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American Climate Metrics Survey 2017: Los Angeles

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American Climate Metrics Survey 2017: Los Angeles

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American Climate Metrics Survey 2017: Los Angeles

  1. 1. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles
  2. 2. BELIEF AND AWARENESS Angelenos believe humans have a role in climate change and are personally concerned. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 2
  3. 3. A large majority of Angelenos believe climate change is happening: American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 3 Question: Climate change refers to the idea that world’s average temperature is increasing, may increase more in the future, and that the world’s climate may change as a result. What do you think ? (percent total “Yes, climate change is happening”) 80% United States 2017 Los Angeles 2017 89%
  4. 4. An increasing number of Angelenos are attributing climate change to human activity: American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 4 Question: When it comes to climate change, which of the following is closer to your opinion? (percent total agree) 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Combination of both human activities and natural causes 56 48 48 49 Mainly due to human activities 27 36 36 28 Mainly due to natural causes 17 11 10 10 Climate change is not happening 3 2 4 4 Not sure 4 4 2 3 2017 U.S. (%) 2017 L.A. (%) 2016 L.A. (%) 2015 L.A. (%)
  5. 5. Angelenos are very concerned, with a big leap in climate concern in the last two years: American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 5 Very concerned Somewhat concerned A little concerned Not concerned at all 87% L.A. 2017 Are personally concerned about climate change total concern 82% L.A. 2016 78% L.A. 2015 76% U.S. 2017
  6. 6. IMPACTS Angelenos feel climate impacts more than the average American. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 6
  7. 7. Angelenos feel personally affected by climate change, more so than national averages: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 Los Angeles | 7American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 7 Question: How much are the following issues personally affecting you? (percent total affected) Record heat waves during summer 72%L.A. 2017 Increased rates of breathing problems 56%L.A. 2017 Increased cost of energy 69%L.A. 2017 Damage and harm from extreme weather 51%L.A. 2017 Increased hardships for poorer familes 62%L.A. 2017 59% U.S. 2017 67% U.S. 2017 58% U.S. 2017 50% U.S. 2017 51% U.S. 2017 $
  8. 8. In the past two years, Angelenos feel increasingly impacted by climate in key areas: American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 8 Question: How much are the following issues personally affecting you? (percent total affected) Increased flooding 44%L.A. 2017 13 points from 2016 More damage and harm from extreme weather 51%L.A. 2017 Increased rates of breathing problems 56%L.A. 2017 points from 201513 7 points from 2015
  9. 9. PERSONAL RIGHTS Angelenos value clean air, water, and energy at rates that top the charts vs. national averages. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 9
  10. 10. Angelenos express overwhelming support for the right to clean water for all: Very concerned Somewhat concerned A little concerned Not concerned at all N/A 91% L.A. 2017 Say clean water is a critical right for all people total concern 89% L.A. 2016 89% L.A. 2015 88% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 10
  11. 11. Angelenos strongly believe in the moral responsiblity to create a healthy climate for our children: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 Los Angeles | 11 Strongly agree Not so strongly agree Not so strongly disagree Strongly disagree 89% L.A. 2017 Say we have a moral responsiblity to create a safe and healthy climate for ourselves and our children total favor 88% L.A. 2016 87% L.A. 2015 83% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 11
  12. 12. HOPE Angelenos are hopeful we can reduce the pollution that causes climate change, but are pessimistic about government’s ability to agree on how to do it. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 12
  13. 13. Angelenos are hopeful we can reduce climate pollution, but doubtful in our government’s ability to do so, both at much higher rates than national averages: Are hopeful that we can reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 83%L.A. 2017 Say we could address climate change effectively, but that our government is broken and can’t agree on how to do it 82%L.A. 2017 81% L.A. 2016 81% L.A. 2015 76% U.S. 2017 74% L.A. 2016 67% L.A. 2015 68% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 13
  14. 14. ENERGY Angelenos strongly support clean energy and a fee on companies responsible for polluting our air. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 14
  15. 15. Angelenos strongly support clean energy: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 Los Angeles | 15 L.A. 2015L.A. 2016L.A. 2017U.S. 2017 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% CoalNuclearOilNatural GasWind and Solar 87 88 90 88 63 66 61 67 47 44 41 40 43 38 34 34 37 34 27 22 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 15 Question: Please indicate if you think the United States should be producing more or less energy from each source as it is today. (percent total more)
