Doosan and Austins The Rebels Handbook


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Doosan and Austins The Rebels Handbook

  1. 1. The Rebel’s Handbook<br />By : Doosan and Austin<br />
  2. 2. Step One<br />Support and develop leaders who are educated and able to convince people to be involved to change the government<br />Example :<br />Nelson Mandela<br />Oliver Tambo<br />Steve Biko<br />Bishop Tutu<br />
  3. 3. Step Two<br />Form an organization because you can’t change a government alone<br />Examples :<br />ANC - Organized protests<br />PAC – Also organized protest including Sharpeville, this lead to UN issuing a condemnation of the government of South Africa<br />
  4. 4. Step Three<br />Organize peaceful demonstrations that do not include violence<br />Example : <br />ANC peaceful demonstration on June 26, 1952.<br />
  5. 5. Step Four<br />Find nearby country allies who also oppose the government.<br />Example :<br />Nelson Mandela asked the white’s communist party for help to create the separate group called MK.<br />The ANC group that Mandela was in made an alliance with the PAC (Pan African Congress)<br />Nelson Mandela’s alliance with Botha<br />
  6. 6. Step Five<br />Have leaders give speeches in many places to get people to support the change.<br />Example :<br />Bishop Tutu’s speech in 1986 about apartheid<br />Nelson Mandela’s 4 hour speech in the treason trial<br />Nelson’s speech after his release from jail<br />
  7. 7. People or Things that helped stop Apartheid<br />
  8. 8. ANC (African National Congress)<br />This group was create by educated lawyers who opposed the government of Africa.<br />They organized a lot of peaceful non-violent demonstrations to change or stop apartheid.<br />They were a huge part of the End of Apartheid because of their leader Nelson Mandela who organized everything.<br />Lesson :<br /> All causes need a good leader and a good organization.<br />
  9. 9. Namibia<br />Namibia was the same as South Africa, the whites had power over the blacks there. <br />When Namibia did many things like demonstrations to stop the white people from overpowering the blacks, they achieved their freedom.<br />Namibia showed South Africa that if they can do it, South Africa can do it too.<br />Lesson :<br />Never give up even though you are in a grave situation.<br />
  10. 10. Pieter Willem Botha<br />Botha legalized interracial marriage and also released the land that non-whites were not allowed to stay in. <br /> He gave limited political rights to some of the black people, however, he was not helping to change or stop apartheid, he was just doing what he thought it was right.<br />Lesson :<br /> Dialogue is necessary between opponents.<br />
  11. 11. Bishop Tutu<br />He was a big help to stop apartheid because he had moral authority, he was the bishop of the Anglican Church.<br />He encouraged the demonstrators to demonstrate more powerfully.<br />The noble piece prize allowed him to inform the whole world with his speech about apartheid.<br />Lesson :<br /> Try to get the whole world to listen to what you want, and why you want to change the government<br />
  12. 12. PAC (Pan African Congress)<br />This group showed the people around the world how brutal apartheid was.<br />They accepted human life as part of their strategy.<br />They organized the Sharpeville demonstration in which 69 protestors were killed and about 180 were wounded.<br />Lesson : <br />Sometimes violence is the only option.<br />
  13. 13. Sanctions & Economic Pressure<br />Through the UN economic pressure was put on South Africa to stop apartheid.<br />Sanctions against imports and exports were put in place by many countries opposed to apartheid.<br />Lesson :<br /> Help and pressure from outside countries is needed for success. <br />
  14. 14. Nelson Mandela in Prison<br />People who supported Mandela organized demonstrations to get him released.<br />Spokesmen asked Mandela he could be released if he stops the rebellion, but he refused.<br />Lesson :<br />Even in prison martyrs have power.<br />
  15. 15. De Klerk<br />He saw apartheid was not working.<br />He opened dialogue with ANC and Mandela.<br />Later, De Klerk changed the apartheid laws.<br />He was awarded the Nobel Piece Prize which gave him higher status.<br />Lesson :<br /> It takes a man of character to say what was going on was wrong.<br />
  16. 16. Steve Biko<br />Steve was a martyr at that time.<br />He organized groups called BPC ( Black People’s Convention )and SASO ( South African Student’s Organization.<br />When Steve died by brain damage, It impacted the whole world which Steve’s family sued the states.<br />Lesson : Martyrs are have the will to die which martyrs are destined to die.<br />
  17. 17. Sharpeville<br />On 1960 the ANC protest refused to carry passbooks.<br />The police panicked and open fire, killing 69 demonstrators<br />This event caused a shift from passive resistance to armed resistance<br />Lesson :<br />There may come a time when rebels must take up arms.<br />
  18. 18. Soweto<br />Johannesburg township where much of the important events of apartheid happened<br />Such as Soweto uprising on 1976 over education for blacks; killing of blacks by blacks for supporting the white government<br />Popular resistance to apartheid began: student boycotts, student organization, street committees, civic organization formed as alternatives to government structure.<br />Lesson :<br /> Rebels must organize themselves to help themselves and not rely on the government.<br />
  19. 19. MK (Umkhonto We Sizwe)<br />Military wing of ANC<br />MK carried out sabotage on government installations<br />Later car bombings, land mines, executions<br />Trained freedom fighters<br />Supported by Mandela in his famous speech, “I am prepared to die.”<br />Lesson :<br />Sometimes rebels must use force.<br />
  20. 20. Treason Trial<br />Treason Trial was of almost the entire ANC leadership.<br />It charged with plotting to use violence to overthrow the white government and replace it with communism.<br />Lesson :<br />Martyrs are necessary for a revolution.<br />
  21. 21. Inkatha and the Third Force<br />Tribal extremist who wanted to break away from ANC dominated rebellion<br />Wanted to establish their own tribal regions<br />White government encouraged the black against black massacres.<br />Lesson :<br />Sometimes different rebel organizations can’t get along and fight among themselves.<br />
  22. 22. CODESA<br />CODESA stands for Convention for a Democratic South Africa<br />CODESA made new laws for the government which most of them were the same laws as the past but repeated in a different way<br />Some of the laws that they made helped end apartheid but some made it worse<br />Lesson :<br />Sometimes there is not only bad, there is good too.<br />
  23. 23. The Election of 1994<br />This is when the IEC demanded a election to mark apartheids end<br />For this election, 16 million black people were allowed to vote and take place<br />All races were allowed to participate in this election<br />Lesson :<br />The more people you have supporting the change, the higher the chance of change.<br />