem and Environment, GE3451 Environmental ScienceEcosystem and Environment, GE3451 Environmental Science
Ecosystem and Environment, GE3451 Environmental Science
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, XU Huaqing
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  XU HuaqingCCXG global forum, April 2024,  XU Huaqing
CCXG global forum, April 2024, XU Huaqing
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Niklas Höhne
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Niklas HöhneCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Niklas Höhne
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Niklas Höhne
 
XO2 high quality carbon offsets and Bamboo as a Climate Solution
XO2 high quality carbon offsets and Bamboo as a Climate SolutionXO2 high quality carbon offsets and Bamboo as a Climate Solution
XO2 high quality carbon offsets and Bamboo as a Climate Solution
 
Identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas: a national...
Identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas: a national...Identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas: a national...
Identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas: a national...
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Geert Fremout
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Geert FremoutCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Geert Fremout
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Geert Fremout
 

Attitudes Regarding Climate Change in Beef Production Systems

  • 1. Attitudes of Extension Educators Regarding Climate Change Dr. Terrie A. Becerra Dr. Gerad Middendorf Great Plains Grazing USDA-AFRI-CAP Kansas State University The Noble Foundation Oklahoma State University University of Oklahoma Tarleton State University This project was supported by Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Competitive Grant no. 2012-02355 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture
  • 2. Overview  Rationale  Vulnerability and resiliency of beef cattle production systems in the Southern Great Plains  Social factors can be a source of vulnerability and resilience  Objectives  To better understand the attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of Extension educators regarding climate change  Identify gaps in information and/or materials  Method  Results
  • 3. Method Online survey Study Population: Extension Educators in Kansas and Oklahoma Response n % Surveys e-mailed KS: 228 (36%) OK: 410 (64%) 638 100% Surveys opened – Successfully delivered 370 370/638 58% Adjusted Response: Surveys Completed of Surveys Opened 226 226/370 61% By State Response KS: 90/228 (40%) OK: 112/410 (27%)
  • 4. Demographics Gender (n=127) Response % Female 40 31% Male 82 65% No Response 5 4% Length of Service (n=127) Response % 5 years or fewer 44 35% 6 to 10 years 12 9% 11 to 20 years 31 24% 21 years or more 40 31% Race (n=202) Response % American Indian or Alaska Native 14 7% White 172 87% No Response 16 8% *Hispanic/Latino 1
  • 5. What we asked What are Extension educators’ views on climate change? Is it happening? Role of human activities Other ‘6 Americas’ questions What are Extension educators’ interactions with constituents? Frequency & level of expressed concern Topics of concern Challenges you face in engaging your constituents What are Extension educators’ information needs? Information and resource gaps Capacity Information sources Topics in need of info Additional tools needed Gaps, attitudes, beliefs, perceptions Attitudes, Beliefs, Perceptions Gaps, information or material
  • 6. Attitudes about Climate Change Question Yes & Sure Yes/No & Unsure No & Sure Do you think the climate is changing? 67% 19% 15% Agree Disagree I could easily change my mind about global warming and climate change. 45% 55% A lot Some A little Not at all How much had you thought about climate change before today? 19% 46% 32% 3% None to Low capacity Moderate capacity High to very high capacity What is your capacity to adequately answer your constituents' questions about climate change? 64% 30% 5%
  • 7. Attitudes about Climate Change Which is the closest to your view . . . % Climate change is not happening. 4% Humans cannot reduce climate change even if it is happening. 29% Humans could reduce climate change, but people are not willing to change their behavior so we are not going to. 24% Humans could reduce climate change, but it is unclear at this point whether we will do what's needed. 42% Humans can reduce climate change, and we are going to do so successfully. 1% Human causes Unsure Natural changes Human & natural causes None, it’s not occurring Climate change is mostly caused by . . . (n=208) 29% 1% 61% 4% 4%
  • 8. Question Not important Nottoo important Somewhat important Very Important Extremely Important Howimportantisclimatechangetoyou personally? 8% 27% 43% 20% 2% None Afew Some Most All Howmanyofyourcolleaguesshareyour views? 2% 25% 47% 27% 1% Low Medium High Very High Doyouthinkclimatechangeshouldbealow,medium, high,orveryhighpriorityforthe PresidentandCongress? ForExtension? 37% 32% 44% 44% 16% 20% 2% 4% Attitudes about Climate Change
  • 9. How would you rate the level of concern about climate change you hear from your constituents? How frequently do your constituents express concerns to you about climate change? None Low Medium High Very HighNever Rarely Very Somewhat Frequently Frequently Frequently
  • 10. Other range or forage management Grazing management 29%57% Other Weather variability (drought, heat, excess water) 82% Weather forecast information Soil loss Regulations 37% Agronomic decisions (e.g., crop type, seed variety, tillage, planting dates, etc.) 68% Alternative management practices45% Crop insurance 34% Disease Marketing Nutrient loss 6% Pests What are the topics of concern your constituents raise?
  • 11. Whatarethegreatestchallengesyoufaceinengagingyourconstituents withclimatechangeinformation? Production-oriented  Knowledge/information  Adaptation/management  Information distribution  Government Mistrust, regulations, taxes Subjective, socio-cultural  Lack of interest, bias, culture of the area  Relevance—not personally affected  Skepticism  Trust, sources, lack of  Helplessness/Powerlessness of both educator & producer Interactions with constituents 135 Responses, Some of the themes identified:
  • 12. Information Sources None 36 Agronomic/professional/trade Journals/professional associations 12 Universities, researchers of environmental change, scientific sources 11 Mesonet 10 Knowledgeable/trusted people; professionals; Jim Cantore 8 Media, News outlets, newspapers 8 Weather persons; meteorologists, state/climatologists; KU weather data personnel 8 Internet or websites 5 National Weather Service; Norman, OK 5 Extension (in-service trainings, experts) 5 List the top 3information sources you rely on regarding climate change (n=100)
  • 13. USDA; USDA-ARS; NIFA Gov't/EPA websites Historical weather data NASA global climate change NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration publications Animal Agriculture & Climate Change online course Bible Family Personal experience The Heritage Foundation Other information sources listed than 1 -3 times. Information Sources
  • 14. Information Needs Topics requiring more information % Management practices for coping (with topics below) 75% Drought, uncharacteristic of historical norms 72% High temperatures (heat) uncharacteristic of historical norms 63% Unseasonable weather (for example: early warming in spring followed by hard freeze) 58% Extreme rainfall events 36% Other extreme weather events 34%
  • 15. Additional Tools Printed materials 64% Online resources including decision aids 61% Presentations at meeting and conferences 54% Webinars 50% On-farm demonstrations 45% Videos 34% Podcasts 17%
  • 16. Summary Views on climate change  Majority feel sure the climate is changing and it is from natural causes  94% do not believe they can adequately address the issue  65% rate importance to them personally as somewhat to extremely important, and a moderate to high priority for Extension  27% believe their colleagues do not share their views Constituent interactions  65% have heard no expressions of concern from constituents. Level of concern when expressed is split--51% none to low; 49% medium to very high  Topics of concern are production oriented  Challenges are both production-oriented and subjective, socio-cultural  Extension educators’ information needs?  Reliable sources to build a shared knowledge base for educators  Resources to distribute information to clientele.

Editor's Notes

  1. .