  16. 16. Angelenos increasingly favor a fee on corporate climate pollution: Strongly agree Not so strongly agree Not so strongly disagree Strongly disagree 86% L.A. 2017 Favor a proposal to reduce climate change pollution by charging large companies a fee for the pollution they create total favor 80% L.A. 2016 77% L.A. 2015 81% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 16
  17. 17. PERSONAL BENEFITS Angelenos recognize the benefits climate solutions will bring to their health, the economy, and jobs. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 17
  18. 18. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 Los Angeles | 18 Angelenos increasingly see the health and economic benefits of preventing climate change: 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 64 74 69 57 67 75 77 67 Improve health Improve the economy L.A. 2015 (%)L.A. 2016 (%)L.A. 2017 (%)U.S. 2017 (%) American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 18 Question: If the United States took steps to prevent future climate change, it would: (percent total improve/increase)
  19. 19. Angelenos increasingly believe that preventing climate change will increase jobs, however half say it will also increase the cost of energy: 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 L.A. 2015 (%)L.A. 2016 (%)L.A. 2017 (%)U.S. 2017 (%) Increase jobs 61 68 66 51 Increase cost of energy 54 51 $ American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 19 Question: If the United States took steps to prevent future climate change, it would: (percent total improve/increase) Note: “Increase cost of energy” first asked in 2017, no 2016-2015 data
  20. 20. SOLUTIONS Angelenos want their city to prepare for climate change, but there is room for improvement in educating them on what Los Angeles is already doing to address it. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 20
  21. 21. Angelenos have increasingly strong desire for LA to prepare for climate change: American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 21 84%L.A. 2017 I want my city to prepare for the impacts of climate change 72% U.S. 2017 80% L.A. 2016 77% L.A. 2015
  22. 22. Angelenos want L.A. to prepare for climate in order to minimize the impacts: Strongly agree Not so strongly agree Not so strongly disagree Strongly disagree N/A 87% L.A. 2017 Believe communities need to prepare for floods and droughts and minimize their impact total agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 22
  23. 23. Angelenos say government is responsible for preparing their city: Strongly agree Not so strongly agree Not so strongly disagree Strongly disagree N/A 77% L.A. 2017 Believe government needs to protect all people from the impacts of extreme weather total agree American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 23
  24. 24. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 24 Angelenos are becoming more aware of the city’s climate efforts: Say the city is taking action to conserve energy Say the city is preparing for the impacts of climate change Say the city is purchasing clean energy, such as wind or solar 45%L.A. 2017 40%L.A. 2017 31%L.A. 2017 42% L.A. 2015 26% L.A. 2015 18% L.A. 2015 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 24
  25. 25. URGENCY AND ACTION Angelenos believe they personally, and we collectively, can and must act on climate today. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 25
  26. 26. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 26 Angelenos increasingly believe they can reduce pollution, at higher rates vs. nationally: Believe we can reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 86%L.A. 2017 Believe I can reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 79%L.A. 2017 83% L.A. 2016 80% L.A. 2015 76% U.S. 2017 77% L.A. 2016 73% L.A. 2015 68% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 26
  27. 27. Angelenos feel increasing urgency to take climate action now: Believe we need to take action now to reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 87%L.A. 2017 Believe I need to take action now to reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 83%L.A. 2017 81% L.A. 2016 84% L.A. 2015 77% U.S. 2017 77% L.A. 2016 76% L.A. 2015 70% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 27
  28. 28. ACTION AND ADVOCACY Angelenos are increasingly aware of their city’s effort to engage citizens on climate. And they do their part personally, with strong climate-friendly behaviors. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 28
  29. 29. Angelenos are increasingly noticing L.A. efforts to lead on and talk about climate: Say the city is educating others in the city about climate change 30%L.A. 2017 24% L.A. 2016 20% L.A. 2015 24% U.S. 2017 Say the city is talking to the public about climate change 29%L.A. 2017 8% L.A. 2016 11% L.A. 2015 21% U.S. 2017 Say the city is conserving energy 45%L.A. 2017 47% L.A. 2016 42% L.A. 2015 32% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 29
  30. 30. Angelenos are having more conversations about climate change: Discussed climate change at work with colleagues 50%L.A. 2017 51% L.A. 2016 42% L.A. 2015 41% U.S. 2017 Discussed climate change with family and friends 73%L.A. 2017 75% L.A. 2016 74% L.A. 2015 69% U.S. 2017 Dicussed climate change at your place of worship 28%L.A. 2017 20% L.A. 2016 15% L.A. 2015 24% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 30
  31. 31. Angelenos are using more efficient modes of transportation than national averages: Shifted toward public transport 36%L.A. 2017 31% U.S. 2017 Shifted toward hybrid cars 33%L.A. 2017 24% U.S. 2017 Shifted toward biking or walking 46%L.A. 2017 39% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 31 Note: This question was first asked in 2017, no data from 2015-2016
  32. 32. Candidates’ support for climate solutions are important for Angelenos: Contacted or voted for a candidate based on his/her support for climate change 43%L.A. 2017 $ 35% U.S. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 32 Note: This question was first asked in 2017, no data from 2015-2016
  33. 33. SOURCES & TRUST Angelenos trust many messengers for climate information— but they trust scientists and health professionals the most. American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 33
  34. 34. Angelenos are receiving climate information from a variety of sources: L.A. 2015 (%)L.A. 2016 (%)L.A. 2017 (%)U.S. 2017 (%) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 None of theseChurch and faith leaders Local community leaders Companies and business leaders Health professionalsFederal elected officials Professors and educators Friends and familyNews and media 65 66 68 71 36 38 36 33 24 28 26 28 29 27 35 32 20 24 19 18 15 22 16 16 16 16 21 19 10 10 13 9 18 16 15 19 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 34 Question: Have you heard or read anything recently about climate change from any of the following? (percent total)
  35. 35. Angelenos are generally more trusting of climate messengers than national averages: 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 CongressFederal elected leaders Local community leaders The PresidentEnvironmental organizations Colleges and Universities Health Professionals Scientists L.A. 2015 (%)L.A. 2016 (%)L.A. 2017 (%)U.S. 2017 (%) 70 767678 62 59 66 70 55 58 6666 61 62 6769 31 42 51 28 40 29 40 44 27 19 2830 25 17 26 29 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 35 Question: As a source of information about climate change, how much do you trust the following? (percent total)
  36. 36. NOTABLE YEAR-OVER-YEAR SHIFTS There have been significant shifts in key climate attitudes amongst Angelenos since 2016. American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 Los Angeles | 36American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 36
  37. 37. Angelenos feel less trust toward President Trump than President Obama: Trust the President as a source of information about climate change 28%L.A. 2017 $ 51% L.A. 2016 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 37
  38. 38. Trust has risen in several climate messenger categories, but the biggest upward shifts have been for health professionals, clean energy companies, and celebrities: Trust celebrities 32%L.A. 2017 17% L.A. 2016 12% L.A. 2015 Trust clean energy companies 65%L.A. 2017 55% L.A. 2016 51% L.A. 2015 Trust health professionals 70%L.A. 2017 66% L.A. 2016 59% L.A. 2015 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 38
  39. 39. Angelenos are increasingly perceiving that climate solutions come at a cost: American Climate Metrics Survey 2016 Los Angeles | 39 Believe we could address climate change, but the costs and sacrifices are too high 50%L.A. 2017 $ 39% L.A. 2016 37% L.A. 2015 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 39
  40. 40. Good news: they are becoming increasingly aware of Los Angeles’ preparation efforts: Say their city is taking action to prepare for climate change 30% L.A. 2016 26% L.A. 2015 40%L.A. 2017 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 40
  41. 41. And, they are becoming more aware of Los Angeles’ efforts to speak about climate: Say their city is talking to the public about climate change 29%L.A. 2017 $ 8% L.A. 2016 11% L.A. 2015 American Climate Metrics Survey 2017 Los Angeles | 41
  42. 42. ecoAmerica builds a critical mass of institutional leadership, public support and political will for definitive climate solutions in the United States. Learn more at ecoAmerica.org Thank you!
  43. 43. Methodology ecoAmerica and Lake Research Partners (LRP) designed and LRP administered this survey, conducted online September 25-27, 2017. The survey yielded a total of 802 adult responses, and separately, 401 adults in Los Angeles. The samples were drawn from an online panel, and the respondents were screened to ensure that they were over age 18. The national sample was weighted slightly by gender, region, age, education, and race. The Los Angeles sample was weighted slightly by gender, region, age, and race. The margin of error for the sample is +/-3.5%. In interpreting survey results, all sample surveys are subject to possible sampling errors, i.e., the results of a survey may differ from those that would be obtained if the entire population were interviewed. The size of the sampling error depends on both the total number of respondents in the survey and the percentage distribution of responses to a particular question. For example, if 50% of the respondents in a sample of 900 respondents answered “Yes” to a particular question, we can be 95% confident that the true percentage will fall within 3.3. points, or from 46.5% to 53.5% Learn more at ecoAmerica.org

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